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God.” From that day to this, the Madonna has afforded a theme of which her votaries have never wearied.
Mrs. Jameson, then, in the first great division of her book, describes with great particularity the different forms in which the “Holy Virgin" has been represented for the adoration of the faithful. One large class of paintings exhibit her “without the child.” Of these, the best known are: La Vergine Gloriosa ; L'Incoronata ; La Madonna di Misericordia ; La Madre Dolorosa ; La Concezione. Another large class exhibit her “ with the child.” The chief of them are: La Vergine Madre di Dio; and La Madre Amabile.
The second great division of her work Mrs. Jameson devotes to an account of those almost numberless paintings which serve to illustrate the more remarkable events in the life of the Madonna, “from her birth to her marriage with Joseph," "from the annunciation to her return from Egypt,” “ from the sojourn in Egypt to the crucifixion of our Lord," and, finally, from "His resurrection to the Assumption."
Upon the value of such a work to all lovers of art, we need not delay to enlarge. Messrs. Ticknor and Fields have issued an edition in “ blue and gold.” We are confident that the book will add much to the general appreciation of some of the best works of art that the world has seen.
THE CARTOONS OF RAPHAEL.* _We have reason to believe that very many of the readers of the New Englander availed themselves of the opportunity that was afforded, a year ago, of purchasing sets of the engravings of the cartoons of Raphael. It will be remembered that they were offered for sale by C. B. Norton, Esq., of New York. Mr. Norton has recently published, in a small volume, an “Analysis” of these cartoons, which will be found to afford great assistance to those who wish to understand fully the conception of the great painter, in his composition of these celebrated works of art.
THE PULPIT AND ROSTRUM.— We have received No. XIX of this admirable " ten cent ” serial. It contains Hon. Charles Sumner's
* Analysis of the Cartoons of Raphael. New York: C. B. Norton. 1860. 18mo. pp. 141
"Oration on Lafayette,” delivered in New York and Philadelphia in December last. Messrs. H. H. Lloyd & Co. are doing a good thing for the public, by giving them in a handsome pamphlet the best sermons, orations and speeches of the day, in a form so conrenient for reading and preservation. The numbers will be sent by mail to those who forward their subscriptions to the publishers, 25 Howard street, New York city.
AMERICAN GLIMPSES OF AGRICULTURE IN GREAT BRITAIN. We have at present only space to say of this exceedingly interesting and valuable pamphlet of fifty-seven pages, that it contains a full and practical account of a recent visit made to many of the best farms in England and Scotland by Mr. LUTHER H. TUCKER, one of the editors of the “Country Gentleman " of Albany. To practical farmers the book will afford a vast number of useful hints. To amateurs and to all those who wish to know what is done on the great “show farms" of England, Mr. Tucker's account presents a fund of most entertaining information.
How to ENJOY LIFE.*_It has often occurred to us, that if the object of the Medical Faculty be to diminish human suffering, some portion at least of their efforts should be to prevent disease and teach the rules of health, rather than the whole to expel the enemy
after he has entrenched himself within the bodily organism. It is true, the prevailing custom of paying physicians only for cures, or attempted cures, holds out no great inducement to the practitioner to caution a man, gratis, whom he sees endangering his health, when by so doing he virtually robs his own pocket of a handsome fee in prospect. But in these days of lecturing and bookmaking, it is a fair question, whether suitable hygienic advice by competent physicians, whether oral or printed, would not, by its pecuniary profits, more than make amends for any consequent loss of patients. If "prevention is better than cure, we could wish that medical men might find it more profitable also. Our author, in producing the work before us, has acted on the principle that it is, and we wish him success. It is a book covering the general subject of health, and the methods of
* How to Enjoy Life; or, Physical and Mental Hygiene. By William M. CORNELL, M. D. Philadelphia: James Challen & Son, 12mo. 1860. pp. 360. Gossip is the talk of people who have more grasp of ear than of intellect. It is reproduced conversation. The Gossip communicates ideas which he has received either from the persons who first uttered them, or from other gossips. So Barker's mill swallows water entering it in one line of motion, and whirls out the same water in another. How many people there are, that talk as if their minds were little machines, placed between their organs of hearing and their apparatus of speech, and always kept in running order! These machines convey to the vocal spout what enters at the auditory funnel."
serving it, and it is adapted to all classes of people, but more especially to clergymen, and persons of sedentary pursuits. It is, we believe, medically orthodox, and abounds in good, common sense advice. Whether cotton stockings in winter are really warmer and better than woolen, we are inclined to doubt, but the doctor says they are, and until we have tried the experiment we shall not venture to contradict him. His remarks on many points within our own circle of observation and experience we know to be correct, and we cordially commend the book, not to those who have a passion for self-dosing, for it is not a book of prescriptions, but to those who would take proper care of themselves, and by preserving health, learn how to enjoy life."
A Man.*_This is the nut-shell title which introduces to us a book of more than ordinary merit,-an extended series of essays, systematically arranged, on the varied circle of topics which grow out of the nature, faculties, pursuits, relations, characteristics, follies, and idiosyncracies of “creation's lord.” The essays 'are not technically philosophical, yet contain much deep philosophy; not theological, yet based on an orthodox theology; not moral, yet inculcating a sound morality. They are discriminating, full of thought, entertaining and instructive. Now and then they remind us of the depth, sharp antithesis and practical sense of Bacon, often of the raciness and pungency of Beecher, but more frequently, of the geniality, acuteness, and easy dignity of the better class of the British essayists. It would be easy to cull from the volume a rich collection of “gems," apothegms, and metaphors. As specimens of the lighter kind, turn to the chapter on “Gossip :"
* A Man. By Rer. J. D. BELL. Philadelphia: James Challen & Son. 1860. 12mo.
“A real lady never gossips. She is too thoughtful, too amiable, too modest, too wise to gossip Gossiping women are not womenly ladies.”
None but dandies should marry gossips ; for dandies are the only class of men that know how to do without souls."
We should be glad to make other quotations as specimens of the compact thought, discriminating analysis, and happy illustration which characterize many of the most elaborate essays of the volume, but have not room.
The grand aim of the book is well summed up in the lines from Tennyson, on the title-page:
"Not only to keep down the base in man,
Prof. Johnson's LECTURES ON AGRICULTURAL CHEMISTRY.Prof. Samuel W. Johnson, of the Yale Scientific School, has acquired a high reputation as a lecturer on the practical applications of science to agriculture. The pamphlet before us contains a full abstract of the excellent course of lectures on this important subject, which he delivered at the Smithsonian Institute, in December, 1859.
Tom Brows at Oxford.*_If it is true that he who makes the ballads of a nation exerts a greater influence upon the character of the people than he who makes their laws, we can form some idea of the influence that “Tom Brown” is now exercising over the boys of this generation. Where is there a boy who has not read “School Days at Rugby,” and whose eyes do not sparkle, as reference is madle to those fascinating reminiscences of the “old boy?” And where is the boy or college student who will not read “ Tom Brown at Oxford,” and make him his ideal hero, for the next half dozen years ? Our limits will only allow us to say, at present, that those who would know what the young men of to-day are thinking about and doing; that those who would know the good and the bad that is in them, the dangers to which they are exposed, the extravagances in which they indulge, and
Tom Broun at Oxford. A sequel to “School Days at Rugby.” Part First. 12mo, 1861. pp. 378. Ticknor & Fields, Boston. VOL. XIX.
the signs of hope that there are, should read and ponder this book well. Part First is now published, complete in one bound volume, by Messrs. Ticknor and Fields, of Boston. Part Second is still coming out in monthly numbers.
The Dutch DOMINIE.* _In this age of novels, a new work of fiction must possess rare merits to attract a large class of readers. Whether the historical romance before us, based on important scenes in our Revolutionary history, possesses sufficient merit, historical or artistic, to lift it, in public estimation, above the great mediocre mass of fiction, which the modern press has sent forth, we are hardly prepared to say. However, it has an attractive subject, and a slight dip into its pages gives us a good impression of
literary and artistic qualities. Its substratum of fact is the Revolutionary history of the region of the Catskills, especially as connected with the bloody exploits of the famous Indian warrior, Brandt, and its aim seems to be to present a picture of the effects of such a disturbed state of public affairs on the quieter scenes of life.
STRUGGLE FOR LIFE.-A story of humble life, delineating the fortunes of a poor, friendless Irish servant girl in New England families, and well calculated to awaken benevolent sympathy in behalf of the dependent, and often ill-treated classes of society.
BOOKS FOR YOUNG PEOPLE.
HEROES OF EUROPE.-This handsome book contains a collection of short and valuable biographical sketches of the most prominent characters who made their mark upon European history from the eighth to the seventeenth century. The subjects of the
* The Dutch Dominie of the Catskills; or, the Times of the “Bloody Brandt." By David MURDOCH, D. D. New York: Derby & Jackson, 498 Broadway. 1861. pp. 471.
+ Struggle for life. By the Author of “Seven Stormy Sundays,” “The Queen of the Red Chessmen,” etc. Boston: Walker, Wise & Co. 1861.
The Heroes of Europe ; A Biographical Outline of European History from A. D. 700 to A. D. 1700. By HENRY G. HEWLETT. Boston; Ticknor & Fields. 12mo. pp. 370. 1861. [For sale in New Haven by T. H. Pease.]