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7. When boracic acid is added to a solution of fluoride of potassium, what is the reaction which ensues?

8. Describe how hydrocyanic acid is made from ferrocyanide of potassium; give also the reaction of nitrate of silver on an alkaline solution of hydrocyanic acid; and explain how such reaction is employed in estimating the strength of a given specimen of the acid.

9. What is the reaction which ensues when the gaseous arsenide of hydrogen is conducted into a solution of nitrate of silver?

10. A mixture of hydrogen, marsh gas, and carbonic oxide has the volume v; for its complete combustion it requires v' volumes of oxygen, and yields v” volumes of carbonic acid. What are the respective volumes of the gases composing the mixture?

11. Give the notation of a face of the hemitetrakis-hexahedron; and explain how this simple form may be derived from the cube, and from the octahedron.

12. Give the notation of hexangular dodecahedrons of the first and second class; and mention the change of coefficient which will make the latter the notation of a prism of second class.

13. A compound form is sometimes met with in the fourth system having a resemblance to the dodecahedron of the first system; how is it derived, and what is the notation of the simple forms of which it is composed?

14. The hemioctahedron of the second system is sometimes met with; what is the notation of its faces, and how is it distinguished from the hemioctahedron of the first system?

15. Suppose you should meet with a compound form consisting of an oblique vertical prism, combined with the lateral plane which is parallel to the first secondary axis; how would you ascertain whether it was in the fifth or in the sixth system?

History, Political Science, and English Literature.

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1. Write out the substance of Mr. Craik's critical observations on the 'Faery Queen."

2. Give the substance of his remarks on the genius and writings of Burke.

3. Sketch the history of the English Drama from Shirley to Sheridan. 4. Write notes on the words and phrases: by and by, flaw, haggard, have on the hip, quarry, tender (verb), wassail, weird.

5. Explain this couplet from one of Pope's Moral Essays:


Know, God and Nature only are the same;

In Man, the judgment shoots at flying game."


6. Show the connexion between the following different senses of the same words :

a. bank (of a river): Bank (of England).

b. wel-fare thorough-fare.

c. finger-post: Post-office.

d. livery (of a servant): livery (stables): livery (of seisin).



1. What foreign princes held territorial possessions in France at the time of the accession of the House of Valois? Origin of the Houses of Alençon, Anjou, Bourbon, Bourgogne, Dreux ?

2. To what causes does Hallam attribute the misfortunes of Louis le Debonnaire?

3. Write a short history of the Crusades of St. Louis.

4. Give some account of—(a) Ebrouin, (b) Brunehaut, (c) Charles de la Cerda.

5. Who were the Cabochiens, Ecorcheurs, Maillotins, Marmousets, Tuchins?

6. Give an account of the Great Schism of the West, and show, in particular, its influence on the history of France.

7. Relate the history of the Camp of Ely in the reign of William I. By what means did the Normans finally gain possession of the island?

8. From what period does Hallam consider that the triple division of our legislature may be dated? How does he account for the origin of private bills in Parliament?

9. Four subjects of great importance occupied the Convention Parliament (1660) from the time of the king's return till their dissolution. What were these, and how were they finally settled?

10. Enumerate the principal treaties between England and France from 1625 to 1760.




Translate all the following passages into English Prose:1. Beginning, ̔Ο δὲ μεγαλόψυχος δικαίως καταφρονεῖ, κ. τ. λ. Ending, ὥσπερ εἰς τοὺς ἀσθενεῖς ἰσχυρίζεσθαι.

Eth. Nicom., lib. IV. c. iii. 22-27.

2. Beginning, Εἰσὶ δὲ πᾶσαι αἱ ἕξεις εὐλόγως εἰς ταὐτὸ τείνουσαι· κ.τ.λ. Ending, ἐκ τῶν καθ ̓ ἕκαστα γὰρ τὸ καθόλου.

Ibid., lib. VI. c. xi. 2-5. 3. Beginning, Οἱ πολλοὶ δὲ δοκοῦσι διὰ φιλοτιμίαν βούλεσθαι, κ. τ. λ. Ending, καὶ ἡ φιλία καθ' αὑτὴν αἱρετὴ εἶναι.

Ibid., lib. vIII. c. viii. 1-3.

4. Beginning, Επεὶ δὲ ὁ οἰκοδόμος πλείονος ἄξιον ποιεῖ τὸ, κ. τ. λ. Ending, οὐκ ἔστι δίκαιος ἀντιπληγῆναι, ἀλλὰ πολλάκις.

Magn. Moral., lib. 1. c. xxxiii.

1. a. Explain the words ἀντευεργετικὸς πλειόνων and ὁ ὑπάρξας, which occur in the first passage.

b. Write notes on the meaning of the terms γνώμη, σύνεσις, φρόνησις, and vous in the second passage. How are the terms vous and λóyos distinguished? and explain the words τῶν ἐσχάτων ἐπ ̓ ἀμφότερα.

2. What is Aristotle's opinion as to the proper mode of discussing Ethics, as given in the first book of the Nicomachean Ethics?

3. Grant objects to a common explanation of the unfinished character of Aristotle's works: on what grounds? How does he himself account for the fact?

4. Enumerate the qualities which Aristotle conceives should be sought for in happiness, or the chief good.

5. How does Grant explain the relative meanings of vipyεla and duvaμis? By what natures are they exemplified as distinguished from each other? How are physical and mental dvváμeç distinguished?

6. Grote remarks that Alexander did not follow in his political conduct the advice said to have been given him by Aristotle?

7. Give some account of the war in Greece which immediately preeeded the death of Aristotle, and state its results.

8. a. State the leading senses of the conjunction äpa.

b. The other moods of the aorist differ from the indicative in their use? Notice also a difference in many verbs between the senses of the present and aorist, and explain its origin ?



Translate the following passages into English :


1. Beginning, Quod si Aquilliana definitio vera est:. Ending, quid esset " prodesse," mihi cum Ennio conveniret. De Offic., lib. iii. c. 15.

2. Beginning, Ut enim obscuratur et offunditur luce solis.. Ending, Non vident, alia brevitate pluris æstimari; alia diuturnitate. De Fin., lib. iii. c. 14.

3. Beginning, Peccata paria quonam modo? Quia nec honesto...... Ending, Ita ne hoc modo paria quidem peccata sunt.

De Fin., lib. iv. c. 27. Beginning, Ordiamur igitur a sensibus. Quorum ita clara judicia, . . . . Ending, putant veri esse judicium, quia sentiatur.

Acad., lib. ii. c. 7.

5. Beginning, Ex hoc igitur Platonis quasi quodam sancto..... Ending, nisi cum ipso Deo, si hoc fas est dictu, comparari potest. Tusc. Disp., lib. v. c. 13.

1. What is meant by Euhemerism ?

2. There were chiefly three philosophical schools that came to be of importance in Italy: mention them, and the peculiar characteristics of each.

3. In what position did these systems severally stand with regard to the Roman religion? This appears in Cicero's writings?

4. The retirement of Tiberius to Caprea was a great step in the development of despotism?

5. Mention some causes which may have induced the Romans to endure the tyranny of the emperors.


Translate the following passage into Greek Prose :

A singular accident happened to the courier who was despatched with letters for Dionysius. As he was passing through the territory of Rhegium to Caulonia, where the tyrant then was, he met an acquaintance of his returning home with a newly offered sacrifice; and having taken a little of the flesh for his own use, he made the best of his way. At night, however, he found it necessary to take a little rest, and retired to sleep in a wood by the side of the road. A wolf, allured by the smell of the flesh, came up while he was asleep, and carried it off, together with the bag of letters to which it was fastened. When the courier awaked, he sought a long time to no purpose for his despatches, and, being determined not to face Dionysius without them, he absconded. Thus it was a considerable time after, and from other hands, that Dionysius was informed of Dion's arrival in Sicily.-PLUTARCH (Langhorne's Translation).

Translate the following passage into Greek Tragic Trimeters :

Gloster. Good morrow to my sovereign king, and queen;
And, princely peers, a happy time of day!

King Edward. Happy, indeed, as we have spent the day :
Gloster, we have done deeds of charity;

Made peace of enmity, fair love of hate,
Between these swelling wrong-incensed peers.

Glo. A blessed labour, my most sovereign lord-
Among this princely heap, if any here,

By false intelligence or wrong surmise,
Hold me a foe;

If I unwittingly, or in my rage,
Have aught committed that is hardly borne
By any in this presence, I desire

To reconcile me to his friendly peace;
'Tis death to me to be at enmity;

I hate it, and desire all good men's love.


Translate the following passage into Latin Prose:

It was necessary for the world that arts should be invented and improved, books written and transmitted to posterity, nations conquered and civilized. Now, since the proper and genuine motives to these, and the like great actions, would only influence virtuous minds, there would be but small improvements in the world, were there not some common principle of action working equally with all men. And such a principle is ambition, or a desire of fame, by which great endowments are not suffered to lie idle and useless to the public, and many vicious men are overreached, as it were, and engaged, contrary to their natural inclinations, in a glorious and laudable course of action. For we may further observe, that men of the greatest abilities are most fired with ambition; and that, on the contrary, mean and narrow minds are the least actuated by it: whether it be that a man's sense of his own incapacities makes him despair of coming at fame, or that he has not enough range of thought to look out for any good which does not more immediately relate to his interest or convenience; or that Providence, in the very frame of his soul, would not subject him to such a passion as would be useless to the world and a torment to himself.-ADDISON.

Translate the following passage into Latin Hexameters :—

Gently ascending from a silvery flood,
Above the palace rose the shaded hill;
The lofty eminence was crowned with wood,
And the rich lawns, adorned by Nature's skill,
The passing breezes with their odours fill;

Here ever-blooming groves of orange glow,
And here all flowers, which from their leaves distil
Ambrosial dew, in sweet succession blow,

And trees of matchless size a fragrant shade bestow.
The sun looks glorious 'mid a sky serene,

And bids bright lustre sparkle o'er the tide ;
The clear blue ocean, at a distance seen,

Bounds the gay landscape on the western side,
While closing round it with majestic pride,

The lofty rocks 'mid citron groves arise.
'Sure some divinity must here reside;'

As tranced in some bright vision Psyche cries,
And scarce believes her bliss, or trusts her charmèd eyes.


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