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IN ANSWER TO THE ADDRESS OF THE GRAND
with that people ? Have we not broken all the that of his wife and children, it is then a war bonds that could onite us with them? We have of man against inan; women and boys are in a .changed the name, the life, the manners. We
state of war: all are in arms; all the evil we cati bear no resemblance to the French these
do our enemy is a sacred duty; all means of depeople, who never ceased to persecute us, and struction are lawful for us to use. We shall rewhom we abhor. Wly, then, should we submit vive those dreadful examples of exasperation to the fate of being condemned to groan under among people who terrified the earth! Posterity their tyranny and oppression ?--- Barbarians! will shudder with horror ; but far from blamingo They dare to despise us! They think us un- us, it will only impute these acts to the perversity worthy of the blessing of liberty and indepen. of the age, to tyrants, and to necessity! But dence! They think that we are not capable of this will never happen--it is impossible.- Hlaydi sublime sentiments, or of those generous im- is invincible; and justice, as well as the cause pulses which form heroes, and make men mas. of justice, will bear her triumphant through all ters of their own destinies! but they are de- ohstacles. No, never shall this execrable enterceived. Let them know something of the mag. prise take place. There is honour, there is glory manimity, the energy, and the courage of the among the Sovereigns and people of Europe ; people whom they dare to ontrage! Our will is to and Great Britain, that Liberator of the World, be free; and we shall be so in spite of tyrants i - will prevent such an abomination ! Oh! if our cause should be separated from that of other people; if injustice should prevail over
SPEECH or KING HENRY(CHRISTOPHE) equity in this enlightene! age; if our tyrants should at length be able to triumph over us, let COUNCIL OF THE HAYTIAN NATION, RELATIVE the glory of the Haytian people at least stand
TO TIE LETTER OF M. DAUXION LAVAYSSE,
OCT. 27, 1814. unequalled in the annals of nations;-Yes, we solemnly pledge ourselves that, sooner ti'an re.
Hlaytians ! your sentiments, your generous recoance liberty and independ-nce, our entire race solution, are worthy of us : your King shall alhall be exterminated. But before any French-ways be woriny of you. Our indignation is at man gains a footing here, let Hayti become a its height. Let Hayti, from this moment, bę vast desert; let our towns, our manufactures, ouły one vast camp ; let us prepare to combat our dwellings, become a prey to the fames, Let those tyrants who threaten us with chains, slam each of us multiply his force-redouble lis ener. very, and death. Haytians! the whole world gy and his courage, in imolating it) cur just fury has its eyes fixed upon us ; our conduct musí conthousands of those tygers who are alienated from found our calumniators, and justify the opinion, our blood! Let Hayti present, nothing but a which philanthropists have formed of us, Let us heap of ruins ; let terrified countenances meet rally-let us have but one and the same wisi nothing but sights of death, desiruction, and ven
that of exterminatiug our tyrants. On the unageance! Let posterity have to say, on beholding nimous co-operation of our union, of our efforts, these ruins, Here lived a free and generous
will depend the prompt success of our cause. people; tyrants wanted to strip them of their Let us exhibit to posterity a great example of liberty, but they resolved to perish sooner than courage ; let us combat with glory, and, be efpart with it!' Posterity will applaud this act of faced from the rank of nations, rather shav res magnanimity. On! will there be a human being nounce liberty and independence. A King, we so destitute of generosity as to refuse us his ad- ; know how to live and die like a King: you miration, his esteem, and his good wishes: --Inshall always see us at your head, sharing in your the political wars carried on among civilized perils and dangers. Shoald it so happen that we States, the armies fight, and the people live in cease to exist before consolidating your rigtits, peace. But in a war of extermination, such as call to mind our actions, and should our tyrants that with which we have been threatened, when so far succeed as to endanger your liberty and every man thinks of defending his home, the independence, disinter my bones; they will tombs of his parenis, his liberty, lis indepen- still lead you to viciory, and enable you to tris. dence, what, do I say : his very existence, and unph over onr implacable and eternal enemies,
Printed aute Published by J. MORTON, 94, Strand.
Fot. XXVII. No. 3.1
LONDON, SATURDAY, JAN. 21, 1815.
be really free; there no man will trem
ble while he writes; and there truth Peace being Row happily concluded must and will prevail. It is often oba with the country of freedom, it will not served, that history, to be impartial,
, be necessary for me to occupy so large must be written long after the date of a portion of the Register, as I lately the events of which it is a record, have, w with observations relating to it. This is a strange notion.
It is so com But, still this country, now nearly as trary to every rule of common life, much above ak others in military and that it naturally staggers one. If we Raval prowess as she is, and long has want to keep our accounts, or the rebeen, is civil, religious, and political cords of any proceedings in life, accukiberty; still this favoured country, rately, we never lose a
moment in This asylum and example to the op- minuting the facts down as they :ocpressed of all other nations, must con- cur. If evidence is given from a write tinue to be a deeply interesting object ten paper, it must, to make the evi? with every one, whom I wish to see dence good, have been written at the amougst my readers. I shall, there moment that the facts occurred. How fore, in future, write of the affairs of strange, then is it, that, for history to America under one general title, num- be true, it must be written a century, bering the several articles from No. 1, or two, after the period, to which it onwards.---Previous to the war, I wrote relatess That is to say; that, to come several articles, under the form of at the real truth of any national ock Letters and otherwises during the war currence, in order to afrive at just a great many more. And, I am of decision upon the conduct of a nation, opinion, if all these were collected to you must enter upon the inquiry after gether, from the month of July, 1810, all the witnesses are dead, and after to the 14th of this present month of all the springs, hidden from common January, 1815, they would be found eyes, and which no man has vared to to contain as good a history of this im- record an account of in print; are whollyportant struggle, as is likely to appear forgotten and are 'sunk, for ever, out of iu any other shape. The rise, the pror sight. It is said, that, at the time gress, the termination, are all here to be when the events occur, the historian found very amply detailed. The viewys is too near to the passions and prejur on both sides the passions, the pre-dices of the times, and is too likely to Judices
3 the means made use of to partake of them. Bụts at a hundred delude the people of Englaad. The years after the events, what has hie to effect of the result of the contest on refer to but writings of the times; and, men's minds. All will bere be found | how, then, is he more likely to get at to have been faithfully recorded; that the truth? We suppose the historian is to say, as far as I have dared to go to seek earnestly for truth; and is he and for the restraint, which I have more likely to get at it, when all the been under, and for which no human springs are forgotten and all the wit ingenuity could have compensated, the nesses dead, than when he has access judiciouš sand in partial reader will to them all ?--The real state of the make 4*suitable - allowance, This,' case is this: the historian DARES however, is only said as to our side of NOT write a true history of present
" the water; for, in the country of free- events, and a true description of the dom, the naked truth will be told. character of public institutions, estab There every man will write and publish lishments, laws, and men, in any coun. what he pleases; there discussions will try except America. Tryth, in koga
land, may be a LIBEL; libels
are and animated pen, set to work on this punished more severely than the great- fine subject, a subject so closely conest part of felonies, as my Lord. FOLK- nected with the cause of Freedom al} STONE shewed, in the House of over the world, there is no doubt of its Commons, from an examination of the obtaining circulation, even in England, Newgate Calendar; and, it
is well and while it would be sure, by means known, that in answering a charge of of a French translation, to be read all libel, the TRUTH of what you have over the Continent, where it must prowritten, or published, is not allowed duce a prodigious effect. But I hope EVEN TO BE GIVEN IN EVIDENCE. to see nothing of the maudling kind; This is the real, and the only ground nothing of the milk and water; nothing for pretending, that history ought to be of the “gentlemanly” sort; 10. mincing written tong after the period to which of the matter. But, a real, true, his, it relates. But, how are you bettered by tory, applying to persons and acts the length of time? It is a libel here to speak appellations which justice assigns them. evil of the dead. The dead villain must If such a work were publislied, rather not, if it give offence to certain persons, than not possess a copy, I would make be truly characterized ; and, remember, one of my sons traverse. the Atlantic, that the sources, to which the bistorian expressly to fetch it to me.
I hope, has to refer, are precisely those wbich however, that some man, in America, have been created under this law of libel. who feels upon the subject as I feel, In the great Republic of America, the will take the trouble to convey to me case is wholly different. There, any man by a safe hand (not through the Post may publish any thing that he pleases of Office) a copy or two of the first work public measures, or public men; provided of the above description that shall apa that he contine himself to truth in what pear. But mind, I should despise any he asserts to be facts. There any opinions history which should not speak of may be published; but, here, even opi- ALL the actors, on both sides, without nions expose writers, printers, and pub, the smallest regard to the humbug and lishers to punishment; and, observe, palaver of the day, applying to their that that which a man may say in a actions and their characters, and their private letter, is held to be pub- motives, the plainest as well as the lished, and if determined to be libel- truest of epithets and terms. I want Jous, liable to punishment.--Well may to liave it all out, I am not much diswe 'hold it to be a maxim, that the posed to be unhappy. I never meet writing of history ought to be delayed calamity half way. But really, such a until a remote period; but it wonld be work; thie reading of such a work, and à much more sensible maxin, that no hearing my children read it, would history, written under such circum- make up for years of misery, if I had stances, (with a law that punishes libels passed such; and it would be much on the dead) ought ever to be regarded more than a compensation for all the as any thing better than a sort of poli-, sufferings of my life. In short, I have tical romance. There is no reason, set my heart on this thing, and, if I am however, tvliy a history of this war disappointed, I shall be grieved more should not immediately be written, and than I ever yet have been; ten thou published in the Republic, with wom; sand fines more than I was, when I thank the Ministers, and the Presistent, heard the sentence of JyDCE GROSE and the brave Republicans, we are now un ine of two year's imprisonment in at peace. From that country we inayNewgate, a thousaud pounds fine to now receive such a history. It might the King, and seven years bound to be a little too strong to be published good behaviour afterwards, in bonds of Here; or even to be sold here. But 5,000 pounds, for having written about those who wished for copies might get the fogging of English local militiathem through private channels; though, men at Ely, and about Giernan draI ought to observe, for the good of the goous. But, why should I be disapunwary, that to lend a book, or, to skew pointed? Have I not, if no one else - book, to another person, is to publish will take up the pen, à son to take it up
bo book in the eye of our sharp-sighted in the cause of trulli and liberty? The tibel kaw. Nevertheless, if some able world is wide; and now it is open.
In the mean while let us not neglect “ stored to this country.” Sir J. E. that which is yet within our own power.
“ HIPPISLEY could see no reason whatWe ought to keep the Republic con-“ ever for calling the Americans the only stantly before our eyes.
Though we free people in the world, and should make her less the subject of observa- “ certainly divide the meeting if the tion than we have done for some time" motion were persisted in.
It was a past, we ought never to lose sight of " LIBEL on our own country; for his her, The enemies of liberty are al- “ part, he HATED THE AMERICANS. ways on the watch to assail, through They were a set of slaves to the Goher sides, the object of their mortal" vernment of France, and-r some érhatred; and, therefcre, we ought to " pressions of disapprobation arose) when lose no occasion of facing and of fight+ " Mr. DICKINSON said, that he certainly ing them. In order to facilitate refer-" must join in deprecating the resoluence, and to give something of unifor-“ tion. He hoped the meeting would mity of arrangement to the matter in not consent to compliment any nation the Register, relating to America, I in- " at the expense of our own, and of
, tend to insert, under one general head, every other in the globe. He had all such matter of my own writing, and “ considerable reason for believing, that to mention under that general head the "the Congress at Vienna was now enseveral topics treated of, in the following ".ployed in endeavouring to unrivet the manner.
“ chains of the suffering Africans; and No. I.
engaged, as the Powers of Europe AMÉRICA...Mr. HUNT's motion and were, in 80. sacred a cause, he could Sir John Cox HIPPISLEY's speech re- “ not consent that any aspersion, direct specting her. The Courier's attack on " or indirect, should be cast upon them.
, Mr. BinNs, a publisher at Philadelphia." Mr. Hunt then requested the Sheriff At a Meeting of the county of Somer- to put the resolution, which, upon the
“ set, on the 9th instant, a curious occur- « shew of hands, was negatived by a rence took place with regard to the peace“ very considerable majority.” Whether with America. I will first give the ae- there be any free country in the world, count of it from the TIMES newspaper still remaining, besides the Republic of of the 16th instant, and make on it such America, is a question that I do not observations as most naturally present choose to decide, or to give my opinion themselves. The reader should first be upon. But, I cannot help observing, informed, however, that the meeting was that the question was decided in the negaheld for the purpose of discussing a pe- tive by a meeting of the county of So. tition to Parliament against the Property merset only by "a considerable majority;" Tax, or Tax upon Income, which tax and; I must further observe, that the reought, by law, to expire in a few months, port of this “considerable majority” comes Lut which tax it is supposed the govern- to us through the Times newspaper, that nent means to propose the continuation, chainel of skunk-like abuse of America
r revival.--The following is the report of and all that is American. Let it be reá he TIMÉS!" On Monday last, at the membered, too, that the power of dem
meeting of the freeholders, &c, holden ciding who had the majority lay wholly " at Wells, to petition Parliament for the and absolutely with the Sheriff
, who is * repeal of the Property-tax,after the busi- an officer appointed by the crown. This
ness of the day was disposed of (an ac- being the case, the words, “considerab.. • count of which has already appeared "majority" will be pretty well understood
in this paper).--Mr. HUNT remarked, to mean any thing but a large majority : Kd that the meeting should not disperse and, perhaps, some people may doubt ' without expressing its thankfulness to whether there was any majority at all.
those by whose efforts peace had been At any rate, the County of Somerset
made between us and America.' He divided upon the question of, whether * therefore read a resolution, which'he America was, or was not, the only free " submitted for their approbation: "That country left in the world. This was, at
the tanks of this meeting are due to least, a question for which many were in those by whose exertions peace with the affirmative. It was received and put to the Americans, the only free remain- the vote without any marks of disapproing people in the world, has been re- bation; while, on the other hand, he
was kissed, who said that he hated the lished as yours. But, Sir John, why do Americans, and who called them the you HATE the Americans ? You cannot, slaves of the French Government. And surely; hate them because they pay their why, good Sir John, do you hate the President only about six thousand pounds Americans ? What have they done to a year, pot half so much as our A POTAByou? You say, that they are the slaves CARY GENERAL receives. You, surely, of the Governnient of France ; but you cannot hate them because they do not do not find it convenient to produce any pay in the gross amount of their taxes proof of what you say. This, Sir John, as much as we pay for the mere collecis one of the old state falsehoods of the tion and management of ours.
You, Timcs newspaper, which you are retailing surely, cannot hate them because they at second-hand like a Grub-street pedlar. keep no sinecure placemen, and no You are, in this instance, a poor crawl- pensioners, except to such as have acing imitator of a wretched grinder of paid- tually rendered them services, and to for paragraphs. Prove, or attempt to them grant pensions only by vote of prove what you say. Attempt, at least
, their real representatives. You, surely,
. to prove that the Americans are the cannot hate then because, in their counslaves, or have been, the slaves of the try, tlıe press is really free, and truth French; or, you must be content to go cannot be a libel. You, surely, cannot about saddled with the charge of having hate them - because they have shiewa made an assertion, without being either that a cheap. government is, in fact, the able or willing to shew it to be true. I strongest of all governments, standing in assert, that the Americans were not, in no need of the troops or of treason laws any shape or degree, subservient to Franec. to defend it in tines' even of actual I assert, that they all along acted the part invasion. You may, indeed, pity them of a nation truly independint. I assert, because they are destitute of ite honour that they, in no case, showed a partiality of being governed by some illustrious for the Government of Napoleon, It family, because they are destitute of
: any proof were wanted of their having Dukes, Royal and others, of Most Noble placed no reliance upon France, we have Marquises, of Earls, Viscounts and Bait in the fact, the fact so honourable, so rons; because they are destitute of glorious to them, and so unfortunate for Knights of the Gartér, Thistle and Bath, us; I mean the fact of their continuing Graud-Crosses, Commanders and Con the contest aftır Napoleon was put down, pauious; because they are, in spite of and still, as firmly as before, refusing to the efforts of the Massachusetts'intriguers, give up 10, as one single point, though still destitute of Wlustrious Highuesses, they saw us allied with all Europe, and Right Honourables, Honourables, and through they saw the whole of our mon- Esquires; because they are destitute of strous force directed against them, having long robes and big wigs, and see their no other enemy to contend with.' This lauvers, of all ranks, in plain coats of proves that they placed no reliance npon grey, brown, or blue, as chance may Frânec. When they declared war, they determine; because they are destitute säw us with a powerful cheny in Europe. of a Church established by law and of Hipon that circumstance they, of course, tythes: you, muay, iudeeil, pity the Recalculated, as they had a right to do ; publicans on these necounts; but, Sir but, when that enemy, contrary to their john, it would be cruel to hate them. expectation, was put down all of a sud To hate is
not the act of a Christian, den, and the whole of our epormous forec and very illy becomes a pan like yourwas bent against America, she was not in- selt, who has lwen a hero, a perfect dratimidated, she still set us at detiasie, gon, in combating the anti-christian prinshe faced us; she fonght us; apd, at the ciples of the French Revolution. Pity, end of a few moniks, instead of seceiving the Americans, Sir Jolin. Forgive them, a Fice" foi at Washington, as we kiád Sir John. Pray for them, Sir John. But been told she would, she bronght us to do not hate them, thou life and forviske peace with berwithout der giving up tune delemier of our holy religion. Pray to us any sort. Deny that they may speevily have a King and e single point of
a ibis, it you can, Sir Joha; and, it von Royal Fanily, with a Cominander in Chief cannot
, ansvez to she peop'c of Somerser and Field Marshals; that they may have tus the speech, więb the lines has put a Civil List and Sinecures; that they may