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But to return to the affairs of Greece.—That country had long been in the possession of the Turks. The remains of the free spirit of olden times however, was not quite extinct in the modern Greeks; they resisted and rebelled; and the Turks, in order to reduce them to subjection again, carried on a cruel warfare against them. At last, England, France, and Russia interfered, and attempted to make a negociation with the Sultan, and to persuade him to give the Greeks their liberty. But this negociation did not succeed ; and so the combined fleets sailed up the Mediterranean, under the command of Admiral Codrington, and blockaded the Turks in the Bay of Navarino. The Turks fired; the fire was returned ; and thus a battle began ; and a very fierce one it was, for it proved almost the destruction of the Turkish fleet. This victory was of great importance to the Greeks; for it obliged the Sultan to acknowledge their independence.

some time before the affairs of Greece were settled ; but at last, in 1833, the crown was accepted by Otho, the present king.

And now we must return to England, and mention some matters that were going on there at this time,-things which it is necessary for you to know, though they may not be so interesting as the accounts of foreign wars and conquests. One of these was the passing of a

It was

bill in Parliament, for the repeal of the Test and Corporation Acts. Those acts, which had been made in the reign of Charles II., rendered it necessary for every one who accepted any office under government, to receive the communion according to the rites of the Church of England. This of course excluded dissenters from holding any such offices. But when those acts were repealed, the Roman Catholics, who were always anxious to get into power, and to have some influence in the concerns of state, tried very hard to gain for themselves still farther privileges ; and so, not long after, those who favoured the Romish party, proposed another bill, which was called the Catholic Emancipation Bill. The object of this was, to remove the disabilities which had hitherto prevented the entrance of Roman Catholics into the British Parliament.

While this bill was under consideration, the whole country was in a state of great excitement, and petitions, for and against it, were sent to the government by both parties. Most Protestants considered the proposal for Catholic Emancipation to be a very dangerous measure. Some indeed favoured it, because they hoped it might have the effect of conciliating the people of Ireland, and so preventing a civil war with that country. The king himself was at first opposed to the bill. He remembered that, in

his father's reign, a similar attempt had been made by the Roman Catholics, and that George III. had strenuously resisted it, considering that such a measure would be inconsistent with his coronation oath. But George IV. was prevailed upon to yield to the wishes of his ministers, and so the bill, having passed through the two Houses of Parliament, received the royal assent in the month of April 1829.

This measure, however, was far from having the effect of tranquilizing Ireland, as some had hoped it would. It was followed by new agitations on the part of the Roman Catholics, who now demanded further concessions. While these agitations were going on, the king, who had been for some time declining in health, became dangerously ill; and his death took place in the summer of 1830. He was succeeded by his younger brother, William, Duke of Clarence, who was as different from his

predecessors, as George IV., had been from their royal father. George IV., had been styled, as I said, the most accomplished gentleman in Europe ; but William IV., was called the sailor king, for he had spent much of the early part of his life on board ship, and had acquired many of those habits and feelings which generally characterize the British sailor.

The chief event in this short reign was the passing of the Reform bill. This has led to certain changes in Parliament : for instance

-more members than formerly are now sent from some of the larger places; and liberty of voting is allowed to a greater number of persons belonging to the inferior classes of society. It will not be necessary for us to enter into ese matters, which would not be at all interesting to you at present. However I must tell you, tbat the Reform bill, like that of which we were speaking just now, occasioned a great deal of excitement and party feeling throughout the country. It passed in June 1832.

There is little for me to say as to the other events which occurred during the reign of William IV.; and indeed the approach we bave now made towards“ modern times,” reminds me that our history must very soon be brought to a termination.

It was in 1837, that William IV. died, and he was succeeded by our present sovereign, Queen Victoria, the daughter of the Duke of Kent, and the grand-daughter of the still venerated George III. Several years have already passed away since our beloved Queen ascended the English throne,-years they have been of prosperity for which we may well be thankful to that God who is the giver of our many mercies; and I am sure it will be the desire and the prayer of all our hearts, that

those mercies may be continued among us, and that our Queen may long be spared, a blessing to her family, her people, and her country.

But before we conclude, I must take a rapid glance at the chief events which have occurred during the reign of Victoria. And first, I may mention a rebellion which broke out in Canada, and a struggle which was made for independence, by the colonists there. This was soon quelled, and the Earl of Durham was sent out in 1838, as Governor General. He united the two Canadas, and transferred the seat of government from Quebec and Toronto to Montreal.

Then there was a rebellion at home, raised by some lawless people called Chartists, of whom, I dare say, you have often heard. This too was put down, and their leaders were taken, tried, and transported.

In 1840, there was a war with China. This war began in consequence of a very wrong act of which we ourselves were guilty. The Chinese government had wisely prohibited the introduction into their empire of that hurtful drug called opium. But some of the English merchants found the opium trade very profitable; and they continued to carry

it

on, notwithstanding the prohibition. No wonder that the Chinese were offended at this. They

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