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the lances, and the javelins; but what, The War Taxes must all be continued, urged them? The taxes of England. The freeholders must go unpaid, Let this always be clearly understood. It was the English money that did the The army must be disbanded, and the thing in Europe, and that would have navy reduced to the state of 1786, done the thing in America, if the Hert

There must be new taxes equal iş ford Knights could have had their wish.

amount to the war taxes, In that hemisphere, however, it certainly has not been so potent, though, as we There must be loans in time of peace. are told, the taxes of last year were greater than ever. In spite of all our A middle course has been pursued, paying, we have certainly been defeated Part of the war taxes are to be continued, in our attempts on the other side of the and we are to have loans in time of Atlantic. To the exceeding mortifica- peace, a thing quite unprecedented in tion of every one who really feels for the our history.--But, this is, in fact, of naval renown of England, there is now as no consequence at all to the people, much boasting about the capture of one it is the employment of the taxes; the

It American Frigate by two English Fri- power they give to those who rule us ; gates 'as there used to be about our cap- the effect they have in debasing the spis turing of a whole fleet, by a face of two rit and morals of the people; their terthirds of that of any enemy; Oh, shame! rible effect upon public liberty; this is It is very natural for us to be glad, the only lighi, in which it is worth the that one of those terrible Frigates has while of any rational map to view the been taken and added to our navy ; taxes.

-The addition to the assessed but, to make a boast of it? This is the taxes will produce very little, if the symp, vexatious fact. To boast, that two loms I have seen are to be judged by. of our frigates, followed closely by others Those who kept two horses, will, in one of our ships, have taken one American half of the cases, keep but one. Serfrigate, is past all bearing. One would vants and Dogs will be turned out of think, that the very frame of our minds coors very fast, and chariots and gigs must have undergone a great change.- will fall in abundance. I do not think, 'ile most material part of the specch is that, upon these articles, any addition that, in which Mr. Vansittart speaks of will be raised. The taxes upon hots being reatty for a new war. ile does houses will weigh against the tax upou not seem to imagine, that other nations glass; which will also be diminished by will be ready to go to war as well as we; a further closing up of windows.--The and he seems to forget, that, if we go to tax upon newspapers will make each war again, there will be no Jacobin cry paper cost in tax fourpence halfpenny, to urge us on; and that if we attempt our and payment to the news-man, three blockades, and impressments, and orders pence.—Lut, this will produce little, in council, however just, (for I will have though it is so heavy on the article; for no dispute about that) we shall have if one paper out of every seven, is laid America with, perhaps, a hundred pub- down in consequence of it, the gain to lic ships of war, of all sizes, against us. the treasury is nothing at all; and there The Chancellor seems to have forgotten will be a corresponding falling off in the this fact; yet, a fact it is, and a very paper tax.

Out of the sixpence halfimportant one too. This danger, the penny, which the news-man now receives, greatest that England ever knew, we owe the Government has already received, to the American war; a war which I la- in stamp duty, about 4-pence. This boured so hard to prevent, and which I was pretty well; but, in fact, it is no said would create an American navy. It matter.-- -Mr. VANSITTART hinted has done that deed, and has thereby ren- at the dearness of BEER. Will he say, dered if necessary for us to keep a much that the Government does not now relarger naval force in constant readiness ; ceive 3d. three-farthings out of the 6d. and, of course has entailed upon us an for which a pot of beer is sold ? My enormous expence.- -We are, it seems, ale is not loaded with beer duty, and yet, to have loans in time of peace.

I said in every quart of it that I drink, I drink we should. My propositions were these: about two peace halfpenny in tax.


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summer time I swallowone penny-farthing

CHEAP CORN, in tax at almost every draft, exclusive of the taxes which reach the barley, through MR. COBBETT.--Pardon an intruder, the land, the assessed taxes, the lea-more especially one who sets his face ther, the salt, the soap, the candles, against all that has been said or written &c. &c. of the farmer. If I belonged on this subject. It appears to him, to tlie Company of Brewers, I would according to the old and vulgar proverb, publish an answer to this hint," and that you have all got the wrong sow by would shew“ the labouring classes," the ear.

“ | Each writer and speaker seems in whose behalf the gentleman testified to vie with his neighbour which shall best so much consideration, how large a part elude the true statement of the case. of the price of their beer consisted in The one attirms, that by keeping the taxes. This would be paying him in bread dear, the poor will be better fed. his own coin. And I would shew, too, Another says, that agriculture wants enthat those who are able to brew their couragement, at the expense of the maown beer, pay no beer tax, and only a tax nufacturer and the poor labourer. Some on the malt, which latter is sufficiently have asserted that the arable part of the heavy, and is, in great part, a war tar country is small compared to the poputoo; but is now to be continued, it seems lation. Others state, that the newly enin time of peace. However, it must be closed lands had been very expensive to confessed, that the rabble, who were like those who have obtained them. Honest to squeeze and stink to death“ Alexan- folks! They then have robbed the poor “der the Deliverer," and "Old Blucher," of their patrimony, without profit to ought not to grudge to swallow taxes themselves ; nay with a certain loss. But in their beer, since it was these taxes, there has been, as yet, only one of them which, as we are now told, procured honest enough to hint at the real cause them the pleasure of seeing and embracing of the evil. He is made to say, that he those worthy personages.--If you could himself was in possession of an estate take this class of persons, one by one, which formerly rented at six hundred a and clearly explain to them whither goes year, A short time since the lease exthe 6d, which they pay for a pot of beer, pired, and it was let at double the awhat a surprising turn it would give to mount. Here then, Mr. Cobbett, is the their ninds ! Or, if there was an Excise-| mystery explained. These gentlemen have man isi cach public house, to receive each more than doubled their income by from every purchaser of a pot of beer, rack-renting their tenants, who now look the government part of the price, that to their landlord for support, and the would make the matter delightfully clear. decision is left to those very men, who Then, and not till then, should we hear by their rapacity gave birth to the comthese people talking about the taxes in a plaint, that the farmer cannot afford to rational way.---But, as government are grow cheap corn.

No more

can they, much too wise to adopt this mode of cold us they now live.--Another trifling lection, we must expect to see such cause, entirely overlooked, or carefully hints" as that of Mr. Vansittart received concealed, is the consolidation of a numwith great gratitude. How he must have ber of small farms into one large one--laughed to himself when he conceived extremely convenient, to be sure, for the the notion of throwing out such a hint! land holder, and very profitable to the Of stepping in between the makers and rich farmer-The one receives his rent drinkers of beer! What a sight to see! A with less trouble from an individual in nation so besotted as receive this as an aiiluence, than from a number of poor act of favour at the hands of the govern- tenants who may depend for their profits mient; and the impudent hirelings of the solely on their industry, and not like the press have the profligacy to say, that the rich tenant, on the success of speculation, public are indebted to the minister for - To be convinced of the truth of this, having lowered the price of this neces- let the reader travel the kingdom round. sary of life! I do believe, that it is impos He will soon learn, that the little farnes sible to produce a similar instance of nà- are consolidated into one great farm, and tional delusion.

that the , little farmers have, in consequence, either left the country, or now work (perhaps on' what was once their

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own farms) as day labourer3. Let him make them yourselves.

Lower your next step into one of these large farm rents, Divide your large farms into bouses ; he will no longer see the farmer's small ones. Encouraçe the little fariner's daughters, Madge or Dolly, feeding the iadustry. Pay the major part of the pigs, fetching in the cows, miking them, taxes yourselves, as you alone have beneor charning or making cheese, while the fitted by their imposition. Let the pubold mother and grandmother are teaching lic eat cheap bread. Retrench all your the younger branches to knit coarse yarn own a?necessary expenses, and throw stockings for feat" er, and brothers, and the savings into the public purse. sisters-No, no: lie will find the young

ARISTIDES. ladies in a back parlour, pia ving upon tie forte piano, drawing or eniroidering,

Mr COBBETT.-As I am a Farmer, perhans making themselves up new caps I wish to say, disi push I approve of er dresses to appear in at the next county vour remark on the Cora Bill. Noball. The old mare with a pillion is also discarded for a gig, chaise, or curricle; siers of this subject.

thing can be mure correct than your

It is not the and the young gentle m71, the farmer's

fil'iner who wants a Corn Law, bụt the $0:1, instead of thick bigh shoes well Government, that it may be able to studied with hoboris, with a smock

raise taxes, which are froe's , ant carter's wiip on his shoulder, sardi, ermy, and a system of bribery

to support a new sports his military cut-upper-coat of and corruption. But as we do not want superfine, liue with silk, his Weiliston

a siaosling army in time of peace with boots,his emmy rattan, and his bit of bloed all the world, and as we do not want The ox cheek and leg of beef, and suet

a system of corruption, at any time, dumplin of ancient times, have given so iaxes ought not to be raised for these way to Modern Delicacies; and if one unconstitutional purposes. It is against of the Misses happens to be remarkably the taxes then that the farmers should notable, it is possible she may superin- meet to petition, and at the same time tend the Pastry, the Jellies, the Blanc

should connect with their petitions a mange, &c. &c. How can such Farmers reform in the representation, the want of afford to grow cheap Corn ?

which, has been, and still is the cause of But the Taxes--true; but (tentlemen all our grievances civil and religious. I da Landholders, how came these taxes ?

not wish to repeat what you have already You Gentlemen Landholders, have the

said so often and so well upon this sub, exclusive privilege of sitting in Parlia

ject. You have shewa that we can do ment: You have consented to these with less taxes, and without loans, Taxes,- Did you represent the Land

and without Corn Bills. And I beor the Inhabitants? If it was the inha- lieve it to be the real interest of every bitants, have you done them justice ? farmer, to oppose instearl of supporting Wbat advantage, what compensation,

a Corn Bill.

Your's, &c. have they received, or are they to receive

G. G, FOBDHAM. from these taxes ?-Speak out:-have

Feb. 20. 1815. these taxes of your own imposing, 'have they not been to your own profit?-Pay P. S. In your last Register you obe them then yourselves, after consolidating serve, that if any addition is made to all the land of the country in your own your assessed taxes, you shall only keep hands-all the wealth in your own pock- one good horse and five or six dogs, ets.--Is it not a nefarious attempt to as being necessaries of life. I cannot make the poor, those who have not one comprehend how the six dogs are necesfoot of landmihose who live by labour cessaries of life, unless you intend to and industry, those whom one' week's sick- put them to plough to save the horse tax. ness sends to the work-house, those who tvil all day that you may game and revel

LEGION OF HONOUR. all night, those who are the bulk of the nation, and, we may add, the least vicious SIR, -I am a good deal astonished at of any--Startle, not; Gentlemen :-it is the extraordinary defence of the New fruth timt guides ay pen-Is it not a ne- Legion of Ilonour, which your corresfarious attempt to inake such men cat pondent, P. C. has thought proper to dear bread? If sacrifices are to be made, jinake in your last number. He considers



that body as having been most cruelly pounds a year? But so it is, I fear; and atta ekec, by the ruine of Major General ide pour Major General will of course, Digby Hamilton having been added to tre oliged to put down his carriages, and the list of its most respectable members to lose hiis (0ahmen and fooimen and P. C. states this not to be the c?j?', but I their pretv link liveries, uo, of course, he himself confesses that the Major Ge- fthe "

f the Royal Waggon Prain” is disneral did apply for admission; there- anded as is expected, these servants, fore, at least, there was certainly some being . Royal Ilaggors,” will be disfoundation for the report. P. C. very sa charged from the public service: and if

. tirically compares the Major General's kept in the Mojor General s service, must claims to those of the Under City Mar- be so at bis ewn expense. You reformers shall, Mr. Nalder, on the ground of are sad men, Mr. Cobbeit? What a deal vices.” Now, Sir, I bey leave to be dis- of misch'et yon are about to entail upon tinctly understood, that there are various this valuable officer,by your meanness in sorts of " services,for which this " deco- ibinking of a few hundreds of thousands "ration," is bestowed:-- there are military of pounds? I know, in your way, paltry services, diplomatic services, pen und ink you will be calculating how many famiservices, Horse Guards services

, back door lies might be supported by the pay and alservices, negotiation services, procuration lowances, seen and uoseen allowed and not scrvices, cum multiis aliis, 100 numerous allowed, permitetd and not permitter, but to mention ; so that the worthy Major possessed by the Major General; and will General may have very eminently distin- ask, in your impertinent manner, what he guished himself " in his way," and may does, or has done, to deserve such ample have as good a title to the « decorationreward, while so many very meritoricas as the Duke of Wellington himself. The officers without arnis or legs, &c. &c. &c. Drum Boy, is, in his line, a great warrior; are sent to cultivate their health in wholeand I have no doubt, that the Major some retirement, in Wales and the HighGeneral could unfold as brilli: ni a list of lands of Scotland, where ultrae akcir little achievements in his escutcheon, as any pittauce can provide them with potatoes one of the "

Knights Grand Crosses ” of and small beer. But, Sir, your corre. the Order. Every man in liis vocation: spondent, P. C. who dates his Leiter from The Major General has not been a war the Ilorze Guards, and of whose identity man; he has laboured peacecbly at home, el can give a shrewd guess, can, if lie and has done wonders! For, as your pleases, unfold the whole story, and shew correspondent observes, he contrives to you that the Major General” has continue “on,permaneni poy;" with tem- claims, which counct le disputed. If I

poraryrank. I am sorry, however, am wrong, I call upon him to put me Sir, 10 be obliged to inform you, that it right; and I a!! sure your can dour and have beard, from unghestionable autho- love of iruth is too great not to give inrity, that it is the intention of one or sertion to whatever explanation he may those most awful “ Jacobins,Mr. Wot think fit to make. That he will do which bread, Mr. Ponsonby, Sir - Francis Bur- forth with is the earnest wish of your sindett, or some other of the “vile crew," to cere and fervent admirer, object to the continuance of the tempora

PurLO CIVIS. ry rank Major General's “ permaseniCorps. How cruel this will be! Poor

ON RELIGWUS PERSECUTION. man! to deprive him of the sweet little country box at Croydon Barracks, and of

LETTER VII. the little comforts of coals, candles, hay, “ Remember that the disorders of the Soul are ne straw, and corn; to say 'nothing of his

to be cured by force and violence.” nice garden, and farm yard, and of the Cardinal de Camus. Pastoral Instructions.1688. convenience of bringing up all these " comfortsto Cleveland Row, in a co

Continued from page 217. vered waggon, drawn by four lorses ! Oar Prince (acting for his father) Surely Mr. Whitbread could not be so is the sovereign head of the church, cruel as to begrudgethe "Major General" or state religion of this country, and these trifling enjoyments, particularly “ Defender of the Faith.” This when they do not cost the country more faith is a branch of a system called than two or three hundred thousand christian, from the name of its founder,


and first instituted, as the almanacks | flourished in the early ages of the Gospel tell us, about 1815 years ago.

dispensation, may, with perfect consisWhatever might have been the opin- tency, despise the pretensions of Johanna, ions of the early professors of this reli- because they reject the miraculous congion, we at the present day, that is, the ception of Mary, the divinity of Jesus, great bulk of Christians in this country, and the sublime mystery of the Trinity; believe, that the great Author of Nature, but we, who stake our salvation upon in order to redeem his creatures from a our faith in these things, cannot consistportion of the disgrace entailed upon ently, or without great danger to our holy them, ia consequence of their first pa- religion, appear hostile to the opinions rents eating some fruit from a forbidden of this new sect.-If these Millenarians tree, he begot, in a supernatural manner, had denied any part of our sacred wria son upon the body of a young woman, tings, and proved some characters, which who was betrothed to an old man. That we greatly admire, to be bad ones; if this immaculate conception was brought they had abused our church, reviled its about by the instrumentality of the Holy ministry, or breathed a spirit of JacoGhost, an incorporeal spiritual personage, binism, we might then have found some sometimes represented as appearing in pretext for persecuting them with all the the shape of a Dove, and sometimes in fury of religious monsters just let loose various other forms. We believe also from hell; but, on the contrary, they adin a doctrine called the Trinity, said to mit the whole of our Scriptures to be have been established about the third true, and, so far from disrespecting the centuryofChristianity, whichrepresentsthe State Religion, they read the whole of its Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, to forms in their Meetings.-Now the diffipartake equally of divinity, and, in fact, culty we laboured under in opposing to be three Gods and one God at the their system was this, that we admit same time; three in one, and one com- all things to be possible with God, that posing three, and yet not one God bue the ways of providence tre often dark ilree, and not three separate Gods but and mysterious, and that he does not

It is true, our enemies ridicule this consult either ourselves or our underineffable mystery of our holy religion, but standings in the government of the uniwe implicitly believe it, though so inscru- verse, or the means he shall use to carry table that we cannot comprebend it. It his designs into execution ; all this we must also be recollected, that we believe acknowledge when we give him the attriour Saviour Jesus Christ to have been bute of “ Omnipotence.” Is it not palthe promised Messiah mentioned in the pable then, that by doubting the superancient traditions and prophecies of the natural pregnancy of Mrs. Southcott, Jews, who, when he came, was to bring and hastily determining it to be impossible, about such wonderful things that the we called in question the power of the earth was to be a sort of paradise. The Almighty ? Was not her case strictly Jews will not agree to this. They say analagous to that of the blessed Virgin that our Messiah was executed without Mary, whom the Catholics always honor having accomplished what was predicted with the appellation of “ Mother of of him; that we misrepresent their scrip-God ?" We own that the Lord has tures, and contrive, by means of forged worked hundreds and thousands of genealogies, and other insidious arts, to Miracles, and are pigmies like us to say

graft our system on theirs to give it a bet- when he shall cease to work them? If i ter foundation : but we, as Christians, this would have been a greater Miracle

consider them mistaken, and give no than the birth of Christ, might it not be credit to aspersions so injurious to our more necessary, at a period like this, holy faith.

when, instead of the ignorant idolatry These being some of the leading points of those days, the earth is over-run with of our religion, and indeed being the an enlightened infidelity, and when, in very foundation stones upon which the fact, the progress of knowledge has only superstructure is reared, does it not be- facilitated the march of materialism and hove us to be particularly cautious how scepticism? But where can be the difwe meddle with the mission and the doc- ference to the Almighty ?-Is he not trines of Mrs. Southcott?-Such Chris- as capable of commanding an aged virtians as many, or most of the sects whio Igin io bring forth, without connection




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