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VII.

THE UNHAPPY FREEMAN.

The Southern Non-Slaveholder expects the Northern Freeman to do his Duty.

A NON-SLAVEHOLDER in the sunny South, sat, one summer's evening, in the door of his cabin, and gazed out upon the broad lands of a neighboring planter. As he gazed, he thought, with gloom, of his unhappy destiny, which, in a country abounding with thousands of acres of uncultivated ground, had allowed him none that he could call his own, and had ordained that he should never be a free owner of the soil. While indulging in these sad reflections, a traveller, riding along the solitary road that passed his cabin, halted and begged entertainment for the night. To this request the freeman answered, that if he could endure such poor fare as his cabin afforded, he was welcome to stay. So the traveller dismounted, and was soon sitting with his host engaged in friendly discourse, and watching the coming forth of the stars. But as the host's thoughts were not readily diverted from the subject which occupied him upon the arrival of his guest, he soon let fall expressions which revealed to the latter his mental disquietude; and upon the guest

inquiring why he did not purchase a plantation and slaves, and become one of the lords of the land, the host answered:

You know little what it is to be a Nonslaveholder in the South. We have but one business among us by which a man can live. We are all tillers of the soil-Slaveholders and Nonslaveholders. But the Slaveholder, owning both land and slaves, forces the slaves to live at just so little expense to himself as will keep them in working order. He pays them nothing for their labor but a scanty subsistence. On the other hand, he gives the land a false value, by his slave system, which renders it impossible for the poor non-slaveholder ever to purchase any land but the merest patches; for the non-slaveholder's labor has no market and no market value, and large plantations are a necessity to the Slaveholder. The slaves are the greatest of curses to us. If they were all freed to-day, to-morrow we non-slaveholders might get a reasonable price for our labor. But now they all work for nothing, and we must work for nothing also. If they were free, they would set a price on their labor, and then we should be paid for ours. But, as matters are, if we were to live to the age of Methuselah, we never could purchase a plantation. We must rent, and fish, and hunt-or die. And I see not how we are to help ourselves. Though we are the majority, the greater part of us are so over-awed by the Slaveholders, and so dependent upon them in one form or another for the meager subsistence and slight employment we do find, that

there is no courage among us to undertake extensive political combinations against the despots. I think, however, we should combine against them, if we saw any prospect that the free North would lead the way, and stand by us when we should attempt to emancipate ourselves. But how sad are our prospects, when we see northern freemen shouting democracy at the back of a northern President who opens entire territories to the control of the Slaveholder! We hope, and expect, some day to be redeemed; but it will never be till north ern freemen lay siege to Slavery from without. When that is done, we too will attack it from with in, and sweep it from existence.

Then said the guest: Take courage! In the North there are many who love liberty for the whole race. Not all there are hypocritical democrats. The North will soon do its duty, and you non-slaveholders of the South must be ready to strike when the hour comes!

Thus the host and the guest conversed together till the moon rode high in heaven, when they parted, each with more cheerful hopes of the final triumph of Freedom and Justice.

VIII.

THE CONGRESS OF REPUBLICS.

The Slaveholders wish to render Slavery more secure, when they extend the area of Freedom.

Two colonial States of America, subject to a great nation beyond the Atlantic, revolted from their mother country, and waging a vigorous war, attained their independence, and became free. But the mother country harrassed them, and keeping a depot of ships-of-war in the ports of an island near to their coasts, she constantly sent them on errands of mischief against the revolted colonies. These States therefore resolved to make a conquest of this Island, that there might be no harbor of refuge for predatory vessels near them. Now the Island was large and populous, disaffected, like the revolted States, to their common mother, and was crowded with slaves, which a part of the population held in the severest bondage. The rebel States sent delegates to a Congress on an isthmus joining the main portions of the American Continent, who were to devise plans to render their contemplated invasion successful, and to agree upon the terms on which their respective contributions to it were to be furnished.

Then the great North American, Anglo-Saxon, white and black, Slave-Republican Union, became very much concerned, and sent deputies also to the Congress. And the Secretary of the Union gave them a letter of instructions, which ran in the following words:

You are to represent to the new Republics, that our nation was once a colony which rebelled like themselves against the home government, and after a seven year's war attained its liberty, and became a power on earth. That, therefore, we cherish the deepest sympathy with all rebel peoples, and are ready, wherever we can do it with safety to ourselves, to extend the area of freedom, and loose the chains of the oppressed the world over. That the foreign policy of the Union has been distinguished by nothing so much as by the zeal with which she has scrutinized all corners of creation, in search of opportunities to smite the oppressor, and make herself respected as the champion of universal freedom. That she, therefore, feels a strong desire to aid the new Republics in establishing their independence on a secure foundation, and letting them share with herself in her own unequalled glory. But while she is anxious to render this assistance, she learns with great concern, that these Republics contemplate the invasion of the great Island near her coasts, and the emancipation of its slave population! Such an act, you may tell them, the model Republic does not approve; that she has very good reasons for not approving it; that she has three millions of slaves herself many of them contiguous

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