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EXAMINATION FOR SANSKRIT PRIZES.
(All Sanskrit words to be written in Devanagari.) 1. Translate into English:
Bhagavan s'rotum ichchhami Párthasyáklishtakarmanah
2. Explain the formation of the word Partha. Give words formed in the same manner.
3. Explain the formation of upalabdhaván.
4. What kind of compound is dvijottama. Give the etymology of its constituents.
5. What is the etymology of sangrama, mánusha, s'úra.
6. Explain the form vettha. Conjugate its present parasmai.
7. Translate into English:
Asti kasmins'chid adhisthane Mitras'armá náma Brahmanaḥ kritágnihotraparigrahaḥ prativasati sma. Sa kadáchin mághamáse saumyanile praváti megáchchhádite gagane mandan mandañ pravarshati parjanye pas'uprárthanáya kińchidgrámántarañ gataḥ. Kas'chidyajamáno yáchitaḥ bho yajamána ágaminyám amávásyáyám (in the next night of the new moon) ahan yakshyami yajnañ. Taddehi me pas'um ekan. Atha tena tasya s'astroktaḥ pívaratanuh pas'uh pradattah. So 'pi tañ samartham itas'chetas'cha gachchhantaň vijnáya skandhe kritvá satvaraň svapurábimukhaḥ pratasthe.
8. Translate into English :
Bhálád api grahítavyam yuktam uktañ maníshibiḥ
Upayena hi yachchhakyan na tachchhakyan parákramaiḥ
9. Translate into Sanskrit :
There is amidst the southern people a town, Mihiláropya by name. Not far from that there is a temple-dwelling of the blessed Mahes'vara. And there dwelt a mendicant, Tamrachúḍa by name. And he making his round for alms (bikshátana) in the town, taking the proper food which he obtained, going to the temple, sustained his life. And having placed the remainder of his mendicant's food in a vessel, and hung that vessel on a peg, he afterwards slept.
3. What is the sandhi of sa, 'he'?
4. State the rule for the conversion of n to n.
5. Append the suffix ta of the participle perfect passive to pach, yaj, vid (to acquire), lih, duh, vach, lubh, budh.
6. State which are the soft letters.
7. Give the names of the Sanskrit accents.
8. Decline kas'chid, masculine.
9. Decline satí vadhú, plural, observing the rules of sandhi.
10. Give the accusative plural of the following nouns, together with their signification:-rájan, karman, hrid, vachas, go, bhí, mati, devri, súnu, dhenu, pathin, pumans, s'van.
11. Give the nominative sing., together with the signification, of vedavid, dharmabudh, madhulih, kámaduh, vach, gir.
12. Decline the feminine of tri.
13. State the characteristics of the ten classes, with examples, giving their meaning.
14. Give the plural perfect Atmane of s'i.
15. Write out the imperative parasmai of kṛ, and imperative átmane of budh.
16. Explain etymologically the infinitive, and the first persons imperative.
17. Give the presential base of gam, ish, prachh, sich, sad (to sink), gup, vr (to choose), vṛ (to hinder).
18. Write out the third person plural of pres. imperf. imperat. potential of i, and of han.
17. Make the aorist parasmai of dá, gam, kṛi.
18. What is an avyayibháva? Explain the word etymologically. 19. State what you know of Mitra, Indra, Kuvera, Vrihaspati, Ráma. 20. Who were Vyása, Manu, Yáska, Pánini, Kálidása, S'ankara? 21. Mention the Sanskrit names of the castes, with their etymology. 22. What is the means whereby we may fix the chronology of older Indian history?
UNDERGRADUATE HONOR EXAMINATION PAPERS.
CHEMISTRY AND CRYSTALLOGRAPHY.
1. If n grains of fluor spar heated with an excess of oil of vitriol, after evaporation to dryness, leave n' grains of sulphate of lime; from these data deduce the atomic weight of fluorine.
2. A mixture of nitrogen and hydrogen measured 126 cubic inches, and after adding 60 cubic inches of oxygen to it, and firing the mixture, there remained only 57 cubic inches. How many cubic inches nitrogen, and how many hydrogen, were present in the original mixture?
3. Give the action of sulphide of hydrogen on nitrate of silver, and mention the metals whose solutions, when acidulated by muriatic acid, do not give with HS any precipitate.
4. When metallic zinc is placed in an aqueous solution of sulphurous acid, it is dissolved. What are the products of the reaction?
5. What changes occur when iodine is brought into contact with hyposulphite of sodium, and in what volumetric processes is this reaction turned to account?
6. In a mixed solution of a chloride, a bromide, and an iodide, how is the amount of each of the electro-negative elements determined?
7. How much prussic acid may be obtained from an ounce of ferrocyanide of potassium by distillation with sulphuric acid; and how much Prussian blue may be procured by means of the same weight of the ferrocyanide ?
8. Explain the reaction of solutions of formiate of soda and chloride of mercury on each other.
9. How, from a mixed solution of lead and silver, would you precipitate the latter metal alone?
10. How would you analyze, with a view alone to the bases, a mixed solution of the chlorides of potassium, sodium, magnesium, and calcium?
11. A salt, upon analysis, was found to consist of
Oxide of manganese,
By what rational formula would you represent its composition ?
12. Write the formula of marsh-gas, explain the process by which it may be artificially made, and mention how many volumes of oxygen are necessary for burning one, volume of it.
13. Which are the uniaxal, and which the biaxal crystalline systems, and by what optical phenomena may they be distinguished from each other?
14. What volume of oxygen at mean temperature and pressure may be obtained from 100 grains of chlorate of potassium ?
15. How is ordinary phosphuretted hydrogen prepared; and why, after being kept in a jar of water for 24 hours, does it cease to be spontaneously inflammable ?
16. Explain the reaction which occurs when a solution of the sulphide of barium is boiled with the black oxide of copper.
17. How would you make an analysis of a mixture of the sulphates of barium, strontium, and calcium ?
18. When hydrated phosphorous acid, 3HO, PO3, is exposed to a low red heat, what are the products formed?
19. When a solution of permanganate of potash is added to a protosalt of iron acidulated with sulphuric or hydrochloric acid, what is the reaction which ensues?
20. Nitrate of sodium deflagrated with its 4th weight of carbon gave a product, 100 grains of which, when boiled with an excess of sal ammonia, evolved 34 cubic inches of nitrogen. Assuming this to be the consequence of the presence of nitrite of sodium, how much of this salt existed in 100 grains of the original nitrate of sodium?
21. How would you convert arsenious into arsenic acid, and reconvert arsenic acid into arsenious; how would you distinguish solutions of these acids from each other, and make of each a quantitative estimation?
1. In the use of the thermo-electric pile, up to what angle do the differences of the deflections correspond to differences of temperature? and for angles above this, how are correct results obtained?
2. What is the method of Mayer for getting specific heats? and why does it give better results for liquids than for solids?
3. Describe and explain the experiment by which Melloni proved that the radiating power of a hot body varies reciprocally as the square of the distance.