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think of a world lying in wickedness, and of the heathen in foreign lands who are going down annually to perdition by the million! I am not so much distressed for our own heathen, for I know that for every soul of them lost, there are many bales of cotton saved to our planters; and perhaps the making of the cotton will be counted to them for righteousness. But as for those foreign heathen, they are in imminent danger of falling into the hands of God. Now as it was to prevent this danger, that we are permitted to be stewards of the Gospel, a faithful stewardship and the wants of our Seminary command a public sale. There seems to me, too, a beautiful dispensation of Providence here, in the bare fact of our selling our own heathen for the redemption of those abroad. What an affecting tale, also, will our missionaries be able to relate to those distant heathen, that they could never have been preachers, had not the liberty and happiness of eight human beings been sacrificed for life, in order to equip them for their mission. This simple story would give them a very vivid sense of the worth and costliness of the Gospel, and of the overwhelming necessity of an application of its grace to their souls.

Then another of the directors said: Never before have I had so clear an illustration of the things which it is lawful to do, to sustain the Gospel, and I never understood till now, how it is that good is brought out of evil.

New truths, said the former, are always being revealed to the minds of the saints.

Now after they had taken counsel together, as is above related, the directors voted unanimously that the mortgage should be foreclosed. So the slaves were sold, and the money went into the treasury of the Seminary.

XLII.

THE RESTITUTION.

The Union will indemnify the Slaveholder against the loss of unborn Slave Babies.

IN a southern state, during the revolution which. severed the united colonies from the mother country, many Slaveholders lost valuable property; some lost horses; some, oxen; others, slaves. Long after the revolution, and after the establishment of a union between the Slaveholders and the People, the descendants of those sufferers finding the Government very pliant in satisfying the demands of the ruling party to the Union, petitioned the national Congress for indemnification for losses sustained by their ancestors through the depredations of Indians. Now the Union owed the descendants of the predatory Indians certain monies. To do justice, therefore, and to pay Slaveholders for the losses of their dead fathers, the functionaries appointed by Congress withheld from the living Indians a sum sufficient, as they thought, to satisfy the claimants. But when the Government came to settle with these claimants, it was found that their demands did not amount, by many thousands of dol

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lars, to the sum reserved to pay them. As, however, the ancestors of the petitioners had lost female slaves, a method was discovered by which their claims could be made to swell so as to cover the whole sum reserved. And an admirable document preserved in the archives of Congress, sets forth in brief terms this general method of expanding Slaveholders' claims. It reads in this wise:

It is not usual for your honorable body to coun birds, and appraise their value, before they are hatched. But there are cases in which an estimate of this kind should be made in order to perpetuate our free institutions, and keep alive a sound democracy. If a Slaveholder possesses a parturient female slave, he no longer regards the adage which would dissuade from counting unhatched birds, as either wise or witty. Indeed, he counts upon birds from the very moment such property comes under his control. Standing in no childish fear of amalgamation, his calculations upon an increase of property so seldom fail, that the adage mentioned is in general discredit throughout the slaveholding region. We not only set a price on the babe that is born, but upon abstract and barely possible ones. These possibilities, like railroad stocks, have a market price which can be estimated with as much certainty as any other species of securities. Your honorable body should recollect that we, the flower of American Nobility, not only traffic in live babies, but in these possible ones, which are a kind of incorporeal hereditament; and as we are patrons of Polygamy and Concubinage, you can easily im

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agine how it is that our calculations regarding unhatched birds seldom fail. We give our profoundest studies to the subject of possible, personal, real, and mixed property; and we can show abundance of samples under each kind. In computing the value of a parturient slave, therefore, we add to the value. of the mother that of her possible offspring, and the sum is her market price.

In the case of the claimants whose petition is now before us, there was a loss by their ancestors of parturient slaves. Those ancestors, therefore, lost a great number of possible, unborn babies; and if the ancestors were entitled to this species of property, surely their descendants should be indemnified for the loss.

We would recommend that a computation of the value of these possible babies be made, and that the sum with interest be paid to the petitioners. By so doing we not only do justice to them, but we establish a great and beneficent principle as a rule of national action, to wit, that the Government will always indemnify Slaveholders for the unborn slave babies lost by their ancestors in war, whenever it can be done by appropriating to that end monies due Indians. We know of no rule for political action so brilliantly just, or so thoroughly democratic. The setting a market value on our unborn children, is a spectacle which must inevitably attract the admiration of the world, and must give to democratic principles an impetus which no language can describe.

As to the Indians to whom this balance would

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