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that you belong to the race of Ham and Canaan, and that the Divine curse resting upon you as such, appropriates you to a master forever? Have I not shown you that all the patriarchs owned servants? Have I not shown you from the words of the apostles that servants should obey their masters in all things? But notwithstanding all these means of grace, so freely bestowed, you ran away! Who now will teach you the pure precepts of the Gospel? Who now will read to you about Ham and Canaan, of the Patriarchs, and the Epistle to Philemon? When the Judge comes to make up his jewels, I expect to see no Anthony among themonly Anthony's former brethren in this church, his master, and some United States marshals! We shall have all the glory to ourselves, Anthony, and you will be alone in yours!

We can give you nothing but an excommunication. We think you deserve it, and we do not wish your former companions to understand that there is any forgiveness for sins like that of running away from one's master. For if they thought it a venial offense, whole churches would run away, and the means of grace would soon among us find no recipients. But we are not disposed to let the carnal man escape so easily. If he will not receive the grace voluntarily, he must be caught and held, and receive it on the bare back! And that it may come to you in this fashion, is the earnest prayer of

YOUR FORMER PASTOR AND BRETHREN.

XLVI.

THE EMANCIPATED DOUGHFACE.

Even a Doughface might become a lover of Liberty, if made a Slave himself.

He

AN Anglo-Saxon, white Democrat, who talked much of his love of liberty, but who always managed to vote in such a way as to give the lie to his professions, desirous of trading in foreign lands, took ship and went abroad on the high seas. had not voyaged far, before he was taken by a pirate, his vessel pillaged and sunk, and the crew, with himself and his fellow-passengers, made captives, and carried slaves to a barbarous nation, where, being put up at public auction, they were sold to the highest bidder. The Democrat himself fell to a purchaser uncommonly severe, who by dint of formidable tasks, and many a terrible flogging, finally kindled in his slave a lively sense of the value of universal liberty; in fact, made him a convert to what would be considered in the bondman's native country, the rankest political heresies. For misfortune sometimes convinces men of the worth of despised truths.

Thus, to a fellow-slave, who inquired whether it

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were lawful for them to escape from servitude by flight, he answered:

When I was in my own country, I was very much degraded, even below what I am now. For I was a slave without knowing it. Living in what is called a free land, I was the member of a party whose leaders made me uphold just such slavery as we suffer here, under the pretence that my country's necessities required it. But alas! I knew nothing of the curse of bondage by experience. By my vote I aided to fasten on others the wretchedness we endure. I knew not what I did. I thought all things would go well if I but followed my leaders wherever they led. Many now suffer slavery in my native land, because my fellows fastened their chains. For the party-leaders used us to strengthen the bondage of millions, and open the way for the subjection of millions more.

Is it lawful for us to escape? It cannot be otherwise. No man can rightfully make property of us. We are not things, but persons, and Justice cries aloud against our enslavement. Not for an instant can the tyrant who oppresses us lawfully claim our obedience. The slave's right to freedom begins now, not to-day, nor to-morrow. His right to flee from servitude began the very moment he became a slave. Do we not see these things to be selfevident? Instant emancipation is our right; the effort to make it real, our instant duty. Not only may we run away, we ought so to do; and at the first opportunity I shall make my escape. No sophistry can convince me that I am bound to remain here.

But when endeavoring to put this good resolution in practice, he was caught by a native of a country in alliance with his oppressors, who was about to return him to his master. And the Democrat pleaded lustily for deliverance.

Now his captor was deeply impressed with his obligations to the government of which he was a subject, and he said:

My nation is in alliance with the nation of your master, and one article of our alliance is, that the fugitive slaves of the nation among whom you now are, shall be restored by us, if they take refuge here. We should violate a most solemn covenant, if I were to suffer you to run at large, as well as endanger the alliance.

The Democrat replied:

Any agreement between sovereign states which stipulates for a violation of the natural rights of man, is itself diabolical, and deserves prompt and constant disobedience from the subjects of either state. Civil laws and compacts derive all their rectitude and moral validity from the eternal Law of Right, and that Law ordains the equal freedom of all men, annulling involuntary servitude in all times and places. Will you obey the Law of Right which God himself is pledged to execute, or the transient statutes of men which conflict with that Law?

His captor answered:

The ordinance which compels me to return you to bondage, must be just. It was modeled after a similar one which was ordained by the allied states

of a Christian nation beyond the Atlantic; and Christian nations never enact anything wrong into

statutes.

You should not suppose, said the Democrat, that Christian nations always enact what is right. For they are sometimes infested with rotten democracies, out of whose carcasses swarm multitudes of foul legislators, who love nothing so well as the bondage of their fellows. And when these creatures crawl into the high places of Christian nations, you would think hell itself had vomited forth its foulest things, such monstrous statutes get enacted,

And is that the case, said the captor, with the Christian nation of which I spoke?

It is, said the Democrat. Just now the fair face of Liberty is disfigured with the ordinances of a rotten democracy, and the streams of Justice in that country are all running backward. Do not suppose that because a law restoring fugitives to bondage just now disfigures her statute book, that it is just, or that her People love it.

You might go free, said the captor, if I were not in doubt whether any law enacted by sovereign states be not obligatory upon their subjects, whatever be ordained.

Said the Democrat: Civil governments do not make Right. But they are bound to enact it. Now when a plain and palpable wrong is made law, it should be met by a blunt and uncompromising disobedience. For it is better that civil governments explode, than that rank injustice be permanently established among men.

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