Everyday Philosophy: Practical Applications
Author House, 3 мар. 2005 г. - Всего страниц: 436
“Philosophy always buries its undertakers.” Philosophy comes to life in every generation, not only because each generation has its distinctive problems, but also because the genius of the great minds of the past is pertinent to our current concerns. This book applies the thoughts of the great philosophers to medical ethics problems like Transplants, Abortion, and Euthanasia. It compares the visions of Plato and Aristotle with those of the Buddha, Confucius, and with Darwin, Freud, and Nietzsche. It compares Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, in the face of contemporary atheism. It concludes with maps of the ancient, medieval, and modern philosophical worlds, and shows the relevance of the past when dealing with our current most appalling problems.
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absolute accept actions activity American answers Aristotle basic become behavior believe Bible biblical Buddhism Catholic challenge Christian Church claim Confucius consciousness consequences consequentialist convictions culture death Descartes divine Emil Fackenheim ethics euthanasia everyday evil exercise existence experience faith God’s Greek Hans Kung Hebrew Bible human Immanuel Kant important Iris Murdoch Islam issues Jewish Jews Judaism Kant kind knowledge live Marcus Aurelius Martin Buber matter means meditation mind modern moral Moslem mysticism nature Nietzsche one’s perhaps person Peter Singer philosophy Plato Plotinus political practice principle problems questions rational reality reason religion religious response retirement Sartre secular sense Simon Blackburn simply social society Socrates someone stem cells Stoics teaching theologians things thought tradition truth twentieth century understanding universe virtue virtue ethics virtuous vision western wisdom Wittgenstein word writers wrote
Стр. 231 - Standing on the bare ground - my head bathed by the blithe air and uplifted into infinite space - all mean egotism vanishes. I become a transparent eyeball; I am nothing; I see all; the currents of the Universal Being circulate through me; I am part or parcel of God.
Стр. 144 - The creed which accepts as the foundation of morals, Utility, or the Greatest Happiness Principle, holds that actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness.
Стр. 378 - Woman, believe me, the hour is coming when neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem will you worship the Father.
Стр. 76 - I left the woods for as good a reason as I went there. Perhaps it seemed to me that I had several more lives to live, and could not spare any more time for that one.
Стр. 59 - Beloved Pan, and all ye other gods who haunt this place, give me beauty in the inward soul; and may the outward and inward man be at one.
Стр. 32 - To be a philosopher is not merely to have subtle thoughts, nor even to found a school; but so to love wisdom as to live according to its dictates, — a life of simplicity, independence, magnanimity, and trust.
Стр. 310 - Nature has placed mankind under the governance of two sovereign masters, pain and pleasure. It is for them alone to point out what we ought to do, as well as to determine what we shall do.
Стр. 214 - The true,' to put it very briefly, is only the expedient in the way of our thinking, just as 'the right' is only the expedient in the way of our behaving.