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Translate the following passage into Greek Tragic Trimeters:—

Heaven knows, my son,

By what by-paths, and indirect crook'd ways,
I met this crown; and I myself know well
How troublesome it sat upon my head:
To thee it shall descend with better quiet,
Better opinion, better confirmation;
For all the soil of the achievement goes
With me into the earth. It seem'd in me
But as an honour snatch'd with boisterous hand;
And I had many living, to upbraid
My gain of it by their assistances;

Which daily grew to quarrel, and to bloodshed,
Wounding supposed peace: all these bold fears,
Thou seest, with peril I have answered;

For all my reign has been but as a scene
Acting that argument; and now my death
Changes the mood for what in me was purchas'd,
Falls upon thee in a more fairer sort;
So thou the garland wear'st successively.

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We all of us complain of the shortness of time, saith Seneca, and yet have much more than we know what to do with. Our lives, says he, are spent either in doing nothing at all, or in doing nothing to the purpose, or in doing nothing that we ought to do. We are always complaining our days are few, and acting as though there would be no end of them. That noble philosopher has described our inconsistency with ourselves in this particular, by all those various turns of expression and thought which are peculiar to his writings. I often consider mankind as wholly inconsistent with itself in a point that bears some affinity to the former. Though we seem grieved at the shortness of life in general, we are wishing every period of it at an end. The minor longs to be at age, then to be a man of business, then to make up an estate, then to arrive at honours, then to retire. Thus, although the whole of life is allowed by

every one to be short, the several divisions of it appear long and tedious. We are for lengthening our span in general, but would fain contract the parts of which it is composed. The usurer would be very well satisfied to have all the time annihilated that lies between the present moment and next quarter-day. The politician would be content to lose three years in his life, could he place things in the posture which he fancies they will stand in after such a revolution of time. The lover would be glad to strike out of his existence all the moments that are to pass away before the happy meeting. Thus, as fast as our time runs, we should be very glad in most parts of our lives that it ran much faster than it does. Several hours of the day hang upon our hands, nay we wish away whole years; and travel through time as through a country filled with many wild and empty wastes, which we would fain hurry over, that we may arrive at those several little settlements or imaginary points of rest which are dispersed up and down in it.-ADDISON.


Translate the following passage into Latin Prose :—

Let us now compare the respective resources of Carthage and Rome. Both were agricultural and mercantile cities, and nothing more; art and science had substantially the same altogether subordinate and altogether practical character in both, except that in these points Carthage had made greater progress than Rome. But in Carthage the moneyed interest preponderated over the landed, in Rome at this time the landed still preponderated over the moneyed; and while the agriculturists of Carthage were universally large landlords and slave-holders, in the Rome of this period the great mass of the burgesses still tilled their fields in person. The majority of the population of Rome held property, and was therefore conservative; the majority in Carthage held no property, and was therefore accessible to the gold of the rich, as well as to the reform cry of the democrats. In Carthage there already prevailed all that opulence which marks powerful commercial cities, while the manners and police of Rome still maintained, at least externally, the severity and frugality of the olden times. When the ambassadors of Carthage returned from Rome, they told their colleagues that the relations of intimacy among the Roman senators surpassed all conception; that a single set of silver plate sufficed for the whole senate, and had reappeared in every house to which the envoys had been invited. The scoff is a significant token of the difference in their economic condition.-Mommsen's History of Rome (Dickson's Translation).


Subject for Latin Prose Composition.

Write a character of Sulla.



Translate the following passage into Latin Hexameters, or Hexameters and Pentameters :

But, oh, o'er all, forget not Kilda's race,

On whose bleak rocks which brave the wasting tides
Fair Nature's daughter, Virtue, yet abides.
Go! just, as they, their blameless manners trace:
Then to my ear transmit some gentle song
Of those whose lives are yet sincere and plain,
Their bounded walks the rugged cliffs along,
And all their prospect but the wintry main.
With sparing temperance, at the needful time,
They drain the scented spring; or hunger-prest,
Along th' Atlantic rock, undreading climb,
And of its eggs despoil the Solan's nest.
Thus, blest in primal innocence they live,
Sufficed and happy with that frugal fare
Which tasteful toil and hourly danger give.
Hard is their shallow soil, and bleak and bare;
Nor ever vernal bee was heard to murmur there.


Translate the following passage into Latin Lyric Verse :—

"Why sitt'st thou by that ruin'd hall,
Thou aged carle so stern and grey?
Dost thou its former pride recall,
Or ponder how it pass'd away?"

"Know'st thou not me ?" the Deep Voice cried,
"So long enjoy'd, so oft misused-
Alternate, in thy fickle pride,

Desired, neglected, and accused?

"Before my breath, like blazing flax,

Man and his marvels pass away;
And changing empires wane and wax,
Are founded, flourish, and decay.


"Redeem mine hours-the space is brief—
While in my glass the sand grains shiver,
And measureless thy joy or grief,

When TIME and thou shalt part for ever!"



Subject for Latin Verse Composition.

"The battle of the Lake Regillus."

Prizes in English Literature and Composition.


Subjects for Composition.

1. The advantages of the study of local and provincial words and usages, with reference to the science of Philology.

2. Is the phonographic method of writing to be recommended?

3. The English Revolution in the seventeenth century compared with the French Revolution in the eighteenth.


1. Develop this remark of Mr. Spalding: "The Literature of our Middle Ages is distinguished from that of Modern Times by several strongly marked features."

2. State the causes which in part explain the remarkable literary fertility of the last generation of the sixteenth century.

3. Write a short essay on the genius and writings of Milton, or Dryden, or Pope.

Candidates will select one subject from each of the above groups.



1. Discuss the following questions:-What proportion of Anglo-Saxon words have we lost, and of what classes of words is the extinct portion mainly composed? What proportion to the bulk of modern English is borne by the Anglo-Saxon words which we have in substance retained?

2. Give an account of the poem from which the following lines are taken, and translate the whole stanza into modern English:

Alle the aleis were made playne with sond,
The benches turned with newe turvis grene;
Sote herbers, withe condite at the honde,
That wellid up agayne the sonne shene,
Lyke silver stremes as any cristalle clene:
The burbly wawes in up boyling,
Rounde as byralle ther beamys out shynynge.

3. Give some illustrations of the earliest part of the process by which the Anglo-Saxon tongue passed through a state of ruin into the regular English.

4. What rules are laid down by Dryden for the guidance of writers in the introduction of foreign words into the English language?

5. Point out the contradictio in adjecto involved in the following phrases:piπovç τpáñεča, a false verdict, a steel cuirass, rather late, an erroneous etymology, a corn chandler.

6. Write etymological notes on the following words :-Conscience, imbecile, harbinger, companion, harbour, owl, rivals, trivial, kind, glossy.

1. Relate the story told in the first book of Spenser's "Faery Queen." 2. By whom, and about what time, were the following prose works written:-"History of the World," "Life of Samuel Johnson," “Clarissa Harlowe," "Horæ Paulinæ," "Arcadia," "The Divine Legation of Moses," ," "History of English Poetry," "Religio Medici," Anatomy of Melancholy"?



3. Place in their chronological order the following English Dramatic writers, and name at least one of the plays of each ;-Otway, Goldsmith, Gay, Massinger, Addison, Marlow, Ford, Coleridge, Ben Jonson, Rowe, Beaumont and Fletcher.


4. By whom, and about what time, were the following poems written:- "Gertrude of Wyoming," ," "Essay on Criticism," "The Ancient Mariner," ""The Prisoner of Chillon," "Endymion," "Annus Mirabilis," "The White Doe of Rylstone," "Polyolbion,” “The Fall of Princes," "In Memoriam"? Describe the spirit and plan of any one of them.




5. State what you know of the works of the following writers :-Chapman, Collins, Dunbar, Hawes, Lyndsay, Henry Mackenzie, Surrey, John Wilson.


6. Explain the italicized words and phrases in the following pas





"I know no personal cause to spurn at him,
But for the general."

"Objects, arts, and imitations, Which, out of use, and staled by other men, Begin his fashion.'


"Plots have I laid, inductions dangerous."

"take thought, and die for Cæsar."


Faith, none but Humphrey Hower, that call'd your grace
To breakfast once, forth of my company." [Knight's text.]

"By Him that rais'd me to this careful height."
“Welcome, sweet prince, to London, to your chamber.”

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