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THOREAU, Henry David, nonconformer and naturalist, b. Concord, Mass., 12 July, 1817 d. there, 6 May, 1862. Graduated at Harvard, 1837. He had no settled occupation, but did just enough teaching, lecturing, landsurveying, farming, and pencil-making to secure the necessities of life. He disliked society, and lived for more than two years in a hut built with his own hands, in 1845, near Walden Pond, on the property of his fellow-philosopher Emerson. In 1849 he published A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers," describing a few days spent with his brother in boating and camping out, ten years before. "Walden, or Life in the Woods," followed in 1854, and Echoes of Harper's Ferry" in 1860. He was imprisoned for refusing to pay taxes to a State that did not condemn slavery. He observed nature closely, studied animals minutely, and struck a transcendental note in his poetry. He was a frequent contributor to "The Dial,' "The Atlantic Monthly," the New York Tribune," and other periodicals. His posthumous works were Excursions in Field and Forest," with a memoir by Emerson, 1863

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The Maine Woods," 1864; "Cape Cod," "Letters to Various Persons," edited by Emerson, 1865; “A Yankee in Canada,” 1866;

Early Spring in Massachusetts," 1881; **Summer, 1884; "Winter," 1888; Autumn." 1892 ; Works," ten vols., "Familiar Letters," 1894; "Poems of Nature," 1895. They were compiled for the most part from his diary, begun in 1835 and numbering 30 vols.

TICKNOR, Francis Orrery, physician, b. Baldwin Co., Ga., 1822; d. near Columbus, Ga., 1874. He resided near Columbus, where he practised his profession, and is remembered for several favorite poems of the Civil War. His "Poems," 1879, were edited by Paul Hamilton Hayne.

TILLEY, Lucy Evangeline, b. Chatham, O., 1859; d. Medina, O., 1890. She removed to Medina early in life. Many of her poems appeared in magazines and weekly publications. They were collected in two volumes, "Little Rhymes in Brown," 1886; and "Verses," 1892.

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TILTON, Theodore, journalist and orator, b. New York, N. Y., 1835. Graduated at the College of New York. After fifteen years of editorial work on "The Independent, he founded and edited "The Golden Age." lived abroad from 1883, and made his home in Paris. His works include "The Sexton's Tale, and Other Poems," 1867; Tempest Tossed,' story, 1873; "Swabian Stories," 1882. Chameleon's Dish," 1893, and "Heart's Ease," 1894, both published in London, contain his revised complete poetical works. (D. 1907.)

The

TIMROD, Henry, b. Charleston, S. C., 1829; d. Columbia, S. C., 1867. Son of the bookbinder, William Henry Timrod, who published a volume of verse. Slender means prevented the son from taking the full course at the University of Georgia, and he became a tutor in

the family of a Carolina planter. During the Civil War he was a correspondent of the Charleston "Mercury," and assistant editor of the Columbia South Carolinian." The death of a favorite child and the destruction wrought by Sherman's troops in Columbia broke up his little home, and after a severe struggle with poverty he fell a prey to disease. His poems, having the misfortune to appear in 1860, had attracted less attention than they deserved; but in 1873 they were republished, with a sketch of the author by Paul H. Hayne, and a revised edition has appeared, 1899.

TOOKER, Lewis Frank, b. Port Jefferson, L. I., 1855. A graduate of Yale, 1877, and long in the employ of the Century Company, New York. His poems have appeared in magazines, but are not yet collected. A ballad more effective, in diction, structure, and dramatic power, than "The Sea-Fight" will be hard to find in recent literature.

TORRENCE, Frederic Ridgely, librarian, b. Xenia, O., 1875. Educated at Miami and Princeton universities. His initial volume, "The House of a Hundred Lights,' written after reading couplets from Bidpai, was published early in 1900.

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TOWNSEND, George Alfred, journalist, b. Georgetown, Del., 30 Jan., 1841. He was a New York "World" and "Herald spondent during the Civil War, and in 1866 a correspondent in the Austro-Prussian War, and throughout his subsequent life has been a breezy and picturesque writer, chiefly from Washington, for various journals. Among his publications are Campaigns of a Non-Combatant," 1865; “Poems," 1870; "Washington Outside and Inside," 1871; "Tales of the Chesapeake," 1880; The Entailed Hat,' novel, 1884; also lives of Garibaldi, Lincoln, and Levi P. Morton. Mr. Townsend's country home is on South Mountain, Md., where through his exertions a stately mural monument has been erected in memory of the Army Correspondents of the Civil War. An elegant "limited edition" of his poems was issued by subscription in 1898.

TOWNSEND, Mary Ashley (Van Voorhis), "Xariffa," b. Lyons, N. Y., 1832. After her marriage to Gideon Townsend she lived in New Orleans, La. She was chosen poet of the New Orleans exposition of 1884. Her works include "The Brother Clerks," 1859; "Poems," 1870; "The Captain's Story," 1874; "Xariffa's Poems," 1881; Down the Bayou, and Other Poems," 1882; "Distaff and Spindle," sonnets, 1895. D. Galveston, Texas, 1901. TRASK, Kate (Nichols). Trask.

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TRASK, Katrina (Kate Nichols Trask), b. Brooklyn, N. Y., 18-. She was married to Spencer Trask, the banker, in 1874. Her

Under King Constantine," 1893, legends and poems, composed in finished blank verse, has

passed through several editions. Mrs. Trask has also issued " Sonnets and Lyrics," 1894.

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TRAUBEL, Horace Logo, b. Camden, N. J., 1858. Editorially connected with the Bos"Commonwealth" and Chicago "Unity," 1882-88. Established "The Conservator 99 Camden, 1888, of which journal he has always been proprietor and editor. He was devoted to the personal welfare of Walt Whitman, assisted him in preparing the final editions of his prose and verse, and was one of his literary executors. Editor of Camden's Compliment to Walt Whitman," 1889; Good-bye and Hail, Walt Whitman," 1892; "In Re Walt Whit," with R. M. Bucke and T. B. Harned,

man, 1893.

TROUBETSKOY,

Princess Amélie (Rives), b. Richmond, Va., 1863. The granddaughter of Senator William C. Rives, of Virginia, and the daughter of Alfred L. Rives, engineer, of Castle Hill, Cobham, Va. She received her education from private instructors. Was first married to John Armstrong Chanler, of New York. She was afterwards married to Prince Pierre Troubetskoy, of Russia, and has since resided chiefly at Castle Hill. The success of A Brother to Dragons, and Other OldTime Tales," 1888, was repeated by "The Quick or the Dead?" in the same year. Among her other works of fiction are "Virginia of Virginia," According to St. John," and "Barbara Dering." In verse, she is the author of "Herod and Mariamne: a Drama," 1889; and of many uncollected poems.

TROWBRIDGE, John Townsend, b. Ogden, N. Y., 18 Sept., 1827. He was born on a farm, and received his education in the common schools, supplemented by a term at a classical school and by private studies. In 1847 he began writing for the press, having come to New York, and soon afterwards he removed to Boston, in the vicinity of which he subsequently resided, engaged in editorial and literary work. He became a popular writer of juvenile fiction, of which he published many volumes, and was managing editor of "Our Young Folks from 1870 to 1873. His books of verse include "The Vagabonds, and Other Poems," 1869; "The Emigrant's Story," 1875; "A Home Idyl," 1881; and "The Lost Earl," 1888.

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TRUMBULL, Annie Eliot, b. Hartford, Conn., 1857. Graduated at the High School, Hartford, in which city she has since resided. "An Hour's Promise," 1889; "White Birches,' 1893; "A Masque of Culture," play, 1893; “A Christmas Accident, and Other Stories," 1897; "Mistress Content Cradock," 1899.

TUCKER, St. George, jurist, b. Bermuda, 1752; d. Warminster, Va., 1828. Graduated from William and Mary College, 1772; lieutenant-colonel in the Revolutionary War; judge of the Court of Appeals, 1804-11. Author of numerous law treatises, "The Probationary Odes of Jonathan Pindar, Esq.," 1896; and of occasional poems.

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TUCKERMAN, Henry Theodore, essayist, b. Boston, Mass., 1813; d. New York, 1871. He travelled much in Europe, and after 1845 lived in New York. Among his works are "Italian Sketch-Book," 1835; Isabel, or Sicily," 1839; "Thoughts on the Poets," 1846; "Artist Life," 1847; “Characteristics of Literature, 1849-51; The Optimist," 1850; Poems," 1851; Essays," 1857; Art in America, 18. Maga Papers about Paris." "America and her Commentators," 1864;

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1867; "Book of the Artists," 1867; “The "Life of John PenCollector, Essays," 1868; dleton Kennedy," 1871.

UNDERWOOD, Wilbur, b. Washington, D. C., 1876. Educated in that city, which is his residence. Author of occasional poems and of "The Burden of the Desert," 1896.

URMY, Clarence (Thomas), organist, b. San Francisco, Cal., 1858. His productions i book-form are "A Rosary of Rhyme," 1884; "A Vintage of Verse," 1897.

VALENTINE, Edward Abram Uffington, b. Bellefonte, Penn., 1870. He was educated at Haverford College, and afterwards studied law in the Old Maryland University. He gave up the law for journalism and became literary editor of the Baltimore " Evening News."

"VANDEGRIFT, Margaret." Ser Margaret Thomson Janvier.

VAN DYKE, Henry, D. D., LL. D., b. Germantown, Penn., 1852. Graduated at Princeton, 1873; Princeton Theo. Sem., 1877, and Berlin University, 1879. Became pascor of the United Cong. Church, Newport, R. I In 1882 was called to the pastorate of the

Brick Presbyterian Church" of New York, In 1899, he accepted the professorship of English literature at Princeton. He delivered the memorial ode on the occasion of the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of his Alma Mater. The wide range of Dr. Van Dyke's equipment is shown by the record of his varied and felicitously written work. "The Reality of Religion," 1884 ; "The Story of the Psalms," 1887; The Poetry of Tennyson," 1890, enlarged edition, 1895; Straight Sermons to Young Men," 1893; "Little Rivers," 1895; "The Gospel for an Age of Doubt," 1896; "The Builders, and Other Poems," 1897; "The Gospel for a World of Sin," 1899; "The Toiling of Felix, and Other Poems,' "Fisherman's Luck, and Other Uncertain Things," 1899.

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1899;

VAN RENSSELAER, Peyton, b. New York, N. Y., 1863. A resident of Stockbridge, Mass. His song "At Twilight" has been set to music by Ethelbert Nevin.

VAN VORST, Marie, b. New York, N. Y., 187-. A daughter of the late Hooper C. Van Vorst, first president of the Holland Society, and long a justice of the Supreme Court of

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VENABLE, William Henry, b. near Waynesville, O., 1836. He was president of Chickering Institute, Cincinnati, 1881-86, and has published "June on the Miami, and Other Poems," 1871; "Melodies of the Heart," 1885; The Last Flight," 1893; Biography of William D. Gallagher," 1888; "Footprints of the Pioneers in the Ohio Valley; "" The Beginnings of Literary Culture in the Ohio Valley.' He edited "Dramatic Scenes from the Best Authors," 1874.

VERY, Jones, transcendentalist, b. Salem, Mass., 28 Aug., 1813; d. there, 8 May, 1880. He made voyages with his father, a cultivated sea-captain, and had schooling in Salem and New Orleans. A graduate of Harvard in 1836, he taught Greek there for two years. His first volume of essays and poems appeared in 1839. In 1843 the Cambridge Association licensed him to preach, but he was never ordained. He was the intimate friend of Emerson and Channing, and a frequent contributor to "The Christian Register" and other Unitarian journals. His friend James Freeman Clarke edited a complete posthumous edition of his poems and essays. In 1883 Very's "Poems were reëdited by William P. Andrews, with a memoir. The sonnet, somewhat on the Shakesperean model, was the form of expression most natural to him.

WALLACE, Lewis, soldier, lawyer, and novelist, b. Brookville, Ind., 10 Apr., 1827. Participated in the Mexican and Civil wars, gaining the rank of general in the latter. Was U. S. minister to Turkey, 1881-85. Author of "The Fair God," 1873; Ben-Hur," 1880; "The Prince of India," 1893. Resided at Crawfordsville, Ind., where he practised law for many years, dying there 15 Feb., 1905.

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WARD, Elizabeth Stuart (Phelps), b. Andover, Mass., 1844. Daughter of Prof. Austin Phelps and of Elizabeth (Stuart) Phelps, also an author. Miss Phelps was married, 1888, to Rev. Herbert D. Ward, of New York City, a man of letters (son of Dr. W. Hayes Ward), and has since lived in Newton. Mass. Among her many works are Ellen's Idol," 1864; The Gates Ajar," 1868, which met with success, and has been followed by "Beyond the Gates," 1883; "The Gates Between," 1887; the Trotty" and Gipsy "series for children; "Poetic Studies," poems, 1875; "The Story of Avis," 1877; "Songs of the Silent World," 1885, and "The Master of the Magicians," with her husband, 1890; "The Story of Jesus Christ," 1897.

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WARD, Samuel, b. New York, N. Y., 1813; d. Pegli, Italy, 1884. Graduated at

Columbia, and about 1862 removed to Washington. In 1871 he published "Lyrical Recreations." He was a brother of Julia Ward Howe; by turns a banker, diplomat, classicist, and expert in American Indian dialects. To the arts of a select bon vivant and man of the world, he diverted talents that might have gained him more than a passing distinction. His personal charm was a rare and lovable endowment.

WARD, William Hayes, archæologist, b. Abington, Mass., 1835. Graduated at Amherst, 1856, and at Andover, 1859. He was professor of Latin at Ripon College, Wis., 1860-68, and became superintending editor of the New York "Independent," 1870, in which position he has since remained. He conducted the Wolfe expedition to Babylonia, 1884-85, and wrote a pamphlet on the subject. Author of "Notes on Oriental Antiquities," and numerous archæological articles in the "Bibliotheca Sacra " and elsewhere.

WARE, Eugene Fitch, "Ironquill," lawyer, b. Hartford, Conn., 1841. Served during the Civil War, and afterwards was captain of cavalry and aid to Maj.-Gen. G. M. Dodge. He has twice been elected to the Kansas Senate. His quaint "Rhymes of Ironquill " appeared in 1885. An enlarged edition was published in 1899.

WARNER, Charles Dudley, man of letters, b. Plainfield, Mass., 12 Sept., 1829; d. Hartford, Conn., 20 Oct., 1900. This honored author, editor, and social scientist occasionally wrote verse, of which the sonnet upon an Oriental theme, p. 308, is an interesting example.

WATSON, Edward Willard, physician, b. Newport, R. I., 1843; now a resident of Philadelphia, Penn. Educated at the University of Pennsylvania and the University Medical School. Besides contributing to medical literature, Dr. Watson has published two volumes of verse: "To-day and Yesterday," 1895; Songs of Flying Hours," 1897.

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WAYLAND, John Elton, "Idas," lawyer, b. Waterbury, Conn., 1860. Graduated at Yale, 1883, and at the Columbia Law School, 1895. He was admitted to the New York bar the same year, and has since practised in that city. His poem "An Epilogue at Wallack's appeared in the "Yale Courant" for 1882, and in W. Winter's "John Gilbert," published by the Dunlap Society, 1890.

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WEBB, Charles Henry, "John Faul." b. Rouse's Point, N. Y., 1834. Went to sea in boyhood. For three years was on the staff of the N. Y. "Times," contributing notable book reviews and special articles. His "John Paul" letters were long a feature of the Tribune." Founded The Californian." He, like Bret Harte, was a pioneer in the literature of the Pacific Slope; and, beginning as a humorist, has produced lyrics of a true poetic vein. Author of "John Paul's Book," 1874; "Parodies,

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Prose and Verse," 1876; "Vagrom Verse," 1889: With Lead and Line along Varying Shores," 1901. (D. New York, N. Y., 1905.)

WEBSTER, Daniel, statesman, b. Salisbury (now Franklin), N. H., 18 Jan. 1782; d. Marshfield, Mass., 24 Oct., 1852. U. S. representative, 1813-17, and 1823-27. U. S. senator from Mass., with the exception of three years as secretary of state, 1827-50. A few poems, including The Memory of the Heart," published posthumously in his "Private Correspondence," 1856, are the only examples of verse extant from the pen of Daniel Webster.

WEEDEN, Howard, b. Huntsville, Ala., 18--, of Virginia and Georgia parentage. Her father and grandfather were cotton planters; and from her mother's family, of Scottish ancestry, Miss Weeden inherited a taste for letters. "Bandanna Ballads," 1899. (D. 1905.)

WEEKS, Robert Kelley, b. New York, N. Y., 1840; d. there, 1876. A graduate of Yale and member of the New York bar, who gave up law for literature, and published Poems," 1866; "Episodes and Lyric Pieces,' 1870.

WELBY, Amelia B. (Coppuck), b. St. Michael's, Md., 1819; d. Louisville, Ky., 1852. Her family removed to Louisville, where she was married in 1838 to George B. Welby, of that city. "Poems by Amelia " was published in 1844. An illustrated edition appeared in 1850.

WHARTON, Edith (Jones), b. New York, N. Y., 186-. Of Revolutionary ancestry. Daughter of George Frederic Jones, of N. Y., and the wife of Edward Wharton. Author, with Ogden Codman, Jr., of "The Decoration of Houses;" "The Greater Inclination," short stories, 1899; "The Touchstone," 1900.

WHICHER, George Meason, educator, b. Muscatine, Lowa, 1860. Educated at Iowa College. Professor of classical languages at the Normal College, city of New York. Editor of Greek and Latin text-books, and a contributor of essays and verse to the periodicals.

WHITE, Edward Lucas, b. Bergen, N. J., 1865. A resident of Baltimore, Md., where he is engaged in teaching Latin and Greek. His poems, hitherto uncollected, may soon be published in book-form.

WHITE, Eugene Richard, b. Buffalo, N. Y., 1872. Editor of the Niagara Falls Gazette.' He graduated at Williams in 1894. In 1898 his volume "Songs of Good Fighting " was published.

WHITING, Charles Goodrich, critic of letters and art, b. St. Albans, Vt., 1842. He grew up in Springfield, Mass., and has been connected with "The Republican" of that city since 1866, becoming in 1874 its literary editor, end also paying constant and influential attention to the progress of American art. In 1885

he wrote the poem for the unveiling of the soldiers' monument at Springfield. He has published "The Saunterer," prose and verse, 1886; "Essays on Nature."

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WHITING, Lilian, journalist, b. Niagara Falls, N. Y., 185-. She has been successful in editorial work and as a newspaper correspondent, and was literary editor of the Boston Traveller," 1883-90. Her permanent_residence is Boston. Author of "The World Beautiful," 1st, 2d, 3d, series, essays, 189498; After Her Death: the Story of a Sum mer," 1897; "From Dreamland Sent," poems, 1899; "Kate Field: a Record," 1899.

WHITMAN, Sarah Helen (Power), b. Providence, R. I., 1803; d. 1878. Widowed, 1833; betrothed to Poe, 1848. The engagement was broken, but she defended him in her monograph, "Edgar A. Poe and His Critics, 1860. Her published works include "Fairy Ballads," written with her sister, Anna M. Power; "Hours of Life and Other Poems," 1853; and "Poems," posthumous, 1878.

WHITMAN, Walt (originally Walter), b. West Hills, Huntington township, Suffolk Co., L. I., N. Y., 31 May, 1819; d. Camden, N. J., 26 March, 1892. He was descended from Connecticut, English, and Long Island Dutch forbears. His father left the ancestral farm for Brooklyn, 1823, where Walt lived until 1836, studying in the public schools and learning the printer's trade. He taught school, and edited a paper at Huntington for about a year in 1839. Until 1861 he was occupied as a printer, editor, and miscellaneous writer. Whitman had always devoted as much time as possible to the study of nature on the Long Island beaches, and to observing the throngs of people at the Brooklyn ferries and in the New York streets, when, in 1853, he began to experiment in the direction of the new forms of poetry and philosophy developed in "Leaves of Grass," 1855. His previous work had been altogether conventional. At the same time he assumed the dress of a workingman, and became conspicuous as an associate of the common people. His book created much discussion. Enlarged editions appeared in 1856 and 1861, and Whitman's verse became a 66 cult." It was in 1862 that he be gan his three years' service as a volunteer army nurse in the hospitals about Washington. This experience is set forth in "Memoranda during the War," 1875. His health failing, he secured a place in the Interior Department, 1865, from which he was dismissed by the secretary, who had read and disapproved of passages in "Leaves of Grass." This incident called out the pamphlet by W. D. O'Connor, entitled the "Good Gray Poet: A Vindication," from which Whitman's sobriquet originated. He soon obtained another clerkshir in the attorney-general's office, which he held until his final breakdown from paralysis in 1873. He resided with his brother at Camden until 1883, when his own resources and the assistance of friends enabled

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him to secure the home in Mickle Street, Camden. Some of his best verse is contained in "Walt Whitman's Drum-Taps," 1865-66, inepired by the war and by President Lincoln's assassination. A selected edition of his "Poems," edited by W. M. Rossetti, and pubished in England, 1868, was the beginning of his fame in that country, and brought him letters from Tennyson and others. Enlarged editions of "Leaves of Grass" appeared in 1867, 1871, 1872. His prose volume, Democratic Vistas," was published, 1871, and in this he took occasion to reply to his critics. In 1876, the "Centennial' edition of his works was issued by the author in two volumes. Whitman lectured in New York, Boston, and other cities, on the anniversary of Lincoln's death. A definitive edition of "Leaves of Grass" appeared in Boston, 1882, but was suppressed through the action of the attorney-general of Massachusetts, and subsequently issued in Philadelphia. Specimen Days and Collect," 1883, was a collection of his prose works. Volumes supplementary to Leaves of Grass November Boughs," 1888, and Good Bye, My Fancy," 1891. The final edition, "Leaves of Grass," 1892, includes these. Whitman lies in a massive tomb in Harleigh Cemetery, Camden, which he designed and built shortly before his death. Cp. "Poets of America," chap. x.

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[A. S.] WHITNEY, Hattie, b. St. Louis, Mo., 18-. Of New England descent. Her early life was passed in the country. Her present residence is in St. Louis. She has written much verse and fiction for literary publications.

WHITNEY, Helen (Hay). — See Helen

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WHITTIER, John Greenleaf, New England's Quaker Poet, b. East Haverhill, Mass., 17 Dec., 1807; d. Hampton Falls, N. H., 7 Sept. 1892. Having scant schooling and few books, he steeped his mind in the Bible, and in the journals of Friends. A chance knowledge of Burns's poetry had a stimulating effect upon his imagination. The poems of his boyhood were numerous, but the earliest that he saw fit to include in the complete and definitive edition of his writings (7 vols. 1888-89) are dated 1825. One of them, "The Exile's Departure," was sent by his sister Mary to the Newburyport "Free Press." Its editor, William Lloyd Garrison, accepted the poem, and gave its young author a home in his own family, enabling him to attend the Haverhill Academy. Here

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he paid for a winter's schooling with money earned by making slippers. Afterwards he wrote for the press, and successively_edited "The American Manufacturer," Boston; The Haverhill Gazette; " and "The New England Weekly Review," Hartford, Conn. In 1833 he published at his own expense the pamphlet Justice and Expediency," which identified him with the anti-slavery movement. In 1836, he became a secretary of the American Anti-Slavery Society, and made, with the poem "Mogg Megone," his first appearance in bookform. "Legends of New England in Prose and Verse," pamphlet, had appeared in 1831; "Moll Pitcher," a pamphlet, in 1832. In 1837 the collection, "Poems Written during the Progress of the Abolition Question in the United States " was published without his knowledge.

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Frail health closed his service in the Massachusetts legislature, and also his editorship of the Philadelphia Pennsylvania Freeman," 1837-40. He retired to the home in Amesbury, Mass., whither his mother and sister had removed. Here and in Danvers, in the same county, the rest of his life was quietly passed. He never married, but found happiness in the companionship of his sister Elizabeth, who died in 1864. The complete edition of his works includes a number of her poems. Whittier wrote for Garrison's "Liberator" and for the Washington National Era," where also Mrs. Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin" first appeared. To the "Atlantic Monthly," established in 1857, he became a favorite contributor. "Voices of Freedom, 1849, was the first comprehensive collection of his poems. It was followed by Songs of Labor," 1850; "The Chapel of the Hermits," "A Sabbath Scene," 1853; "The Panorama," 1856; Home Ballads,' "In War Time," 1863; National Lyrics,' 1865; "Snow Bound," 1866; "The Tent on the Beach," 1867; "Among the Hills," 1868;

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Ballads of New England," 1869; "Miriam and Other Poems," 1870; "The Pennsylvania

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Pilgrim," 1872; Mabel Martin," 1874; "Hazel Blossoms," 1875; "Centennial Hymn," 1876; "The Vision of Echard," 1878; King's Missive," 1881; "The Bay of Seven Islands," 1883; Poems of Nature," 1885; "St. Gregory's Guest, and Recent Poems," 1886; At Sundown," 1890, dedicated to E. C. Stedman, and ending with his last poem, addressed to 0. W. Holmes. His prose works are "The Stranger in Lowell," 1845; Supernaturalism in New England, 1847 ; "Leaves from Margaret Smith's Journal," 1849; " Old Portraits and Modern Sketches," 1850; "Literary Recollections," 1854. He edited "John Woolman's Journal," 1873, and The Letters of Lydia Maria Child," 1882. He compiled "Songs of Three Centuries," 1873; "ChildLife," 1871; and "Child-Life in Prose," 1873. The authoritative Life of Whittier is written by his nephew-in-law and literary executor, Samuel T. Pickard, 1894. His home in Amesbury, Mass., has been purchased by the Whittier Home Association; a club has been formed

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