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Translate the following passage into Latin hexameters :—
Translate the following passage into Greek Prose :
Epimenides was one of the most renowned prophets of the age. In his youth he was said to have been overtaken by a sleep, which lasted for fifty-seven years. During this miraculous trance he had been favoured with frequent intercourse with the gods, and had learnt the means of propitiating them and gaining their favour. This venerable seer was received with the greatest reverence at Athens. By performing certain sacrifices and expiatory rites, he succeeded in staying the plague, and in purifying the city from its guilt. The religious despondency of the Athenians now ceased, and the grateful people offered their benefactor a talent of gold; but he refused the money, and contented himself with a branch of the sacred olive-tree which grew on the Acropolis.-SMITH, History of Greece.
Translate the following passage into Greek Tragic Trimeters:
Antony. This was the noblest Roman of them all;
All the conspirators, save only he,
Did that they did in envy of great Cæsar;
Octavius. According to his virtue let us use him,
SHAKSPEARE, Julius Cæsar.
EXAMINATION FOR THE DEGREE OF BACHELOR IN
1. Give as many of the synonyms of the so-called typhoid fever as you can remember.
2. Explain the terms: sporadic, endemic, and epidemic.
3. Many fevers are communicable; give examples of non-communicable fevers.
4. Do malarious and miasmatic fevers differ?
5. How far is the term "ochlotic" (öxλoç), as applied to certain fevers, a fit one?
6. Explain the following terms as applied to fever :
7. Explain the terms:
8. What is meant by the following terms?—
c. Double tertian.
9. Give examples of zymotic and epizootic diseases.
10. You have a case of typhus fever which has been treated by the free use of stimulants; give the symptoms that indicate the unfitness of the treatment in the particular case, especially those connected with the nervous and circulating systems.
1. Describe the origin and progress of syphilis in the infant, and mention the appropriate treatment.
2. What symptoms would lead you to suspect the existence of duodenitis in cases of severe burns?
3. What symptoms indicate the occurrence of gangrene in cases of strangulated hernia?
4. What conditions contra-indicate the operation of injection for the radical cure of hydrocele? In what form of hydrocele are spermatozoa generally present?
5. Describe the disease termed "cancrum oris." Mention the conditions under which it is liable to occur. What line of treatment would you adopt?
6. Give an account of the disease of the tongue described by Sir James Earle. What medicine did he find most useful in the treatment of the affection?
7. Under what condition does a discharge of serum take place from the ear? What value do you attach to this symptom; and who was the first to draw attention to its occurrence in cases of injuries of the head? Mention the opinion of Chassaignac upon the subject.
8. Caries of the petrous portion of the temporal bone may cause death in three different ways. Enumerate them.
9. Contrast the symptoms of myelitis with those of cerebro-spinal arachnitis, and those of the latter disease with the phenomena in tetanus, and cases of poisoning by strychnine.
10. Mention the causes and treatment of fistula lachrymalis.
1. What is the direction of the axis of the brim of the pelvis when the patient is in the upright position?
2. How do you distinguish false corpora lutea from true ones?
3. What do you mean by obliquity of the uterus, as a cause of obstructed labour, and how do you remedy it?
4. Mention some of the causes of prolapse of the funis.
5. Mention the conditions which decide your practice in prolapse of the funis, and Dr. Thomas's method of operating.
6. In what cases would you employ version?
7. Mention some of the chief difficulties of the operation.
8. How do you distinguish between prolapsus, inversion, and polypus uteri ?
9. Describe the radical cure of prolapsus uteri.
10. How do you distinguish croup from spasm of the glottis ?
1. How many different renal affections are comprehended under the general designation of Bright's Disease?
2. What are the symptoms which distinguish each?
3. What is the single point in which they all agree?
4. What are the grounds upon which Frerichs questions the propriety of ascribing to the retention of urea in the blood the symptoms which are supposed to belong to uremia?
5. What are the different ways through which the system seeks to relieve itself of the noxious element in uremia?
6. What is the chief difference between Rokitanski's, Virchow's, and Cl. Berand's pathological views ?
7. What are Virchow's views on the subject of pyæmia as to its frequency?
8. What are the different sources from which pus may get into the circulation?
9. Explain how dropsy results from cirrhosis of the liver.
10. In a complication of cardiac and hepatic affection, have we any means of determining which organ was first affected; and, if we have, what are they?
EXAMINATION FOR DEGREE OF MASTER IN SURGERY.
1. Under what circumstances has rupture of the bladder in the male been noticed to have occurred?
2. What are the signs which would lead to the conclusion that the above-mentioned accident had taken place?
3. And what prognosis should be formed? Is such an injury necessarily fatal ?
4. What classification has been made of burns?
5. What arrangement into stages and periods can be made of the symptoms succeeding to a severe burn?
6. Describe a patient, the subject of a severe and extensive burn, in the first stage of depression or shock immediately succeeding the accident.
7. Which of the two (a young patient or an adult) should be more likely to sink in the first stage of shock and irritation ?
8. And which more likely to sink in the stage of suppuration?
9. In cases of severe gunshot or other injuries of the hand, calling for amputation of it, should this operation be performed immediately above the wrist-joint, or in the line of the articulation?
10. Describe the mode of operating to be adopted when the line of the articulation is preferred.
1. Describe the operation of tying the subclavian artery below the clavicle.
2. Hey's mode of reducing the luxation into the sciatic notch?
3. Describe "Allerton's" operation. In what cases would you prefer it?
4. The characters of a benign nasal polypus? What is Levret's canula?
5. Mention the causes, dangers, and treatment of glossitis.
6. What is the nature of the disease termed "Miner's elbow"?
7. What symptoms would lead you to suspect that the anterior tibial artery was wounded in a case of simple fracture of the tibia?
8. Mention the causes of flat foot. Distinguish the cases that are curable from those in which treatment produces no beneficial results.
9. What are the causes of Xerophthalmia ?-there are two forms of the disease? In the early stage of what affection of the eye is it frequently present?
10. Distinguish hydrophthalmia from exophthalmia.
1. How would you treat a case of convulsions from internal and sudden hemorrhage?
2. What remedy would you have resort to in cases of peritonitis from some internal solution of continuity?
3. What steps would you take in a case of impending suffocation from oedema of the glottis, resulting from a scald of the pharynx?
4. Compare diphtheria and true croup.
5. Compare the symptoms of the pressure of a tumour on the trachea with those of true laryngeal disease.
6. Describe a case of hydrocephalus in which the operation of tapping would be advisable.
7. What medical treatment would you adopt in tetanus, idiopathic or traumatic?
8. Enumerate the causes of displacement of the liver.
9. What are the causes of spontaneous luxation of the clavicle?
10. Under what circumstances does an aneurism of the abdominal aorta simulate psoas abscess?
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY.
1. Describe the connexions of the astragalus with other bones.
2. Give the boundaries of the posterior chamber of the aqueous humor.
3. In what epiphyses is a bony nucleus found at the time of birth?
4. Give a description of the minute anatomy of the kidney.
5. Describe the scaleni muscles, and give their relations.