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Copyright, 1883.

By FOWLER & WELLS.

CONTENTS.

PAGE.

CHAPTER I.PRELIMINARY-Classification of Animals and

Plants—What are Species—Evolution of Same Kind the

Prevailing Idea.....

1-16

CHAPTER II.-THEORIES–Of Lamarck and Others-Dar-

winian Theory_Views of Owen, Huxley, Spencer, and

others, in relation thereto.....

17-52

CHAPTER III.-THEORIES—Darwinian (Continued)—Sexual

Selection-Æsthetic Taste in Animals—How Man Be-

came Denuded of Hair....

53-78

CHAPTER IV.-THEORIES—Darwinian (Continued)—Laws of

Heredity-Secondary Sexual Distinctions—Origin of the

Sexes, and their Distinctions—Rudimentary and Aborted

Organs...

CHAPTER 7.-WHAT IS Life ?—Views of Buchner and

others-Speculations and Definitions of Herbert Spencer

-Author's Definition.

...107-125

CHAPTER VI.-DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ANIMAL AND HUMAN

LIFE - Animal Life Fractional-Man's Life more than

the sum of Animal-Difference between Mind and In-

stinct-Difference as to Language..

126-147

CHAPTER VII.-DIFFERENCE BETWEEN MEN AND ANIMALS

IN BRAIN CAPACITY-Difference as to the Marriage Re-

lation....

. 148-166

CHAPTER VIII.-ANTIQUITY OF MAN—The Old Idea-

First Traces of Man in the Pliocene—The Pre-historic

Ages-Ancient Literature-Brain and Mental Capacity

of Primitive Man-Primitive Man Uncivilized, but not

Inferior-General Conclusions........

.167-193

CHAPTER IX.-IS THERE AN INTELLIGENT FIRST CAUSE-

General View—Theories Examined-Pain and Suffer-

ing not Inconsistent with Design-Evidences of Design

in Nature-Universality of Belief in a Personal Deity...194-221

CHAPTER X.—THE ORDER OF CREATION—From Lowest

Form to Man....

...222–247

CHAPTER XI.-THE NEW THEORY-A Matrix Necessary to

Reproduction-Evidence of Embryology-Extraordinary

Generation-Male and Female Elements in Creation-

Miraculous Conception—Psychological Preparation for

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