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Poor rogues talk of court news, Who loses and who wins; who's in, who's out. Shakspeare.

Must never patriot then declaim at gin, Unless, good man, he has been fairly in? Pope. Noting immediate entrance.

Go to thy fellows; bid them cover the table, serve in the meat, and we will come in to dinner. Shakspeare.

He's too big to go in there: what shall I do? -Let me see't; I'll in, I'll in: follow your friend's advice.

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of bivalve larger than could be introduced in at those holes. Woodward.

Close; home.

The posture of left-handed fencers is so different from that of the right handed, that you run upon their swords if you push forward; and they are in with you, if you offer to fall back without keeping your guard. Tatler.

In has commonly in composition a negative or privative sense, as in the Latin; so active denotes that which acts, inactive that which does not act. In before r is changed into r; as irregular before into ; as illative and into m before some other consonants, as, improbable.


INA, in biography, one of the most illustrious princes in the Saxon heptarchy, succeeded to the throne of Wessex in 689, and began his reign by endeavouring to extend his dominions by force of arms. He invaded Kent, but was induced, by a large subsidy, to desist from his enterprise. He soon after obtained possession of Cornwall and Somersetshire, which he annexed to his kingdom, treating the vanquished with a degree of humanity but little practised by the Saxon conquerors. By his code of laws he is placed at the head of the Saxon kings as a legislator; and, though disturbed by occasional insurrections at home, his long reign of thirtyseven years may be regarded as one of the most prosperous of the heptarchy. In the decline of life he made a pilgrimage to Rome, and, after his return, retired to a cloister where he died.

INABILITY, n. s. In and ability. Impuissance; impotence; want of power.

If no natural nor casual inability cross their desires, they, always delighting to inure themselves with actions most beneficial to others, cannot but gather great experience, and through experience the more wisdom. Hooker.

Neither ignorance nor inability can be pretended: and what plea can we offer to divine justice to prevent condemnation ? Rogers. INAB'STINENCE, n. s. In and abstinence. Intemperance; want of power to abstain; prevalence of appetite.

Diseases dire; of which a monstrous crew
Before thee shall appear, that thou may'st know
What misery the inabstinence of Eve
Shall bring on man.


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Many other hidden parts of nature, even of a far lower form, are inaccessible to us. Hale.

And by proof we feel Our power sufficient to disturb his heaven, And with perpetual inroads to alarm, Though inaccessible, his fatal throne: Which, if not victory, is yet revenge.

Milton. Paradise Lost.

There shall we see the ends and uses of these things, which here were either too subtile for us to penetrate, or too remote and inaccessible for us Ray. come to any distant view of,


This art, which is so noble, is not altogether inaccessible; and that an easy way may be found to it, 'tis to consider nature and to copy her. Dryden.

Ye, to whom the tops

Of mountains inaccessible are haunts, And earth's and ocean's caves familiar thingsI call upon you. Byron. Manfred. INACCURACY, n. s. Į In and accurate. INACCURATE, adj. Want of exactness; not accurate; used sometimes of persons, but more frequently of performances.

A sentiment which is expressed in accurate language, and in a period, clearly, neatly, and well arranged, always makes a stronger impression on the mind, than one that is expressed inaccurately, or in a Murray. feeble or embarassed manner.

INACTION, n. s. Fr. inaction; Lat. in INACTIVE, adj. and ago. Cessation from INACTIVELY, adv. or forbearance of labor; INACTIVITY, n. s. not busy; idle; indolent; sluggish without motion; in a state of rest; sluggishness.

In seasons of perfect freedom, mark how your son spends his time; whether he inactively loiters it away, when left to his own inclination. Lucke.

A doctrine which manifestly tends to discourage the endeavours of men, to introduce a lazy inacti vity, and neglect of the ordinary means of grace.


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From au habitual heedless inadvertency, inen are so

intent upon the presen that they mind nothing else. L'Estrange.

There is a difference between them, as between inadvertency and deliberation, between surprise and set South. purpose.

The productions of a great genius, with many lapses and inadvertencies, are infinitely preferable to the works of an inferior kind of author, which are scrupulously exact. Addison.

Aristotle mentions Telegonus as the son of Circe and Ulysses, who afterwards slew his father with the bone of a fish inadvertently. Broome. Worthy persons, if inadvertently drawn into a deviation, will endeavour instantly to recover their lost ground. Clarissa.

An inadvertent step may crush the snail That crawls at evening in the public path, But he that has humanity, forewarned, Will tread aside and let the reptile live. Cowper.


In and alienabie.

That cannot be alienated, or granted to another.
In and alimental.

Affording no nourishment.

Dulcoration importeth a degree to nourishment; and the making of things inalimental to become alimental, may be an experiment of great profit for making new victual. Bacon.

INAMIS'SIBLE, adj. Fr. inammissible; Lat. in and amissum. Not to be lost.

These advantages are inamissible.
INANE', adj.

INANIMATE, v. a. & adj.
INAN'ITY, n. s.


Fr. inanimé, inanition; Lat. inanis, inEmpty; void; either in body or mind; want of ful


ness in the vessels of the animal: inanimate, void of life; without animation; to animate or quicken; not now used in this sense: inanity, emptiness; void of space: inanition, deficiency in the vessels of any animal body.

The spirits of animate bodies are all in some degree kindled; but inanimate bodies have spirits no whit inflamed.


There's a kind of world remaining still, Though she which did inanimate and fill The world be gone; yet in this last long night Her ghost doth walk, that is, a glimmering light. Donne.

This opinion excludes all such inanity, and admits no vacuities but so little ones as no body whatever can come to, but will be bigger than they, and must touch the corporal parts which those vacuities divide. Digby on Bodies. The golden goddess, present at the prayer, Well knew he meant the' inanimated fair, And gave the sign of granting. We sometimes speak of place in the great inane, beLocke. yond the confines of the world.


Weakness which attends fevers proceeds from too great fulness in the beginning, and too great inanition in the latter end of the disease. Arbuthnot on Diet.

All the ideas of sensible qualities are not inherent in the inanimate bodies; but are the effects of their motion upon our nerves. Bentley.

Both require the constant influence of a principle different from that which governs the inanimated part of the universe. Cheyne.

From roofs when Verrio's colours fall, And leave inanimate the naked wall, Still in thy song should vanquished France appear.


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What prodigies can power divine perform More grand than it produces year by year, And all in sight of inattentive man? INAU'DIBLE, adj. In and audible. Not to be heard; void of sound.

Let's take the instant by the forward top; For we are old, and on our quickest decrees The' inaudible and noiseless foot of time Steals, ere we can effect them. Shakspeare. INAUGURATE, v. a. Į Lat, inauguro. To INAUGURATION, n. s. consecrate, or invest with a new office by solemn rites; to begin with good omens.

The royal olive was solemnly sworn, at his inauguration, to observe these things inviolable.

Howel. At his regal inauguration his old father resigned the kingdom to him. Browne's Vulgar Errours.

And after the manner which the Roman Catholic church before time hath observed in anointing and inaugurating kings, we will anoint and inaugurate him.

Milton. Prose Works.

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And those who dwell in them; for, near or far, Our inborn spirits have a tint of thee, Even as our outward aspects;-thou dost rise, And shine, and set in glory, Fare thee well! Byron. Manfred. INBREATHED, adj. In and breathe. Inspired; infused by inspiration.

Blest pair of Syrens, pledges of Heaven's joy, Sphere-born harmonious sisters Voice and Verse, Wed your divine sounds, and mixt power employ, Dead things with inbreathed sense, able to pierce. Milton. Produced


I'NBRED, adj. In and bred. hatched or generated within. My inbred enemy

Forth issued.

Milton's Paradise Lost.

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INCA, or YNCA, an appellation anciently given by the native Peruvians to the kings of that country, and the princes of their blood. Pedro de Cieca, in his Chronicles of Peru, gives the origin of the incas: that country had been for a long time the theatre of all sorts of crimes, war, and dissensions, till at last two brothers appeared, one of whom was called Mango Capac, of whom the Peruvians relate many wonders.

He built the city of Cusco, made laws, established order and harmony by his wise regulations; and he and his descendants took the name of inca, which signifies king or great lord. These incas became so powerful, that they rendered themselves masters of all the country from Chili to Quito, and from the Maul on the south to the Augasmago on the north, these two rivers forming the bounds of their empire, which extended above 1300 leagues in length. This they enjoyed till the divisions

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It made my imprisonment a pleasure, Ay, such a pleasure as incaged birds Conceive.

Id. Henry VI. Latin incalesco. The state of growing warm, warmth; incipient heat.


Averroes restrained his hilarity, making no more thereof than Seneca commendeth, and was allowable in Cato; that is, a sober incalescence, and regulated es. tuation from wine. Browne.

The oil preserves the ends of the bones from incalescency, which they, being solid bodies, would necessarily contract from a swift motion.


Ray. incantation; Lat. incanto. A charm


uttered by singing; enchantment: incantatory, dealing by enchantment; magical.

My antient incantations are too weak, And hell too strong. Shakspeare. Henry VI By Adam's heakening to his wife, mankind, by that her incantation, became the subject of labour, sorrow, Raleigh. and death.

The great wonders of witches, their carrying in the air, and transforming themselves into other bodies, as reported to be wrought, not by incantations or ceremonies, but by anointing themselves all over, move a man to think that these fables are the effects of imagination; for ointments, if laid on any thing thick, by stopping of the pores, shut in the vapours, and send them to the head extremely.

Bacon's Natural History. The name of a city being discovered unto their enemies, their penates and patronal gods might be called forth by charms and incantations. Browne. Fortune-tellers, jugglers, geomancers, and the like Id. incantatory impostors, daily delude them.

The nuptial rites his outrage strait attends ;
The dower desired is his transfigured friends:
The incantation backward she repeats,
Inverts her rod, and what she did, defeats.


The commands which our religion hath imposed on its followers are not like the absurd ceremonies of pagan idolatry, that might look like incantations and magick, but had no tendency to make mankind the happier. Bentley.

INCANTON, v. a. In and canton. To unite to or into a canton or separate community. When the cantons of Bern and Zurich proposed the incorporating Geneva in the cantons, the Roman Catholics, fearing the protestant interest, proposed the incantoning of Constance as a counterpoise.

Addison on Italy. INCAPABILITY, n s. Fr. incapable, inINCA PABLENESS, n. s. capacité; Lat, in and INCAPABLE, adj. сарах. Want of INCAPACIOUS, adj. power or want of INCAPACIOUSNESS, 7. S. room; unable INCAPACITATE, V. U. comprehend, learn, INCAPACITY, n. s. Jor understand: inability either in law or fact; in body or mind:


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Milton's Paradise Lost. It chiefly proceedeth from natural incapacity, and genial indisposition. Browne's Vulgar Errours. Souls that are made little and incapacious, cannot enlarge their thoughts to take in any great compass of times or things. Admonition he imputes either to envy, or else ignorance and incapacity of estimating his worth. Government of the Tongue. The inactivity of the soul is its incapacity to be moved with any thing common. Arbuthnot. Monstrosity could not incapacitate from marriage.

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carnadine, to dye red: incarnate, to clothe with flesh; to embody: incarnation, the act of asSuming a body; the state of breeding flesh : incarnative, a medicine promotive of granulation.

For thee, through wicked entencion,
The of the incarnacion,
A thousande and two hundred yere
Five and fifte, ferther ne nere
Broughten a boke with sorie grace
To yeven ensample in common place.

Chaucer. Romaunt of the Rose. Undoubtedly even the nature of God itself, in the person of the son, is incarnate, and hath taken to itself flesh. Hooker.

We must beware we exclude not the nature of God from incarnation, and so make the son of God incarnate not to be very God.


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A most wise sufficient means of redemption and salvation, by the satisfactory death and obedience of the incarnate son of God, Jesus Christ, God blessed for ever. Sanderson.

inflames factions, or promotes quarrels: incense also has a literal and figurative meaning: perfumes exhaled by fire, in honor of deity to

Upon the Annunciation, or our Lady-day, meditate perfume; to enkindle to rage; to inflame with

on the incarnation of our blessed Saviour.

Taylor's Guide to Devotion.

I, who erst contended With gods to sit the highest, am now constrained Into a beast, and mix with bestial slime, Milton. This essence to incarnate and imbrute. The slough came off, and the ulcer happily incarned. Wiseman.

The flesh will soon arise in that cut of the bone, make exfoliation of what is necessary, and incarn it. Id.

The pulsation under the cicatrix proceeded from the too lax incarnation of the wound. Id. I deterged the abscess, and incarned by the common incarnative.

But he's possest,

Incarnate with a thousand imps.


Id. Surgery.


Like to incarnate Molochs, feed on ours Until 'tis time to give them to the tombs, Which they have made so populous. Byron. INCARNATION, in theology, signifies the act whereby the Son of God assumed the human nature; or the mystery by which Jesus Christ, the eternal Word, was made man to accomplish the work of our salvation. The era first used among Christians, whence they numbered their years, is the time of the incarnation, that is, of Christ's conception. This era was first established by Dionysius Exiguus, about the beginning of the sixth century, till which time the era of Dioclesian had been in use. Some time after this it was considered that the years of a man's life were not numbered from the time of his conception, but from that of his birth; which occasioned them to postpone the beginning of this era for a year, retaining the cycle of Dionysius entire in every thing else. See CHRONOLOGY. At Rome they reckon the years from the birth of Christ on the 25th of December, which custom has obtained from the year 1431. several other countries they also reckon from the incarnation, but differ as to the day of the incarnation, fixing it, after the primitive manner, not to the day of the birth, but conception of our Saviour. The Florentines retain the day of the birth, and begin their year from Christmas.


INCASE', v. a. In and case. To cover; to inclose; to inwrap.

Rich plates of gold the folding doors incase, The pillars silver. Pope's Odyssey. INCAUTIOUS, adj. Į Lat. in and cautus. INCAUTIOUSLY, adv. Unwary; negligent; heedless; indiscreet.

His rhetorical expressions may easily captivate any incautious reader. Keill against Burnet.

A species of palsy invades such as incautiously ex-. Arbuthnot. pose themselves to the morning air.

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anger; to make furious; to exasperate: incensement, rage or fury (an old word): incension, (also out of use), the act of kindling; the state of being on fire: incensor, an inflamer of passions incensory, the vessel in which incense is burnt and offered, more commonly called a censer: incentive, that which kindles or provokes ; incitement; motive; used either as a spur to good or ill: exerting; encouraging.

Upon such sacrifices, my Cordelia,
The gods themselves throw incense.

Shakspeare. King Lear.

The world, too saucy with the gods,
Incenses them to send destruction.

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It encourages speculative persons, with all the incentives of place, profit, and preferment.


Numa the rites of strict religion knew; On every altar laid the incense due. Prior. Competency is the most incentive to industry: too little makes men desperate, and too much careless. Decay of Piety.

His pure thoughts were borne, Like fumes of sacred incense, o'er the clouds, And wafted thence, on angels' wings, through ways Congreve. Of light, to the bright source of all.

Even the wisdom of God hath not suggested more pressing motives, more powerful incentives to charity, than these, that we shall be judged by it at the last dreadful day. Atterbury.

Several cities of Greece drove them out as incenBentley. diaries, and pests of commonweals.

The breezy call of incense-breathing morn,

The swallow twittering from her straw-built shed,

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