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LONDON:

R. CLAY, SONS, AND TAYLOR, PRINTERS,

BREAD STREET HILL, E. C.

ABERDEEN UNIVERSITY, Duncan's Herbarium presented to, 252
Aberdeenshire Agricultural Association, 576
Aberration of Instinct, Geo. J. Romanes, F.R.S., 433; Rev.
T. H. Waller, 484

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Acetous Fermentation, A. Herzen on, 86
Ackroyd (Wm.), Lecture Representation of the Aurora Borealis,
458

Acoustical Constant, Note on an, W. J. Grey and J. T. Dunn,
146

Acoustics in China, John Fryer and Dr. W. H. Stone, 448
Actinia, Crabs and, Col. H. Stuart-Wortley, 529
Adams (Prof. W. Grylls, F.R.S.), Scientific Principles involved
in Electric Lighting, 580, 605
Aeronautical Society's Annual Report, 20
Aeronautics in Russia, 298

Afghan Campaign, Geographical Results of, Capt. T. H.
Holdich, 159

Africa: Dr. Holub's Proposed Journey across, 22; Rev. T. J.
Comber's New Map of, 22; Keith Johnston and J. Thomson's
Expedition, 38; Notes on the Geology of East Central,
Joseph Thomson, 102; J. Thomson's Report on the East
African Expedition, 134; Geology of East Central, and the
Subterranean Forest in Bombay, W. T. Blanford, 145; Pro-
gress of Exploration in, 160; Exploration of the Ogowé and
Congo, 323; Mitchinson's "Expiring Continent," 399; Birds
of, 467; E. G. Ravenstein's Map of Eastern Africa, 518
Agram, the Earthquakes at, 63, 83, 106, 156, 182, 253, 297,
419, 439, 492, 516, 530

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INDEX

F.R.S., 73, 99, 215

Allen (J. A.), North American Pinnipeds, 261

Allman (Dr. Geɔ. J., F. R.S.), Hailstorm in Dorsetshire, 146
Almeida (Prof. J. Charles d'), Death of, 63; Obituary Notice of,

106

Alpine Flowers, Francis Darwin, 333

Alston (Edward Richard), Obituary Notice of, 485

Amber, the Collecting of, 298

American Naturalist, 161, 282, 378, 449, 499

Agricultural Chemistry of Japan, Contributions to," 456
Agricultural Association, Aberdeenshire, 576

Agricultural Communism in Greece, W. Mattieu Williams, 579
"Aide-Mémoire du Voyageur," D. Kaltbrunner, 217
Air, Analysis of the, at Montsouris, by M. Davy, 63
Aitken (John), Dust, Fogs, and Clouds, 195, 204, 311, 384
Albatross, Notes on the Mode of Flight of the, Arthur W.
Bateman, 125; Howard Sargent, 362
Alcoholic Liquids, Freezing Points of, M. Raout on, 85
Alge, 359; of the Gulf of Finland, 494

Algiers: Observatory, M. Tripier appointed Director of, 107;
French Association for the Advancement of Science at, 319,
491, 515, 541; G. F. Rodwell, 582, 606
Algol in 1880, Minima of, 255, 517

Alkali and Sulphuric Acid, Prof. Lunge, Prof. H. E. Roscoe, Attwood's (Geo.) "Practical Blowpipe Assaying," Dr. C. Le

Neve Foster, 191

American Indian Languages, A. H. Keane, 503

American Entomologist, 321

American Journal of Science, 402

Anabæna Living in Botrydium, 158

| Animal Life, Natural Conditions and, Prof. E. Ray Lankester,
F.R.S., 405

Animals, Mind in, Geo. J. Romanes, F.R.S., 501
Animal Development, Albert Kölliker, 480
Annalen der Physik und Chemie, 71, 187, 306, 449, 474, 545
Antarctic Expedition, the Italian, 87

Ancient Stone Implements, Modern Use of, D. Budde, 218
Ancient Monuments, Sir John Lubbock's Motion on, 467

Ancient Astronomy, 493

Anemone, Sir John Dalzell's, 495

Animal Reasɔning, 219

Anthropology: Anthropological Institute, 96, 162, 212, 331,
403, 450, 475, 499, 571, 620; Presentation of Drawings to,
by Mr. B. H. Hodgson, F.R.S., 107; Prehistoric Anthropology
of the Crimea, M. Merijkovsky on, 63, 107; the Washington
Society of Anthropology, 84

Ants, Bees, and Wasps, Observations on, Sir J. Lubbock, Bart.,
F.R.S., 255

Apprenticeship Schools in Paris, 321

Appulse, near, of Jupiter to a Fixed Star, 158; J. Birmingham,
170

Archeopteryx macrura, 276

Archibald (E. Douglas), Average Height of Barometer in London,
243; Abnormal Variations of Barometric Pressure in the
Tropics, and their Relations to Sun-Spots, Rainfall, and
Famines, 399; Abnormal Barometric Gradient between
London and St. Petersburg in the Sun-Spot Cycle, 618
Architects, Naval, 568

Archives des Sciences Physiques et Naturelles, 71, 235, 283,
425, 594

Arctic Exploration, Commander Cheyne's Scheme, 134
Arlberg Tunnel, 321

Armstrong (Prof. Henry E.), Chemistry of the Future, Sir B. C.
Brodie, Bart., F.R.S., 141

Artificially Digested Food, on the Digestive Ferments, and on
the Preparation of, Dr. Wm. Roberts, 169
Aryan Village, An, Edward B. Tylor, F.R.S., 525
Asparagine, the Function of, 277

Astronomy: Astronomical Column, 21, 43, 65, 85, 114, 158,
182, 206, 254, 276, 298, 321, 371, 396, 441, 493, 517, 542,
591; Astronomische Nachrichten, 372; Urania, 383; Ancient
Astronomy, 493
"Atlas of Physiological Botany," Dr. Dodel-Port's, 157
Atmospheric Pressure of the British Islands, 470
"Atomic Theory," Ad. Wurtz, Translated by E. Cleminshaw, 5
Atoms, Prof. Dewar on, at the Royal Institution, 181
Atti della R. Accademia dei Lincei, 235, 474, 594

Aurora Display of, 42; Height of the, H. T. H. Groneman,
56; Aurora of November 3, J. Rand Capron, 76; Aurora
observed at Ovoca, Co. Wicklow, November 3, G. H. Kinahan,
100; the August Auroras, W. Stanley Jevons, F.R.S.,
148; Bottomley's Experiments with Vacuum Tubes and the,
Prof. Silvanus P. Thompson, 289; Observations of Aurora
Borealis, 84; Lecture Representation of the Aurora Borealis,
Wm. Ackroyd, 458; Aurora of January 31, Prof. Osmond
Fisher, John Harmer, R. W. Taylor, G. W. Prevost, 329;
Aurora and Electric Storm of January 31, W. H. Preece,
George M. Seabrooke, G. M. Whipple, Rev. S. J. Perry.
F.R.S., J. Rand Capron, E. J. Lowe, G. Henry Kinahan,
Gerard A. Kinahın, F. Horner, W. J. Spratling, D. Traill,
348; Aurora of January 31, Position of Auroral Rays, T. W.
Backhouse, 410; Tacitus on Aurɔra, 459, 484; Sound of the
Aurora, E. Alloway Paukhurst, J. Shaw, 484; George F.
Burder, 529; M. L. Rouse, 556; Dr. John Rae, F.R.S..

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Ball (V.), on the Identity of some Ancient Diamond Mines in
India, especially those mentioned by Tavernier, 490
Baller (Mr.), Opium Harvest at Kweichow, 151
Banjaluka (Bosnia), Earthquake Shock in, 182
Banks of the Yang-tse at Hankow, H. B. Guppy, 507
Barfoed's (Dr. Chr. Th.), "Lehrbuch der Organischen Qualita-
tiven Analyse," 335.
Barometer, Average Height of, in London, E. Douglas Archi-
bald, 243

Barometric Cycles, Prof. Balfour Stewart, 237
Barometric Pressure, Abnormal Variations of, in the Tropics,
and their Relation to Sun-spots, Rainfall, and Famines, Fred.
Chambers, 88, 107; E. Douglas Archibald and Fred.
Chambers, 399
Barometric Pressure, Periodic Oscillations of, Dr. J. Allan
Broun, 556

Barometric and Solar Cycles, S. A. Hill, 409; Prof. Balfour
Stewart, F.R.S., 457

Barometric Gradient, Abnormal, between London and St.
Petersburg in the Sun-spot Cycle, E. Douglas Archibald, 618
Batavia, Natural History Notes from, 275
Bateman (Arthur W.), Notes on the Mode of Flight of the
Albatross, 125

Baynes (Robert E.), Critical Temperature of Ethylene, 186
Becquerel (M.), Subscription for raising a Statue to, 156
Bedford College, Physical Science at, 181

Bees, Ants, and Wasps, Observations on, Sir. J. Lubbock,
Bart., F.R.S., 255

Beetles, Birds, and Fishes, Food of, 494
Belgian Entomological Society, 62
Belgium, Geological Survey of, 184

Bell's (Prof. Graham) Photophone, 15
Bells, Vibration of, with Liquids in them, 278
Bendery, Skeleton of a Mammoth discovered at, 371
Bennett (Alfred W.), Natural Science for Women, 195
Benzene, the Heat of Formation of, 207

Bergsö (Herr V.), on the Habits of the Tarentula, 84
"Bericht über die Thätigkeit der Botanischen Section der
Schlesischen Gesellschaft im Jahre 1877," 264

Berichte über die Verhandlungen der naturf. Gesells. zu Frei-
burg-im-Breisgau, 499

Berlin: Geographical Society, 87, 188, 284, 399, 420
Berne: Second International Conference at, 233; Earthquake
at, 348, 396

Berthoud Borel and Co., New Di: covery in Practical Telegraphy
by, 85

Beryllium, Atomic Weight of, 57, 374
Bibliography, a New Medical Catalogue, 28
Bibliothèque Belge, 64

Bidie (Dr. G.), Australian Plants in India, 555

Bidwell (Shelford), the Photophone, 58; Tele-Photography,

344

Bigsby (Fr. J. J.), Death of, 389

Biological Notes, 158, 276, 494, 543

Biology of Plants, 310

Bird (Isabella L.), "Unbeaten Tracks in Japan," 12
Birds: Soaring of, S. E. Peal, 10; W. Larden, 77; European and
North American, 277; British Birds, Prof. A. Newton, F. R.S.,
287; Birds Laying in January, J. H. Willmore, 314; Migra-
tion of Birds, 484; Food of Birds, Fishes, and Peeles, 494
Birmingham (J), the Appulse of Jupiter to a Fixed Star on
November 20, 170; Probably New Variable Star, 555
Birmingham: Endowment of Research in, 304; Mason Science
College, 440

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Bott (W.), Salts of Zinc, 78

Bottomley (J. T.), Experiments with Vacuum Tubes, 218, 243;
Elasticity of Wires, 281; his Experiments with Vacuum Tubes
and the Aurora, Prof. Silvanus P. Thompson, 289
Bouch (Sir Thomas), Death of, 19
Bournemouth and Vancouver Island, Climates of, Alfred R.
Wallace, 169

Boy (C. V.), the Influence of a Tuning-Fork on a Garden
Spider, 149

Brain, Concealed Bridging Convolutions in a Human, W.
Carter, 556

Brain-Weight, 277

Braun (Dr. C.), Measuring the Height of Clouds, 458
Breath, Temperature of the, Dr. R. E. Dudgeon, 10, 76; Dr.
Wm. Roberts, 55; Dr. C. J. McNally, 217, 244; Dr. William
McLaurin, 244

Brescia, Earthquake at, 205
Bressa Prize, 540

Brewster (Sir David), Centenary of the Birthday of, 614
Briggs (T. R. Archer), Flora of Plymouth, 74

Brighton Aquarium, Death of the Male Sea-Lion in, 253
Brine-Springs, Subsidence of Land caused by Natural, Thos.

Ward, 388

British Animals, Extinct, Prof. W. Boyd Dawkins, F.R.S., 431
British Association, Meeting at York, 1881, 275, 613
British Birds, Prof. Alfred Newton, F.R.S., 287

British Butterflies, Colours of, J. Innes Rogers, 435; Rev. W.
Clement Ley, 458

British Columbia, Prof. Whitney on the Glaciation of, Geo. M.
Dawson, 290

British Earthquakes, 117; Prof. J. P. O'Reilly, 170
British Islands, Atmospheric Pre sure of the, 470
"British Marine Polyza," T. Hincks, F.R.S., 51

British Medical Association, Annual Meeting for 1881 at Ryde,
131

British Museum, John Millar's Botanical Drawings at, 83; the
Catalogue of Birds, 439; the Catalogue of Printed Books, 440
Brodhurst (B. E.), Phosphorescent Centipedes, 99

Brodie (Sir Benjamin C., F. R.S.), Death of, 106; Obituary
Notice of, 126

Brorsen's Comet in 1842, 298

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Caird (Very Rev. Principal), Portrait of, presented to the
Glasgow University, 320

Calderon, Bi-Centenary of, Major F. F. J. Ricarde-Seaver, 457
California, the former Indians of, 253

Cambridge Philosophical Society, 163

Campbell (Sir Geo.), on Indian Agriculture, 541

Canoe, Discovery of, in the Marshes of Corcellettes, 106
Cape of Good Hope, Longitude of the, 21

Cape Catalogue, the New, 276

Capillarity, Volkmann's Experiments in, 133
Capron (J. Rand), Condition of Jupiter, 34; Aurora of November
3, 76; Parhelion, 291; Aurora and Electric Storm of January
31, 348

Carbon, on the Spectrum of, 313; Dr. W. M. Watts, 197, 265,
361; Prof. G. D. Liveing, F.R.S., 265, 338
Carbon, the Estimation of, 615
Cardamoms, a New Work on, 347

Calves, Fluke in, 244

Cambrian Sandstones near Loch Maree, Curious Impressions Clark (Edwin), Distance of Clouds, 244

Classification of Statures, 494

in, 93

Carter (William), Chlorophyll, 388; Concealed Bridging Con-
volutions in a Human Brain, 556

Carvalho (S. N., jun.), Chalk, 193

Casamicciola in the Island of Ischia, Earthquake at, 439, 468,
492, 516

Cassell's Natural History, 317

Cave, the Schipka, 296

Cave Animals and Multiple Centres of Species, D. Wetterhan,
458

Census of 1881, 540

Census of the Indian Empire, 419

Centipedes, Phosphorescent, B. E. Brodhurst, 99
Cephei, Ceraski's Variable Star J, 21, 43, 255, 322
Ceraski's Circumpolar Variable Star, 21, 43, 255, 322
Cervus maral, 419

Cetonia inda, 65 ·

Ceylon, the Botanical Gardens at Peradeniya, 65
Chalk, 243; S. N. Carvalho, jun., 193
Challenger, Volume I. of the Publications of the, Prof. T. H.
Huxley, F.R.S., 1, 33, 43

Chambers (Fred.), Abnormal Variations of Barometric Pressure
in the Tropics, and their Relation to Sun-Spots, Rainfall and
Famines, 88, 107, 399

Chambers's Handbook of Astronomy, 418
Charing Cross Station, Jablochkoff Light at, 64
Charleville, Ireland, Shock of Earthquake at, 182
Charts and Maps, Recent, of Curves of Equal Magnetic Varia-
tion or Declination, 314

Chasles (Michel), Death of, 174; Obituary Notice of, R. Tucker,

E. Armstrong, F.R.S., 141; Nature of the Chemical Ele-
ments, Dr. Edmund J. Mills, F.R.S., 193; German Chemical
Society, 436; Fxperimental Chemistry for Junior Students,
456; the Effects of Frost on Chemicals, 347; Society of
Chemical Industry, 516, 541

Cheques, Bankers', New Process for making, 373
Chesapeake Zoological Laboratory, 279

224

Chatel (M.), Dust, Fogs, and Smoke, 436
Chemistry Chemical Society, 47, 95, 161, 211, 306, 403, 425,
474, 523, 547, 571, 619; Chemical Notes, 85, 207, 373, 396,
469, 565, 615; Chemistry, M. Fremy on, at the Paris Museum
of Natural History, 83; Chemistry of the Future, Prof. Henry

Cheshire Subsidences, Landslips, T. Mellard Reade, 219
Chimborazo and Cotopaxi, Edward Whymper's Ascents of, 323
China, Exploration of, 45; Coal Mines in, 297; Acoustics in,
John Fryer and Dr. W. H. Stone, 448

Chio, Earthquake at, 541, 564

Chlorophyll in the Epidermis of Plants, 158

Chlorophyll, William Carter, 388; Sydney H. Vines, 561
Chronograph, Dent's, 59

"Chrysanthemum," New Japanese Magazine, 371
Ciamician (G.), Influence of Pressure and Temperature on
Vapours and Gases, 160

Cinchona Bark, Importations of, from Jamaica, 132, 157
Cincinnati Measures of Double Stars, 396
Citania, Rev. R. Burton Leach, 363

City and Guilds of London Institute, 473, 614
Civilisation? What is, 166

Clairvoyance, an Article in Scribner's Monthly on, 19

Carnelley's (Dr.) Hot Ice, Dr. Oliver J. Lodge, 264; Experi- Clouds, Distance of, Edwin Clark, 244

ments on Ice under Low Pressures, 341
Carnot (M.), proposed Statue to, 439
Carpenter (W. Lant), Falls of Niagara in Winter, 511
Carr (G. S.), "Synopsis of Elementary Results in Pure and
Applied Mathematics," 603

Claypole (Prof. E. W.), Minerva Ornaments at Troy, and Net-
Sinkers, 292; Migration of the Wagtail, 387

Climate of Vancouver Island, Capt. Edmund H. Verney, 147;
Alfred R. Wallace, 169; William Pengelly, F.R.S., 267;
Dr. Geo. M. Dawson, 385
Climates, Geological, Prof. Samuel Haughton, F.R.S., 8, 98.
145, 290, 313, 384; Prof. P. Martin Duncan, F. R.S., 145;
J. J. Murphy, 290; Alfred R. Wallace, 124, 217, 266;
William Ingram, 169; J. Starkie Gardner, 193; Dr. Max.
well T. Masters, 266; Dr. John Rae, F.R.S., 337; Dr. A
Woeikoff, 362

.

Clouds, on estimating the Height of, by Photography and the
Stereoscope, John Harmer, 194

Clouds, Measuring the Height of, Dr. C. Braun, 458

Clouds, Fogs, Dusts, &c., John Aitken, 195, 384; W. H.
Preece, Dr. H. J. H. Groneman, 336

Coal-Dust, Colliery Explosions and, Hon. Rollo Russell, 193
"Coal Fields of Great Britain," Prof. Hull's, 321

Cod, on the Red Colour of Salt, 543

Coffee, Cultivation of, in Gaboon, 299; Liberian, 541; Coffee-
Leaf Disease, 354

Collett (Col. H.), Occultation of 73 Piscium, 458

Colliery Explosions, Mr. Plimsoll's Cure for, W. Galloway, 170
Colliery Explosions and Coal-dust, Hon. R. Russell, 193

Colours of British Butterflies, J. Innes Rogers, 435; Rev. W.
Clement Ley, 458

Colour, the Eye and Intensity of, 543

Comets of 1812 and 1815, 21, 542; Discovery of a Comet,
43; Hartwig's Comet (1880 d), 43; Comet Finders, 82; the
Third, of 1869, 85; Faye's Comet, 115; Swift's Comet, 115,
182, 255, 322, 372, 441; Comets of Hartwig and Swift, 158;
a New Comet, 183; Comet 1873 VII., 206; Pechüle's Comet,
207; Winnecke's Comet, 254; Brorsen's Comet in 1842, 298;
Encke's Comet in 1881, 396
Communism, Agricultural, in Greece, W. Mattieu Williams, 579
Compass-Bearing, Mode of Masking or Cutting off Sharply by
the Light from Revolving Apparatus on any desired, by means
of a Reciprocating Screen, Thomas Stevenson, 560
Compressibility of Gases, Herr Roth, 43
Congress of the French Learned Societies, 619

Coniferæ, a Chapter in the History of the, J. Starkie Gardner,
251, 412

Conifers, Dimorphic Leaves of, Dr. Maxwell T. Masters, 267
Conscious Matter, Stewart Duncan, Geo. J. Romanes, F.R.S.,
553

Conservatoire des Arts et Metiers, 294

Constable (F.C.), Jelly Fish, 170

Constant, Acoustical, Note on an, W. J. Grey and J. T. Dunn,
146

Contact Electricity, on a Method of Measuring, Prof. Sir
William Thomson, F.R.S., 567

Continents always Continents, Prof. James D. Dana, 410
Continuous Motion, Speed Governor for, Prof. J. Ewing, 473

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Dalzell's (Sir John), Anemone, 495

Dana (Prof. James D.), Continents always Continents, 410

Dana's (Edward S.), Text-book of Mechanics, 552

Darwin (Charles F.R.S.), Sir Wyville Thomson and Natural

Selection, 32; Homage to, 57, 393; Black Sheep, 193;

Movement of Plants, 409; on Vivisection, 583; Movements

of Leaves, 603

Darwin (Francis), Physiology of Plants, 178; Alpine Flowers,

333

Darwin (G. H., F.R.S.), on Tidal Friction in Connection with
the History of the Solar System, 389
Dawkins (Prof. W. Boyd, F. R.S.), Prehistoric Europe, 309,
361, 482; Extinct British Animals, 431
Dawson (Dr. Geo. M.), Prof. Whitney on the Glaciation of
British Columbia, 290; Climate of Vancouver Island, 385
Dawson (J. W., F.R.S.), Geological Relations of Gold in Nova
Scotia, 578

Deep-Sea Exploration, J. Gwyn Jeffreys, F.R.S., 300, 324
Deep-Sea Ophiurans, 464

Delesse (Achille), Death of, 516; Obituary Notice of, 535
Dembowski (Baron), Death of, 322

Dent's Chronograph, 59

Development of Human Intelligence, 617

Dew and Fog, 398

Dewar (Prof.), on Atoms, at the Royal Institution, 181
Diamond Mines in India, on the identity of some, especially
those mentioned by Tavernier, V. Ball, 490

Dimorphic Leaves of Conifers, Dr. Maxwell T. Masters, 267

Dimor hism of Flowers, New Cases of, Errors Corrected, Dr.

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Edinburgh Royal Society, 212, 451, 475, 500, 571, 595

Edison Electric Light in New York, 614

Education in Science, Mr. Mundella on, 134

Education, Introduction of Hypotheses in School, Dr. Hermann
Müller on, 157

Egerton (Sir Philip de Malpas Grey), Death of, 541; Obituary

Notice of, 579

Eggs, Testing the Age of, 132

Elasticity of Wires, J. T. Bottomley, 281

Electricity: Electric Lighting at London Railway Stations, 64;

Incandescent Electric Lights, 104; the Maxim Light, 131;

and Navigation on the Rhine, 132; Lighthouses illuminated

by Electricity, 347; New Method of Dividing Electric Light,

373; Electric Lighting in the City, 440; Scientific Principles

involved in Electric Lighting, Prof. W. Grylls Adams, F.R.S.,

580, 605; Electric Light in New York, 614; New Discovery

in Electric Induction, 85; Electric Dust Figures, 208; on the

Thermic and Optic Behaviour of Gases under the Influence of

the Electric Discharge, Dr. Arthur Schuster, F.R.S., 258; a

New Electric Motor, 278; Trial of Electric Railways at the

Electrical Exhibition, Paris, 296; Electric Discharges in

Gases, 397; Electric Tides in Telegraphic Circuits, 346;

Electric Tides, Earth Currents, 424; Electrical Thermometer

for Determining Temperatures at a Distance, Horace T.

Brown, 464; Future Development of Electrical Appliances,

Geo. Rayleigh Vicars, 528; Herr Hoorweg on Electricity,

43; Behaviour of Electricity in Gases, Herr Narr, 43;

Place du Carrousel to be Lighted with, 254; the Relation

between Electricity and Light, Dr. O. J. Lodge, 302; Pro-

posed International Exhibition of Electricity, 84, 320, 347;

Seeing by Electricity, 423; a New Mode of obtaining Electri-

city by Friction, 441; on a Method of Measuring Contact

Electricity, Prof. Sir William Thomson, F.R.S., 567; Elec-

tricity and Gas as Heating Agents, C. W. Siemens, F.R.S,

326, 351; Molecular Electromagnetic Induction, Prof. D. E.

Hughes, F.R.S., 519

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