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against Modernism': the
Syllabus and the Encyclical
of 1907, 20; their assumption
that there is a sect of Modern-
ists,' 21; treatment of Mod-
ernists' methods of criticism
and of their relation with
social liberty, 22 sq.; Rome's
practical measures to stop the
disease unkind tone of the
Encyclical, 24; possible re-
sults of the crusade, 25; some
men who have suffered for
Modernism, 26 sq.; the views
of Don G. Bartoli, a former

Jesuit, 29

MORAL IDEAS, THE ORIGIN AND

DEVELOPMENT OF THE, 30 sqq.:
estimate of Dr. Westermarck's
completed work on this sub-
ject, 30; the notion of a
rewarding and avenging deity,
31; author's view of the
different origins of religion and
morality, 32; his notion of
the origin of gods, 33; his de-
finition of religion, 34; savage
gods are not the guardians
of the tribal morality, 35;
the cause of the efficacy of
an oath, 36; what follows
from man's making his gods
in his own image, 37; the
author's explanation of this
idea criticized, 38; the origin
of special duties to the deity,
38 sq.; author's view of the basis
of morality, as independent of
religion, 39; what he means
by moral consciousness, 40;
the examples he gives, 41;
difficulties in his theory of the
evolution of morality, 43;
difference between the moral
idea and the moral feeling, ib. ;
in what sense can we speak
of moral law? 45; the mani-
festation of the moral feeling
in action, 46

MORLEY, LORD, Miscellanies
(Fourth Series), 234
MOULE, Ven. Archdeacon,
Young China, 466
MUIRHEAD, Prof. J. H., The
Service of the State, 222

NEW TESTAMENT MANUSCRIPTS,
THE NUMERATION OF [by Dr.
F. G. Kenyon], 82 sqq.; origin
of the system hitherto in use,
82; method of Wetstein,
Scholz, Tischendorf: signs of
a breakdown, 83; two new
systems introduced: that of
Prof. H. von Soden, ib.; its
fundamental principles stated,
84; treatment of MSS. which
also contain commentaries,
85; objections to von Soden's
scheme its complexity, 86;
new scheme by Dr. C. R.
Gregory method of its pre-
paration, 87; central prin-
ciples treatment of the
uncial MSS., 87 sqq.; of the
minuscules, 89; a criticism,
ib.; the concordat arrived at
involves the disuse of Scri-
vener's numbers, 90; totals
of Greek New Testament MSS.
according to these latest cata-
logues, 91

PAGE, Mr. J., The Black Bishop,
Samuel Adjai Crowther, 475
PARKER, Mr. E., Highways and
Byways in Surrey, 238
PENNY, Mrs. F. E., On the Coro-
mandel Coast, 239
Periodicals, 241, 482

PIGOU, Prof. A. C., The Problem

of Theism, 440

POOR LAW REFORM, THE ROYAL
COMMISSION AND THE MA-
JORITY REPORT [by the Rev.
W. A. Spooner, D.D.], 308 sqq.;
cause of the failure of the Poor
Law Reform of 1834: character
of the people, 309; defects from
unpaid Boards of Guardians,
310; causes of increase in
number of paupers use of
machinery, 312; The House'
is no longer dreaded, 313; the
chronic or permanent lack of
employment, 314; misapplied
education, 315; casual labour,
ib.; difficulty in exacting the
task of work which the law
requires in the House,' 316;
relief work, 317; difficulty of

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dealing with young able-
bodied women, 318; outdoor
relief, 319; there is no ade-
quate inquiry into the circum-
stances of the applicants, ib. ;
evils that result, 320; the
Commission's recommenda-
tion that certain streets or
districts should be proscribed
as ineligible for outdoor relief,
ib.; the granting of relief to
unmarried women, and to the
temporarily or permanently
sick, 321; administration of
medical relief, 322; the care
of children, ib.; the Commis-
sioners' proposals: the name
Public Assistance to be sub-
stituted for that of Poor Law,
323; change of character im-
plied, ib.; the causes of failure
must be sought out and under-
stood, 324; to carry out these
proposals there will need to be
more paid experts and offi-
cials, and these will have to be
more intelligent and specially
trained, 325; the people, too,
may object to such super-
vision and inspection, 326;
the machinery the Commis-
sioners would set up: new
duties of Local Government
Board, 327; Boards of
Guardians to be replaced by
Public Assistance Authori-
ties and Committees, ib. : the
functions of these various
bodies, 328; Voluntary Aid
Councils and Committees,
330; measures for diminishing
unemployment: the teaching
of boys a skilled trade, 332;
voluntary. insurance against
unemployment, ib. ; voluntary
Labour Exchanges, ib. ; casual
work, 333; the unemploya-
bles, ib.

POULAIN, M. A., Des Graces
d'Oraison, 205

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RAMSAY, Sir W., Luke the
Physician and Other Studies,

190
RELIGION AND ETHICS, ENCY-
CLOPAEDIA OF, Vol. I., ed. J.
Hastings, &c., 201
RESURRECTION-BODY, THE A
STUDY IN THE HISTORY OF
DOCTRINE, 138 sqq.: two op-
posing theories: Tertullian's
gross materiality, 139; his view
modified, 141; his theory
was formulated in opposition
to pagan disparagement of
the body, 142; Origen's theory
refused to ascribe solidity
and physical organs to the
Resurrection-body, 144; his
postulate of a germinative
principle,' 145; his solution
of the problem' Wherein does
identity consist?' 146; his
doctrine was derived from St.
Paul, ib.; summary of Ori-
gen's spiritual theory of the
Resurrection, 147; later his-
tory of the doctrine, 148;
Methodius and the Alexan-
drian School, ib.; Pamphilus'
defence of Origen, 149; St.
Jerome's charge against the
School of Origen, ib.; his own
opinion, 150; Gregory of
Nyssa the Resurrection is
the reconstitution of our
nature in its original form,'
151; St. John Chrysostom :
the manifestations of the
Risen Master to the disciples
were evidential only, ib.; St.
Augustine his position after-
wards swerved to the ma-
terialistic opinion, 153 sq.;
this view later was that of
Gregory the Great, 155; his
dispute with Eutychius, 156;
Erigena the future condition
of Christians will be similar
in kind to our Lord's Resurrec-
tion-state, 158; he emphati-
cally rejects the materialistic
view, 160; the doctrine after
the Reformation : language
of our Articles, ib.; recent
Roman opinions, 161; modi-

fied views in the English SAINTSBURY, Prof. G., A History
of English Prosody, 478
SAYCE, Prof. A. H., The Archaeo-
logy of the Cuneiform Inscrip-
tions, 182

Church, 161 sq.
REUNION PROBLEM, THE: A
'SCOTTISH EPISCOPAL VIEW
[by the Very Rev. Thos. I.
Ball], 356 sqq.: National Church
in the Middle Ages, 358; im-
morality and ignorance, 360;
new Church modelled on
Calvin's Church at Geneva,
363; rejection of Apostolical
Succession: meaning of ' Pres-
byter' and' Elder,' 364; new
ministry: Ordination, 365 ;
the Bible and Bible only,'
366; presbyterial Succession,
367; Knox' Liturgy, 369;
conduct of the bishops in 1560,
373; treatment of bishops by
the Scottish Episcopalians,
375; price that would have to
be paid for union, 382
REUNION IN SCOTLAND, THE
PROBLEM OF [by Professor
James Cooper, D.D.], 164
sqq.; Dr. Candlish, 165;
Bishop Charles Wordsworth,
166; Dr. Bisset, 167; Dr.
Tulloch, Dr. Story, and others,
168; Dr. Milligan, 169; Scot-
tish Church Society, 170;
Scottish Christian Unity As-
sociation, 171; a joint Cate-
chism, ib. ; Dr. Archibald
Scott, 172; Dr. Marshall on
Presbyterian Reunion with
Episcopacy, 174; Lambeth
Conference, 175; precedents
of 1610 and 1661,' 176; Arch-
bishop Spottiswood, 177
ROBERTSON, Rev. Dr. A. T., A
Short Grammar of the Greek
New Testament, 433; Epochs
in the Life of Jesus, 435
Rossi, L. M., The Santuario
of the Madonna di Vico, 460
ROYCE, Prof. J., The Philosophy
of Loyalty, 223

RUSKIN, JOHN, THE WORKs of
(ed. E. T. Cook and A. Wed-
derburn), Vols. XXXVI.-
XXXVII., 481

RUSSELL, Mr. C. E. B., and
RIGBY, Miss L. M., Working
Lads' Clubs, 226

SCOTT, Mr. W. M., Aspects of
Christian Mysticism, 205
SKRINE, Rev. J. H., Pastor
Ovium, 476

em-

SOUTH AFRICA, THE UNION OF,
AND THE NATIVE QUESTION,
257 sqq. the task of shaping a
new nation, 257; what the
mere foreshadowing of Closer
Union has accomplished: a
good augury for the future,
258; the actual size of the
country, and the variety of
races which people it, 259; the
new nation's most difficult
problem: the Native question,
260; the slave-owner point of
view in the treatment of per-
sons of colour, 261; their
treatment by capitalists, 262;
code of privileges of African
trades unions, 263;' No Native
must be educated, nor
ployed as a skilled labourer,'
ib.; enormous birth-rate of
coloured people and Natives,
ib.; misused zeal of some
missionaries, 264; a true view
of the Bantu race, 265;
inter-marriage question, 260;
fitting education for Natives,
267; their child-character,
268; the education of sorts
which they acquire: the
Natives at work on the Rand,
269; examples of good mis-
sionary methods of teaching,
270; Native readiness to pay
for education, 271; good
wrought by mission work,
272; premature bestowal of
the franchise deprecated, 273
SPANISH UNIVERSITY, A: THE
OVIEDO TERCENTENARY [by
E. Armstrong], 64 sqq.: the
founder of the University,
Cardinal Valdés Salas (Inqui-
sitor General), 64; the three co-
founders, Chapter, Provincial
Government, and Municipa-

lity, 65; education in Asturias
before 1600, 66; why Oviedo
missed the golden age of
Spanish universities, ib. ; their
foundation compared with
those of other seats of learning,
67; results of collegiate life;
conflict between the colleges
and the university, ib.; mem-
bers of aristocratic families
in the colleges, 68; long-de-
bated questions of the election
of Rector and professors, and
of the duration of their offices,
69; financial pressure in the
seventeenth century: gradual
recovery, 70; the Napoleonic
war and the War of Inde-
pendence, 71; educational re-
form mingled with reaction:
the modern system introduced,
ib.; student life lack of cor-
porate ambition, 72; nine-
teenth-century life at Oviedo
compared with the past, 73:
the new spirit of modernity in
teaching, 74; secondary educa-
tion: St. Catherine's school
for girls, 74 sq.; the spread
of university extension, 75;
enthusiasm of young scholars,
76; details of the festivals of
the Tercentenary, 77; Spanish
oratory, 79; details of excur-
sions provided for the visitors,
80; formal visits, 81

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WELLS, Rev. Dr. J., Stewart of
Lovedale, 474
WESTMINSTER IN THE TWELFTH

CENTURY: OSBERT OF CLARE
[by the Very Rev. J. Armitage
Robinson, Dean of Westmin-
ster], 336 sqq.; abbot Robert
and his successors, ib.; Herbert
elected (1121), passing over the
prior, Osbert of Clare: Osbert's
character as displayed in his
letters, 337; possible reasons
why he was not elected, 338;
the cause of his banishment,
339; a glimpse of the contem-
porary state of the abbey,
340; complaints of his treat-
ment, 341; discussion of friend-
ship, 342; comparison of his
sufferings with those of Joseph,
343 ambiguity of language,
345; visit to Ely: the shrine
of St. Etheldreda, 346; Osbert
back again at Westminster as
prior, 347; his defence of the
festival of the Conception
of B. V. M., 348; a liturgical
innovation at Westminster, 348
sq.; the dispute about the
revival, ib. ; Ösbert's belief in
the Immaculate Conception
of the Virgin, 350; relations of
Westminster with Pershore,
351; the foundation charter
of Kilburn, 352; Osbert's Life
of St. Edward, 353; his visit
to Rome failure of his object,
354; his Life of King Ethel-
bert the Martyr, 355; later
glimpses of Osbert: a forgotten
worthy of the English Church,
356
WINSTANLEY, Rev. E. W., Spirit
in the New Testament, 435
WODEHOUSE, Miss H., The Logic
of Will, 437

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