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Hungarian translation of the correspondence of the British Government relating to the. ls. 2d.
- Naval and military despatches relating to the operations of the war. Part II. November, 1914, to June, 1915. With map. 9s.
Export, Prohibitions of, in force in British India, the self-governing dominions, Egypt, and certain other British possessions. 4Y2d.
Prohibitions of export in force in the United Kingdom, in allied countries, and in neutral countries in Europe. 472d.
Exportations to China and Siam. Proclamation, Sept. 24, 1915, prohibiting exportation of all articles to China and Siam unless consigned as therein specified. (St. R. & 0. 1915, No. 932.) 172d.
Exportations to the Netherlands. Order in Council, Oct. 7, 1915, amending proclamation of June 25, 1915, prohibiting the exportation of all articles to the Netherlands unless consigned as therein specified. (St. R. &0. 1915, No. 972.)
“Falaba,” S. S., Report of formal investigation into the circumstances attending the foundering of the, on March 28, 1915. (Cd. 8021.) 2d.
Honduras, Treaty of commerce and navigation between the United Kingdom and, signed at Guatemala, May 5, 1910; ratifications exchanged June 21, 1915. (Treaty series, 1915, No. 7.) 192d.
“Lusitania," S. S., Report of formal investigation into the circumstances attending the foundering of the, on May 7, 1915. (Cd. 8022.) 2d.
Mesopotamia and Persian Gulf, Despatches regarding military operations in. (Cd. 8074.) 7d.
Netherlands, Convention between the United Kingdom and, newing for a further period of five years the arbitration convention of Feb. 15, 1905. Signed London, March 25, 1915. (Treaty series, 1915, No. 5.) ld.
Russia, Agreement between the United Kingdom and, for the reciprocal waiver of consular fees on certificates of origin relating to exports, signed at Petrograd, July 3 (16), 1915. (Treaty series, 1915, No. 8.) ld. State Papers, British and Foreign. 1911. Vol. 104. 10s. 6d.
Domestic Series, January 1, 1679, to August 31, 1680. 15s. 6d.
Switzerland, Convention additional to the treaty of friendship, commerce and reciprocal establishment between the United Kingdom and Switzerland of Sept. 6, 1855. Signed at London, March 30, 1914. (Treaty series, 1915, No. 6.) id.
Trading with the Enemy. Proclamation further defining the expression “enemy" in the Trading with the Enemy Proclamations. Sept. 14, 1915. (St. R. & 0. 1915, No. 903.) 192d.
Trading with the enemy amendment act. (5 & 6 Geo. V, Ch. 79.) ld.
2 UNITED STATES
Consular regulations of foreign countries: Canada and Latin America. July, 1915. (Tariff series 24, revised ed.) Paper, 15c. Foreign and Domestic Commerce Bureau.
Enlistment, foreign. Memorandum of law on construction of sec. 10 of Federal Penal Code, concerning enlistment in service of foreign prince, etc., of any person within territory or jurisdiction of United States, by Charles Warren. 1915. 30 p. Dept. of Justice.
Foreign correspondence. Memorandum on history and scope of laws prohibiting correspondence with a foreign government, and acceptance of commission to serve a foreign state in war, secs. 5 and 9, Federal Penal Code, by Charles Warren. 1915. 27 p. Dept. of Justice.
Foreign sovereignties and rulers, list of. 10th ed. July 15, 1915. 1! p. Naturalization Bureau.
Immigration laws, rules of Nov. 15, 1911. 6th ed., October, 1915. 69 p. Immigration Bureau.
Mexico, Export of arms, etc., to. Proclamation No. 1315, Oct. 19, 1915. State Dept.
Netherlands, Agreement between United States and, extending duration of arbitration convention of May 2, 1908. Signed Washington, May 9, 1914, proclaimed Aug. 21, 1915. 4 p. (Treaty series 617.) (English and Dutch.) State Dept.
Neutrality. Diplomatic correspondence with belligerent governments relating to neutral rights and duties. 1915. 198 p. (The White Book, No. 2, printed and distributed Oct. 21, 1915.) Paper, 75c. State Dept.
France, Great Britain, Italy, Serbia, and Bulgaria. Proclamation No. 1317, Nov. 11, 1915. 4 p. State Dept.
Italy and Turkey. Proclamation No. 1308, Aug. 23, 1915. 4 p. State Dept.
2 When prices are given, the document in question may be obtained for the amount noted from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C.
Parcel post convention between United States and Argentine Republic, signed Washington, March 12, 1915, approved March 15 and Sept. 15, 1915. 13 p. (English and Spanish.] Post Office Dept.
Peace, Treaty between United States and China for advancement of, signed Washington, Sept. 15, 1915, proclaimed Oct. 23, 1915. 6 p. (Treaty series 619.) State Dept.
Peace treaty between United States and Italy, May 5, 1914. Agreement effected by exchange of notes extending time for appointment of commission under, signed Sept. 18, 1915. (Treaty series 61572.) State Dept.
Peace treaties, general, of 1914, ratified and made public. 114 p. Senate.
Radio communication laws of United States and international radiotelegraphic convention signed at London, July 5, 1912, regulations governing radio operators and use of radio apparatus on ships and on land. Edition, July 27, 1914, reprint 1915, with addenda. 100 p. il. Paper, 15c. Bureau of Navigation.
Ships, Measurement of. Regulations interpreting laws relating to admeasurement of vessels, with laws of United States and Suez Canal Regulations, July 13, 1915 (with list of references). 84 p. Paper, 10c. 2d ed., Sept. 22, 1915. Paper, 15c. Bureau of Navigation.
Spain, Guide to law and legal literature of, by Thomas W. Palmer, Jr. 1915. 174 p. Cloth, 50c. Library of Congress.
GEO. A. FINCH.
JUDICIAL DECISIONS INVOLVING QUESTIONS OF
TRUAX AND THE ATTORNEY GENERAL OF THE STATE OF ARIZONA V. RAICH
Supreme Court of the United States
Decided November 1, 1915
A law enacted by the State of Arizona and proclaimed by the Governor on December 14, 1914, provided that
Any company, corporation, partnership, association or individual who is, or may hereafter become an employer of more than five (5) workers at one time, in the State of Arizona, regardless of kind or class of work, or sex of workers, shall employ not less than eighty (80) per cent qualified electors or native-born citizens of the United States or some sub-division thereof.
Raich (the appellee), a native of Austria, and an inhabitant of Arizona but not a qualified elector, was employed as a cook by the appellant, William Truax, Sr., in his restaurant in Bisbee, Ariz. Truax had nine employés, seven of whom were neither native-born citizens of the United States nor qualified electors. After the passage of the act, Truax informed Raich that, by reason of its requirements and because of the fear of the penalties that would be incurred in case of its violation, he would be discharged when the law was proclaimed. Thereupon Raich filed a bill in equity in the District Court of the United States asserting that the act denied him the equal protection of the laws and hence was contrary to the Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution of the United States, and sought a decree declaring the act to be unconstitutional and restraining the State officers and his employer from taking action thereunder. After a hearing before three judges, the United States District Court granted an injunction restraining the Attorney General of the State and the county attorney from enforcing the act against Truax. (219 Fed. Rep. 273.) An appeal from this decision was taken to the Supreme Court of the United States. After disposing of several contentions of the defendants in support of their motion to dismiss the bill, the
Supreme Court, speaking through Mr. Justice Holmes, decided upon the constitutional question as follows:
The question then is whether the act assailed is repugnant to the Fourteenth Amendment. Upon the allegations of the bill, it must be assumed that the complainant, a native of Austria, has been admitted to the United States under the Federal law. He was thus admitted with the privilege of entering and abiding in the United States, and hence of entering and abiding in any State in the Union. (See Gegiow v. Uhl, Commissioner, decided October 25, 1915, ante, p. 3.) Being lawfully an inhabitant of Arizona, the complainant is entitled under the Fourteenth Amendment to the equal protection of its laws. The description--'any person within its jurisdiction'-as it has frequently been held, includes aliens. “These provisions," said the court in Yick Wo v. Hopkins, 118 U. S. 356, 369 (referring to the due process and equal protection clauses of the Amendment), "are universal in their application, to all persons within the territorial jurisdiction, without regard to any differences of race, of color, or of nationality; and the equal protection of the laws is a pledge of the protection of equal laws." See also Wong Wing v. United States, 163 U. S. 228, 242; United States v. Wong Kim Ark, 169 U. S. 649, 695. The discrimination defined by the act does not pertain to the regulation or distribution of the public domain, or of the common property or resources of the people of the State, the enjoyment of which may be limited to its citizens as against both aliens and the citizens of other States. Thus in McCready v. Virginia, 94 U.S. 391, 396, the restriction to the citizens of Virginia of the right to plant oysters in one of its rivers was sustained upon the ground that the regulation related to the common property of the citizens of the State, and an analogous principle was involved in Patsone v. Pennsylvania, 232 U. S. 138, 145, 146, where the discrimination against aliens upheld by the court had for its object the protection of wild game within the State with respect to which it was said that the State could exercise its preserving power for the benefit of its own citizens if it pleased. The case now presented is not within these decisions, or within those relating to the devolution of real property (Hauenstein v. Lynham, 100 U. S. 483; Blythe v. Hinckley, 180 U.S. 333, 341, 342); and it should be added that the act is not limited to persons who are engaged on public work or receive the benefit of public moneys. The discrimination here involved is imposed upon the conduct of ordinary private enterprise.
The act, it will be observed, provides that every employer (whether