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106, 190, 246, 521-530. See Bible, Jonson, Ben, 20, 25.
Democracy, Law, Right and Journalism in America, see News.
Rights, Union.

papers.
Imitativeness in American Writings,

38, 41, 54, 119, 130, 135, 162, 167,
170, 173, 181, 184, 196, 224, 228, KEATS, John, 134, 145, 193, 195,
247, 253, 258,259, 262, 272, 372, 526.
386-387, 391, 480-481, 483, 489, Kennedy, John Pendleton, 486.
491. See Style.

King's Chapel, in Boston, 105,
Independence, Declaration of, see 121-122, 178, 288; its “Liturgy,"
Declaration.

281.
India, the Empire of, 62, 142, 143.

Kipling, Rudyard. 147, 516.
Indians, American, 31, 32, 73, 186, Kirkland, Caroline Matilda, 208,
274, 505.

229, 501-503
Individualism, Growth of, in New “ Knickerbocker Gallery,” 237, 466.

England, 327, 330, 442-444. See Knickerbocker Magazine,” 374,
Alcott, Emerson, Thoreau, Trans- 386, 459, 514.
cendentalism, Unitarianism.

“Knickerbocker School," the, 219-
Inexperience, the National of Amer- 230; 280, 309, 338, 449, 465. 487,

ica, 34, 37, 55, 77, 116, 130, 136, 513.
153, 218, 279, 287, 327, 359, 362,
384-385, 424, 446, 529. See Den-
sity, Retardation.

LAFAYETTE, 115-116.
Innate ideas, 294, 300, 304.

Lamb, Charles, 67, 69.
Instrument of Government, the, 18, 28. Landor, Walter Savage, 67, 69,
Insularity of Modern England, 62, 197.

64, 69, 139-140. See John Bull. Language and Nationality, 3, 8, 18,
Irving, Washington, 169–180 ; 168, 28, 82, 106, 521. See Ideals.

181, 184, 185, 189, 190, 191, 194, Language, the English, 3, 8.
195, 201, 203, 221, 228, 229, 230, Lanier, Sidney, 481, 486, 491, 495-
271, 276, 280, 290, 328, 432, 433, 499.

449, 462, 477, 509, 511, 516, 527. Larcom, Lucy, 237.
Isabella II., Queen, 169.

Law, the English or Common, 8, 14,

17, 18, 19, 30, 46, 61, 62, 63, 64, 70,

74, 82, 106, 108, 109, 116, 142-144,
AMES I., 13.

150, 190, 246, 274, 292, 298, 325,
James II., 13, 59, 90.

340, 373, 467, 521-522, 524, 530.
James, Henry, 438.

Law, the Profession of, in America,
Jamestown, Virginia, 28.

236, 246, 248–249, 251, 258, 260,
Jay, John, 117, 120.

274, 348, 350, 378, 408, 415, 441;
Jefferson, Thomas, 106, 117, 120,

American Men of Letters as Stu-
149, 193, 485.

dents of, 169, 194, 264, 380, 393,
Jewett, Sarah Orne, 237.

408, 458, 485, 486, 487, 488, 491,
John Bull," 64, 112, 140, 175, 403, 495.
446, 524.

Lectures in America, 247, 313, 314,
Johns Hopkins University, 495. 496. 315, 317, 325, 330, 456, 459, 511.
Johnson, Samuel, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, Lee, Robert Edward, 151.

112, 117, 136, 253, 524. Boswell's Leland, Charles Godfrey, 222.
Life of, 67, 157

Lewis, “Monk.” 67, 68, 160, 163.

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Lowell, Abbott Lawrence, 149 n.
Lowell, Charles, 393, 442.
Lowell, James Russell, 393-406; 170,

206, 222, 237, 262, 296, 376, 377,
380-381, 414, 415, 418, 425, 426,
430, 438, 465, 489, 509, 528; his

Biglow Papers,” 477, 508, 511;
his “Fable for Critics,” 185, 199,
222, 400, 508; his essay on “ Tho-

reau," 339.
Lowell, John, 438.
Lower Classes of New England, 75-

76, 102, 242, 332, 337-338, 348, 359,
362, 396, 402, 425, 427, 481 ; of the
South. See Slavery; of the West,

501-502.
Loyalists, the American, 82, 107–108,

110, 125, 181, 241, 260, 381.
Lyric Quality in Literature, 216; in

Southern poetry, 495, 498, 499.
“Lyrical Ballads,” Wordsworth and

Coleridge's, 68, 145, 159, 162, 189,
191, 290.

MACAULAY, Lord, 206, 268,

Liberalism, in New England, 42, 43,

46, 119, 122, 224, 442. See Tran-

scendentalism, Unitarianism.
Liberty, the Ideal of, 273, 443, 467,

530.
Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity,”

467-468.
Lieber, Francis, 486.
Lincoln, Abraham, 151, 474, 503-504.
Literature defined, 1-3 ; evolution

of, 5; motives of, 191, 228, 309;
permanent, 315; study and influ.
ence of, in America. See Classics,

Modern Languages.
Literature in America, 9-10, 405,

479; of the Seventeenth Century
35-43; 55. 119, 190, 246, 523; of
the Eighteenth Century, 78-82;
117-136; 190, 246, 525; of the
Nineteenth Century, 154-518, 526-

530.
Literature, Elizabethan, see English

of the Seventeenth Century.
Literature, English, 4-6; of the

Seventeenth Century, 20-25, 27,
37, 55, 65, 69, 136, 146, 523; of the
Eighteenth Century, 65-69, 136,
146, 173-174, 200-201, 415-416,
524; of the Nineteenth Century,
145-148, 154, 201, 430-431, 526-

529.
Literature, “ Queen Anne.” See Eng.

lish of the Eighteenth Century.
Literature of the Regency. See

English of the Nineteenth Cen-

tury.
Literature, Victorian. See English

of the Nineteenth Century.
London, 25.
Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 378–

392 ; 206, 209, 222, 296, 350, 376,
377, 393, 394, 395, 396, 397, 398,
406, 413, 425, 426, 430, 438, 489,

528.
Longstreet, Augustus Baldwin, 486.
Lord's Supper, in the New England

Churches, 86, 312-313, 372, 379:
Lounsbury, Thomas Raynesford, his

Life of Cooper, 182, 183.

,
526.
Madison, James, 117, 118, 120, 150.
Magazines in America. See Periodi.

cals.
Maine, woods of, 334, 425, 429.
Manufactures of New England, 152,

244, 245, 249, 440.
Marlborough, Duke of, 19, 21, 32,

61, 62.
Marlowe, Christopher, 207, 217.
Marshall, John, 118, 120, 485.
Mary Stuart, Queen, 26.
Massachusetts, 26, 27, 28, 31, 45, 78,

94, 110, 120, 122, 192, 193, 234, 253,
255, 262, 263, 278, 351, 356, 358,

360, 450, 459, 510.
Massachusetts Historical Society,

31, 261, 262, 263, 267, 274.
Materialism in New York, 451-454,

463; throughout America, 468,

505.
Mather, Cotton, 44-54 ; 33, 35, 42,

43, 70, 71, 75, 78, 82, 95, 136, 233,
139, 140, 150.
Napoleon III., 151.
“Nasby, Petroleum V.," 512-513,

245, 263, 279, 287, 288, 311, 313,

334, 409, 436-437, 439.
Mather, Increase, 32, 43, 44, 45, 46,

83, 95, 233, 261.
Mather, Richard, 27, 32, 37, 44.
Medicine, the Profession of, in Amer.

ica, 193, 236, 408-409.
Melodrama, 213-214, 432.
Melville, Hermann, 229.
Merchants of New England, 71-73,

76, 236, 237, 240–244, 439.
Methodism, 66, 74-75, 97, 374.
Mexican War, 401.
Middle States, or Colonies, 157-230;

36, 78, 79, 80, 154, 262, 291, 372,

449, 463-464, 480, 526, 527.
Milton, John, 20, 21, 23, 24, 37, 42,

55, 65, 68, 69, 136, 387, 523.
Minto, William, 206.
· Mirror,” the New York, 223, 225,

226.
Mitchell, Donald Grant, 222.
Mitchill, Samuel Latham, his “ Pic-

ture of New York,” 171, 172.
Modern Languages and Literature,

study and influence of, in America,
264–265, 292, 296–297, 379-385,
390, 393-396. Sec Smith Profes-

sorship
Monroe Doctrine, the, 150–151.
Moore, Thomas, 69, 193.
Morris, George Pope, 225.
Morse, John Torrey, Jr., his life of

Holmes, 438.
Motley, John Lothrop, 272-273; 170,

280, 371, 376, 437, 438.
Music, in New England, 296, 297, 309.
“Mutual Admiration in Boston,

444.
Mystery, Sense of, in America, 163,

167, 179, 213, 214, 218, 418, 429,
432.

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"Nation,” the, 453, 454.
Nationality, in general, 3. See Lan.

guage; of America, 77. See Ideals.
National Traits of Elizabethan Eng.

land (Spontaneity, Enthusiasm,
and Versatility), 19, 21-24, 25, 27,
64, 67, 69, 522; evident in America,
28, 33, 53, 55, 75–77, 111, 112, 115,

131, 332, 445-446, 522–524, 529.
Nature, Sense of, in American Books,

273, 333-335, 361-363, 389, 493,

497-498. See Description.
Navy, the American, 181, 244.
Negro Minstrel Shows, 510.
Nelson, Lord, 62, 68, 139, 145.
Newburyport, 343, 360.
New England, 26, 27, 28–34, 35-43,

45-53, 55, 70-76, 78–79, 108, 152,
154, 190, 221, 226, 229, 230, 233-
446, 449, 455, 462, 465, 471, 480,
489, 493, 501, 504, 513, 514, 523,

526, 528–530.
"New England Primer,” 36.
New Hampshire, 248, 249, 253, 360,

..155.
New Haven, 51, 84, 120, 124.
New Jersey, 80, 130, 181, 466.
Newman, Cardinal, 526, 528.
New Orleans, 73, 233, 486.
Newspapers in America, 79, 157, 183,

187, 193, 201, 202, 209, 211, 225-
226, 229, 230, 309, 342, 360, 365,
400, 449, 455, 458, 507-513, 514-
515, 517, 518.
Newton, Sir Isaac, 25, 32.
New York, 79, 114, 120, 130, 154,

157, 163, 182, 190, 91, 192-1974
201, 204, 205, 210, 219, 225, 226–
230, 233, 234, 262, 280, 290, 308
309, 338, 372, 374, 405, 449-404,
465-466, 472, 478-479, 489, 501,

504, 505, 513, 514, 515.
Nile, Battle of the, 60, 61, 62, 68,

139, 145, 146.
“North American Review," the, 194,

197, 255, 262, 267, 272, 291, 302,

370, 404, 436, 443, 453.
North and South, Divergence of, in
America, 27-28, 151, 495.

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NAPOLEON, 61, 62, 128–129,

515.

Antislavery Movement, Civil

War, Disunion.
Northampton, Massachusetts, 83, 85,

86, 87, 240.
Norton, Charles Eliot, 262.
Nova Scotia, 29, 73.
Novel, the English. See Fiction.

ODYSSEY, the, 166, 477.

Old South Church in Boston,
224, 247, 263, 288.
Orations and Poems in New Eng.

land, 412, 414.
Oratory in America, 108-109, 112,

135, 245, 246–259, 260, 262, 270,
275, 276, 277, 290, 291, 338, 346-
351, 371, 372, 439, 443, 485, 486,

528.
“ Orthodoxy" in New England, 120-

123, 223–224, 288-289, 291, 318,
379, 407-408, 418-423. See Cal-
vinism, Edwards, Mather, Puri-

tanism, Unitarianism.
Osgoul, Frances Sargent, 209–2L0

301.
Otis, James, 108-109, 110, 112, 120,

247, 260.

Ovid. See Sandys.

)

PALFREY, John Gorham, 272.

Pamphleteering, 112, 119.
Pancoast, H. S., his “ Introduction

to American Literature,” 485-487,

Pearson, Eliphalet, 282.
Pedantry in New England, 326, 397.
Peirce, Benjamin, 438.
Pepys, Samuel, 19, 32.
Periodical Literature in America, 79,

157, 159, 205, 219, 262, 301-304,
370-377, 404, 449, 453-454, 515-

517. See Newspapers.
Phi Beta Kappa Society of Harvard

College, 194, 255, 313, 412.
Philadelphia, 78, 92, 93, 96, 97, 98,

112, 120, 130, 159, 165, 205, 233,

234, 261, 360, 451.
Phillips, Wendell, 348–350; 258, 352,

366, 371, 439.
Phillips, Willard, 194.
Philosophy in New England. See

Idealism, Transcendentalism.
Phips, Sir William, 33, 45, 50, 73.

Phoenix, John,” 510-511, 512, 515.
Pierce, Franklin, 378, 425, 426.
Pierrepont, Sarah (Mrs. Edwards),

84-85.
Pinckney, Edward Coate, 486.
Pioneers, Western, 500-501.
Pitt. See Chatham.
Plan of this book, 10.
Plots in American Fiction, 185, 188,

189, 354, 488.
Plymouth Colony, 26, 28, 31, 240,

244, 255-256, 263, 288.
Poe, Edgar Allan, 204-218; 163, 168,

177, 219, 228, 230, 280, 301, 335,
338, 386, 432, 433, 449, 477, 486,
516; his “Literati,” 220, 487,

501.
Poetry, in the Evolution of Liter-

ature, 5, 167; in America, 38-41,
90–91, 119-134, 186, 191, 192,203,
206, 209–210, 211-216, 220, 221,
223, 226, 227, 230, 304, 316, 317,
361-369, 375, 378–392, 398-403,
410-415, 443, 457-458, 461, 465-
479, 481, 489–498, 516, 528; in
England, 5, 21-24, 37, 38, 65, 66,
145-148, 154, 200, 291, 310, 526,

527, 528.
Poetry, Theories of, Bryant's, 198;

Lanier's, 496; Poe's, 211.

490.
Danic of 1857, 450.
Park Street Church in Boston, 224,

?25.
Parker, Theodore, 346-348; 258, 302,

304, 308, 352, 366, 371, 439.
Parkman, Francis, 273-274; 29, 73,

280, 371, 438.
Patriotic verse in America, 120, 125,

127, 131, 193. See F. 0. Ticknor,

Timrod, Whittier.
Paulding, James Kirke, 195.
Pavne, John Howard, 158.
Peabody, Andrew Preston, 262, 287.

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Political Literature in America, 78,

81, 112, 117-119, 136, 180, 190, 209.
228, 245, 246, 247, 459, 485, 513,

525.
Pope, Alexander, 32, 65, 119, 136,415.
Popularity, as a quality of Litera-

ture, 509-510. See Humanity.
Portland, Maine, 223, 378.
Portraits, family, 71, 76, 240–242.
Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 248,

375.
Precocity in literature, 197, 360.
Prescott, William Hickling, 268—271;

267, 272, 275, 280, 371, 438; his

Life of Brockden Brown, 159, 160.
Present Time, the, 514-518.
Prince, Thomas, his “ Annals," 263.
Princeton College, 79, 83, 85, 130.
Printing-presses in America about

1800, 157
Prohibition in America, 103, 506.
Property, Right of, 340, 344, 345, 346,

356.
Prose, in the Evolution of Litera.

ture, 5, 167; in America, 44-52,
78-82, 84-89, 94-101, 162–164, 172–
176, 191, 206-214, 216, 222–223,
226, 230, 246–276, 312–314, 320
324, 335-336, 353-355, 404-405,
417–420, 422, 425-435, 459-461,
466, 483, 488, 507-513, 514-518,
528; in England, 5, 22-25, 37, 53,
65, 66, 146-148, 154, 174, 184, 201,

206, 526, 527, 528.
Protestantism, 70. See Liberalism.
Public Speaking, Popularity of, in

New England, 246–249, 255, 317.
“Puck," 453, 461.
Puritanism, in England, 14, 20, 24,

25, 29, 31, 33, 107, 517, 523; in New
England, 28–31, 33, 38, 42, 44, 46,
48, 50, 52, 55, 70, 74, 75, 95, 102,
120, 163. 184, 294, 296, 299, 309,
310, 371-372, 416, 423, 429, 430,
432–433, 434, 446, 469, 523, 524,

525, 529. See Calvinism.
Purity of Temper, Instinctive in

America, 189, 217, 218, 276, 307,
310, 327, 405, 424, 434, 445-446, 517.

RADCLIFFE, Mrs., 67;. her

"Mysteries of Udolpho," 68,
160, 161, 163.
Railways, transcontinental, 152, 440;

in New England, 244, 440.
Ralegh, Sir Walter, 4, 18, 21, 22, 24,

27, 32, 37, 131.
Rationalism in New England, 417-

420.
Raymond, Henry Jarvis, 455.
Refinement in American writings,

180, 203, 218, 228.
Reform Bill of 1832, 107, 140-141,

145, 146, 148, 198, 220, 290, 525,

526.
Reformers in New England, 229, 245,

300, 303, 304-305, 338, 339-340,
359, 371, 372, 398, 416, 441, 528.
See Antislavery Movement, Brook

Farm.
Regency, of George IV., 139, 147.
Relaxation of Social Pressure in

America, 33, 53, 89, 102, 501. See

Density, Inexperience.
Religion in New England. See Cal-

vinism, Puritanism, Unitarianism.
Religion and Life, in America, 90,

95-100, 102-103.
Religious literature in America. See

Theological
Renaissance, of Europe, 17, 178, 245,

259, 297, 394.
Renaissance of New England, the,

233-446; 154, 206, 245, 258,259,
303, 372, 429-430, 469, 514, 528–

530.
Representation, conflicting theories

of, 107, 116.
Restoration, the, 13, 21, 24, 29, 31,

523.

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