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"Lie thus astonish'd on the oblivious pool."
7. In what peculiar senses does Shakspeare sometimes use the following words :-Companion, compromise, erroneous, index, purchase, rumour, sort, unvalued?
8. Explain the phrases-"a more advised watch," "intending deep suspicion," "cockshut time," "to jump with," "a common proof," "to try conclusions," a general honest thought," "quicken his embraced heaviness."
9. Write notes on the following proper names: - Biserta, Casius, Fontarabia, Imaus, Paneas, Phlegra, Ternate and Tidore, Valdarno.
Prizes in English History and Modern Geography.
1. Write down in order the names of all the Anglo-Saxon kings from Egbert to Edward the Confessor, and give the date of the death of each of them.
2. Give an account of the circumstances which led to the Confirmatio Chartarum under Edward I., and point out the essential difference between this statute and Magna Charta.
3. Relate the history of William de la Pole, Earl of Suffolk.
4. Name the kings of Scotland and France, the emperors of Germany, and the Popes, who were contemporaries of Henry VIII.
5. Give some account of the progress of the Reformation in France during the reign of Elizabeth, and point out its connexion with the history of England.
6. Give an account of the origin, nature, and fall of the Court of StarChamber.
7. What were the most important parliamentary proceedings in the reign of James I.?
8. Write a short sketch of the history of England from Sept. 4, 1654, to Sept. 3, 1658.
1. Mention the dates of the following battles, the names of the commanders on each side, and the general results:-Albuera, Dettingen, Prestonpans, Aboukir, Plassy, Quatre-Bras, Assaye, La Hogue, Sala
2. What wars were concluded by the following peaces or treaties :Paris, Ryswick, Utrecht, Versailles, Aix la Chapelle, Amiens, Breda ? Giye their dates, and mention their principal provisions.
3. State what you know of Sir William Temple, Lord Somers, the Master of Stair, Mrs. Morley, Sir John Fenwick, Henry Hunt, Lord George Sackville.
4. Give the substance of the statutes relating to the law of treason passed in the reigns of William III. and Anne.
5. What remarkable acts were passed by the parliament of Scotland in the reign of Queen Anne with respect to the succession to the throne of that kingdom?
6. What acts relating to the meeting of parliaments were passed in 1641, 1664, 1694, and 1716?
7. Enumerate in order the ministries which held office from 1742 to 1801.
8. Give the most important features of the acts relating to India passed in the years 1773, 1784, 1833, and 1858.
1. Give the names of the most northern and the most southern points of Great Britain. What is the latitude of each of them? Name also the most eastern and the most western points, and give their longitudes.
2. Draw a map of the province of Leinster, divided into counties.
3. Name in order the nine counties by which Northamptonshire is bounded.
4. In what Scotch counties are the following places situated :-Ben Lomond, Ben Nevis, Culloden, Cupar, Dunkeld, Fort Augustus, Glenluce, Portree, Scone, Stonehaven?
5. Sketch the coast of Hindostan, and the island of Ceylon. Mark the positions of Cambay, Cochin, Colombo, The Run of Cutch, Point du Galle, Mangalore, Pondicherry, The Sunderbunds, Trincomalee, Vizagapatam.
6. Write a short essay on the geography of the Canadas, describing the great natural features of the country, the climate, and principal natural productions; and also the form of government.
1. What are the chief towns of the following Departments of France :Nord, Pas de Calais, Somme, Seine Inferieure, Loire Inferieure, Puy de Dôme, Côte d'Or, Gard, Hérault, Gironde ?
2. What are the present colonial possessions of France, Spain, Portugal, and Holland?
3. Draw a map of Denmark, with Schleswig and Holstein; and mark the positions of Copenhagen, Kiel, and Elsinore.
4. Describe the situation of each of the following (historically interesting) places:-Crécy, Agincourt, St. Jean d'Acre, Cape St. Vincent, Mt. Liakura, Saratoga, Wurms, Valmy.
5. Write a geographical description of Mexico, giving an account of its physical features, boundaries, divisions, climate, productions, and inhabit
6. Where are the following places:-Beyrout, Detroit, Drontheim, Fréjus, Herat, Memel, Montevideo, Pernambuco, Ratisbon, Tiflis, Vichy ?
SUPPLEMENTAL DIVINITY EXAMINATION.
ARCHBISHOP KING'S LECTURER.
1. State Bishop Butler's view of Natural Religion.
2. Explain Kant's "moral" argument in proof of God's existence. 3. What is the equivocation of Pantheism as to the immortality of the soul?
4. To what common criticism are all attempts to explain the origin of evil obnoxious? Illustrate this by an example.
5. By what feature must Christianity, even in the judgment of an objector, be allowed to stand apart from all other religions?
6. The Books of the Old and of the New Testament were alike subjected to the risk of destruction. Apply this historical fact.
7. On what supposition only would Hume's definition of a miracle be correct?
8. Point out where the weakness lies in the logical argumentation of Strauss.
9. What is the only just sense in which it can be said that the doctrine proves the miracle?
10. When the New Testament employs types, it also exhibits their strictly prophetical character?
11. Whence the language of Scripture by which the relations subsisting between the Persons of the Godhead are expressed? Of what nature are those relations?
12. What is meant by the theological phrase, "communicatio idiomatum" ?
13. What is the practical answer to the heresy of Artemon?
14. What expression in the statement of the doctrine of the Atonement is due to S. Anselm, and what expression does it, in a measure, replace?
15. Our Lord's words set aside Mr. Jowett's view that the Apostles explained the death of Christ in conformity with their Jewish notions?
Write an essay, illustrating by parallel texts our Lord's saying, S. John, iii. 5: "Verily I say unto thee, except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God."
UNDERGRADUATE HONOR EXAMINATION PAPERS.
Hilary Term, 1864.
1. Aristotle makes use of several arguments in proof of the proposition-Περὶ ἡδονὰς καὶ λύπας ἐστὶν ἡ ἠθικὴ ἀρετή?
2. He anticipates an objection to his theory of the genesis of ethical virtue, and gives two distinct answers?
3. Give, in strict logical form, the whole of the argument by which he proves that the genus of ethical virtue is iç.
4. What is his test of apɛrn in general?
5. Between what extremes is véμɛois the mean? Give Aristotle's explanation of this.
6. Assign a rule by which we may determine, in each particular case, to which of the two extremes the mean is least opposed? Apply this rule to the case of σωφροσύνη.
7. It has been objected to Butler's ethical system that it gives no answer to the question-" What is the quality in any act which induces men to pronounce it virtuous ?" Show that the objection is unfounded.
8. State concisely the principal points of difference between the ethical system of Butler and those of Hobbes, Clarke, Shaftesbury, Hutcheson, Leibnitz, Malebranche, and Paley.
1. How does Butler prove-first, the existence of the principle of Conscience; and, secondly, its superior nature?
2. What is Hobbes' account of Pity, and how is it refuted by Butler ? 3. What practical conclusions does Butler draw from the existence of the affection of Compassion?
4. What are the chief abuses of deliberate resentment?
5. Show that Benevolence interferes less with private interest than any other affection. What has given rise to the contrary opinion?
6. How are Piety and Benevolence connected?
1. It has been supposed by some moralists that "the obligation to all our moral duties arises entirely from their apprehended tendency to promote the happiness of society." State the arguments in favour of this opinion, the objections which may be made against it, and the answers which may be given to those objections.
2. Give some account of the controversy as to the existence of Disinterested Affections in Human Nature.
3. Give Adam Smith's account of those Systems which deduce the Principle of Approbation from Self-love.
4. Give Stewart's historical account of the controversy concerning the Origin of our Moral Ideas.
5. Point out the distinction between Smith's theory of the origin of our Moral Sentiments and that of Hume as understood by Smith.
6. The nature of the Stoical Apathy is misconceived by both Smith and Butler? State the principle involved, and point out its recognition in other systems, ancient and modern.
7. Discuss the morality of Suicide.
CHEMISTRY AND CRYSTALLOGRAPHY.
1. Explain the common process for developing ammonia; write its formula; and, assuming its atomic volume to be 4, calculate its specific gravity.
2. If an ounce of pure pyrolusite be exposed to a red heat until gas ceases to be evolved, what volume of oxygen will it yield?
3. Boussingault states that with a given quantity of a certain material an indefinite supply of pure oxygen may be obtained; what is his process?
4. Peroxide of hydrogen is at present made in large quantity in London; an ounce weight of this preparation has yielded, when heated in a gas bottle, 9.8 cubic inches of oxygen. Deduce from this the percentage of peroxide which it included.
5. Assuming the coefficient of absorption of oxygen to be 0.03, and that of nitrogen 0.015, calculate the exact relative quantities of the two gases which would be absorbed by pure water from the atmosphere; this latter being assumed to be a mechanical mixture.
6. A small rock crystal, weighing 59 grains, was converted into terfluoride of silicon; how was this accomplished, and what was the bulk of the gas obtained at the mean temperature and pressure?