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position which I had taken on the rear cused my long slumber; you reproached of the enemy's army, by separating it me for sacrificing to my repose the great from its magazines, from its parks of interests of the country. I have crossed reserve, from its convoy and all its the seas in the midst of dangers of every equipages, had placed it in a desperate kind: I arrive amongst you to resume situation. The French were never on the my rights, which are your's. All that point of being more powerful, and the individuals have done, written, or said, flower of the enemy's army was lost since the capture of Paris, I will be for without resource: it would have found ever ignorant of: it shall not at all inits grave in those vast countries which it fluence the recollections which I preserve had mercilessly ravaged, when the trea of the important services which they son of the Duke of Ragusa, gave up the have performed. These are circumcapital, and disorganized the army. The stances of such a nature as to be above unexpected conduct of those two Gene- human organization. Frenchmen: 'I here rals, who betrayed at once their coun- is no nation, however small it may be, try, their Prince, and their benefactor, which has not had the right, and which changed the destiny of the war. The may not withdraw itself from the disdisastrous situation of the enemy was grace of obeying a Prince imposed on it such, that at the conclusion of the affair by an enemy momentarily victorious. which took place before Paris, it was vi hen Charles VII. re-entered Paris, and without ammunition, on account of its overthrew the ephemeral throne ot Henry separation from its parks of reserve. V. he acknowiedged that he beld his Under these new and important circum- throne from the valour of his heroes, and stances, my heart was rent, but my soul not from a Prince Regent of England. remained unshaken. I consulted only It is thus that to you alone, and to the the interest of the country. I exiled brave men of the army, laccount it, and myself on a rock in the middle of the shall always account it, my glory to owo
My life was, and ought to be, still every thing. By the Emperor, useful to you. I did not permit the great number of citizens, who wished to
(Signed) NAPOLEON. accompany me, to partake my lot. I The Grand Marshal performing the thought their presence useful to France; functions of Major-General of the Urand. and I took with me only a handful of Army. (Signed) Count BERTRAND. brave men, necessary for my guard. Raised to the Throne by your choice, all that has been done without you is
Gulf of Juan, March 1, 1815. illegitimate. For twenty-five
years Fránce bas had new interests,
NAPOLEON, by the grace of God and institutions, and new glory, which could the Constitution of the Empire, Enperor only be secured by a national. Govern- of the French, &c. &c. &c. ment, and by a Dynasty created under
TO THE ARMY. these new circumstances. A Prince who should reign over you, who should
SOLDIERS ! We were not conquered; be seated on niy throne by the power of two men risen from our ranky betrayed those very aruies which ravaged our
our laurels, their country, their frice, territory would in vain attempt to sup
their benefactor. Those whom during port hinself with the principles of feudal twenty-five years we have seen traversing law: he would not be able to recover all Europe to raise up enemies against us; the honour and the rights of more
who have passed their lives in fighting than a small number of individuals, agamst us in the ranks of foreign armies, enemies of the people, who, for twen- cursing our fine is runce, shall they prety-five years, have. condemned theni tend to command and controul vur in all our national assemblies. Your eagies, on winch they liave not daredi tranquillity at home, and your conse
ever to look ? Shall we endure that they quepee abroad, would be lost for ever.- should inherit the fruits of our glorious Frenebmen! In my exile I heard your labours--that they should clothe themcomplaints and your wishes : you deselves with our honours and our goods-manded that Government of your choice that they should calumniate our glory? which alene: was legitimate. You ac-11 their reign should continue, all would
be lost, even the memory of those im- , interest, your honour, aud your glory. mortal days. With what fury do they Victory shall march at the charge step; pervert their very nature. They seek to the eagle, with the national colours, shall poison what the world admires: and if fly from steeple to steeple, even to the towthere still remain any defenders of our ers of Notre Dame. Then you will be able glory, it is among those very enemies to shew your scars with honour; then you whom we have fought on the field of bat- will be able to glory in what you have tle. Soldiers, in my exile, I heard your done; you will be the deliverers of the voice: I have arrived through all ob- 'country. In your old age, surrounded stacles and all perils ; your General, and esteemed by your fellow-citizens, they called to the throne by the choice of the will hear you with respect while you repeople, and educated under your banners, count your high deeds; you will be able is restored to you: come and join him. to say with pride:-“And I, too, was part Tear down those colours which the nation of that grand army, which entered twice has proscribed, and which for 25 years the walls of Vienna, those of Rome, of served as a rallying signal to all the enemies Madrid, of Moscow; and which delivera of France : mount the cockade tri-colour: ed Paris from the foul plot which treayou bore it in the days of our greatness. son, and the presence of the enemy, imWe must furgei tliat we have been mas- printed on it." Honoured be those brave ters of nations; but we must not suffer soldiers, the glory of the country; and auy to intermeddle in our affairs. Who eternal shame to those guilty Frenchmen, sisall piesume to be masters over us? | in whatever rank fortune caused them 16 Who would have the power? Recover be born, who fought for 25 years with those eagles which you had at Ulm, at the foreigner, to tear the bosom of the Austerlitz, at Jena, at Eylau, at Friedland, country. By the Emperor, at Tudela, at Eckmuhl, at Essling, at Wagram, at Smolensko, at Moscow, at
(Signed) NAPOLEON. Lutzen, at Vurken, at Montmirail. Do The Grand Marshal performing the funcyou think that the handful of Frenchmen,
tions of Major-General of the Grand who are now so arrogant, will endure to
BERTRAND, look on them? They shall return whence they came, and there if they please they shall reign as they pretend to have reigned during 19 years. Your possessions, Declaration of His Majesty the Emperor your rank, your glory, the possessions, the
of the French, to the French, and parrank, the glory of your children, have no greater entmies than those Princes whom ticularly to the Parisians. foreigners have imposed upon us; they After an abdication, the circumstances are the enemies of our glory, because the of which you are acquainted with; after recital of so many heroic actions, which a Treaty, all the articles of which have have glorified the people of France fight- been violated; after having seen my reing against them, to withdraw themselves treat penetrated by numerous assassins, from their yoke, is their condemnation. all sent by the Bourbons; after having seen "Thé veterans of the armies of the Sambre the French Ministers intriguing at Vienand the Meuse, of the Rhiné, of Italy, of na, to wrest from me the asylum to which Egypt, of the West, of the Grand Army, I was reduced, and to take from my wife are all humiliated: their honourable and son the States which had been guawounds are disgraced; their successes ranteed to them; from that son, whose were crimes; those heroes were rebels, if, birth inspired you with so lively a joy, as the enemies of the people, the legitimate and who ought to have been to all the Sovereigns were in the midst of the fo- Sovereigns a sacred pledge. All these reign arınies. Honours, rewards, affection attempts made in violation of plighted are given to those who have served against faith, have restored me to my throne and the country and us. Soldiers ? come and my liberty. Frenchmen! soon I shall be range yourselves under the standards of in my Capital. I come surrounded by your Chief; his existence is only compos- my brave brethren in armsed of yours; his rights are only those of delivered our Provinces of the South, and the people and yours ; his interest, his my good city of Lyons from the reign of honour, bis glory, are no other than your fanaticism, which is that of the Bourbous.
- after having
Fifteen days have sufficed me to unite Countersigned, The General of Division these faithful warriors, the honour of BERTRAND, Grand Marshal of the France : and before the 30th of this Palace, exercising the functions of Secremonth, your happy Emperor, the Sove-tary of State. reign of your choice, will put to flight those slothful Princes who wish to render you tributary to foreigners, and the con- Mr. COBBETT-I have observed for tempt of Europe. France shall still be some time past a series of letters in your the happiest country in the world. The Journal on Religious Persecution, by a French shall still be the Great Nation--person signing himself ERASMUS PÉRParis shall again become the Queen of KINs, whose writings I cousider partiCities, as well as the seat of sciences and cularly dangerous. I have no fault'to the arts.
In concert with you I will find with his arguments against persecutake measures, in order that the State tion, because I deem it perfectly inconmay be governed constitutionally, and sistent with the genuine spirit of christhat a wise liberty may never degenerate tianity; nor do I object to the various into licentiousness, I will mitigate, to illustrations he has brought forward in the satisfaction of all, those imposts be- support of his favourite positions ; but I come odious, which the BOURBONS gave think his articles have a mischievous you their princely word, they would tendency, inasniuch as they are tinctured abolish under the title of Droits Reunis, with a profession of religion, when they and which they have re-established under are evidently aimed at the very founla the title of indirect impositions. Pro- tion of it. This writer stands behind perty shall be without distinction re- the bastions of the Church, and is at spected and sacred, as well as individual the same time discharging his artillery liberty. The general tranquillity shall against her, by artfully directing your be constantly the object of my efforts; readers to the perusal of almost every commerce; our flourishing manufac- sceptical writer who has flourished since tures; and agriculture, which under my the birth of our Saviour. The principal reigu attained so high a prosperity, shall reason of my troubling you with this, is, that he relieved from the enormous imposts I have lately seen a new monthly magawith which an ephemeral Government zine advertised, in most of the Country have burdened them. Every thing shall papers, under the title of, “THE THEO bé restored to order; and the dissipation LOGICAL INQUIRER,
and purport of the Finances of the State to gratifying to be conducted by a person of the luxury of the Court, shall be imme- the same name as your hypocritical cor(liately redressed. No vengeance. It is respondent; a circumstance that has far from my heart; the BOURBONS have deterred me from becoming a subscriber, set a price on my head, and I pardon as I could not form a high opinion of a them. If they fall into my power, I will Religious Journal under the controul of protect them; I will deliver them to their such a man as Erasmus Perkins, who Allies, if they wish it, or to that foreign appears, if I may judge from the general country where their Chief has already tenor of his letters, to be a decided enen y reigned nineteen years, and where he to revealed religion, notwithstanding he may continue his glorious reign, To so often makes use of the phrase, this my vengeance is limited. Be calm, " koly religion."--I shall feel myseli parParisians; and you, National Guards ticularly obliged, if any of your readers of that noble City-you who have als will give me correct information on the ready rendered such great services, subject; or if they are ignorant of the you who, but for treason, would have identity of the persons, they may perbeen enabled to defend it for some hours haps be able to acquaint me, through ile longer, against those Allies who were ready medium of your Register, with the conto Hy from France. Continue to protect plexion of the work, which will, of course,
fly property and civil liberty; then you will guide me in forming a judgment as to have deserved well of your Country and how far it is worthy my support. of your Emperor.-From my Imperial
I am, &c.
THE FAIR SEX.
in their infancy, solaced in the busy prime of life, and soothed in their declining
years. SIR,—Your zealous endeavours to pre
Tuesday, March, 21st. 1815. vent the few from oppressing the many, embolden me to apply to you on the present occasion; and however your atten- REFORM, WAR AND TAXES. tion may be occupied by weightier matters, I flatter myself you will not refuse
Mr. COBBETT.-Nothing can be more a small portion of your paper, to my serviceable to the cause of Reform, than remarks.-Whether the means adopted the passing of the Corn Bill, through the by Government for the last few years, sition which innumerable petitions have
House of Commons. The direct oppohave been beneficial or injurious to the received cannot fail to impress the minds country, I will not pretend to determine. of the people with the necessity of radical Certain it is, that money must be raised alterations in the constitution of the for the exigencies of the state ; and Mr. Commons' House of Parliament.
The Vansittart has considered that men free people can never forget it. And in all
, from the expenses attendant upon a fa- the county meetings, when speaking of
reform, (and every political and religious mily, can best afford to contribute to this evil relates to it) we must never forget purpose.--Is this a sufficient cause for the to produce this fact, in order to shew to sarcasms now directed against women ?--- the people, the importance of a true re
It Their foibles are exposed and ridiculed, presentation, annually assembled.
will be a plain and irresistible argument, and their respectability lessened, by at- which the public will easily understand, tacks, which, but for their frequency and acknowledge. Whenever I think would be undeserving of notice.-That about reform, and constitution, and listate of life which enables us to confer, berty, I cannot help thinking about
America. This is the land of freedom, as well as to receive happiness, will na
not false adulterate freedom, but freedom turally be preferred to one of unsocial, in the genuine sense of the word, civil though tranquil satisfaction. Nor need and religious; and it is to America we the avowal of this preference, raise a must look for the model of a good, free blush on any cheek.--Yet am I persuaded, and cheap government. With what from my own experience, that two thirds scorn and contempt did we speak of this
noble republic, but a very little time ago, of those distinguished by the appellation and now this same contemptible republic, of old maids, owe it to their filial duty, victorious by land and
upon to their prudence, or to their rectitude of a prouder eminence than all the other principle.- Bachelors, when they ex- nations of the world put together!claim against the present tax, forget that What a pity it is, that we should have
thus exposed ourselves to the ridicule of they do not, like the Father of a family, all the world.-Whigs and Tories, all present to their country a numerous and were for the American war, tho obactive race, to adorn and to defend it; viously one of the most unjust that this nor do they, like women, add to the country ever entered into. The treaty
is ratified; the war itself is over, but the sum of domestic happiness, by those at
effects of this war, are not over, and will tentions which soothe the wretched, and
never be over, as long as the world lasts! assist the helpless. Let them then re- There is no event of so much consejoice at the opportunity now afforded quence to our country. I think America them of proving their patriotism; and will henceforth be the arbiter of all let not those, at least, among them, who other nations. All other nations must
keep their eyes upon America; and all have a mother or a sister to respect, in- the layers of freedom must remember sult that sex by wbou they are succoured the republic. You are the only public
writer who has taken a just and mas- contracting parties the several islands lying withiisa terly view of this subject; and you were
the said river, lakes, and water communications perfectly right in following your own du respectively belong, in conformity with the true judgment, and in not taking the advice intent of the said treaty of 1783. And both parof those who wrote to you to desist. ties agree to consider such designation and decision
as final and conclusive. And in the event of the The government and people of this country are not yet aware of the consequences said two Commissioners differing, or both, or of this war against free mèn; and Napo- either of them, refusing, declining, or wilfully leon's return is calculated to absorb all omitting to act, such reports, declarations or stale. attention for the present. If war should ments, shall be made by them, or either of them, be revived against France, will the peo- and such reference to a friendly sovereign or state ple of England be ready to petition shall be made in all respects as in the latter part against it as they did against the Pro- of the 4th article is contained, und in as full a perty Tax, which tax was only the effect manner as if the same was herein. repeated. of the war? A short time will determino Art. 7. It is further agreed that the said two this and many other questions. Let the last-mentioned Commissioners, after they shall people remember that the war is the cause have cxecuted the duties assigned to them in the of the taxes; that if the war is renewed, preceding article, shall be, and they are hereby taxes must be collected; the debt will authorised, upon their oaths impartially to fix and increase every day, and fresh taxes must determine according to the true intent of the said be levied to meet the increasing interest Treaty of Peace, of 1783, that part of the bounof the debt. It is foolish and absurd to dary between the dominions of the two powers, petition against taxes, and not to peti- which extends from the water communication be tion against the cause of the taxes. tween lake Huron and lake Superior, to the nost Your's &c. G. G. FORDIAM.
nosih.western point of the lake of the Woods, to
decide to which of the two parties the several Sandon, Marck 20th, 1815.
islands lying in the lakes, water communications, and rivers, furming the said boundary, do respec
lively belong, in conformity with the true intent AMERICAN DOCUMENTS.
of the said treaty of peace, of 1783, and to
cause such parts of the said boundary, as require it, Treaty of Peace between his Britannic to be surveyed aud marked. The said Commission
ers shall, by a report or declaration under their Majesty and the United States of
hands and seals, designate the boundary aforesaid, America.
state their decision on the points thus referred to (Continned from Page 352.) them, and particularize the latitude and longitude through the middle of said lake until it'arrives at of the most north-western point of the lake of the the water communication into the" Lake Huron, Woods, and of such other parts of the said bounshence through the middle of said lake to the dary as they may deem proper. Auct both parties water communication between that lake and lake agree to consider such designation and decision as Seperior.” And whereas doubts have arisen, what final and conelusive. And, in the event of the was the middle of said river, lakes, and water said two Commissioners diffuring, or both, or either coninunications, and whether certain islands lying of them refusing, declining, or wilfully omitting in the same were within the dominions of his Bri- to act, such reports, declarations, or statements, tannic Majesty or of the United States : In order, shall be made by them, or either of them, and therefore, finally to decide these doubts, they shall such reference to a friendly sovereign or state, be referred to iwo Commissioners, to be appointed, shall ?'e made in all respects as in the latter part sworu and authorised to act exactly in the manner dia of the fourth article is container, and in as full rected, with respect to those mentioned in the next a manner as if the saine was herein repeated. precering article, unless otherwise specified in this
Art. 8. The several boards of two) Commission. present article. The said Commissioners shall ers mentioned in the four preceding articles, sliall meel, in the first instance, at Albany, in the state of respectively have power to appoiut a secretary, New York, and shall have power 10 adjourn and to employ such surveyors or other persons as to such other place or places as they shall link fit : they shall judge necessary. Duplicates of all their The said Commissioners shall, hy a report, or decla- respective reports, declaratious, statements and ration, under their hands and seals, designaie the decisions, and of their accounts, and of the jourboundary through the said river, lakes, and waier nals of their proceedings, shall be delivered by communications, and decide to which of the two theiu to the dents of his Britannic Mujesiy, an i