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other works are "The Young Ruler's Question; "" Silverwood," a novel; and “A Handful of Monographs."

PROCTOR, Edna Dean, b. Henniker, N. H., 1838. She has made her home in Concord, N. H., Brooklyn, N. Y., and South Framingham, Mass., spending much time in Europe. Author of "Poems," 1866; “A Russian Journey,' 1872; "The Song of the Ancient People," 1892.

PROUDFIT, David Law, b. Newburgh, N. Y., 1842; d. New York, N. Y., 1897. He enlisted in the U. S. army at the outbreak of the Civil War, and became a major. Afterwards in business in New York City. He was induced to adopt a pseudonym, "Peleg Arkwright," which he later discarded. Author of "Love among the Gamins," 1877; "The Man from the West,' Mask and Domino," poems,


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PULLEN, Elisabeth (Jones), (Elisabeth Cavazza), b. Portland, Me., 18-. Daughter of Charles Jones, a merchant of that city, where she has always resided. She was first married to Nino Cavazza, an Italian gentleman. Her second husband is Stanley T. Pullen, a journalist and financier of Portland. For several years Mrs. Pullen was a staff writer for the "Literary World" of Boston. Her contributions of verse and prose to the periodicals have been not numerous, but of a very high order. Her metrical satires, Algernon in London" and "Algernon the Footstool-Bearer," published in the Portland Transcript some years ago, attracted wide attention. Some of her short stories were issued as "Don Finimondone: Italian Sketches," 1892.

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RANDALL, James Ryder, journalist, b. Baltimore, Md., 1839. He was a student at Georgetown College, D. C.; was afterwards connected with the New Orleans "Sunday Delta." ." At Poydras College, La.. he composed, in 1861, the battle-hymn Maryland, My Maryland!" In 1866 Mr. Randall became editor-in-chief of the Augusta, Ga., "Constitutionalist," and more recently was a member of the staff of the Baltimore American." Later he was a press correspondent at Washington and Augusta. His poems, appearing in periodicals and compilations, are uncollected. (D. 1908.)

RANDOLPH, Anson Davies Fitz, publisher, b. Woodbridge, N. J., 1820; d. Westhampton, L. I., N. Y., 1896. He conducted a publishing house in New York, over his own name, from 1851 to his death. Hopefully Waiting, and Other Verses," 1867 (enlarged

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edition, 1885), is a collection of his religious poetry. Its title-poem is widely familiar.

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RANKIN, Jeremiah Eames, educator, b. Thornton, N. H., 1828. He graduated at Middlebury College, and entered the Congregational ministry. He became president of Howard University, Washington, in 1889. Some of Dr. Rankin's hymns have found place in the religious collections. Beside his prose volumes, he is the author of Auld Scotch Mither, and Other Poems," 1873; Ingleside Rhaims," 1887; "Broken Cadences," 1889; "Hymns Pro Patria," 1889; and "German-English Lyrics," 1897. Stanzas of Dr. Rankin's charming little lyric" The Babie " have been wrongly but not unnaturally attributed by collectors to the pen of Hugh Miller, the Scottish geologist, and the error was repeated by the present editor in the Victorian Anthology. early editions of his For this mistake he now makes amends. The poem has been expunged from the last-named collection and now appears, on page 296 of this volume, accredited to its veritable author.


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"RAYMOND, Grace."-See Annie Raymond Stillman.

READ, Thomas Buchanan, artist, b. Chester Co., Penn., 12 March, 1822; d. New York, N. Y., 11 May, 1872. He studied portrait painting as a specialty, and practised his art in various Eastern cities. For several years his studies were carried on at Rome, which city he revisited later in life. Mr. Read was chiefly identified with Philadelphia, where he brought out his first volume "of Poems," in 1847. Beside editing a well-known collection of verse, "The Female Poets of America," 1848, illustrated by engravings from his own portraits, he published his "Lays and Ballads," 1848; "The New Pastoral," 1855; "The Wagoner of the Alleghanies," 1862; and "A Summer Story, Sheridan's Ride, and Other Poems," 1865.

REALF, Richard, b. Framfield, near Lewes, Sussex, England, 1834; d. by his own hand, Oakland, Cal., 1878. He wrote verses when about fifteen, and won the regard of the poet Rogers, Miss Mitford, Miss Martineau, and of Lady Byron, who made him steward on one of her estates. His first_volume of poems,

Guesses at the Beautiful," London, 1852, was edited by Thackeray's nephew Charles de la Pryme. In 1854 he emigrated to Kansas, and, removing to New York, was an assistant at the Five Points House of Industry, 1855-56. He seconded the plans of John Brown, and just before the outbreak at Harper's Ferry went to Europe to give lectures in behalf of the antislavery movement. He enlisted in the Union army, and was commended for gallantry at Chickamauga and elsewhere. A posthumous edition of his poems, with a memoir by his loyal friend and executor, Colonel Richard J. Hinton, appeared in 1899.

REESE, Lizette Woodworth, b. Waverly, Md., 186-. Early removed to Baltimore, which place has since been her residence. Author of


"A Branch of May," 1887; "A Handful of Lavender, 1891; A Quiet Road," 1896. Miss Reese's poetry is of a rare quality, tistic, natural, beautiful with the old-time atmosphere and associations, and at times rising to a noble classicism, of which the lines To a Town Poet," p. 611, afford a fine example.

RICE, Wallace, "Cecil de Groot," b. Hamilton, Canada, 1859, of American parentage. Educated at Harvard, Class of 1883. Since 1890 has been engaged in critical as well as creative literary work: "Under the Stars, and Other Songs of the Sea" (Barrett Eastman, collaborator), 1898; "Heroic Deeds," prose and verse, 1898; Flying Sands," verse, 1898. Later, "Ballads of Valor and Victory," (Clinton Scollard, collaborator); "Great Travellers." Also editor of "Poems," 1898, by Francis Brooks, and " Poems," by Rudyard Kipling.

RICHARDS, Laura Elizabeth, b. Boston, Mass., 185-. The daughter of Samuel G. and Julia Ward Howe. In 1871 she married Henry Richards, of Gardiner, Me., where she afterwards resided. Author of successful books for children in prose and verse, and of poems and other contributions to the magazines.

RICHARDSON, Charles Francis, b. Hallowell, Me., 1851. He graduated at Dartmouth College, where he was appointed professor of English literature in 1882, having served on the editorial staff of the "Independent" from 1872-78. His books include the valued "Primer of American Literature," 1878, enlarged, 1896; "The Cross," verse, 1879; The Choice of Books," 1881; an important" History of American Literature," 2 vols., 1887-89; The End of the Beginning," fiction, 1896.

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RICHARDSON, George Lynde, Williams College, Class of 1888.

RILEY, James Whitcomb, "Benj. F. Johnson of Boone," b. Greenfield, Ind., 1853. His father, an attorney of Greenfield, intended that his son should follow his own profession, but the latter tired of study and joined a patent-medicine travelling wagon. After various experiences as sign-painter, actor, etc., he returned and began newspaper work on a Greenfield paper. He began contributing verse to the Indianapolis papers in 1873, and secured a position on the Journal" of that city, where he has since resided. More recently he has given readings from his poetry in all parts of the country with more than usual success. His first book of verse in the "Hoosier " dialect, "The Old Swimmin'-Hole, and 'Leven More Poems," 1883, has been followed by a series of volumes, the humor, pathos, originality, and natural sentiment of which have particularly endeared him to his countrymen. Afterwhiles," 1888; "Old-Fashioned Roses," 1888; "Pipes o' Pan at Zekesbury," 1889; "Rhymes of Childhood," 1890; "Flying Islands of the Night," 1891;

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RIVES, Amélie. - See Princess Troubetskoy.

ROBINSON, Annie Douglas (Green), "Marian Douglas," b. Plymouth, N. H., 1842. A writer of Bristol, N. H., who has published "Picture Poems," for children, 1872; "Peter and Polly, or Home Life in New England One Hundred Years Ago," 1876.

ROBINSON, Edwin Arlington, b. Head Tide, Me., 1869. Now a resident of New York City. Engaged in literary pursuits. His poetry has an individual cast, and is contained, thus far, in his two collections "The Torrent and the Night Before," 1896; "The Children of the Night," 1897.

ROBINSON, Lucy Catlin (Bull), b. Hartford, Conn., 186-. With the exception of two years in Paris, she has lived in New York since 1891. Author of " A Child's Poems," composed in her tenth year, and published with a preface by her mother. This unique volume gained critical attention, and was reviewed by the late Mr. Dennett, of "The Nation," as written by "One of America's Pet Marjories." In 1899 she was married to the poet Tracy Robinson of Colon, Panama, and accompanied him to the tropics. (D. Colon, Panama, 1903.)

ROBINSON, Tracy, b. Clarendon, N. Y., 1833. He was educated at Rochester University, and was an official of railways in Tennessee and Louisiana until 1861, when he became connected with the Panama railroad, and removed to Colon, Panama. He has published 'Song of the Palm and Other Poems," 1889, and contributed poems to the New York maga


ROCHE, James Jeffrey, b. Queen's Co., Ireland, 1847. His early life was passed in Prince Edward Island and at St. Dunstan's College. He edited the Boston "Pilot," 18901904, and published “Songs and Satires," 1887; Life of John Boyle O'Reilly," 1891 ; “ Ballads of Blue Water," 1895; The Vase and Other Bric-a-Brac," 1900. (D. 3 April, 1908.) ROGÉ, Madame. - See Charlotte (Fiske) Bates.

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ROGERS, Robert Cameron, b. Buffalo, N. Y., 1862. Son of the late Sherman S. Rogers, a noted lawyer of Buffalo. Graduated at Yale, and afterwards resided in his native city, and at Santa Barbara, Cal., engaged in literary work. Author of two books of fiction, "Will o' the Wasp: a Sea Yarn of the War of 1812," and "Old Dorset: Chronicles of a New York Country Side." His poems have been collected and published as The Wind in the

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Clearing, and Other Poems," 1895; "For the King, and Other Poems," 1899.

ROLLINS, Alice Marland (Wellington), b. Boston, Mass., 1847; d. Lawrence Park, Bronxville, N. Y., 1897. She received instruction from her father, Ambrose Wellington, visited Europe, and in 1876 was married to Daniel M. Rollins, of New York City. She wrote "The Ring of Amethyst," poems, 1878; "The Story of a Ranch," 1885; Uncle Tom's Tenement," 1888, and several books of travel, and was an efficient and favorite member of the N. Y. literary circles.

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ROONEY, John Jerome, broker, b. Binghamton, N. Y., 1866. Educated at Mt. St. Mary's College. He has devoted much time to journalistic work. His spirited poems relating to the phases and incidents of the SpanishAmerican war are a feature of its literature.

ROSENBERG, James Naumburg, Columbia University, Class of 1895.

ROSENFELD, Morris, b. Boksha, Poland, 1861. Born of humble parents, he received the education that is given to Jewish boys of like origin. Some years ago, he came to this country, and supported himself in the sweat-shops of New York City. Although well-read in German and English literature, he is master only of his native tongue Yiddish. Mr. Rosenfeld was first known in literary circles by his "Songs from the Ghetto," translated by Leo Wiener, 1898. These songs, at once spontaneous, simple, and pathetic, are fraught with the desolation and despair of life in the Jewish slums. The poem included in this Anthology was the first written in English by its author.

RUNKLE, Bertha Brooks, b. Berkeley Heights, N. J., 18-. Daughter of the distinguished critic and journalist, Mrs. Lucia Gilbert Runkle. Her serial romance, "The Helmet of Navarre," appeared in The Century Magazine," 1900.

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RUSSELL, Irwin, b. Port Gibson, Miss., 1853; d. New Orleans, La., 1879. Among Southern writers he was one of the first to introduce the negro character to metrical literature. After his early death, his verse was collected, and published as Poems," 1888.

RYAN, Abram Joseph, "Father Ryan," b. Norfolk, Va., 1839; d. Louisville, Ky., 1886. He was a Catholic priest and chaplain in the Confederate army, editor of several religious periodicals, and pastor of a church in Mobile, Ala. The title-piece of his volume, “The Conquered Banner, and Other Poems," 1880, was written soon after Lee's surrender. He also published Poems, Patriotic, Religions, and Miscellaneous," 1880, and "A Crown for Our Queen," 1882. He died before completing his "Life of Christ."

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66 RYAN, Father." -See Abram Joseph Ryan.

SALTUS, Francis Saltus, b. New York, N. Y., 1849; d. Tarrytown, N. Y., 1889. Educated in his native city and at the Roblot Institution, Paris. He was an extensive traveller and mastered many languages. His first volume of verse," Honey and Gall," was published in 1873. A posthumous edition of his metrical works, in four volumes, was edited by his father, Francis H. Saltus. He left many writings which have not yet seen the light, among which is said to be a noteworthy life of Donizetti.

SANBORN, Franklin Benjamin, b. Hampton Fails, N. H., 1831. A graduate of Harvard, 1855. The next year he was elected secretary of the Mass. state Kansas committee. In 1866 he began his continued service as literary correspondent of the Springfield "Republican," chiefly from Boston and Concord. Mr. Sanborn has been closely identified with, and often the inaugurator of, various social and political reforms. He was one of the founders of the American Social Science Association and of the Concord School of Philosophy. He has written biographies of Thoreau, Emerson, Alcott, Dr. Earle, and John Brown, and with the latter was closely associated at historic periods of his career. The first two lines of the sonnet "Ariana," given in this Anthology, were written by A. B. Alcott, at whose request Mr. Sanborn perfected the tribute to his own wife.


SANDS, Robert Charles, journalist, b. Flatbush, L. I., 1799; d. Hoboken, N. J., 1832. Graduating from Columbia, 1815, he took up the study of law and was admitted to the bar, but practised only a few years. From early boyhood devoted to literature, both as a reader and writer, Mr. Sands had connections with several distinguished authors. He was editor with W. C. Bryant of the N. Y. "Review," 1825-27, and issued with Bryant and Verplanck the "Talisman," 1828-30. He was on the staff of the N. Y. "Commercial Advertiser" from 1827 until his death. His life of Paul Jones was published in 1831, and a posthumous edition of his collected "Writings," with a memoir by G. C. Verplanck, in 1834. Mr. Sands was cut down in the early prime of a notable career.

SANGSTER, Margaret Elizabeth (Munson), journalist, b. New Rochelle, N. Y., 1838. Editor of "Harper's Bazar," 1889-99. Formerly associate editor of the New York "Hearth and Home," · Christian at Work," and "Christian Intelligencer; editor of "Harper's Young People," 1882-89. She has published "Poems of the Household," 1882; Home Fairies and Heart Flowers," 1887; Hours with Girls,' and several other volumes of verse and juvenile books.

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SANTAYANA, George, b. Madrid, Spain, 1863, of Spanish parentage. He graduated from Harvard in 1886, and has since been connected with that university as assistant professor of philosophy. His writings include *Sonnets

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SARGENT, Epes, author of the song "A Life on the Ocean Wave," b. Gloucester, Mass., 1813; d. Boston, Mass., 1880. He was one of the editors of the New York "Mirror," and editor for several years of the Boston "Evening Transcript." His play "The Bride of Genoa," 1836, was performed with success and followed by three others: "Velasco," 1837; "Change Makes Change," and "The Priestess." He published Wealth and Worth,' a novel, 1840; a "Life of Henry Clay," 1843, and a memoir of Benjamin Franklin; "Songs of the Sea," poems, 1847; "Antic Adventures by Sea and Land," 1857; and several works on spiritualism. He compiled a Cyclopædia of English and American Poetry," published after his death.

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SARGENT, John Osborne, lawyer, b. Gloucester, Mass., 1811; d. New York, N. Y., 1891. Brother of Epes Sargent. Graduating from Harvard in 1830, he studied law and was admitted to the Suffolk bar in 1833. In 1841, after several years of journalism as well, he became a member of the bar of the Supreme Court of the United States. During his practice in Washington he was one of the managers of "The Republic." Mr. Sargent edited some of the English poets, with biographies. It was his purpose to make translations of all the Odes of Horace; and though he did not live to complete this work, his Horatian Echoes," 1893, issued posthumously, with an introduction by O. W. Holmes, contains the majority of the Odes.

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SAVAGE, Minot Judson, liberal Unitarian clergyman, b. Norridgewock, Me., 1841; educated at Bowdoin College and Bangor theological seminary. After some years of mission work in California, he was pastor, for twentytwo years, of the Church of the Unity, Boston, Mass., where his liberal preaching soon gathered a large congregation, and is now pastor of the Church of the Messiah, New York. Besides many books on religious and social themes, he has written “ Bluffton, a Story of Today," 1878; "Poems," 1882; "Life beyond Death,"


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SCHUYLER, Montgomery, journalist, b. Ithaca, N. Y., 1843. Son of the Rev. Anthony Schuyler, of Orange, N. J. Studied at Hobart College. He was connected with the N. Y.

World" from 1865 to 1883, and more or less with "Harper's Weekly," when he joined the editorial staff of the N. Y. "Times." He is engaged in preparing "A History of Architecture in the United States."

SCOLLARD, Clinton, b. Clinton, N. Y., 18 Sept., 1860. Graduated at Hamilton College, and took graduate courses at Harvard, and at Cambridge, England. He was professor of English literature at Hamilton College from 1888 to 1896, Clinton being his permanent residence. Author of "With Reed and Lyre," 1886; Old and New World Lyrics," 1888; "Giovo and Giulia," 1891; "Songs of Sunrise Lands," 1892; Pictures in Songs," 1894 "The Hills of Song," 1895; "Skenandoa," 1896; "A Boy's Book of Rhyme," 1896; and two prose works, Under Summer Skies," 1892; "On Sunny Shores," 1893.



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SCUDDER, Eliza, b. Barnstable, Mass.. 1821; d. Weston, Mass., 1896. She was daughter of Elisha Gage Scudder. The volume of her "Hymns and Sonnets," 1880, was reissued in 1896 with an introduction by her cousin, Horace E. Scudder.

SEARING, Laura Catherine (Redden), "Howard Glyndon," b. Somerset Co., Md., 1840. She lost her speech and hearing at the age of ten, yet has done much journalistic work. In 1876 she was married to Edward W. Searing, of New York City, and in 1886 removed with him to California. Author of "Idyls of Battle," 1864; "Sounds from Secret Chambers," 1873.

SEARS, Edmund Hamilton, b. Sandisfield, Mass., 1810; d. Weston, Mass., 1876. Pastor of several Unitarian churches, and editor of “* The Monthly Religious Magazine." He published Christian Lyrics," 1860; "Sermons and Songs of the Christian Life," 1875; "That Glorious Song of Old," etc.


SEWALL, Alice Archer. James.

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See A. A. (S.)

SEWALL, Frank, b. Bath, Me., 1837. Graduated at Bowdoin. A Swedenborgian minister living in Washington, D. C. Author of Moody Mike, or the Power of Love," 189;

Angelo, the Circus Boy," 1879; "The New Ethics," 1881; "Carducci and the Classio Realism," 1892; and a translation of Carducci's poems, 1892.

SEWALL, Harriet (Winslow), b. Portland, Me., 1819; d. Wellesley, Mass., 1889. She was twice married, in 1848 to Charles List, of Philadelphia, and in 1857 to Samuel E. Sewall. of Boston, and afterwards resided in the last

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army life.

SHERMAN, Frank Dempster, educator, b. Peekskill, N. Y., 6 May, 1860. He graduated at Columbia, and took a graduate course at Harvard. He became a fellow of Columbia in 1887, and was instructor in architecture there until his appointment as adjunct professor. Though best known by his metrical work, he has done much literary reviewing. Author of Madrigals and Catches," 1887; "Lyrics for a Lute," 1890; "Little-Folk Lyrics," 1892, enlarged edition, 1897. Joint author, with John Kendrick Bangs, of "New Waggings of Old Tales. By Two Wags," 1887.

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SHINN, Milicent Washburn, b. Washington Township, Alameda Co., Cal., 1858. She graduated at the University of California, and in 1882 assumed the editorship of the new Overland Monthly," which she held until 1894. Besides her work of an editorial nature Miss Shinn has been a leading contributor to the magazines. Of late she has been engaged in the psychological study of children. Her investigations have met with both scientific and literary recognition and have brought her the degree of Ph. D. m. c. 1., from her own university.

SICKLES, David Banks, diplomat, b. New York, N. Y., 1837. Engaged in newspaper work, and was a correspondent in the Civil War. He was United States minister to Siam from 1876 to 1881. He has lectured extensively on Oriental subjects, and is the author of "Leaves of the Lotus," 1896; "The Land of the Lotus," 1899, and of much miscellaneous prose and verse.

"SIEGVOLK, Paul.”—See Albert Ma



SIGOURNEY, Lydia (Huntley), educator and philanthropist, b. Norwich, Conn., 1 Sept., 1791; d. Hartford, Conn., 10 June, 1865. pioneer among American women in literature and in advocacy of the higher education for women. She taught for two years in Norwich, and afterward established her famous select school for young ladies at Hartford in 1814. She was married in 1819 to Charles Sigourney. Among her fifty-three volumes of prose and Moral Pieces in Prose and Verse," 1815; "Traits of the Aborigines," 1822; "Poems by the Author of Moral Pieces," 1827;

verse are




Poetry for Children," 1823; "Zinzendorff, and Other Poems," 1836; "Pocahontas, and Other Poems," 1841; "Water Drops, a Plea for Temperance," 1847; Post Meridian," 1854; "The Daily Counsellor," poems, 1858; "The Man of Uz, and Other Poems,' 1862; "Letters of Life," issued posthumously, 1866.

SILL, Edward Rowland, b. Windsor, Conn., 1841; d. Cleveland, O., 1887. He was graduated at Yale in 1861, and after teaching several years at Cuyahoga Falls, O., was professor of English literature at the University of California, 1874-82. He wrote "Hermione, and Other Poems," 186-; "The Hermitage, and Later Poems," 1867; "The Venus of Milo, and other Poems," a posthumous volume, 1888; and a posthumous collection of "The Prose of Edward Rowland Sill: Being Essays in Literature and Education, and Friendly Letters," 1900. Sill was a man of rare temperament and insight, and those who knew him have never ceased to regret his loss.

SIMMS, William Gilmore, novelist, b. Charleston, S. C., 1806; d. there, 1870. Published "Lyrical and Other Poems," 1826. Became editor and owner of the Charleston " City Gazette." His best-known poem is "Atalantis, a Tale of the Sea," 1832. Among his colonial, Revolutionary, and frontier novels are "Yemassee, The Partisan," 1835; "Castle Dismal," 1845; "The Wigwam and the Cabin, or Tales of the South," 1845-46. Wrote biographies of Marion, Greene, Capt. John Smith, Chevalier Bayard. "A History of South Carolina" appeared in 1840; "Areytos, or Songs and Ballads of the South," in 1846; and his selected works in 19 vols., 1859. He wrote a number of dramas for the stage.

SMITH, Elizabeth Oakes (Prince), b. Cumberland, Me., 1806; d. 1893. Her later years were spent in New York, N. Y., and Hollywood, S. C. Wife of the journalist and satirist Seba Smith. She advocated woman's rights, and was the earliest woman lecturer in America. Author of "The Sinless Child and Other Poems," 1841; "Old New York, or Jacob Leisler," a tragedy, etc. Her children assumed the name of Oaksmith.

SMITH, Harry Bache, librettist, b. Buffalo, N. Y., 1860. He wrote dramatic and literary criticisms for the newspaper press until he turned his attention to dramatic authorship. "The Begum," his first opera, was produced in 1887. Of the many others "Robin Hood appeared in 1891, and Rob Roy" in 1893. His miscellaneous poems were published as "Lyrics and Sonnets," 1894.

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SMITH, Mary (" May") Louise Riley, b. Brighton, N. Y., 1842. After her marriage to Albert Smith she removed to New York City. She has published "A Gift of Gentians, and Other Verses," 1882; "The Inn of Rest," 1888; SomeCradle and Armchair," poems, 1893; time, and Other Poems," 1897.

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