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to the agents of the United States, who may be such iribes or nations shall agree to desist from all respectively appointed and authorised to manage
hostilities against his Britannic Majesty, and bis the bosiness on behalf of their respective govern subjects, upon the ratification of the present treaty ments. The said Commissioners shall be respectively being notified to such tribes or nations, and shall so
Jesist accordingly. paid in such inanner as shall be agreed between the
Art. 10. Whereas the traffic in slaves is irre. two contracting parties, such agreement being to be sentied at the time of the exchange of the ratifi. concileable with ihe principles of humanity and cations of this treaty. And all other expenses a:
justice, and whereas boti bis Majesty and the tending the said Commissioners shall be defrayed
United States are desirous of continuing their ef. equally by the two parties. And in case of death, I forts to promote its entire abolition, it is hereby sickness, resignatiou, or vecessary absence, the agreed that both the contracting parties shall usa, place of every such Commissioner respectively their best endeavours to accomplish so desirable shall be supplied in the sanje manner as such Com
au object. missioner was appointed, and the new Coinmissioner
Art. 11. This treaty, when the same shall have
been ratified on both sides, without alteration shall take the same oath or affirio ation, and do the same duties. It is furtber agreed between the by either of the contracting parties, and the ratitwo contracting parties, that in case any of the fications mutually exchanged, shall be binding islands mentioned in any of the preceding articles,
on both parties; and the ratififications shall, which were in the possession of one of the parties be exchanged at Washington, in the space of four
months from this day, or sooner if practicable. prior to the commencement of the present war
In faith whereof, we the respective Plenipoten. between the two countries, should, by the decision of any of ide Boards of Commissioners aforesaid, tiaries have signed this treaty, and have thercun:o
affixed our seals. or of the sovereign or state so referred 10, as in the
Done in triplicate, at Ghent, the 24th day of four next preceding articles contained, fall within the dominions of the other party, all grants of
December, 1814. land inade previous to the commencement of the
(L. S.) GAMBIER, (L. S.) HONRY GOULBTNX. war, by the party having had such possession, (L. S.) William ADAMI, (L. S.) JOHN QUINCI shall be as ralid as if such island or islands, had Adana, (LS.) J. A. BAYARD, H. Clay, (L. S.) by such decision or decisions, been adjudged to be Jona. RussaLL; (L. S ) ALBERT GALLATIN. within the doncinions of the party having had sach
. Now, therefore, to the end that the said possession. Art. 9. The United States of America engage served, with good faith on the part of
treaty of peace and amity may be obto put an end immediately after the ratification of the United States, d, James Madison, the present treaty to hostilities with all the tribes president as aforesaid, have caused the or nations of Indians, with whom they may be premises to be made public; and I do at war at the time of such ratification ; und forth- hereby enjoin all persons bearing office, with 10 restore to such tribes or nations, respectively, civilor military, within the United States, all the possessions, rights and privileges, which and all others, cititens or inhabitants They may hare enjoyed or been entitled to in 1811, thereof, or being within the same, faithprevious to such hustilities; provided always, that fully to observe and fulfil the said treaty, euch tribes or nations shall agree to desist from and every clause and article thereof,-In all hostilities, against the United States of Ame testimony whereof, I bave caused the rica, their citizens and subjects, upon the ratifi- seal of the United States to be affixed cation of the present treaty being notified 10 such to these presents, and signed the same tribes or nations, and shall so desist accordingly. with my hand. Done at the City of And his Britanie Majesty engages, on his part, to Washington, this eighteenth day of Feput an end immediately after the ratification of bruary, in the year of our Lord one thouthe present treaty, to hostilities with all the tribes sand eight hundred and fifteen, and of or nations of Indians with whom he may be at the sovereignty and independence of the war at the time of such ratification, and forthwith United States the thirty-ninth. to resture to such tribes or nations, respectively,
JAMES MADISON, all the possessions, rights, and privileges, which
By the President, They may have enjoyed or been entitled to, in 1811, previous to such hostilities; provided always, that JAMES MUNRO, Acting Secretary of State.
Printed and Published by G. Houston: No. 192, Strand ; where all Communications addressed to
Editor are requested to be forwarded.
Vol. XXVII, No. 13.] LONDON, SATURDAY, APRIL 1, 1815.
[ Price ls.
( 386 PEACE! PEACE!
put down James Madison, and " DELI. VERED THE WORLD of the exis
tence of that EXAMPLE of the success TO LORD CASTLEREAGH,
of DEMOCRATIC REBELLION.” “No MY LORD,
peace with Madison," was their cry.
Kill! kill ! keep killing, till he is put down, The grand event, which has just taken in like manner as Napoleon is put down! place in France, and which is so well cal. This was their incessant cry. And, in culated to convince all mankind of the a short time after Napoleon was exiled foļiy as well, as the injustice, of using fo- to the Isle of Elba, these literary Cossacks Jeign force for the purpose of dictating published a paragraph, which they into a great nation who they shall have serted in the report of the debates in the for their rulers, or what shall be the form House of Commons, as the report of the of their Government; this grand event, speech of Sir Joseph YORKE, then instead of producing such conviction in and now one of the Lords of the Admi the minds of those persons connected ralty, in the following words; to wit.-with the London Newspapers, Maga-"SIR J. YORKE observed, that although
“ zines and Reviews, who are called Cos“ öne great enemy of this country, Bonasack writers ; so far from producing such parte, had been deposed, there was conviction in their minds, this grand “ another gentleman whose DEPOSITIevent seems to have made them more “ ON was also necessary to our interest;" earer than ever for interference in the " he meant Mr. President Madison ; domestic affairs of France; and, wbile “ and with a vier! to 'THAT DEPOSIthe cries of our countrymen at New Or- TION, a considerable naval force must lcans are yet vibrating on our ears, these “ be kept up, especially in the Atlantic. men are endeavouring to urge you and " But as to his honorable friend's opiniyourcolleagues on to the sending of ihon on respecting the reduction of the sands upou thousands more of our men, “ Navy, he wished it to be consideresh and to expend hundreds of millions more " that a number of shipping were emof our money, in order to overset'a Go
ployed in conveying French prisoners vernment which the French nation love, to France, and bringing home our own and to compel them to submit to one countrymen. So much for the necuwhich they hatę, or, at least, despise, pation of our navy on the home statifrom the bottom of their hearts, and with on.-But from thellediterranean for in, au unanimity absolutely unparalleled. stance, several three deckers were or
Niy Lord, if my advice had been fol- “ dered home, and he could swear that lowed, we should have had no American no practical exertion would be remitted War; the 20 or 30,000 mer and the 50 to reduce the expence of our Naval or 60 millions of money, which that un- Department." fortunate war has cost us, and which With what shame! with what sorrow, lave only, as it turns out, created an would these writers, if they had not lost American Navy, and exalted the Repub- all sense of shame, and all feeling for their lic amongst the nations of the world, country, now look back on their conduct would all have been saved. The literary at the time to which I am referring! InCossacks of London, were, I verily be- stead, however, of feeling shame for that lieve, the chief cause of that war. They conduct, they are now acting the same
and your colleagues on to the part over again; they are now reviving all destruction of the American FORM OF |iheir old calumpies against the Emperor GOVERNMENT. Napoleon being, as Napoleon; they are abusing the French they thought, down, never to rise again, army and the French people ; they are they urged you to make war, till you bad! bestowing on them appellations almost
too infamous to be repeated; and they | pentine River, the crawling worship-ers are calling upon you and your colleagues of Whiskers and of Jack-boots:I am awie, to make a war of extermination upou tha' my Lord, how difficult it must be sur people, unless they will receive and adop these persons, coniprising no very sr'. ! the ruler and the Government appointed, part of those who call themselves or pointed out, by England. These men UPPER ORDERS, now to look each called Mr. Madison à TRAITOR and other in the face. I ana well aware of the BREBEL; and they are now calling Na- fire that must burn in their bosoms, and poleon a TRAITOR and a REBEL. I pity them accordingly. I am aware, They called the Americans slaves, vil- too, of the situation of those public nien, lains, thieves; and these appellations who, since the exile of Napoleon, have with many others, not excepting couards, expressed " their sorrow, that tbose great they are now bestowing on the French“ statesmen, Burke, Piit, and Perceval, people. They now see that you and “ were not alive to witness, and to par: your colleagues have found it necessary ticipate in the general joy at the triot make a treaty of peace and amity with * umph of their principles." I am aware Mr. Madison, whom they called a traitor of the situation of those (amongst whom and a rebel; but, these men are of that is the Chancellor of the Exchequer) description of fools to whom experience who have so recently eulogized the incannot teach wisdom, and they are now come, or Property Tax, upon the ground repeating their cry, no peace with Napo- of the complete triumph which it haid leon: no peace till the Bourbons are enabled us to obtain over Napoleon, and again on the throne of France; war with of the fair prospect which it had given the French until they adopt a ruler in us of a long and prosperous peace. I am, whom we have confidence.
above all, aware of the feelings of yourThere is something so unjust in this self, my Lord, who have acted so high a proposition: something so savage in the part in the exiling of Napoleon, who very idea of making war for such a pur- have been so loudly cheered on that acpose: something so arrogant, so impu-count; who, after detailing the top dent, so insolent, that, were it not for views and proceedings of the different the impotence of the persons who make it, powers at the Congress of Vienna, iolu it could not fail to fill every Frenchman's the House of Conmons, on MONDAY, breast will indignation inexpressible. The 2011 of this rwonth of March, that Nevertheless, having seen the citect of our great and enormous sacrificēs bad the writings of these men as to the Ame- purchased a fair prospect of happy tranrican War; having secu how completely quillity for us and for Europe, for twenty they succeeded in causing the people of years to come: and who learnt, on the Englaud to believe, thiat it was just and NEXT WEDNESDAY, that Napoleon wise to make war for the purpose of was again at the head of the French nadeposing MR. MADISON, there is reason ion, Louis le Desire, having already to fear, that their present labours will reached Abbeville on his way out of not be wholly ineffectual: that, indeed, France! I am well aware of the existence it is possible, that they may asin suc- and of the powerful effect of all these ceed in their mischievous objects: and, feelings : but, still I do not abandon the therefore, I shall endeavour to shew, hope, that the disappointment, the worthat the war, which they recomiend, tification, the shame, the blinit rage of would be nnjust and hateful in its ob ihe herd of Napoleon's haters will not be jećis, and, in its consequences, likely to able to induce you and your colleagues be fatal to our country,
to listen to the dictates of passion inI am aware, my Lord, of the morii- stead of those of reason, and to plunge fication which is now felt in England : 1 your country into a bew and fatal war. am aware of the acuteness of the sting: There are too objects very distinct, for I see how difficult it must be for the re- which the literary Cossacks are calling joicers of April last, the wearers of laun for war: the first is, to pot down and rel and white cockades, the roasters of destroy Napoleon and to compel the oxen, the salgters (female as well as French people to submit to the Dourmale) of Old Bindings and the “ Gallant bons: the second is, to secure Belgium io Kings,"
the Temple in the new king of the Netherlands, who, bh treof the Ser I only on the both of this present month,
took upon himself, formally, the sove-, they opposed him. This step enraged the reignty of the Belgian provinces. I am people; they soon after put the king and against war for either of these objects. queen to death. They marched against I think, that, for neither of them, nor for the Duke of Brunswick and hisGermans; both together, we ought to go to war; beat them, and began that series of conand, I now proceed to state the reasons quests, which have made France so upon which that opinion is founded. famous and so much feared in the world,
As to the first of these proposed ob- It is well known, that divers changes in jects of war, the case is this. For more the internal government of France had than a century, the French people had taken place previously to the time when been objects of contempt with the people Napoleon was proclaimed Emperor of of England, because the former patiently that country. It is also well known, that submitted to arbitrary and oppressive he was exiled in April 1814; and, that, government, ecclesiastical as well as civil. while the Capital of France was occupied I appeal, not to our songs and theatrical | by an army of Austrians, Prussians and pieces (though no bad criterion), nor to Russians, subsidized by us, the eldest our paintings and prints; but, to the brother of the late king of France was most approved historical, political, and brought to Paris from England, put moral writings in our language, and to upon the throne, and made ruler of the speeches in both Houses of Parlia- France instead of Napoleon. ment. I appeal to these for proof of Now, then, my lord, let us take a view the fact ; that, up to the year 1789, the of our conduct, througli this series of English nation held the French nation in years, as far as relates to the internal contempt on account of their patient sub- government of France. At the out-set, mission to an arbitrary king, who could the French expected us to be the first imprison or exile any of them at pleasure, people on earth to congratulate them and to a cormorant priesthood, who, in on their newly-acquired freedom, and a great degree, devoured the fruit of men's the very last in the world to find fault labour. In short, it is notorious, that, with them for over-stepping the real previous to the year 1789, Frenchman bounds of liberty. They soon fonnd and Slave and even Coward were, in the their mistake; for, Mr. Burke, whose minds of Englishmen, almost synonymous profound wisdom the Chancellor of the terms. In 1789, the French nation began Exchequer has, within a few weeks, so to make a change, or revolution, in their highly extolled, attacked the French peoGovernment, and expressed their deter- ple, in speeches in Parliament and in inination to have perfect freedom. Be- pamphlets, so early as 1791, two years tween the beginning of this year and the before the king was put to death. Mr. summer of 1791, many schemes of Go- Burke called upon England and all vernment were proposed : and, at last, other powers of Europe to make war one was agreed on and formally accepted upon the French people; and, Mr. Burke, by the king. But, in spite of the king's soon after this, had a pension granted acceptance, his BROTHERS, Louis le him of 3,000 pounds sterling a year. Desire, and the Comte d'Artois, together When France was invaded in 1792, with the other Princes of the family, went and a great emigration took place from out of France, and, from places on the that country, the emigrant nobles and borders of that kingdom, issued their priests were received in no country with protests against the King's acceptance of so much kindness as in England: and, it
, the Constitution. In these protests they is notorious, that we paid them pensions declared their resolution to overset the from that time to the time of their death, constitution by force of arms if they for their return last year. It is equally could, and if force should be necessary. notorious, that we have employed many At length, in 1792, the Emperor of Ger- | of these emigrants, as officers, or solmany and the King of Prussia marched diers, in our wars against France. an arnay into France, under the late Duke When we began our first war,in 1793, we of Brunswick, who issued a proclamation, professed to have no desire to interjere in stating it to be his intention to“ restore the internal government of France. We “the king of France to his legitimate complained of her disorganizing princi“ power," and threatening to inflict on ples, which, we said, threatened the the people the most terrible punishments if overthrow of all regular gorernunents;
and, that, therefore, our war against her people of France, whom we represent as was a war of self-defence. Of late years, suttering all sorts of oppression under our tone has been wholly changed. We bin. We represent the conscripts dragno longer talk of the disorganizing prin- ged in chains to his armies; we represent ciples of the French. On the contrary, the land as become fruitless for the we have, of late years, represented them want of tillage; we represent the discouas living under a most horrible despotism. solate fathers and mothers rending the We have been constantly talking of the skies with execration on the murderer of iron sceptre of Napoleon, and pitying their beloved children ; we represent the the poor wretches who lived under it. country as being full of Bastiles and these It was not against the French people, filled with prisoners like the dungeons of we said, that we were making war: but the Inquisition. These representation's against the “ tyrant,” as we called him, the far greater part of the people of Engwho had loaded them with chains, and land really believe ; and they rejoice at to free the poor creatures from which bis fall and his exile. Well, le roilà chains was one of the benign objects exilé! It is done. He is exiled. The for which we and our allies, the Russians Bourbons are restored. We are immediand Germans marched into France. ately told, that all France is happy; that
How stands the case; then? Up to the the government of Louis le Desiré is a year 1788 inclusive we despise the peo“ paternal” government; that law; religiple of France, because they are slaves, on, liberty aud happiness are restored to a under tlie reign of the Bourbons. When people, so long oppressed. The Bourbons they throw off the authority of the Bour- have lle government in their hands for bons, we call them anarchists and rebels. a year; they pass laws, malie a new con-When they choose an Emperor, we stitution, grant rewards, appoint officers, again call them slaves : and when we reorganize the army, garrison all the succeed at last by the aid of an immense towns, have all the treasure and all the army of Russians and Germans, in put power of iliät vast andi popolous country ting the Bourbons on the throne again, in their hands; and, at the end of the year we say, that we liave restored them to Napoleon lands with eleven hundred men, liberty. Now, my Lord, if I were to the people flock around hin in every di . grant this latter assertion to be true, I rection, be proceeds along the great road should not be less disposed to object to 500 miles from Cannes to Paris, and a war for the second restoration of the though proclamations, decrees and orders, Bourbons: because the French people and promises of inimense rewards are themselves are the best judges of the poured forth against liis life, not a single sort of ruler that they shall have, and man does all France' contain to hold up because it is now impossible to deny, a hand against liim ! and, amidst the acthat their choice is in favour of clamations of millions, he comes, without Napoleon.
a sword to proteet him, to resume kis If, indeed, Napoleon had landed with authority! Ah! my Lord, feel as we will; a numerous army: if, hy any extraor- say what we will, this is the granddinary means, a considerable army had est, the most magnificent spectacle, that heen prepared to join him on his land- ever presented itself for the contemplaing: if there bad existed' an insurrec- tion of the human miudi tion in the country previous to, or on Of all the triumphs that TRUTH ever his landing: in either of these ca-es, obtained, this is ihe nost signal. For there might have been doubt with eleven years almost all the presses of regard to the free sentiments of the peo- England, and, indeed, of the greater part ple; ljut, the country is perfectly quiet; of Europe; half the presses of America ; no rising, no disturbances, any where; the makers of harangues; the political the whole country is in the hands of preachers, were at work to cause it to Louis's officers; civil and military; and be believed, that Napoleon was the cruelNapoleon lands and rides on to the Capi- est tyrant that ever blackened the page tal, not only without an army, but in as of history; and, since his fall, the calum defenceless à condition as if he bad been nies which have been poured out on him a private genileman coming bone to buis by the presses and the speechmakers of estate. for eleven long years we repre Englarid, Germany, and France, exceed, sent him as hated and detested by the periaps, all that were ever uttered before