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JOURNAL OF

THE TRANSACTIONS

OF

THE VICTORIA INSTITUTE,

OR

Philosophical Society of Great Britain.

EDITED BY THE HONORARY SECRETARY,

CAPTAIN F. W. H. PETRIE, F.R.S.L., F.G.S., &c.

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D. BOGUE, ST. MARTIN'S PLACE, TRAFALGAR SQUARE.

EDINBURGH, MACLAREN & MACNIVEN. DUBLIN, W. RIDINGS,

PARIS, GALIGNANI & CO.

NEW YORK, ANSON, D. F. RANDOLPH & CO,

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

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6 ON SCIENCE AND MAN." BY N. PORTER, PRESIDENT OF YALE

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“ON THE LAPSE OF TIME SINCE THE GLACIAL EPOCH, DETERMINED

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“ FINAL CAUSE; A CRITIQUE OF THE FAILURE OF PALEY AND THE

FALLACY OF HUME.” BY J. P. THOMPSON, D.D., LL.D. (BERLIN) 133

DISCUSSION ON THE ABOVE

151

Almighty God that He has so prospered our efforts (cheers). We are greatly indebted to Dr. Rigg to-night for his interesting Address, written in so masterly and literary a style (loud cheers). The object with which this Society was formed was, not merely to beat down the views of others, not to he antagonistic to the progress of Science, but to do all that we could do for the development of Truth, and, if I may use the phrase, to give Religion “fair play.” This Society was not founded to establish either one opinion or another. It was not started for the purpose of setting up the Bible against Science. THE OBJECT OF THE SOCIETY WAS, THAT SCIENCE SHOULD PAVE FAIR PLAY, THAT THE TRUTH SHOULD BE TOLD ON ALL SIDES, and that we might get rid of the despotism of certain scientific men (hear, hear). Because it is perfectly well known that men of science, with all their sublime and mighty notions, are as despotic as the weakest of the human race, and they are exercising their despotic sway to a remarkable extent over a very large number of rising young men, who are either fascinated by what they have read and discovered, or are crushed by the authority of a few great

It was in order, as I have said, that Science should have fair play that this Institute was established, and the blessing of God has so rested upon it that it has at last taken a hold in public estimation. Before I sit down I want to say that great credit is due to our Honorary Secretary, Captain Petrie, for the patience, affability, zeal, tact, and energy which be has displayed ; and from the manner in which he has acquitted himself in regard to the Institute, I doubt not that, should he be called upon to serve his country elsewhere, he will be quite equal to any emergency.

[The Annual Meeting being concluded, the members, associates, and their friends assembled in the Museum, where refreshments were served.]

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ORDINARY MEETING, DECEMBER 2, 1878.

H. CADMAN JONES, Esq., M.A., IN THE CHAIR.
The minutes of the last meeting were read and confirmed, and the
following elections were announced :-
HONORARY CORRESPONDING MEMBER :-Hormuzd Rilssam, Esq., Mossul.
LIFE MEMBERS: --J. G. Barclay, Esq., Essex ; R. H. Gunning, Esq., M.D.,

America.
MEMBERS :- The Right Rev. the Bishop of Madras, D.D.,

Madras ;

the Right Rev. the Bishop of Victoria, D.D., Hong Kong; Rev. J. Buller, Norwood ; Rev. J. Crampton, A.M., Ireland ; Canon J. F. McCormick, Geashill, Ireland ; Rev. G. F. Maclear, D.D., King's College, London; Rev. W.T. Moore, M.A., Southport ; Rev. D. Nickerson, M.A., Cyprus ; Rev. F. Rowland Young, Swindon ; R. Crewdson, Esq., Ambleside ;

Captain T. A. Freeman, M.A. (Oxon), 70th Regiment, India. LIFE ASSOCIATES :-The Hon. J. M.] Langston, Resident Minister of the

United States, Haiti ; J. E. Mullings, Esq., Cirencester.
ASSOCIATES :—The Right Reverend the Bishop of Auckland, D.D., New

Zealand ; the Right Reverend the Bishop of Sodor and Man, D.D., Isle
of Man ; Rev. J. Adams, Ireland ; Rev. M. Bradshaw, M.A., Ireland ;
Rev. C. Bosanquet, Folkstone; Rev. G. Curnock, London ; Venerable
Archdeacon D. G. Croghan, M.A., South Africa ; Rev.C. F. Deems, D.D.,
New York; Rev. G. W. Dalton, D.D., Ireland ; Rev. R. Douglas, M.A.,
Sheffield ; Rev. T. Flavell, New Zealand ; Venerable Archdeacon
H. W. Harper, M.A., Oxon, New Zealand ; Rev. J. Morris, York ;
Rev. D. S. McClean, M.A., Southall; Rev. J. G. Locke, Liverpool ;
Rev. D. D. Rutledge, New Zealand ; Rev. J. Saul, D.D., LL.D., Man-
chester ; Rev. A. T. Wirgman, M.A., South Africa ; J. Marshall, Esq.,
Leeds ; H. Minchin, Esq., M.B., F.R.C.S.I., Ireland ; Mrs. Gordon,

Hampshire.
Also the presentation of the following works for the Library :
“Proceedings of the Royal Society."

From the Society. “Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society."

Ditto. Proceedings of the Royal United Service Institution,”

Ditto. Proceedings of the Royal Colonial Institution."

Ditto. "Proceedings of the Geological Society."

Ditto. Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archäology."

Ditto. Proceedings of the Barrow Natural Nistory Field Club."

Dillo. “Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society."

Dilto. Proceedings of the Canadian Institution."

Ditto. Proceedings of the Smithsonian Institution."

Ditto. “Proceedings of the United States Geological and Geographical Survey."

Ditto. “Proceedings of the Sydney Public Library."

Ditto.

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“ Astronomical Observations." J. G. Barclay, Esq. From the Author. “ Bael Fruit.” Sir J. Fayrer, F.R.S.

Ditto. “ Brief."

Messrs. IV yinan. " Commentary on Isaiah.” Canon Birks

From the Author. “ Creation." Rev. A. Stewart, M.D.

Ditto. “Doctrine of a Future Life.” W. Alger.

J. S. Crisp, Esq. Egyptian Belief and Modern Thought.” J. Bonwick, Esq. From the Author. “Future Life ;" Papers by Eminent American Divines. .

Editor, hi Genesis.” Rev. G. V. Garland.

Ditto. "Implements of the Stone Age." Rev. J. P. Thompson, D.D., LL.D.

From the Author. "Is Paläolithic Man a Reality." By N. Whitley, Esq. Ditto. “Man's Age in the World.” Dr. J. C. Southall.

Ditto. “ Medical Tinies for 1878."

4. Frasir, MI.D., I.G.H. Metaphysics." J. Muller.

From the Author, “Modern Pseudo-Philosophy." J. M. Winn, Esq., M.D. Ditto. · Paleontology. Bibliography of N. American Invertebrata.” By Professor H. A. Nicholson, M.D. and W. White, Esq.

Professor F. 1. Nicholson, J.D. "Physiological Metaphysics." By President Porter, D.D., M.D.

From the author. “ ‘Present Rights and Duties of Science." Principal J. W. Dawson, LL.D., F.R.S.

Ditto. "Princetown Review."

Dr. Dawson, F.R.S. " Why am I a Christian ?" By W. R. Bradlaugh, Esq. From the Publisher.

Also Pamphlets from J. Coutts, Esq., Rev. R. Douglas, Rev. G. W. Dalton, the Bishop of Haiti, and the Rev. G. Sexton, D.D.

The following paper was then read by the Rev. T. M. Gorman, M.A., the Author being unavoidably absent. SCIENCE AND MAN: being Critical Remarks upon Prof.

Tyndall's Presidential Address, delivered before the Birmingham and Midland Institute. By NOAH PORTER, President of Yale College, United States. ROFESSOR TYNDALL has the reputation, and de

servedly, of being one of the most brilliant expounders of modern physics among living Englishmen. He is clear and condensed, vivacious and eloquent. It were hard to say whether insight or imagination, method or diction, has the most to do with his success. Though his themes are limited, he rarely repeats himself. The order of his thoughts is usually novel, and his illustrations and language are always fresh and varied. For these reasons he is always welcome as a lecturer, and he rarely disappoints his hearers. He shares with Prof. Huxley the honour of having demonstrated, each in his own

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