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EXPOSITION OF THE MINISTER OF THE protector of liberal ideas, around a Prince INTERIOR.
who, educated in the revolution, advances The President announced, that Count with the age in which he lives, and wishes Regnault St. Jean d'Angely requested a to extend the dominion of mind instead of hearing, to communicate to the Chamber circumscribing it. Instructed by misfore the exposition of the Minister of the Inte- tunes, he will see the conquerors of Ausrior: it was granted.
terlitz, of Marengo, and of Jena, march His Majesty the Emperor, said Count anew under the colours which su often led Regnault, having charged those of his Min them to victory, and the event will not be nisters who are Members of the Chamber | 'doubtful. Ilowever, his Majesty is sinof Peers to communicate to that Assembly cerely desirous of peace; he has done the exposition of our situation, which was every thing to preserve it, but without inannounced to you in the discourse from clining to listen for a moment to humiliathe throne, has confided a similar mission ting conditions, which would compromise to those of his ministers who have been the honour and the dearest interests of elected representatives of the people. To- France. All his efforts, however, have day, and at the moment when I speak, the been fruitless; already our frontiers are Minister of the Interior is reading to the menaced at all points, already hostilities Chamber of Peers the exposition of the have been commenced without any prestate of the Empire. I have been charged liminary declaration of war, and there to communicate to you a copy thereof, seēms to remain no other resource for the and shall read it, if such is the pleasure of maintenance of our independence but an the Chamber. The assembly manifested appeal to arms. If the Emperor were less its assent.
fortified by the inherent strength of his Count Regnault resumed. Among all character, he might fear two rocks. There the objects of the Emperor's solicitude, has been talk of a royalist party and a rethe first, after his solemn acceptance of the publican party, alike enemies of his goconstitution, has been to make known to Fernment. But the former has not known the nation, through the medium of its re- how to defend the Princes objects of its presentatives, the true situation in which affection, for whom it pretended a willingit is placed. Three montủs lave scarcely ness to die; it is far from formidable. As elapsed since his Majesty quitted the rock to the republicans, converted from old to which circumstances had for a moment errors, of which cruel experience made banished him, in order to deliver France them feel too severely the fatal effects, from the enslaving yoke of a worn-out dy- they see in the Emperor only the pronasty, which managed the resources of our tector of the liberal ideas which they hare five country merely for the profit of fo- at all times themselves professed, aud reigners. The enthusiasm which served which excesses alone have prevented themy as an escort to his Majesèy from the pe- from hitherto seeing realised. The time riod of his landing, sufficiently prored on has been too short to give to the national what side lay the national wishes. It constitution all the perfection of which it proves, that if the deposed family could was susceptible; but the Emperor, towards erer re-entér France with the aid of fo- the accomplishment of this essential work, reigners, it would soon be expelled anew. reckons on the intelligence and patriotism Its prejudices, its engagements with the of the two Chambers. The preparations old privileged castes, are all in opposition for war have prevented him from giving to to the liberal ideas in which the existing it himself all the attention which he could generation has been bred, and which can have wished; but the French territory never retrograde. With the princes of was threatened. The national character, that family, we should have seen, as in which essentially rejects every idea of deed we are menaced, with the re-appear. compuest, should have been a sufficient ance of all the cruel absurdities of feudal guarantee to all the powers of Europe government, and the degrading slavery of against the invasion which they seem 30 the monastic system. In the mean time, much to fear at present; but that fear is it is to re-establish all these institutions, only a rain pretext to cover their ambi. that they invite the foreigner into our fine tion. That ambition is sufficiently decountry: but we will never thus abandon monstrated by the senseless declarations it; we will rally around the Emperor, the l of the Congress of Vienna, by the asse
blages on our frontiers, hy hostilities com- vity. The hospitals in the departments invaded menced in full peace, by landings effected by the enemy liad considerably suffered, but they
were already re-established, on our coasts in order to encourage civil
Works. Under this head Count Regnault war, and, in fine, by the refusal to listen enumerated tire great monuments founded or orto any proposal for the maintenance of dered by his Majesty; they should be contined, peace. All these circumstances must give though they were seen suspended even iu time of a precise idea of the justice and modera- peace; but they should in future be exclusively
reserved for France, and if existing circum. tion of our enemies : it is the same as instances did not permit them to receive that ex1792, when the Duke of Brunswick püh- tent which were to be wished, they shonld soon lished the famous manifesto of which the be accelerated by the arms which would be no
longer necessary for the defence of the country. insolent pretentions converted the French
WORKS AT PARIS.-The Minister liere gave into a nation of soldiers.' Representatives an acccount of the various constructions which of the nation, you know the French peo- have been commenced in the capital, and which ple, essentially good and generous, and should be continued.
MINES.—This head presented vothing realways ready to contribute to the wants
markable. of the country, provided the whole extent MANUFACTURES.-Count Regnault here did of these wants be fairly made known to justice to the superiority of our manufactures, them. You have already assumed that which all the merchants of Europe could attest wise and imposing attitude which is the time during which it bad been in their power to
from the experience furnished them by the short finest guarantee to our liberty and inde-trade with us. He saw, like every statesman, pendence; and you have a right to know, that France, at once agricultural and manutaswithout the least disguise, the state of our turing, could alone dispense with the assistance wants and resources. The former are
ot its neighbours, and that a liberal governmeut
could not fail to give all possible spring to na. doubtless great, but sufficient means exist tional industry, formerly compressed by Gothic to provide for them without oppressing the prejudices.-He announced that various new ma. people; and with the energy which you duced; that the manufacture of sugar from the
ontactures had been improved, and others introshare with the people who elected you, we
beet-rout, in spite of all the efforts made to de. shall be certain of repelling the most un- stroy it, promised shortly to render Europe injust aggression against an independent dependent of the New World for that article; people, of which the political annals of that the indigo of woad, without having reached cabinets have ever preserved the recollec- India; and that, in tine, a number of useful dis
the same per fection, already rivalled that of tion. I am charged to present to you the coveries presented new sources of national prosfollowing details on our internal situa- perity. tien :
COMMERCE.—The report expressed nothing COMMUNES.- Under this head, Count Reg. ambition of sovereigns all the nations of Europe
but hope upon this article, and by the absurd nault staled, that the communal administrations had been almost totally abandoned under the go
are placed in the same condition.
INSTRUCTION.- Under this title, the Minister vernment of the Bourbons ; that the communal exhibited all the vicissitudes to which the corps funds, so essential to the movement of troops, of teachers bad been subjecied. The result of the equipment of the nationa! guards, &c. had the enquiry skewed that the number both of col. þeen delapidated by the jourvies of the Princes, leges and scholars had been diminished, but that by the restoration of woods to emigrants, and by the university of Paris still numbered under its many other malversations ; but that the Emperor direction 325,554 pupils, and that the lyceans, was taking pains to restore order iu this important stimulated by the new encouragement of the branch of internal administration.
Emperor, displayed the best spirii. Hospitals.—Thiese asylums of suffering hu. Public WORSHIP.-In speaking of the clergy, manity had at all times excited the solicitude of the Minister did not attempt to disgnise the erthe Emperor. At the commencement of 1814, rors they committed under the last government, these establishments had been exposed to con. in giving way, from the lure of a restitution of siderable additional expences from the number of church property, 10 the influence of enigrants, sick and wounded soldiers. Under the late go- in stigniatizing as plunderers the owners of wa, veroinent, however, they were on the point of tional property, whose titles had been recognised losing oue of their principal resources, by the as legitimate by the Pope himselt, and in at. restitution of property of emigrants, with which tempting, in tlie name of the Almighty, wliose they had been endowed by soleme laws. The servants they are, to light up civil war among Emperor had restored it to them. He had also men. – The Emperor, however, was always dise donbled the tim:is of the Maternal Society which posed to protect, and even favour the ministers he founded ; whicli, on tliis account alone, was of the church, so long as they contined them. neglected, and of which the angust protectress selves witbin the bounds of their duty, and had is invited back by the wishes of all Freucluinen. already conferred on the curates an augmentation The depois of niendicity, created also by the of 150 trauks, which had been vainly promised Emperor, were equally abandoned; but these to them by the last government. The Emperor establislın.cuts were about to resume new acti' was, besides, the only sovereign who, i aving yo
further interests to arrange with the Pope, had it
IMPORTANT DOCUMENTS. in his power to put an end to those internivable negociations, commenced by the last government
Paris, JUNE 12.-Yesterday, (Sunday with the Court of Rome, and to re-establish, upon the 11th) the Emperor being on his the basis of the concordat, the liberties of the Gal. throne, surrounded by the Princes his lican church,
brothers, the Grand Dignitaries, Ministers, JURISPRUDENCE.-This article of the report
&c. received at the Thuilleries, before was extremely short. The Minister merely stated, that those civil judges who felt themselves mass, a Deputation of the Chamber of tworthy of their ianctions, had done justice by
Peers. On this occasion, the Prince abdicating their offices ; and that as far as re- Arch-Chancellor, president, presented the spected the administration of the criminal law, following address : the establishment of the trial by jury every day merited new approbation; but that in the mean Sire,-Your anxiety to submit to constitutional time, some organical institutions were necessary forms and rules, the absolute power with whicla to regulate the duties and diminish the labours of circumstances and the confidence of the people those judicial citizens.
bad invested yon, the new gnarantees given to THE WAR DEPARTMENT.-It was absolutely the rights of the rarion, the devotedness which impossible to follow M. le Comte Regnault leads you into the midst of the dangers the army through all the details which he fornished on this is about to brave, penetrate alt liearts with proimportant topic. The result is, that on the 1st funud gratitude. The Peers of France come to of April, 1314, the army consisted of 450,000 offer your Majesty the homage of this sentiment. men; exclusive of 150,000 prisoners, all veteran You have manifested principles, Sire, which are soldiers, and of 115,000 conscripts of the levy of those of the nation : they must also be omsor, 1815, of which 45,000 only, ont of 160,000, had Yes, all power springs fron the people, is iostibeen raised. The last government, at once pro. tuted for the people; the constitutional mo digal and avaricious, alarmed at its own strength, narchy is necessary to the Frenchi, as the gnaand essentially hostile to the army, had taken rantee of its liberty and independence. Sire, every possible means of diminishing it.--The while you shall be on the frontiers, at the lead of orator then described the various oppressions to the sons of the country, the Chamber of Peers which the army bad been exposed, particularly will zealously concnr in every legislative measure by the introduction of the emigrants, and which which circnmstances require, to compel foreigness had reduced its number to 175,000 mer. Since to acknowledge the naiional independence, and the 20th March last, its puniber had been to cause the principles, cousecrated by the will raised to 375.000 combatants of every descrip-of the people, to triumpla in the interior. The
and before the 1st of Angust, it would interest of France is inseparable from your's. amonnt to 500,000 independeut of the national Should fortune fail your efforts, reverses, Sire, gniards.
shall not weaken our perseverance, and shall The IMPERIAL GUARD.-This sprest bulwark redouble oir attachnient to yon. It'events corof the throne in times of war, and its finest orna. respond to the justice of our cause, and to the ment in tinic of peace, had a separate article al. hopes we are accustomed to conceive of your Jotted to it in the official report. The Minister geuins, and to the bravery of our armies, France condenined the injustice with which it was treat.
desires no other fruits from them but peace. ed by the last government, and announced that Oar institutions guarantee to Europe that the it already amounted to 40,000 mei.
French nation cannot be drawn on by the seduc.
tions of victory. ARTILLERY.--The losses in this arm has been in a great measure repaired; they were occa. Ilis Majesty replied :sioned chiefly by treacliery, and especially the delivering up of all the strong places, liy order
M. President, and Gentlemen Deputies of the of the Comni d'Artois in his capacity of Lieute Chamber of Peers.- The content in which we are want-General of the kingdom. By tiijs single act engaged is serions. The seduction of prosperity
It is France liad lost 12,000 pieces of cannon, mostly is not the danger which threatens tis now. of brass, the value of which is estimated at
under the Caudine Forks that foreigners wish to 200,000,000 of francs. This loss, however, had make us pass! The justice of our cause, the been entirely supplied : the arsenals, magazines public spirit of the nation, and the courage of the of powder, and armories, were in full activity;
army, are powerful reasons for hoping success ; and after having armed the national gnard and bnt should we have reverses, then especially i associations, there would remain in the magazines shall delight to see called forils all the energy of 600,000 inuskets in reserve.
this great people; then shall I find in the ChamMILITARY EXPÌNDITURE.-The administre. ber of Peers, proofs of attachment to the conntry tive details on this subject were little susceptible and me.--It is in difficult times that great was of abridgment, The Minister, however, asserted tions, like great men, develope all the energy of that the necessary funds would be easily pro- their character, and become objects of admiravided, and no new taxes be required.
tion to posterity. I thank you, gentlemen, for NAT ONAL GUARD.--This article furnished no the sentiinents you bave expressed to me in the information of nbich the pnblic is not already vame of the Chamber. jo possession.
This audience being finished, the EmTHE MARINE presented considerable resonrces,
peror proceeded to mass. mornitlistanding the evils produced by treachery, which had not, Lowever, cast any staju upou its having again taken his place on the Honour.
throne, he received a deputation of the
POLITICAL REGISTER.Imporiart Documcut.
[57 Chamber of Representatives, headed by a people who carry to the bighest pitch the en. Count Lanjoinais, the president, who pre- lexs, among the communications which your Ma.
timsiasm of liberty and independence. Donbl. sented the following address :
Jesty promises us, the Chambers will find proofs Sire - The Chamber of Representatives re
of the efforts yon bave made to majutain the ceived with profonn: einotion the words which peace of the world. If all these efforts must re• proceeded from the throne at the solemn sitting, main useless, may the calamities of war fall apoa when your Majesty, laying down the extraor.
those who shall have proveked them.- The Chamdioary power wirich you exercised, proclaimei ber of Represeytatives only waits for the docuthe commencement of the Constitntional mo.
ments annonnced to it in order to cobtribute with marchy. The chief basis of that monarchy, the all its power to the measures which the success proteciress of literiy, equality, and the hap of so legitimate a war will require. It delays piness of the people, have been recognized by pronouncing its resolves only till it knows the by your Majesty, who, rising above all scraples, wants and resources of the state; and while your as anticipating all wisjes, has decla ed i hat the Majesty, opposing to the most injust aggression care of collecting our scallered constitutions, the valonr of the national arnies and the force of and of arranging them, was one of the most im yonr geoins, will seek in victory only ove means portant oceupatione reserved for the legidalare. of attaining a durable peace, the Chamber of Re. Faithful to its missions, the Chamber of Depuises presentatives will deem that it marches towards will perform the task this devolved npon it; it the same object, by incessantly labearing on the regnests that, to satisfy the poblic wisli, as well compact, of wirich the improveinent mast cement as the wishes of your Alajesty, national delibes the anion of the people and the thirone, and ration sonld rectily, ax speedily as possible, strengthen, in the eyes of Europe, by the amelioany thing lefective or imperfect, that the nr.
ration of our iostitutions, the gurautee of our en gency of our situation may have produced, or left gagements. to exist in our constitutions considered as a whole.
His Majesty replied: But at the same time, Sire, tine Chamber of Rite presentatives will 1100 shew itself iesa anxinus to Mr. President, and Gentlemen Deputies of the proclaim its sentiments and its principles as to Chumber of Representatives,-l recognise with sathe terrible contest which threatens to cover | tisfaction my own sentiments in those which yon Europe with blood. In the train of disastrois express to me. In these weighty circumstances evenis, France invaded, appeared for a moment my thoughts are absorded by the imminent war, listened to as to the estahlisiiment of a constitn. to the success of which are attached the indepention, only to see lierself almost immediately snb. dence and the honour of France. I will depart this Jected to a royal charter emanating from abso. niglit to place myself at the head of my armies; İnte power, to an ordinance of reform always the movements of the different hostile corps revocable in its wature, and which, not having render my presence there indispensible. During the expressed assent of the people, could never my absence I shall see with pleasure a commission be considered as obligatory on the Malion. Re. appointed by each chamber engaged in delibesunuing now the exercise of her rights, rallying rating on our constitutions. The constitution is around ihre hero whom her confidence anew iv. our rallying point; it must be our pole-star in vesis with the Lovernment of the state, France there stormy moments. All public discussion, is astonished and afflicted at seeing some Sure tending to diminish directly or indirectly the conreigns in arms call her to account for an internal fidence which should be placed in ita exact. change, which is the result of the national will, meuls, will be a misfortune to the state ; we and which attacks neither the relations existing should then find ourselves at sea, without a come with other governments, nor their security.-- pass and without a rudder. The crisis in which I'rance cannot admit the distinctions with the we are placed is great. Let us not imitate the aid of which the coalesced powers endeavour to condnct of the Lower Empire, which, pressed cloak their agere-sion To attack the monarch on all sides by barbarians, inade itself the langhof its choice, is to attack the independence of ing stock of posterity, by occupying itself with the nation. It is armed as one man to defend abstract discussions, at the moment when the etat independence, aud to repel, without excep. battering ram was shaking the gates of the city. tion, every family and every prince wliom men Independeully of the Legislative measgres re. shall dare to wishi to impose upon it. No ambi- quired by the circnmstances of the interior, yon tious project enters the thoughts of the Frencb will probably deem it nseful to employ yourself people; the will ever of a victorious Prince on organic laws destined to put the constientiou would be insufficient to draw on the nation be: in motion. They may be the object of yonr, pubyond the limits of its own defence: but to guard lic labours without any ivconvenience. The sen. its territory, to maintain its liberty, its honour, timents expressed in your address sufficiently de. is dignity, it is ready for any sacrifice. Wy monstrate io me the attachment of the Chamber are we not still permitted to hope, Sire, that to my person, and all the patriotism with which these marlike preparations, formed perhaps by it is uninrated. In all affairs my march shall be the irritation of priile, and by illusions which straight forward and firm. Assist me to save the every day must weaken, may stili disperse before country. First representative of the people, I the wait of a peare necessary to all the nations have contracted the engagement, which I renew, of Europe, and wlich hall restore to your M. of employing in inore tranquil times. all the pre jesty a spouse, to the French the heir of a throne? rogatives of the Crown, and the little experience But blond boas already flowed, the signal of cuin. ( lave acquired, in seconding you in Uc ameliobats, prepared against ille independence and ration of our Constitutions, liberty of Franca, has been given in the name of
l'ríuled and Published by G. Houston, No, 192, Strand; where all Communications addressed
to the Editar, are requested to be forwarded.
VOL. XXVII, No. 26.] LONDON, SATURDAY, JULY 1, 1815.
overtake his companions, I went homeward To LORD CASTLEREAGH.
with a mind far from being so completely Ön the Overthrow of the Emperor Na- made up as that of the Gipsey and his poleon.
black-coated and white-wig'd benefactor.
I had, when I came to see the news-papers ; My LORD,—The intelligence of this when I came to read the insolent language grand event reached me on Saturday last, of the Times and the Courier, no doubt and in the following manner. I had been of what would follow; and, there appears out very early in the morning, and, in now very little room for doubting, that returning home to breakfast, I met a po- “ the paternal authority” will very soon
, pulous gang of gypsies. At the first view be restored in France by the force of the of them, I thought of nothing but the rob- bayonet and the cannon ball.
There is a beries which they constantly commit talk of making a stand for the independence upon us, and I began to plan my measures of France; but, there does not appear the of defence; but, upon a nearer approach to stuff for making such stand. The attempt them, I perceived the whole caravan deco- at a mixty maxty government deprived the rated with laurel. The blackguard ruffi- state of all zeal. If, indeed, we were yet, ans of men had laurel boughs in their even yet, to see a Directory, or a Conhats; the nasty ferocious looking women, sulate, or a Convention, or a Committée with pipes in their jaws, and straddling de Salut Public, the Duke and his victory along like German trulls, had laurel leaves would prove of little avail. But, to depinned against their sides. The poor asses, fend France now requires all the energy that went bending along beneath the bur- of 1792, 3, and 4; and, that energy apdens laid on them by their merciless mas- pears to be fled for ever; or, at least, till ters, and that were quivering their skins time and opportunity shall again call it to get the swarm of flies from those parts forth. It is very evident, that Napoleon, of their bodies which the wretched drivers from the hour of his return to Paris, per
had their bridles and hal- ceived, that it would not do merely to reters and pads stuck over with laurel. assume his title and authority; that he Somewhat staggered by this symbol of would, in that case, have no friends in the victory, I, hesitating what to do, passed republicans, and all enemies in the roythe gang in silence, until I met an extra. alists. But, besides, there is no reason to ordinarily ill-looking fellow, who, with believe, that he was not perfectly sincere two half-starved dogs, performed the of- in his professions relative to the liberties fice of rear-guard. I asked him the mean- of France. Still, the Empress! ing of the laurel bougbs, and he informed august spouse.”
august son." me, that they were hoisted on account of These hung about him; and he could not the “ glorious victory obtained by the bring himself to say: "Up again with the Duke of Wellington over Bony;' that “ Republic, and I will again be her Ge. they were furnished them by a good gen- 6 nerał Bonaparte.” He could not screw tleman, in a black coat and big white wig, himself up to this; and hence, doubtless, whose house they had passed the day be- This want of enthusiastic support from fore, between Audover and Botley, and many of the republicans, who, if they who had given them several pots of ale, must have a king, claiming an hereditary wherein to drink the Duke's health. right to rule over them, did not think it " And, to be sure," added he, “it is glo- worth their while to commit themselves S rious news, and we may now hope to in the quarrel: while, on the other hand,
see the gallon loaf at a grate again, as he had all the kings, all the nobles, and all 6 'twas in my old father's time.” the priests of the whole of Europe against
Leaving this political ceconomist, this him together with an army of a millin "loyal man and friend of social order," tol and cleven thousand of regular troups!
had beaten raw,