The American Journal of Science and Arts

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S. Converse, 1860

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The Great Auroral Exhibition of August 28th to Septem
92
On Numerical Relations existing between the Equivalent
98
Remarks on the Dissolution of Field Ice by Chas Whit
111
Chemistry and Physics On Platinum and the metals which accompany it 113 Blow
114
Geology Review On some points in the Geology of the Alps 118 The Geological
126
Total Solar
139
Miscellaneous Scientiſic Intelligence Inquiries into the Phenomena of Respiration
146
Review of Darwins Theory on the Origin of Species
153
Forces by THEODORE LYMAN
185
Gulf Stream ExplorationsThird Memoir Distribution
199
On the Chemical Composition of Pectolite by J D WHITNEY
205
Abstract of a Meteorological Journal kept at Marietta
218
Calceola
248
Correspondence of Mr JEROME NICKLÈSBiography
268
Chemistry and Physics On two new series of Organic Acids Heintz 272 On
276
Zoology On Botanical and Zoological Nomenclature by WM STIMPSON 289 Les gen
294
Book Notices TRÜbsers Bibliographical Guide to American Literature 302 Manual
303
On the Coloring Matter of the Privet and its applica
326
Report of Assistant Charles A Schott on the latest
335
Caricography by Prof C DEWEY
346
Ornithichnites or tracks resembling those of Birds
361
Theoretical Determination of the Dimensions of
383
Geographical Notices by DANIEL C Gilman No XII
400
Correspondence of Prof JEROME NICKLÈS French
414
Description of an Equatorial recently erected at Hope
421
Chemistry and Physics On Fraunhofers Lines Kirchoff 423 On the direct conver
427
Geology Notes on the Geology of Nebraska and Utah Territory by Dr F V HAYDEN
434
Primitæ Flora Amu
441
Meteorology and Astronomy Abstract of Meteorological Observations at Sacramento
447
The Telegraph Manual a complete 1
1
Review of Dr Antisells Work on Photogenic Oils c 112
112
SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE
121
Technical Chemistry Disinfectants coal tar and gypsum 125 Chlorate of potash
129
Botany and Zoology Flora of the Southern United States etc by A W CHAPMAN
138
Dr George Wilson 152
152
Book Notices Prof Agassiz on the Origin of Species 142Anleitung zur Organischen
155
On the Nebular Hypothesis by Professor Daniel
161
On a new Theory of Light proposed by John Smith M A
182
Crystalline form not necessarily an indication of definite
194
Notices of several American Meteorites by CHARLES
204
Geographical Notices No XIII 217
217
Discussion between two Readers of Darwins Treatise
226
Description of three New Meteoric Irons from Nelson
240
Note on a case of Artificial Crystallization of Metallic
253
Chemistry and Physics On a probable means of rendering visible the Circulation in
261
Lecture on the Gulf Stream Prepared at the
313
On Fermented and Aërated Bread and their Compara
329
Additional Note on the Potsdam Fossils by E Billings 337
337
On the direction of molecular motions in Plane Polarized
361
On some Questions concerning the Coal Formations
367
Additional observations on the Circulation of the Eye
385
Geographical Notices No XIV 391
391
Further Remarks on Numerical Relations between
399
Correspondence of J Nicklès of Nancy France Phys
409
SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE
415
the 58th Concordia LUTHUR 424
424
ERRATA
434
Notices of New Publications 453 454
453
ERRATA
465
P 101 1 4 for ethyl read silver
472

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Стр. 176 - I cannot doubt that the theory of descent with modification embraces all the members of the same great class or kingdom. I believe that animals are descended from at most only four or five progenitors, and plants from an equal or lesser number.
Стр. 148 - As all the living forms of life are the lineal descendants of those which lived long before the Cambrian epoch, we may feel certain that the ordinary succession by generation has never once been broken, and that no cataclysm has desolated the whole world. Hence we may look with some confidence to a secure future of great length. And as natural selection works solely by and for the good of each being, all corporeal and mental endowments will tend to progress towards perfection.
Стр. 147 - Judging from the past, we may safely infer that not one living species will transmit its unaltered likeness to a distant futurity. And of the species now living very few will transmit progeny of any kind to a far distant futurity...
Стр. 158 - The limbs divided into great branches, and these into lesser and lesser branches, were themselves once, when the tree was...
Стр. 170 - There is no exception to the rule that every organic being naturally increases at so high a rate that, if not destroyed, the earth would soon be covered by the progeny of a single pair.
Стр. 170 - Nothing is easier than to admit in words the truth of the universal struggle for life, or more difficult — at least I have found it so — than constantly to bear this conclusion in mind.
Стр. 174 - But if variations useful to any organic being ever do occur, assuredly individuals thus characterised will have the best chance of being preserved in the struggle for life ; and from the strong principle of inheritance, these will tend to produce offspring similarly characterised. This principle of preservation, or the survival of the fittest, I have called Natural Selection.
Стр. 159 - ... in a fossil state. As we here and there see a thin straggling branch springing from a fork low down in a tree...
Стр. 449 - THE BOYDEN PREMIUM URIAH A. BOYDEN, ESQ., of Boston, Mass., has deposited with THE FRANKLIN INSTITUTE the sum of one thousand dollars, to be awarded as a premium to "Any resident of North America who shall determine by experiment whether all rays of light,* and other physical rays, are or are not transmitted with the same velocity.
Стр. 158 - The green and budding twigs may represent existing species ; and those produced during former years may represent the long succession of extinct species. At each period of growth all the growing twigs have tried to branch out on all sides, and to overtop and kill the surrounding twigs and branches, in the same manner as species and groups of species have at all times overmastered other species in the great battle for life.

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