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INDEX A

DIFFERENT STYLES OR CLASSES.

BEFORE attempting to deliver any selection, the student should
determine the style or class to which the selection naturally belongs,
that he may know what form, tone and quality he should read with
in giving the general spirit of the piece. He should decide what
words need extra stress o emphasis in giving the important individ-
ual ideas, and how much force and stress each word requires to bring
out the true spirit or meaning of the author. Having done this, he
should practice carefully and thoroughly the selections for th cor-
rect use of each one of the elements of expression, and rightly blend
all these elements in the natural expression of each kind of senti-
ment, until the appropriate force, time, slide, pitch and tone for ren-
dering any given kind becomes inseparably associated in his mind
with the sentiment itself. Having acquired this, the idea or feeling
will spontaneously inspire its own best expression.

The editor, in this Index, has endeavored to carefully arrange under
a natural classification the selections found in this volume. It is not
claimed that the selections sustain in all cases, throughout the entire
piece, the sentiment which they are intended to illustrate, but that the
leading, or most characteristic sentiment of the piece, or as a whole, will
be found under the several styles or classes in which they are placed,
and it is hoped that this classification will materially aid the reader
and student in his analysis of the spirit and sense of the several
pieces.

The selections have been classified under the following styles.
I-The Pathetic or Subdued. II-The Tranquil. III-The Serious:
IV The Sublime. V-The Oratorical. VI-The Didactic. VII-
The Gay and Joyous. VIII-The Vehement and Impassioned. IX
-The Bold and Jubilant. X-The Dramatic. XI-The Humorous.

The PATHETIC STYLE is appropriate for the delivery of all selec-
tions that affect or move the tender and sympathetic emotions, and
naturally includes all gentle, mild and sad ideas, such as pity, grief,
sorrow, sadness, etc. In its delivery the reader should use the pure
tone in its effusive form, with a subdued force, short slides, median
stress, low pitch and slow movement of the voice. The following
pieces may be appropriately declaimed in the pathetic style:

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II. THE TRANQUIL STYLE.

The TRANQUIL STYLE is appropriately used in the delivery of
all selections of serenity, beauty and affection, where a quiet, calm,
serene and undisturbed thought prevails. In its delivery the speaker
should employ a pure tone in its effusive form, with moderate force,
median stress, middle pitch and moderate movement of the voice.

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III. THE SERIOUS STYLE.

The SERIOUS STYLE may be properly used for the delivery of all serious, grave or solemn selections of a quiet and tranquil spirit. The reader, in its delivery, should use the natural or pure tone in its effusive form, with subdued force, median stress, on a low pitch, and with slow movement of the voice when the ideas are reverential or solemn merely; but when characterized by fear or aversion, as in awe, dread and horror, the aspirated or guttural tone, radical or increasing stress, high pitch with long pauses, may be used with great effect.

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The Old Man in the Model Church... John H. Yates....

204

'There is No Death......

.E. Bulwer Lytton.

123

We've Always Been Provided For. ...Anonymous.
Where are Wicked Folks Buried... Anonymous.

435

433

IV. THE SUBLIME STYLE.

The SUBLIME STYLE is appropriately used in the delivery of all thoughts and ideas that are noble, great, grand, and heroic, and in the

expression of deep feelings of reverence, devotion, adoration, awe, etc. It is the proper voice of all the set services of the church, including nearly all hymns of praise, and it is the appropriate voice of prayer. This style requires full swelling volume, hence the reader should use the orotund quality of voice in its effusive form—with moderate force, median stress, low key and slow rate. In profound awe, despair or horror, a very low key and very slow rate. For the Sublime Oratorical Style see remarks under head of Oratorical.

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The ORATORICAL STYLE is properly used in the delivery of the very emphatic passages of all declamatory pieces; in the delivery of all set speeches, orations and sermons, in which the object is not only to enlighten the understanding, but to rouse to action, or to quiet the raging passions. It sways with equal ease the minds of the cultured and the ignorant. It is not unusual, especially in all funeral orations, to find a blending of both the sublime and the oratorical elements. Many teachers of elocution separate such pieces from the Oratorical and classify them under the head of the “Oratorical Sublime," inasmuch as this class is almost wholly confined to funeral orations. It has not been thought necessary to make such a classification. In the delivery of the oratorical style both the expulsive and the explosive form of the oratund quality of voice may be used with effect, with a median or increasing force and stress, middle and high key, and moderate movement.

A Dream of the Universe...

American Independence.

American Laborers...

Jean Paul Richter
.Daniel Webster...

.J. Naylor...

.....

.434 .293 ..138

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