People and Forests: Communities, Institutions, and Governance

الغلاف الأمامي
MIT Press, 2000 - 274 من الصفحات
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Unplanned deforestation, which is occurring at unsustainable rates in many parts of the world, can cause significant hardships for rural communities by destroying critical stocks of fuel, fodder, food, and building materials. It can also have profound regional and global consequences by contributing to biodiversity loss, erosion, floods, lowered water tables, and climate change.People and Forests explores the complex interactions between local communities and their forests. It focuses on the rules by which communities govern and manage their forest resources. As part of the International Forestry Resources and Institutions research program, each of the contributors employs the same systematic, comparative, and interdisciplinary methods to examine why some people use their forests sustainably while others do not. The case studies come from fieldwork in Bolivia, Ecuador, India, Nepal, and Uganda.People and Forests offers policymakers a sophisticated view of local forest management from which to develop policy options and offers biophysical and social scientists a better understanding of the linkages between residents, local institutions, and forests.Contributors : Arun Agrawal, Abwoli Y. Banana, C. Dustin Becker, Clark C. Gibson, William Gombya-Ssembajjwe, Rosario Leon, Margaret A. McKean, Elinor Ostrom, Charles M. Schweik, George Varughese, Mary Beth Wertime.

 

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المحتويات

Explaining Deforestation The Role of Local Institutions
1
Common Property What Is It What Is It Good for and What Makes It Work?
27
Small Is Beautiful but Is Larger Better? ForestManagement Institutions in the Kumaon Himalaya India
57
Successful Forest Management The Importance of Security of Tenure and Rule Enforcement in Ugandan Forests
87
Optimal Foraging Institutions and Forest Change A Case from Nepal
99
A Lack of Institutional Demand Why a Strong Local Community in Western Ecuador Fails to Protect Its Forest
135
Indigenous Forest Management in the Bolivian Amazon Lessons from the Yuracaré People
163
Population and Forest Dynamics in the Hills of Nepal Institutional Remedies by Rural Communities
193
Forests People and Governance Some Initial Theoretical Lessons
227
International Forestry Resources and Institutions Research Strategy
243
Index
269
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حول المؤلف (2000)

Elinor Ostrom is Arthur F. Bentley Professor of Political Science, Codirector of the Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis at Indiana University, and Codirector of the Center for the Study of Institutions, Population, and Environmental Change (CIPEC) at Indiana University.Ostrom was awarded the 2009 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences.

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