The Historiography of Grammatical Concepts: 19th and 20th- Century Changes in the Subject-predicate Conception and the Problem of Their Historical Reconstruction

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Rodopi, 1991 - Всего страниц: 357

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Introduction and advice for reading I
Subjectivity and objectivity in linguistic historiography
Values in intellectual historiography
Conceptual change
Introduction and advice for reading II
Subject and predicate as grammatical concepts
Noncorrespondence phenomena and redoubling subject and predicate
Grammatical and psychological subject and predicate as grammatical
Reactions to TSPC
Later TSPC proponents
Linguistics and its historiography
Index of names
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The episode of the twofold subjectpredicate conception TSPC

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Стр. 80 - ... different connotations altogether, and he has merely tumbled upon what could be shown to be a misleading analogy. Working upon the same system the whig historian can draw lines through certain events, some such line as that which leads through Martin Luther and a long succession of whigs to modern liberty; and if he is not careful he begins to forget that this line is merely a mental trick of his ; he comes to imagine that it represents something like a line of causation. The total result of...
Стр. 150 - Laudan summarizes his definition of progress as follows: "progress can occur if and only if the succession of scientific theories in any domain shows an increasing degree of problem solving effectiveness", where "the overall problem-solving effectiveness of a theory is determined by assessing the number and importance of the empirical problems which the theory solves and deducting therefrom the number and importance of the anomalies and conceptual problems which the theory generates...
Стр. 123 - Often it is only after immense intellectual effort, which may have continued over centuries, that humanity at last succeeds in achieving knowledge of a concept in its pure form, in stripping off the irrelevant accretions which veil it from the eyes of the mind.
Стр. 79 - the tendency in many historians to write on the side of Protestants and Whigs, to praise revolutions provided they have been successful, to emphasize certain principles of progress in the past and to produce a story which is the ratification if not the glorification of the present.
Стр. 80 - Through this system of immediate reference to the present-day, historical personages can easily be classed into the men who furthered progress and the men who tried to hinder it; so that a handy rule of thumb exists by which the historian can select and reject, and can make his points of emphasis. (Butterfield 1931:11) No further comment to this 'Whig interpretation of history' is needed; the reference to certain contemporary activities in the history of linguistics seems clear enough.
Стр. 63 - Chomskyan," school is not just one among many. Right or wrong, Chomsky's theory of grammar is undoubtedly the most dynamic and influential; and no linguist who wishes to keep abreast of current developments in his subject can afford to ignore Chomsky's theoretical pronouncements. Every other "school" of linguistics at the present time tends to define its position in relation to Chomsky's views on particular issues.
Стр. 239 - All answers to questions are, as such, predicates, and all predicates may be regarded as answers to possible questions. If the statement "I am hungry" be a reply to the question, "Who is hungry?" then "I" is the predicate. If it be an answer to the question, "Is there anything amiss with you?
Стр. 135 - It is tempting to take a very short line indeed : nothing, it may be said, could count as evidence that some form of activity could not be interpreted in our language that was not at the same time evidence that that form of activity was not speech behaviour.
Стр. 119 - People often say, quite reasonably, that they only found out what they meant by listening to what they said later on - when they heard themselves reacting to the consequences of their original utterance. It is perfectly reasonable to describe Locke as finding out what he really meant, what he was really getting at in the Second Treatise, only after conversations in heaven with, successively, Jefferson, Marx, and Rawls.
Стр. 61 - ... our lights, answering to our concerns, informative about what we know to exist. Any anthropologist who rejected this assignment on the grounds that filtering and paraphrase would distort and betray the integrity of the tribe's culture would no longer be an anthropologist, but a sort of cultist. He is, after all, working for us, not for them. Similarly, the historian of X, where X is something we know to be real and important, is working for those of us who share that knowledge, not for our unfortunate...

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