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Page.
Nature, Wonders of .. 15, 28, 37, 92, 113,

145, 156, 191
Napolcon, Mariana of

347
Nations, Origin of ....

75, 91, 102
Nature, Observations on

139, 256
Nautical Expressions Explained 420
Nautilus

92
Negro Mathematician

446
Netherlands..

227
Newspapers, Origin of, &c.

619
Newton, Sir Isaac

367
Nicholas, Saint

213
Night

232
Norfolk, County of.

489
North Pole Voyages

.651, 659
Northumberland

499
Nottinghamshire.

579
November, Mirror of..640, 647, 655, 672,
680, 687.
Month of

169

L.

H.

Lancashire

243
Languages

122
Lavater and Poor Widow

455
- in Domestic Life

487, 464
Leek, Account of..

495
Leicestershire

483
Leo, Constellation..

· 153, 155
Library, King's, British Museum, ... 665
Lincolnshire

475
Lion, History of

113
Lisbon

534
Logic....

198
London, Concise Account of.

249
in the Reign of Elizabeth.. 277
at the Present Time

281
Tower of

586
Environs of

369
Fire of

507, 573
History of.

249
Lord Mayor's Day
Lucy, Saint

213

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.... 185

Hair, Human

557
Halifax, Gibbet Law

415
Halstead Spire

412
Hampshire

379
Harvest

81
Home

402
Moon.

119
Harvey William

599
Heavens, Contemplative View of 193
Herefordshire

467
Herrings

84
Hertfordshire

443
Historiettes

269
History, Ancient

27
Natural, 6, 15, 20, 28, 40, 80, 81,
92, 113, 116, 120, 128, 132, 169, 182,
196, 211, 216, 253
Remarks on...

495, 502
of Arts and Sciences 125
of Dogs

130, 191
of England..... 41-64
of Events in October... 141

of Genghis Khan and his
Conquests ...

294
‘of Lord Mayor's Day...

185
of Saxon Names of Days 12
of the Human Mind ...
of the Origin of Nations 75

of Wild Animals in South
America....

34
of the World
Holder, Dr.

584
Holles, Lord

ibid.
Hops, Growth of.

625
Uses of

639
Horse Racer......

312
Hottentot, Thrashing

40
Huntingdonshire

339
Hydrophilus

565

M.

P.

...

10, 30

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398

422

101,

Palaces, Royal...

258
Pallas, Planet

148
Park, Mungo

215
Patrick, Saint

197
Paul, St., Conversion of

343
Paul's Catbedral...

348
before being burnt. 349
Peel, Sir Robert, Junior
Peel, Sir Robert, Senior

341
Pelican, History of

7
Perspicuity, &c.

367
Phantasm ......
Pheasant

464
Pheasants...

173
Philosophers, Greek

262
Philosophy of the Streets, 95, 103, 111, 151
Photomoter

40
Pimento

288
Planets, Sizes of ...

36
Plants, Sap in them

77
Poetry, different kinds of

333
Pole Cat ...

20
Portugal.... .......227, 523, 531, 535
Potatoes, Introduction of

352
Potteries, A Hint to

454
Printing, History of ......603, 613, 621
Pronunciation

328
Prudence..

342
Pyramids

266

I.

399,

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Magnetic Needle.

453
Maiden, Scottish

452
Man, what he is

256
Mankind, Wants of

94
Manufacture, Glass..

33
British...

65
Button-making 109
Clock-making

157
Iron...

97
Pottery Ware

...... 188
Manufactures

281
Maxims and Morals, 13, 22, 27, 37, 39, 66,

70, 95, 103, 127, 147, 159, 184, 190, 197,

204, 211, 232.
May, Month of..

412
Memoranda, Historical

326, 335
Memory

110
Mercury, Planet

108
Metamorphosis

231
Meteors, &c.

682
Metropolis
Middlesex, Geography

: 207
Mill of Marimont

269
Mind, Human

19
Human, Analysis of

292
Class of Ideas, &c.

141
Progress of..

30
Miscellaneous 264, 278, 286, 287, 463,552
Miser, Generous

416
Mistake, Curious

430
Mnemonica, or Helps for Memory 101, 110
Money, Interest of .......

544
Monmouthshire

507
Months, Names of

493
Roman

179
Moon

117
Moses
Mountains

234, 246
Monse

40
Mummies

100
Mushrooms

135
Museum, British

.569, 665
Music...

327
Mythology.

220

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T.

..... 334
..... 319

S.

Page.
Salmon and Trout

353
Sandwich Isles..

19
Sap in Plants

77
Saturn, Planet

149
School Days

69
Scott, Sir Waltor..

161
Scylla and Charybdis..

520
Seasons

550
Seed-sowing...

88
Self-conduct.

31
September ,Month of..

.81,560
Memoranda

668, 575
Mirror of

567
Shark

549
Sheep, their value

309
Sheffield, Trade of

444
Shepherd and Dog

143
Sleep of Animals....

171
Sleeping, Thoughts on

111
Sloane, Sir Hans.

571
Snow, value of.

342
Uses of.

402
Solar System

17
Soldier's Return

454
Sonnet to a Skull

407
Soul

155
Sphinx

266
Springs...

239, 244
Staffordshire

395
Stag Beetle

77
or Hart

316
Stanislaus

269
Stars, Shooting

614
States and Empires, Rise and Fall,
Reflections on

294
Stepney Church-yard

428
Sterne, Sir Richard

581
Stone from Carthage

429
Stow, John, Memoir of

447
Students, Address to

35
Hints to

518
Streets of London

282
Sagar

209
Summer, Heat of...
Superstitions,

692, 639

Tamerlane, History of
Taste
Taurus, Constellation..

635
Tea Plant..

..... 209
-, Prices of in China, and Quanti-
ties Imported

413
Telescope, Herschell's

643
Terms, Difficult, explained

22
Terrier Dog

423
Russian

ibid.
Thames, River...

183
Source of

184
Thomas, Saint
Time, Chinese
Division of

179
Jewish Computation of

180
Mahometan

180
Value of .

463
Verses to

414
“ Times" Newspaper

610
Topographical Sketches

29
Tortoise

92
Trojan War

335
Turtle

28, 80, 93

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• 180

Wallace, Hero of Scotland

23
Wants of Mankind ....

....

94
War, Evils of ...

452
Opinions of a Savage

470
Wards of London

282
Warwickshire

387
Watchmaking

260
Water, Usefulness of..

141
Watery Grave

407
Watt, James, Memoirs of

455
Weather, Variations of

140
Weaving

65
Whistling and Singing in Imprison-

ment as Substitute for Talking.. 406
Wight, Isle of

451
Wild Plants ...

87
Animals, Method of Catching 34
Winter

190
Wisdom of the Creator

72
World, Antediluvian

10

9
on the Map..

555
Political Divisions of the.. 575
Remarks on the.

547
Worms

37
Wren, Sir Christopher ...359, 364, 382
Writing, Alphabetical

79
Remarks on...

302

, Map of

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93

.... 108

148

Zodiac, Signs of the

563

A LIST OF THE MAPS IN VOL. I.

...

.... 153

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Page.
A Telescopic View of Saturn

...... 149
A Comet in the Sign Leo
A View of the Heavens,
A Map of England ...

[blocks in formation]

.. 193

the Israelites going out of Egypt
to the Foundation of Rome

76
A Telescopic View of the Sun 105

of Venus

...... 108

of the Moon 117
A View of the Earth in her Orbit

round the Sun, showing lier Posi-
tions, by which the Seasons are
produced

121
A View of the Moun, representing her
Orbit round the Earth

121
A Telescopic View of the Planet Mars 124
A Genealogical Chart of the Kings of
England

89
A Representation of the Comets 137
A Telescopic View of Jupiter ...

201
-- Middlesex

205
--- Durham

217
Cheshire

221
Portugal..

225
Holland and Belgium 229
A Comparative Chart of the Principal
Rivers and Mountains

233
A Map of Lancashire....

241
London in the Time of the
Romans...

249
London in the reign of Elizabeth 276
in 1833..

281
Gloucestershire

... 289
Buckinghamshire

297
Berkshire
.Derbyshire

321
Dorsetshire

313
Cambridgeshire

329
Huntingdonshire

337
Bedfordshire

....... 345
Cornwall

353
Cumberland

361
Environs of London, 25 miles round . 369

1

... 305

.... 148

ENGRAVINGS IN VOL. I.

12, 13

.... 416

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Page.
A Diagram showing the Scale of oppor-

tunities for acquiring Knowledge

by the different orders of Society 4
Ants and Woodpecker

6
Pelican Feeding her Young with her
Blood, as Fabled..

8
Fishing in the Stream

8
Feeding and Nursing her
Young

8
The Saxon Deities, namely, Sun,

Moon, Tuisco, Woden, Thor, Friga,

and Seater..
The Whale lying on the Beach. 16
Portrait of Moses

20
Polecat ...

20
The Meeting of Wallace and Bruce 24
A View of the Heavens......

25
The Green Turtle

28
The Dropping Well at Knaresborough 29
A Russian

32
A Persian

32
A Highlander

32
A Frenchman

32
A Manufactory for Glass

33
A Machine for Glass-blowing

34
The Relative Sizes of the Planets 36
The Hair Worm

37
The Improved Photometer

40
Portrait of William the Conqueror.. 46
William Rufus

46
Henry I.'.

47
Stephen

47
Henry II.

48
Richard I.

48
John

49
Henry II.

49
Edward I.

50
Edward IT.

50
Edward III.

51
Richard II.

51
Henry IV.

52
Henry V...

53
Henry VI.

53
Edward IV.

54
Edward V.

54
Richard IJI.

54
Henry VII.

55
Henry VIII.

55
Edward VI.

56
Mary I...

56
Elizabeth

57
James I.

57
Charles I....

58
Oliver Cromwell

58
Charles II.

59
James II.....

60
William III.

60

60
George I.....

61
George II.

61
George III.

62
George IV...

63
William IV...

63
Adelaide, Queen

64
British Manufactures, the Loom .... 65

the Warping
Machine...

65
Ethiopian Dragon

68

Page.
Sea Serpent....

68
Hamburgh Dragon

69
Knife Grinder

72
Diagram of the Ascent of Sap in
Plants..

77
Stag Beetle

77
Hawk's-bill Turtle

80
Harvest Last Load

81
Butterflies...

84
Vine Tree.

85
Tortoise, Dolphin, and Nautilus 92
Tinker

96
Iron Mine, with the Method of
Blasting:

97
Mammy of an Egyptian Cat

101
Head of ditto Unrolled 101
Ibis and Hooded Snake

101
Scarabeus, or Sacred Beetle

101
The Jew Clothesman

104
Button-making Machines

109
The Dustman

112
The Lion and Antelope

113
The Cedar of Lebanon

120
The Ivy....

125
Beetles

128
Hounds Hunting a Fox

129
A Decoy for Ducks..

132
A Group of Funguses....

136
A Shepherd and
his Dog

144
Elephant and Rhinoceros

145
Savoyards...

152
The Buffalo and Abyssinian Cow 156
Clock Works....

157
Butterflies..

160
A Portrait of Sir Walter Scott in his
Armoury

161
View of Abbotsford House

164
- Dryburgh Abbey

165
Poultry Yard

169
Fire-backed Pheasant

173
Clouds

176
Picture of Grammar.

177
Whale-fishing

181
Source of the River Thames.

184
A Representation of Lord Mayor's
Show

185
Pottery-ware Manufactory

188
The Indian Dog and the Dingo 192
The Mountain Goat and Sheep 196
Negroes and Sugar.canes

209
Tea and Coffee Plants...

209
The Giraffe 6..

212
Gnats.....
Salmon and Trout

253
London Old Bridge
Machinery of a Watch
Sphinx and Pyramids .

265
Hunting the Gazelle

296
Bust of Dr. Birkbeck

301
Group of Sheep

309
Mail Coach

309
Race Horse

312
A Stag
Condor

317
Hives and Bees

317
Fox....

320
Water Spaniel

324
The Farm Yard

340

Page.
St. Paul's Cathedrai...

348
Old Cathedral.

349
Lisbon Earthquake..

357
Ground Plan of St. Panl's..

365
Sir Isaac Newton, and the Fall of the
Apple ...:

368
Ruins of Athens

384
Colosseum

392
Kirkstall Abbey

401
Mount Vesuvius

404
Stream of Lava...

405
Camden's Monument .

408
Sir Thomas Gresham's Portrait
Terrier Dog

424
Micklegate, York.

425
Portrait of Stow

448
of James Watt

456
Pheasants..

464
Lion

464
Swan

469
Cabot explaining his Voyages to
Henry VII. ...

472
Friar Bacon's Study

480
Boa Constrictor

488
Solar Eclipse

501
Graphic Description of Eclipses

.... 513
Chameleon

517
View of Lisbon

.... 533
View of Oporto

... 541
Shark ...

549
Human Hair..

557
Signs of the Zodiac.

561
Hydrophilus, or Water Fiend

565
British Museumi.

• 569
Blood and Arteries..

572
Tiger attacked by a Boa

577
Tower of London

585
The Constellation Aries

593
Venous and Arterial System.

597
Biblia Pauperum

601
Printing Press

.603, 609, 622, 623
Carved Bricks

..603, 604
Faust, Guttenburg, and Schoeffer

607
Printing with Blocks

608
Rack for Printing Machines

612
Ancient Printing..

616
Indian Gazette

617
View of Ancient Parliament

621
of a Compositors' Room 624
Hop Garden

625
Branch of a Hop

67... 628
The Constellation Tanras

vo
Herschell's Telescope.

641
Stars Represented

643
Nopal Plant, and Cochincal

645
Icebergs and Bears, &c.....

... 653
Cape Garry, and Captain Ross 657
Esquimaux Village

661
King's Library in the British Museum 665
The Constellation Gemini...... 673
Vallisneria Plant.....

677
Cade's Cavern, at Blackheath 681
Eclipse of the Moon

697
View of the Cattle Market near
Islington ...

701
Rollright Stones

712
Orrery

713

... 216

... 257
... 261

Anne.......

...

.. 316

.....:

THE

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GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY OF THE WORLD, AND OF THE ORIGIN OF NATIONS.

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2011 Goi ไทร

Reference to Scripture

Geography,

A 1 Ararat, Mt. wo titoligos polo pro... Enoch

E 1 Euphrates R 2014 T n'T Sustait or lo tionsbieroo G. Garden of Eden

szint Som ni sh Hiddekel R

H2 Havilah
Ni Nod, Land of

P i Pison R
INTRODUCTION.

The MAP OF THE WORLD, which is given above, has a two-fold Among all the sciences, there is not one more interesting and object; it represents the World as known before the DELUGE, essential than that of GEOGRAPHY; for without a knowledge of and as it is known at the present time. GEOGRAPHY, no person can appear in SOCIETY with respectability, The History OP THE WORLD before the Flood is very short, or read even a daily NEWSPAPER with profit.

and principally confined to the “ Creation of the World," and the GEOGRAPHY is a description of the Earth.-In every Geogra- Fall of the first Parents oF MANKIND. All that we know of phical description, two things are to be considered ; namely, the this period is to be found in the Bible; for what is found in Proform of the EARTH, and its position in the HEAVENS.

FANE WRITERS, is little more than a confused heap of palpable The materials of the description are surveys and astronomical absurdities. observations, whereby the properties of places are determined. It may, however, be gathered from the writings of Moses, that

The properties of places are either terrestrial or celestial. The the WORLD before the FLOOD was very populous, and the manners terrestrial properties are figure, dimension, and situation. The celes- of the inhabitants extremely licentious. The length of their lives tial properties are the rising and setting of the stars, the vicissitudes was remarkable; but whether the Arts and LETTERS flourished of day and night, the variety of the seasons, and other phenomena. among them cannot now be known.

The manner of describing the Earth is two-fold; namely, by a It is, however, imagined, that they excelled in .AGRICULTURE, Map or a Globe, and by Explanation or Treatise. The natural and had made a very considerable progress in the study of Nature. figure of the EARTH is that of a GLOBE, from which it differs only

The only places that are described by Moses, as existing before in size ; so that the GLOBE may properly be called the Earth in the Flood, are the TERRESTRIAL PARADISE, or Garden of Eden; miniature.

the LAND OP Nod, and MOUNT ARARAT. VOL. I.

B

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The situation of the GARDEN OF EDEN, nowever, where our first

S. A.-SOUTH AMERICA parents were placed, has been much disputed; the most probable B 1 Brazil

G Guiana

P 1 Peru

J Juan Fernandez P 2 Patagonia conjecture is, that it was seateđ between the Euphrates or Pison, B 2 Bolivia

C1 Columbia
L La Plata

P 3 Paraguay and the Tigris or Gileon rivers, north-west of the Persian Gulf, č 2 Chili

NS New South Shet-T 1 Trinidad a little north of the present Bassordh.

F Falkland Islands land Islands T 2 Terra del Fuego The authors that have treated this subject with the best reputation, are Huet, BOCHART, CALMET, and Wells.

ASIATIC Parr. The first city built upon the EARTH was Enoch, the founder of

K Kamtschatka NH New Hebrides P 4 Pitcairn Islands which was Cain; but nothing certain is known of its site, further

N New Zealand 01 Otaheite

R Russia than it was situated north-east of the GARDEN OF Eden, supposed NC New Caledonia O 2 Owhyhee to have been in or near latitude 32o, N.; and longitude 499, E.; about midway between it and the present ISPAHAN. In settling the CHRONOLOGY of this first age of the WORLD, the

AFRICAN Part. only authority upon which we can rely, is that of Moses.

A 3 Azores Islands

C 4 Cape Verd Islands.
The first profane writer who wrote a History of the Ante-diluvian
World, was SANCHONIATHON, a Phænician, who also wrote a com-
plete History of the PHENICIANS.

ADDRESS.
BEROSUS, a Chaldean, who lived in the days of ALEXANDER THE
Great, is said, also, to have written a HISTORY from the CAEA | Ar the time when the value of KNOWLEDGE is so very generally
TIỌN of the World, and to have divided the series of the Chaldean admitted, to attempt to prove so obvious a truth by much argu-
Kings, before the Flood, into ten generations. According to his ment, would naturally appear superfluous; for, happily, there are
method of counting, his Chronology comes very near to that of not many to be found, in the present day, who are so ignorant, as
Moses,

not to be apprized of its inestimable WORTH.

The design of this work is to call the attention of mankind to
KEY.

those objects most worthy of their regard, and to shew what branches
EASTERN HEMISPHERE.

of KNOWLEDGE are the most useful, and what are merely ornamenE.-EUROPE.

tal; at the same time, to give a brief, but comprehensive view of A Austria I i Italy

S ? Switzerland the whole, and to point out the best and the most ready means of B British Isles I 2 Iceland

S 3 Sardinia

attaining them. с Corsica N Nova Zemba

S 4 Spain Denmark P i Portugal

SE Sicily

The Editor is well aware that several works of a similar form
F France
P2 Prussia
S 6 Spitsbergen

and price, and admirably conducted, are in course of publication, G German States,&c.S 1 Sweden & Norway T Turkey

the end of which is to diffuse general information. His intention,

however, is to go more extensively into the same beneficial pursuit ; A1.-Asia.

but by a new, direct, and more certain road, one which is left un-
A 1 Australia
J 1 Japan

P 3 Philippine Isles. explored.
A 2 Arabia
J 2 Jaya
R Russia

To expiore the regions of KNOWLEDGE, then, it will be our Plan,
B 1 Birman Empire Ki Kamtschatka S 1 Siam

to set out by a consideration of the first fruitful Tree that we may B 2 Borneo K2 Kerguelen's S 2 Sumatra Ci China (Proper) Land

T 1 Turkey

| meet with in the journey; and before collecting its fruit, to inquire C 2 Cochin China M 1 Mongolia

T 2 Tartary

into its history, to learn its origin, its progress, and its uses : hence,
C S Ceylon
M 2 Malaya
T 3 Tibet

the STVUDENT will be led to commence at the bottom of the Tree,
C4 Cabul
M 3 Mindano

T 4 Timor € 5 Celebes NG New Guinea V Van Dieman's

to climb upwards, and to gather the fruit as he proceeds, as a H Hindostan P % Persia

Land

deserved reward of his labours.

It must be remembered, that EDUCATION, in all the branches of
A 2.-AFRICA.

Art, should be made analogous to the gradual and direct process
41 Algiers
F Fezzan
M6 Madeira Islands

of Nature, as in rearing the germ of the Acorn throughout its
% Abyssinia
G Guinea
S 1 Soudan

advances until it becomes the majestic Oak. In like manner, it
B 1 Barca
H Housa
S 2 Sennaar

should be made to resemble the work of the BUILDER, who be-
B 2 Bornou
K Kordofan

S 3 St. Helena °C 1 Congo M1 Morocco

gins at the foundation of the STRUCTURE; who makes each course

T 1 Tunis
C 2 Cape of Good Hope M 2 Mozambique T2 Tripoli

of stone Or BRICK to answer the double purpose of filling its own
C 3 Canary Islands M3 Mocaranga T3 Timbuctoo proper station in the BUILDING, and of preparing directly and
D
Darfur

M 4 Madagascar
M 5 Mauritius

immediately for the next course.

If we have not wholly misunderstood the dictates of PHILO

SOPHY, this gradual, direct, and constant progress should appear
WESTERN HEMISPHERE.

in all works like the present, thus expressly dedicated to the pur-
NA, -NORTH AMERICA.

poses of INSTRUCTION. B 1 British Posses- G 2 Guatamala R Russian Posses

To begin, then, with the foundation, and, of course, with that sions J Jamaica

sions

which is most essential to the STRUCTURE we would raise, we B 2 Bermudas M 1 Mexico

8 St. Domingo C1 Canada

want a primary GÚD), containing the principles of general M 2 Martinique

United States
C 2 Cuba
N Newfoundland

science, written in such a manner, and with such observations and G 1 Greenland P Porto Rico

remarks as may form a Key to the whole. With this preparation,

Egypt

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