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and, which we shall hy.and-by find to thumb of the right hand of the male in hahave been of greater eight than all the bitants of France, I know not. But, I rest put together, FIFTY MILLIONS think, we shall hear them propose the anniOF OUR MONEY, voted by the llo. hilation of the fleet of France; the surnourable House. This is the key of ca- render of her frontier towns; the abolition binets; the powder, ball, swords, and of all the new nobility; the disbanding bayonets of armies. This it is that will of the whole of the army; the restoration decide the fate of France now, as it did in of the papal territories in Provence; the 1814. In the tiñnes of the Republic, in- giving up of something to Spain; the redeed, our millions had no effect. There establishment of the feudal rights and were many very cruel men in power, du- courts; and, I shall be very much surfing those stormy times; but, those men prised if we do not hear it forcibly recom
sound .as towards their country. menced to Louis le Desirée to re-establish There was little of moderation, to be sure ; the monasteries and the tythes. but, there was a great deal of fidelity. There will be some work tò accom
Ilowever, those times are passed. The plish all this; yet, all this would not anmen, who have declined to go back to swer the end in view, unless the French revolutionary measures, have now to make pay a share of our NATIONAL DEBT, their peace as they can; or, rather, I take the annual interest of which will now be it, to submit to their fate. They will forty-three millions sterling; and, unless know, in all human probability, before we could, besides, make them pay their this day week, whether the pensioned share towards the support of our PAUBURKE spoke truth, when he said, that PERS. Unless these can be accomplish
. Kings had long memories as well as long ed, people will not live here to pay part arms. Our TIMES newspaper already has of this debt, if they can avoid it by going marked out some hundreds for the gallows. to France. Their loyalty will not keep He is for “hanging them up at once.” And, them at home to live meanly, while they really, I think his advice very likely to be can live in a flluence by only crossing the followed. Blood, blood, is the cry on channel. If France were a republic, less every side ; and, those in power, at Paris, rich people would go, than will go, will now see what is the consequence of France being a monarchy. Our old madoing things by halves, when they have to lady will return with the Bourbons, to redeal with kings, nobles, and priésts ! store whom we have so loaded ourselves They will now see what is to be gained by with debts, that many of our people will their “ moderation!” They will soon be compelled to go and live under them. see, that power must be maintained, if at All is not over, therefore, when Louis all, by the same sort of means as those, hy is up again. By disabling France for which it has beon acquired. Their fate and war, we shall compel her to set about the that of Napoleon, whose name will always arts of peace. We shall make France a be pronounced with admiration of his country to live in; a country that the warlike deeds, will be a warning to future arts of peace will seek. She will, do revolutionists how they place kings upon what we will, soon become our rival in their thrones, after having dethroned them. manufactures. Commerce will revive I do not say, that it is to be regretted; with her very quickly. Amongst all the but, it has astonished every one to see the fighting nations she is, after all, the only Royal Family of France suffered to escape one that is lightly taxed ; and, I repeat, so tranquilly, even after some of them that, unless we can make her pay a share were taken in arms! Napoleon, will of the interest of the debt, contracted in soon find, that this was not the way to in the subduing of her, we shall, with all sure the safety of his own person.
our successes and all our boastings, have On what conditions Louis may be re- only accelerated the destruction of our stored, we cannot yet say ; but our news- own system. In short, unless we can papers insist, that he ought to be compelled make France tributary to us, to the to adopt such measures as the safety of amount of 20 millions sterling a year, w Furope, and particularly of England, may shall live to mourn the triumphs, at whic: demand. Whether these writers mean to we now rejoice. propose the drawing out of the fore-teeth
I am, &c. &c. and the catting off of the fingers and
the union of all efforts, of all wills, and the con. OF HIS Son.
APPOINTMENT OF A PRO-currence of all national authorities. I had reason VISIONAL GOVERNMENT. PROCEEDINGS to hope for success, and I braved all the declaraOF THE TWO CHAMBERS. STATE OF THE tious of the Powers against me. Circumstances ARMIES, &c.
appear to me changed. I offer myself as a sacria
fíce to the hatred of the evemies of France. May 'This has been a week of events, perhaps they prove sincere in their declarations, and have the most extraordinary which are recorded really directed them only against my power! in history. The Emperor Napoleon has My political le is terminated, and I proclaina resigned the throne of France, and his my son under the title of Napoleon II. Emperor son, by the Empress Maria Louisa, daugh- of the French. The present Ministers will proter of the Emperor Francis of Austria, visionally form the Council of the Government. and piece of the Queen of France, Maria The interest which I take in my son judices me Antoinette, who was guillotined, during to invite the Chambers to form, without delay, the Revolution, has been proclaimed Em- the Regency by a law. Unite all for the public peror of France, by the style and title of safety, in order to remain au independent natijo. Napoleon the Ild. The proceedings by
NAPOLEON. which this great event has been brought about, are as follow :-Napoleon, after
The Duke of Otranto addressed the losing the battle of Waterloo, which, per-) which he concluded by proposing that a
Assembly in a very energetic speech, in haps, was attended with more fatal consequences than any yet ever heard of, re
council of five persons should be appointturned to Paris. Le lost no time in send- ed, with instractions to them to treat ing a Message to the Legislative Bodies, with the Allies for the maintenance of the calling upon them to take measures for independence of the French nation.-M.
DUPIN followed. the re-organization of his army, and for
He stated, that the the replacing of its “Material," (that is, first duty of the House was to accept the
” in English, all the engines of war) which, resignation of Napoleon. it appears, had been completely lost.
After a very long and turbulent debate, This Message was received with, at least,
the members already mentioned were coldness; and Napoleon, seeing that the elected to form the Provisional Govern feeling of the Assemblies were against ment. On the following day, the 23d, him, sent a Message, informing them, M. Berenger moved, that the Provisional
, that he had abdicated in favour of his government should be declared collecSon!—This Message excited very turbu- tively responsible. After considerable lent debates. The Republican body seem
agitation and confusion, the sitting closed, ed to pause at his right to abdicate in fa- with recognising the accession of Napovour of any one.
Those of the Assem. leon II. as Emperor of the French, and inblies who were Bonapartists, argued, that structing the new Provisional government there was no other way of exciting en
to communicate forth with with the Allies. thusiasm in the army; and a third party
The Debates in the House of Peers were appeared to be tinctured with a sort of nearly of the same kind, and had the attachment to the Duke of Orleans; at
same result.-Ney, the Prince of Moskwa, least, they were openly denounced as such gave the following detail of the state of by several Members. At last, however,
the armies. a Council of Regency was established, Marshal Gronchy and the Duke of Dalmatia consisting of the following persons: Count
are not capable of assembling 60,000 men. It is Carnot, Fouche, (Duke of Otranto) impossible to assemble ten on the line of the General GRENIER, CAULAINCOURT (Duke army of the north. Marshal Grouchy in particuof Vicenza) and Baron QUINETTE. Tar has not been able to collect more than 7 or
On the 22d June, the debates were 8000 men. The Duke of Dalmatia was not able opened by the delivery of the Declaration to rally any troops at Rocroy, and the only of Napoleon, of which the following is a means yon live of saving the country is to open copy:
a negociation." BONAPARTE'S DECLARATION TO THE FRENCH
On this statement a long debate ensued, - FRBNCHMEN I–In commencing war for main, in which no sort of blame was attempted laining the national independence, I relied on
to be attributed in any way, directly or
indirectly, to Napoleon, or any of his from General Lemarque, dated 220 June, generals ; and, on the motion of the in which he states, that he had “ surprised Count de Ponte Contant, the House re- a large body of Vendeans, to the amount solyed, that the Resolutions of the HIduse “ of 18 or 20,000, near La Roche Serof Representatives be adopted, in which vieres, routed them, and killed and the war was declared National, and the 66 wounded between 12 and 1,500 men." whole nation called upon to defend itself. The following decree was then proposed : During the debates in the Chamber of
“ Art, I. The Government is authorised to Representatives, the following most energetic speech was made by M. De la of the armies and the transport of troops.
secure, by means of REQUISITION, the subsistence Fayette, that celebrated man, who has
“ 2. The Goverument will adopt such meacut so distinguished a ligure in the cause of
sures as to prevent and pavish any abuses in the liberty, from his first appearance in public life as Commander in Chief of the exercise of these requisitions.
(Signed) Le Duc d'OTRANTO, President." French Army or Armies, through the whole period of the French Revolution On the 25th the Duke of Otranto comup to the present day; during all which municated the following extract of the he has proved himself decidedly and con- correspondence, received by the Minister clusively a true friend of liberty :
of War during the 24th, relative to the “ Gentlemen, while for the first time for operations of the armies : many years you hear a voice which the
Marshul Grouchy writes from Recroi, that he has old friends of liberty may yet recognize, entered that place with 20,000 infantry, 5000 cao I feel myself called upon to speak to you rulry, and a numerous artillery. The Duke of of the dangers of the country which you Dalmatir writes from Mezieres or the 19th June, at present alone have the power of sav.
that the enemy will be in three days before Laon ; ing. Şinister reports have been spread ; that great disorders have taken place in the admi. they are unfortunately confirmed. This nistrution of the army; that there are a great is the moment to rally round the old tri- number of fugitives, and that he is doing every thing coloured standard, that of 89, that of in his power to repair the eril. A telegraphic Dis. liberty, equality, and public order ; it is
patch of the 22d Jure, announces that the army of that alone which can protect us from fo- the Moselle was attacked in the night, that the post reign attacks and internal dissensions. of St. Jeux has retired upon Forbach and St. Arold. Allow, Gentleman, a veterad in that sa
Our army of the Alps has repulsed the enemy upon cred cause, who was ever an enemy to
the bridge of La Grange, and taken 150 prisoners. faction, to submit to you some resolu
Nothing new in the army of the Eastern Pyrenneestions, which I flatter myself you will feel
The spirit of the department of the Gers appears to the necessity of adopting." ;
be ameliorated. Art. 1. The Chamber declares that the inde
After a long debate, the following laws pendance of the nation is menaced.
kere passed against Agitators, and after2. The Cliamber déclares its sittings perma. | wards received the sanction of the senate vent. All attempts to dissolve it shall be consi. and the Provisional government : dered liigh-treason; whoever shall render himself
Art. 1. Tive Commission of Government, in guilty of such an attempt shall be considered a
order to ensure public trangnillity, besides the traitor to his country, and condemned as snch.
masin eś indicated by law, may order against 3. The Arniy of the Line, the National Guards, those who shall be accused of provoking or fawho liave fought, and still fight, for the liberty, vouring disturbances, displaying signs of rallying, the independence, and the territory of France, or other colours than the National ones, spreading liava merited well of the country,
false and alarming news,, either being placed These resolutions were carried in both under superintevdance, in a place different from houses. On the 24th ; a letter was read their place of residence; or arrest without being in the House of Representatives, from obliged to send them before a Court of Law in the -General Delange. Announcing, that pro- period prescribed by the law. posals had ween made to him by Laroche 2. The present disposition shall only be exeo Jacquelin; for a suspension of arms, to cited for two months, at which time the indi* Coable him to communicate to other Ven- viduals takey up or placed under superintendence dean chiefs a proposition for pacifying shall be free, or sent, if necessary, before the the country.” Another letter was read! Tribuuals.
MISSION TO THE FRENCH PEOPLE.
810 3. There shall be created in each of the Legis. l interior of thie capital, in order to watch over the lative Chambers a Committee, to which the com. maintenance of order, which the disaffected plaints of individuals atlected by the present law wonld in vain endeavour to trouble. The Pari. shall be addressed.
sian federation is animated with an upanimons
wikii : il knows no efforts beyond its zeal for the A decree was issued by the Provisional overnment, requiring, that “ all the holy cause of liberty. Its dearest hope in bahyoung men of 1815 remaining of the ing this solema demand, is to be placed in ad
160,000 ordered to be levied on the 9th vaoce, to prove immediately by actions its devo66 of October, 1813, shall be immediately
tedness and patriotism. The Members of the placed in active service;” and by an
Confederation, CARRET, President. order of the Minister of War, all oflicers
CHERY, Treasurer. and soldiers belonging to the army of the
QUINET, Secretary.Gen. north, then at Paris without leave of ab.
THE GOVERNMENT COM. sence, are required to depart within 24 hours, and proceed to Soissons, whence
Paris, June 24. they will be directed to their respective FRENCHMEN,–Within the period of a few
corps," under pain of being conveyed days glorious successes and a dreadful reverse 56 to the military prisons and their names lave again agitated your destinies. A great sa
delivered up to public censure.”-Dur-crifice appeared necessary to your peace and to ing this sitting, addresses were presented that of the world, and Napoleon abdicated the by the Parisian Federation, by the con- Imperial Power. His abdication forms the term federated pupils of the Schools of Law and of his political life. His son is proclained. Your Medicine, and from the pupils of the Ly- new Constitution, which possesses as yet only ceum Napoleon, declaring that they put good principles, is about to undergo its applicathemselves under the orders of the Assem-tion, and even those principles are are to be pulbly, for the defence of the country. Ilo- rified and extended. There no longer exist norable mention of these was made in the powers jealous of e..ch other. The space is free minutes. The following address of the to the enlightened patriotism of your Represen. Parisian Federation, will give an idea of tatives, and the Peers feel, think, and vote as the whole :
your mandatories. After twenty-five years of Genllemen Representulires--The country was political tempests the moment lias arrived when threatened : the Bretons, tire Lyonnois, the Bur- every thing wise and sublime that has been con. giudians, confederated to repel our aggressors. ceived respecting social institutions, may be perInspired by the same sentiments, the Parisians, tected in yours. Let reason and genius speak, who in all times have giveu the example of pa. / and from whatever side their voices may proceed triotism, immediately rose, and independently of they shall be heard. Plenipotentiaries have dethe federations of St. Antoine and St. Marcean, pasted, in order to treat in the name of the na. the capital saw the Parisiau federation formed in tion, and to negociate with the Powers of Europe its bosoni. While onr alakes were extended over that peace wlich they have proprised on one con. our lives, and were preparing for battle, the Pa- dition, which is now fulfilled. The whole world, s'isian federation organised and fortified itself, will, like you, be attentive to their reply. Their and erected in the midst of the capital a reduubt, answer will make known whether justice and which will bear its name, and wlich it has sworn promises are any thing on earth. Frenchmen! to detend. Greal events have just broken ont: be united ; let all rally umer circumstances of greater perhaps are in preparation. The repre-such great importance. Let the civil discords Bentatives of the nation call to the defence of the be appeased ; let dissention be silent at this mo. country all Frenchmen capable of bearing arms. ment in which the great interests of nations are The Parisiau federation has heard this appeal: 1 to be discussed. Be united from the North of the Parisian federatiou presents itself in a body. | France to the Pyrenees; from La Vendee 10 Its reckons among its members a great number Marseilles. Who is he, who, born on the soil of of old soldiers of all rauks, artillerymeu and young France, whatever may be his party, whatever and roburt citizens, who all burn with the desire his political opinions, will not range liiinset une of' advancing on the threatened points, and ot der the National Standard to dielend the Indestriking the enemies of our independence. The pendeuce of the Country? Armies may, in part, Confederates solicit arms, a military organization, be destroyed ; but the experience of all ages, and and the honour of serving their country usefully, ot. all nations, proves that an intrepid nation, whether vu thic troutiers, the heights, or in the combativg for justice and liberty cannot be dt.
bloyed. The Emperor, in abdicating, has of- / accustomed to admire the sentiments of tered bimself as a sacrifice. The Members of the indignation and horror professed by the Government devote themselves in accepting from Times writer against the alledged cruelties Representatives the reius of the State.
of the Jacobins, read the following extract (Signed) The Duke of OTRANTO, President. from that paper, of Friday, and then ask T. BERLIER, Secretary, &c. themselves, who are the most deserving of
the epithets of wretches, savages, and Thus, according to the last accounts re. murderers ? SĄ weak and timid wish to ceived, is situated the great empire of “ spare the effusion of blood at Fontaine, France. Napoleon has abdicated in fa-bleau has caused the effusion of ten vour of his son, who is the present sove
“ times as much blood at Ligny and Wareign, acknowledged as such by the repre-" terloo. A visionary hope of conciliatsentatives of the French nation, The
ing the ferocious soldiery and unprinciAllied Powers declared solemnly, in the “ pled Jacobins of Paris has afforded them face of Europe and of the world, that their “ the means of concerting a treason the object in going to war, was to remove Bo- “ most disgraceful to the age. Let us at naparte from power. He is removed from “ least profit by this sad experience. Let the throne, and is become a private citi. “ us turn the unparalleled valour of Wa
What more do they want? They " terloo to a beneficial account. To think abjured all idea of interfering with the in. “ of reforming a CARNOT, or a CAULAINternal government of France. We shall “ COURT, is the height of folly: to ima. see now whether they were sincere or not. “ gine that we can tame the ferocity of For my part, I still think, as I have al. BoxAPARTE's savages of the Imperial ways thought, that it is a war not against Guard is no less absurd. Every indithis man, or that man, but against liberty“ vidual that has taken an active part in and independence. The allies will shew “ this perfidious and atrocious rebellion, at once by their conduct, whether this is
6 must be brought under the due coercion the case. If it is, Louis will be again“ of the law. Not to make some exam. placed upon the throne. How long he “ ples of severity among such a horde of will continue there, will remain yet to be “ criminals ald be to condemn the virseen. But, at all events, the scenes which “ tuous to a certainty of renewed and have lately occurred, without the least po- ' cruel persecution. To compound with pular commotion, and which appear likely “ the traitors would be a death-blow to to occur, form one of the most extraordi- 66
loyalty. We are happy to believe that nary instances of sudden change, from one “ the King of France has adopted a firm extreme to another, that has ever taken and decisive line of conduct. The weak, place in the annals of the human race. If]" and temporising councils by which he the French pation are sincere in their wish was induced to load the ungrateful with for liberty and independence, the allied “honours, and to exempt the guilty from armies, not even with the assistance of “punishment, have, at length, lost their Lord Castlereagh, who is said to be on weight and influence. The King, in the point of again displaying his diplomatic “ re-entering France has acted from the talents in a new sphere, will be unable to
energy of his own mind, and that conquer thirty millions of people, animated " energy will teach him that it is as much by a love of freedom, and a hatred of their “his duty to protect and encourage the former oppressors. · Success against such i “ loyal, as it is to coerce and punish the a cause would be morally and physically 5 seditious. We earnestly hope he will be. impossible. If, however, the Bourbonis“ supported in a just and discriminating are restored, and the dreadful work of “ firmness by all the Allies. We hope slaughter, which our corrupt newspapers " that no Sovereign will interpose between recommend, is indeed to be commenced “him and the leaders of the Rebellion, to on all the actors in the late scenes in “ screen the latter from the punishment France, humanity will have gained little they so richly merit. Let not a band of by the cessation of war, the horrors of murderers escape, because they have which will only have been transferred from the audacity to style themselves a Com: the field of battle to the platform of the “ mittee of Government. Hitherto these executioner. Let those who have been wretches and their accomplices have