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Calvin, 14, 16, 89, 279.
Calvinism, summarized, 15, 16; in

New England, 28, 34-40, 74, 80,
81, 84-91, 103, 121, 122, 180, 224,
238, 240, 241, 277, 280-283, 286,
287, 353, 359, 372, 385, 400, 407,
408, 409, 414, 418-423, 523, 528.

See Puritanism.
Cambridge, Massachusetts, 71, 381,

393, 395, 396. Church of, 52, 288,

407. Sec llarvard College.
Campbell, Thomas, 132, 134, 196.
Canada, 30, 62, 73, 104, 105, 142,

143
Carlyle, Thomas, 147, 206, 272, 296,

313, 475-476, 526, 528.
Centuries, in American history, 6–7;

in general: the Seventeenth, 13-
55, 136, 522-523; the Eighteenth,
59-136; 30, 357, 417, 423, 524-525;
the Nineteenth, 139-154, 518, 525-
530. See History, Literature.
Century Magazine,” the, 453, 454,

459.
Channing, Edward Tyrrell, 194, 262.
Channing, William Ellery, 284-286 ;

122, 267, 277, 279, 280, 291, 292,
293, 294, 296, 303, 338, 341, 379,

437, 442.
Character, the Development of

American National, 7, 9, 33, 34,
74-76, 80, 102-103, 109-111, 136,
160, 162, 169, 186, 202, 238–245,

355, 523-530.
Characteristics of New England,

233-245.
Characters, in American fiction, 165,

184, 185-186, 188, 189. 354, 488.
Charles I., 13, 26, 79, 107.
Charles II., 13, 19, 90.
Charleston, South Carolina, 486, 487,

488, 491, 492.
Charlotte Temple," Mrs. Rowson,

219.
Charters of Massachusetts, 45.
Chatham, William Pitt, Earl of, 77,

108.
Chaucer, 4, 5.
Chicago, 73, 233, 451, 505-507.

Choate, Rufus, 106, 257, 371, 439,

485.
Church of England, see Episcopal.
Church and State in America, 70, 83.

See Theocracy.
Churchill, Charles, 119.
Cincinnati, 353.
Civil War, the American, 73, 104,

105, 151-152, 256, 351, 357, 365-
366, 368, 378, 398, 440, 450, 459,
461, 463, 466, 474, 478, 480, 481,
484, 487, 488, 489–499, 503, 511,

513, 514.
Civil Wars of England, 17, 18, 23,

29, 104, 107, 112, 346, 522.
Clark, Lewis Gaylord, 208, 220–223,

226.
Clarke, James Freeman, 438.
Class of 1829 at Harvard, 408, 414.
Classical Temper in American Writ-

ings, 201, 315-316, 431, 432.
Classics, study and influence of, in

America, 247, 253–254, 257, 258–
259, 260, 274, 292, 298, 325, 373,

483.
Clay, Henry, 485, 486.
Clemens, Samuel Langhorne, 513.
Clergy of New England, 71, 72, 75.

83, 235, 238–240, 246, 247, 258, 260,
281, 287, 292, 308, 311, 318, 325,
347, 439, 441-442, 465. See Or.
thodoxy, Puritanism, Theocracy,

Unitarianism.
Cleveland, Ohio, 511, 512.
Coats of Arms, in New England, 71,

243.
Coleman, Benjamin, 442.
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor, 67, 69,

145, 146, 193, 296, 526, 527.
Columbia College, 79, 461, 480.
Commerce of New England, 244,

425, 440.
Common-sense in American Men of

Letters, 98-101, 324-325, 328, 471,

527
Commonwealth, the English, 13, 20,

(0

Concord, Massachusetts, 328–338,

76, 315, 317, 403, 426, 429.

Congregations in New England,

239,240, 246.
Connecticut, 78, 83, 110, 123, 126,

329, 332, 352, 353, 407. See Hart.

ford, New Haven.
Conservatism in America, 527 ; in

New England, 243, 259, 302, 326–
327, 343-346, 350, 356, 371, 442;
in the South, 482-483, 487; in
England, 59, 60, 62, 63, 64, 68,

139-141.
Constitution, the English, 16, 18, 19,

33, 140-141. See Reform Bill.
Constitution of the United States, 6,

29, 76, 93, 118, 149, 345, 346, 359,

366, 502.

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Cooke, John Esten, 486, 487.
Cooper, James Fenimore, 181-191 ;

176, 194, 203, 207, 228, 230, 280,
290, 338, 449, 462, 488, 489, 500,

527.
Cooperstown, New York, 181, 182,

187.
Copley, John Singleton, 71, 76, 240–

242.
Copperheads,” 459, 512.
Cotton, John, 26, 32, 42, 44, 235, 288,

311. John, the younger, 240.
Cowper, William, 67, 201, 228, 508.
Crèvecæur, 114, 115.
Criticism, Literary, in America, 187,

208–211, 400-401, 438, 458, 507.
Cromwell, Oliver, 13, 14, 17, 18, 19,

21, 24, 29, 31, 53, 107, 523.
Cross, Dr. Arthur Lyons, il n.
“Culture" in New England, 373.
Curtis, George William, 222, 229,

309, 455.
Custom, see Law, Rights.

Decadence,” in contemporary liter.

ature, 189, 217, 477-479.
Declaration of Independence, 76, 93,

106, 113, 115, 275, 437, 485.
Decline of New England, 436-446,

453.
Defoe, Daniel, 20, 65, 66, 112. His

“ Robinson Crusoe,” 387.
Democracy in America, 108, 203, 235,

236, 359, 362, 481, 509, 527-530;
compared with European, 467-471,
529; in England, 148, 525, 527;
imperial, 525. See Aristocracy,

Equality, Excellence, Liberty.
Density of population, in its effect

on character and history, 17, 33,
89, 152, 278, 281, 306, 384, 463, 529.

See Inexperience, Retardation.
De Quincey, Thomas, 161, 193, 376.
Derby, George Horatio, 510.
Description, in American fiction,

164-166, 175, 186, 189, 354, 488.
“Dial,” the, 300-305; 298, 308, 318,

330, 342, 347, 370, 373, 436, 443,
453
Dial,” the Chicago, 507.
Dialect in American Writings, 401,

402, 477, 511-513.
Dialogue, as a literary form, 483-484.
Dicey, A. V., 18 n.
Dickens, Charles, 147, 171, 176, 206,

a

DANA, Charles Anderson, 305,

502, 526, 528.
Diplomacy, American Men of Let-

in. See Everett, Irving,
Lowell, Motley, Taylor, Willis.
Disraeli, Benjamin, 228.
Dissenters, English, 224, 288. See

Methodism.
Distinction, Personal, of American

Men of Letters, 201-202, 203, 229,

289, 315, 338, 509.
Disunion of National Temper, of

America and England, 9, 105-116,
150, 153, 175, 182, 185, 187, 322–
323, 525, 526; within America, 151,

351, 484, 505.
Divinity School at Cambridge, 314.
Dobson, Austin, 415.
“ Dooley, Mr.,” 173

ters

308, 455.
Dana, Richard Henry, 194.
Dana, Richard Henry, Jr., 438.
Dartınouth College, 248, 257, 264,

408.
Darwin, Charles, 148.
Davies, Sir John, 41.

Drake, Joseph Rodman, 195-196.
Drama, the, 214; in America, 157–

158, 204, 247, 301, 355, 517-518; in

England, 20, 23, 24, 298, 302.
Dryden, John, 20, 21, 24, 25, 37, 38,

40, 42, 54, 55, 65, 68, 69, 136, 484,

523
Dudley, Joseph, 41, 357.
Dudley, Thomas, 26, 32, 40.
Dunlap, William, 158. His Life of

Brockden Brown, 158-160.
Dunster, Henry, President of Har-

vard College, 43, 240.
Duyckinck, Evert Augustus, his

Cyclopedia of American Litera-

ture,” 195, 208, 462.
Dwight, John Sullivan, 305, 309, 438.
Dwight, Timothy, 120–123, 124, 129,

181, 352.

EAST RIVER, the, 465, 472, 478.

Eaton, Theophilus, 50, 51.
Eccentricity in Literature, 466, 475-

477.
Education, Development of, in

America, 235, 253–254, 258, 260–
261, 262, 264–266, 271, 306, 329-
330, 394-395. See Classics, Har-
vard, Law, Modern Languages,
Smith Professorship, Theology,

Yale, etc.
Edwards, Jonathan, 83-91 ; 78, 80,

92, 93, 95, 99, 102, 103, 120, 136,

180, 240, 280, 285, 419, 422.
Election, the doctrine of, 15, 48, 49,

52, 84, 87-89, 100, 238, 239, 240,

279. Sce Calvinism.
Eliot, George, 147, 154, 176, 526, 528.
Eliot, John, 32, 37, 51.
Elizabeth, Queen, 13, 21, 25, 26, 31,

32, 53, 55, 59, 60, 65, 77, 126.
Elizabethan England, see National

Traits.
Ellsler, Fanny, 209–210, 301.
Emancipation Proclamation, 356.
Embargo, Jefferson's, 193, 244, 429.
Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 311-327 ;

122, 206, 253-255, 260, 298, 300,

301, 302, 303, 304, 306, 308, 310,
328, 332, 335, 336, 337, 338, 371,
372, 373, 376, 379, 395, 412, 425,
426, 430, 432, 437, 438, 445, 469,

485, 489, 528.
Empire, the course of, 8-9, 30, 62,

106, 108, 142-144, 149-153, 525.
England, see History, Law, Litera-

ture, National Traits.
Enthusiasm, see National Traits.
Episcopal Church, the Protestant, of

the United States, 79, 110, 111,

121, 184, 347, 442.
Equality, the Ideal of, 362, 468-469,

474, 529. See Democracy, Excel-

lence, Right and Rights.
Essays, English, 67, 118, 174; in

America, 120, 124, 170, 317, 417,

460, 498.
Essex, Earl of, 18, 32.
Evening Post,” the New York,

193, 196, 198, 230, 449.
Everett, Edward, 253–257 ; 170, 260,

264, 271, 280, 291, 311, 371, 437,

439, 485.
Evolution, philosophy of, 16, 293,

339.
Excellence, the Ideal of, 467-469,

471, 528, 530. See Democracy.
Expansion of the United States, 149.
Extracts from American writings:

Barlow, 127-128; Bay Psalm Book,
37-38 ; Anne Bradstreet, 40-41;
Brockden Brown, 162, 164; Bryant,
197–200; Channing, 277-278, 284-
285, 341; W. G. Clark, 220;
Crèvecæur, 114-115; Drake, 196;
Dunlap, 158; Dwight, 120-123;
Edwards, 84-89; Emerson, 253–
254, 298, 312–314, 316, 320-324 ;
Everett, 256-257; Fields, 375;
Franklin, 94-99, 101-102; Freneau,
131-133; Halleck, 196; Hartford
Wits, 128-129; P. H. Hayne, 492;
Holland, 460 ; Holmes, 90-91, 222–
223, 411-415, 419-422, 438, 444;
Hopkinson, 113-114; Irving, 172,
175-176; Lanier, 496-498 ; Long.
fellow, 387-389, 391–392; Lowell,

66

186, 199, 339–340, 399, 402-403,
405; C. Mather, 44, 49, 51-52 ;
Otis, 108-109; Poe, 209–210, 212–
216; Stedman, 385; B. Taylor, 457 ;
Thoreau, 335-336; F. 0. Tick-
nor, 489-498; Timrod, 493–494 ;
Trumbull, 124-126; Webster, 250–
252; Whittier, 361-369; Whitman,
470–475; Wigglesworth, 39-40;
Willis, 223, 227 ; Woolman, 80-
81.

“Fraser's Magazine," 187.
Freeman, James, 121-122, 281.
“Freeman's Oath,” 36.
French and Indian Wars, 73, 274.
Freneau, Philip, 130–135, 136.
Fruitlands, Community at, 331, 333.
Fuller, Sarah Margaret, 300-301;

208, 229, 302, 304-306, 308, 331,

371, 386, 455.
Fuller, Thomas, 20, 23, 38, 54.

FAMILY Discipline in New Eng-

GARRISON, William Lloyd, 342-

land, 237
Faneuil Hall in Boston, 255, 349.
Fashion in Boston, 225, 288.
“Federalist,” the, 118, 120, 135, 136.
Felton, Cornelius Conway, 438, 439.
Fiction, in the Evolution of Litera-

ture, 5, 167, 199; in English Liter-
ature, 66, 68, 90, 147-148, 160-161,
176, 430–431, 477, 526-527; in
America, 163-168, 179, 181-192,
271, 272, 354-356, 417, 426, 460–
461, 486, 487, 488-489, 498. See

Short Stories.
Fielding, Henry, 66, 68, 160, 171.
Fields, James Thomas, 375–377 ;

222, 438, 443-444.
Fine Arts, the, 5, 296, 385, 416, 476,

510.
First church of Boston, 42, 288, 311.
Fontenoy, Battle of, 60, 61.
Forbes, John Murray, 438, 439.
Form, Sense of, in American Writers,

166–167. See Artistic Conscience.
Fourier, 306–308.
Foxe, John, 26.
France, as enemy of England, 29–31,

60–63, 73–74, 272; as friend of
America, 63, 115, 150. See Revo-

lution, Revolutionary Spirit.
“Frankenstein,” Mrs. Shelley's, 161,

193
Franklin, Benjamin, 92-103; 79, 82,

120, 136, 173, 233, 245, 268, 437,
509; his Letter to a London news-
paper, 173, 508.

343, 348, 360.
Gayarré, Charles Étienne, 486.
Genealogy, American delight in,

264.
General Principles, American de-

votion to, see Abstract Principles.
George I., 59.
George II., 54, 59, 66, 68, 74, 75, 79,

524.
George III., 59, 60, 62, 105, 116, 126,

131, 139.
George IV., 139.
Georgia, 74, 481, 483, 184, 486, 489,

491, 492, 495.
German Learning, Influence of, in

New England, 253, 264, 267, 268,

271, 272, 275, 295–296.
Gibbon, Edward, 67, 268, 275-276.
Godey's Lady's Book,” 204, 207,

219.
Godkin, Edwin Lawrence, 439, 454.
Godwin, Parke, 194.
Godwin, William, 67, 68, 160-162,

163, 184, 228, 488.
Goethe, Taylor's translation of, 456,

458.
Goldsmith, Oliver, 66, 160, 171, 173,

174, 184, 228, 276.
Giay, Thomas, 66, 2OO.
Great Awakening, the, 74-76, 110.

See Whitefield.
Greeley, Horace, 454-455; 229, 300,

308.
Greenfield, Connecticut, 121, 123.
Griswold, Rufus Wilmot, 195, 199

208, 455, 462.

HAKLUYT'S “Voyages,” 20, 22,

60

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Hale, Edward Everett, 237.
Half Way Covenant in the New

England Churches, 86.
Halleck, Fitz-Greene, 195, 196-197,

208, 221.
Hamilton, Alexander, 117, 118, 120.
“ Harper's Magazine,” 453, 454.
“Harper's Weekly,” 229, 449, 453,

522; of the Eighteenth Century,
59–64, 524; of the Nineteenth

Century, 139-144, 525.
Hoar, Ebenezer Rockwood, 438.
Hoffman, Charles Fenno, 208, 220.
Holland, Josiah Gilbert, 459–461.
Hollis Professorship at Harvard

College, 281.
Hollis Street Church in Boston,

442.
Holmes, Abiel, 288, 407.
Holmes, Oliver Wendell, 407-424;

65, 206, 221, 222, 229, 239, 376,
377, 425, 426, 430, 443, 489, 508-
509, 511, 528; his Autocrat,”
241, 444; his “Mortal Antipathy,"
222 ; his memoir of Motley, 437-
438 ; his “One Hoss Shay," 90-
91.
“ Home Journal,” the, 226.
Hooker, Richard, 4, 22, 37.
Hooker, Thomas, 26, 84.
Hopkinson, Francis, 112-115, 175,

his “ Battle of the Keys,” 508.
“ Hudibras," see Butler.
Human Nature, opposing views

concerning; see Calvinism, Revo-

lutionary Spirit, Unitarianism.
Humanism in New England, 406.
Humanity of Classical Literature,
315-316

See Popularity.
Hume, David, 66, 67.
Humor, American, 101, 173, 179,

507-513, 515, 518.
Hunt, Leigh, 174, 224, 228.
Hunt, William Morris, 438.
Hutchinson, Thomas, 77, 110, 120,

260; his “ History of Massachu-
setts," 82, 263.

IDEALISM in America, 293–294,

454.
Hartford, Connecticut, 52, 84, 123,

124, 127, 360.
Hartford Wits, the, 119-130, 135,

136, 157
Harvard College, 26, 42-43, 44, 46,

47, 48, 50, 75, 78, 79, 83, 93, 94,
119, 120, 122, 129, 224, 235, 240,
253, 255, 260, 261, 262, 264–265,
267, 269, 271, 272, 273, 281, 288,
311, 332, 346, 348, 350, 379-380,
381, 393. 394, 395, 396, 398, 404,

407, 408, 412-415, 443-445, 480.
Haverhill, Massachusetts, 358, 360.
Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 425-435, 163,

168, 176, 206, 240, 306, 308, 328,
376, 377, 379, 438, 445, 471, 477,

489, 516, 528.
Hayne, Paul Hamilton, 486, 490-

492, 499.
Hayne, Robert Young, 252, 485, 490.
He:iry, Patrick, 112, 120.
Herbert of Cherbury, Lord, 19, 32.
Herndon's Life of Lincoln, 503.
Hildreth, Richard, 272.
Historical Continuity, 18, 29
Historical literature in America, 31,

36, 42, 43, 78, 81, 119, 136, 171-
173, 178–179, 245, 263–276, 338,
378, 486, 528; in England, 37,

119, 275
History, American, of the Seven-

teenth Century, 26–34 ; 42, 55, 70,
77, 357, 523; of the Eighteenth
Century, 70–77, 524; of the Nine-
teenth Century, 149–153, 357, 525-

526; in general, 530.
History, English, of the Seventeenth

Century, 13-19, 20, 29, 55, 357,

304. 310, 319-323, 371-372, 417,
432, 524, 525, 529. See Mystery,

Puritanism.
Ideals, American devotion to Ab.

stract, see Abstract Principles.
Ideals, the National, of England and

America, 8, 14, 18, 28, 46, 70, 82,

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