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in a flood of tears; fhowered down a thousand curfes on my rival; and vowed vengeance on my feducer. She fuffered me to exhauft of lamentations, and, when I became ftock my calm, endeavoured to convince me of the folly of indulging grief, when I ought fooner to think of intereft. "You are young," cried fhe, "with fuch a flock of beauty, there is no danger of wanting lovers, but titled ones are not every day to be met with. Endeavour to get a fettlement from him before his affection cools, and never trouble yourself who is the object of his preference."

"Aye! but my dear Mrs. Spencer; after believing that I fhould certainly be lady Moreton, how fhall I bear to fhew myself in the world after my dif appointment? What will become of my parents, when they hear that the perfidious man has deferted me for another?

"Pho! Pho! banish all these childish thoughts, and think only of a fettlement. In the next fond fit in which you find him, vow immediately to leave him, unless he makes you independent of the world."

"Nay, for that matter, I have no reafon now to complain on the fubject of his generofity, for in cafe of failure of his promife, I have a bond against him for twenty thousand pounds."

"Say you fo! indeed? Then, Mifs Tafty, you have no real motive for your grief. Such a confideration would confole me for the lofs of a thoufand lovers; befides, fhould his lordship marry, it may be merely a match of convenience, you may ftill enjoy his heart, though his lady enjoys his title."


Aye, Spencer, but the title is my grief; to lofe all hopes of that is worse than the lofs of his affection: befides, the charms of the lady leave not a doubt, but fhe will poffefs both one and the other."

Thus ran we on till the coach ftopped, and the moment we were fet down, I flew to my drawers for the bond. She took it from my hand, and after running it over, fhrugged up

her fhoulders, and returning it, ex-
claimed, with hands up lifted, "Ah,
my dear girl, what a dupe! Why,
that paper on which you place fo
much dependance is not worth a


you mean? Is it not an obligation by
Heavens, Spencer! what do
which he binds himself to marry me
in a month from the date thereof, or
fhould I claim it, forfeit the fum
therein mentioned."

much; but where Mifs Taity was
"The words certainly fignify as
your fenfes when you forgot to have
it dated?"

and aftonifhment, when I beheld in
Think, Betfy, what was my rage
in reality the deficiency fhe mention-
and, but for her perfuafions, thould have
ed! I tore my hair for very madness,
upbraided him with his perfidy the
moment he returned. She endea-
voured to convince me of the folly of
trary behaviour would be far most
indulging my refentment, when a con-
hopes, that though we had feen him
politic and, foothing me with the
with a lady, he might not be going to
marry her, I went to bed rather bet-
when I at firft difcovered it.
ter reconciled to my misfortune than

my eyes. Determined to be fatisfied, Reft, however, was a stranger to I rofe the next morning, and fending whether my conjectures were not true, for a chairman, ordered him to walk to lord Moreton's, and make enmaster was not going to be married. quiries among the fervants, if their

back ferved only to render me more The intelligence he brought me outrageous. He had indeed fpoke ornamenting and repairing; for from truth, when he told me the house was what the butler faid, his marriage was expected to take place the week fol lowing, and the fervants and workmen were in the greatest confufion from the hurry in which they had been ordered to prepare for their reception.

Mrs. Spencer, as foon as the man was
"What think you now?" faid I to
gone. "Is he not the meft vile of


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Adventures of Ella Worthy.

men; and I the most injured of women ?"

"Perjuries of this kind, my dear, are so very frequent, that they are not worth regarding. Think nothing about him, unless to feather your neft before he leaves you in the lurch. If you are wife, you will conceal what you have heard. Affume more fondnefs than before, and though Hymen deprives you of a title, fuffer it not to deprive you of provifion and your lover."

Though my heart revolted againft fuch double-dealings, intereft in fome measure compelled me to follow her advice. When he came home, I took no notice of what had paffed; but his lordship was not fo filent on the fub ject. After many apologies for leaving me fo long, he hinted that his afairs were in a very disagreeable fituation, and taking me by the hand with an air of fondnefs,

"Nothing, Kitty, I believe, but matrimony will be able to fet them to rights, but fo long as my deareft girl poffeffes my heart, I am fure the will not afflict herfelf, fhould another poffefs my hand."

Judge, my dear, how great was my indignation! I could hardly reftrain it within proper bounds. Amidft a thou fand fobs, I loaded him with reproaches; but inftead of being affected at my grief, he walked calmly out of the room, and defired I would fend my maid to acquaint him, when I was in a proper humour to liften to reafonable arguments.

When my paffion was a little over, I began to fee my folly, and throwing as much compofure into my features as I could poffibly affume, went down to the dining-room; where 1 found him looking over a play bill, quite as unconcerned as if nothing had happened. With well-affected fondnefs he affured me," I was yet as dear to him as ever; that inftead of refenting his conduct I ought to approve it, for that by marrying a lady with fo large a fortune as Mils Nugent, he fhould be able to fupport me in greater elegance,

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which his contracted finances would not otherwise permit him."

"It will alfo, I hope, my Lord, enable you to difcharge this obligation," drawing from my pocket the bond which he had given me."

"Phaw! Phaw! Kitty! you have more fenfe than to place any dependance on fuch a trifle. It is of no value, but ferved only as a momentary foother. In love and war, my girl, all ftratagems are allowable. Though I give you not twenty thousand pounds, you will continue to poffefs my affec tions as long as you deferve them; and, while miftrefs of them, will be in want of nothing which gold can purchafe; what more can you defire? If you continue to pout, I am gone→→ peace or feparation is the word. I have no notion of difcord. If it fhould happen to be one of the confequences of matrimony, I muft fubmit to it; but our's are chains of love, not of Hymen."

It was in vain to argue or to fret, I beheld his determinations were unalterable, and without a friend who would countenance me after the folly I had been guilty of, what was to be done, but continue under his protestion whatever terms he pleased to offer? In fhort, I yielded to his propofal of remaining in my prefent fitua tion till after his marriage, and when once he has made sure of the lady and her fortune, am to figure away at her expence. I cannot fay I fhall be quite eafy at the thoughts of living with him when he is married; but what can I do? Befides, Betfey, fome difagreeable fymptoms, 1 have experi enced lately, give me reafon to fear other confequences will enfue from our connexion, than what I before apprehended; and under fuch cir cumftances, what recourfe but fub. miffion to my fate?

My friends know nothing of this affair, fo pray, my dear, be fecret. Fanny wrote to me foon after my elopement, and, in the name of my parents, intreated me to return; but my affurances of foon becoming lady



Moreton, quieted their fcruples; and as it can do no good to make them uneafy, I would not, for the world, they fhould hear of my difappointment till the newspapers inform them. Mrs. Spencer is going to Paris with a gentleman fhe met with about a week ago at the opera. I imagine they will be married before they rebut that is all conjecture. If you could come and ftay with me a few weeks, my friend, it would revive your Kitty's drooping fpirits. My lord is now fo much engaged, that we fhould be quite at liberty to go where we pleased; and as it is neceffity alone, which compels me to fubmit to remain a miftrefs, when I thought of being a wife, you will, I am fure, pity, and make allowances for

Your fincere,

But deluded friend,


high flown notions. If I might ad-
vife, the best thing you can do, now
your keeper is going to marry, is to
throw afide your fine cloaths, and
come down to your father's. I fup-
pofe he would not refufe to take you
in; and if you can fo determine, I
will endeavour to intercede for you;
for if you stay where you are, de-
pend upon it, worfe will come of it.
As the fchool-fellow of Betsey, I
fhould be forry to hear you came to
want, which, I think, is the only pro-
fpect in the ftate you now are.
may, perhaps, be offended at this plain
dealing, but remember, I am a mo-
ther, and no flatterer, though in the


Your well-wisher,
(To be continued.)

your invitation to come and fee you, I wonder, Mifs Tafty, you fhould think of it. Though poor, thank God, we are honeft; and to be feen with a kept mitrefs would entirely ruin the girl's character. I do not doubt but she would come, if I would give her leave; but I have lived long enough in the world to know that fuch intimacies are far from being creditable; and as 1 have a match her in my eye, I fhould not with to be infected with any of your


From Sir William Temple's OBSERVA-
chap. iv.




T divided into feveral claffes : the

I Suppofe, Madam, you will be
furprifed at a letter from me instead
of my daughter; but as I do not ap- clowns or boors, who cultivate the
prove of her correfpondence with you,lands; mariners, or schippers; the mer-
I thought it beft to tell you myfelf.chants or traders; the renteners, who
While there was any hopes of your live on the rents or interefts of eftates
marrying the nobleman who keeps formerly acquired in their families;
you, it was well enough, and I had no and the gentlemen and officers of their
objections to her writing: but as armies.
matters now ftand, muft beg you will
fend her no more letters and as to

The firft are a race of people diligent rather than laborious, dull and flow of understanding, not to be dealt with by hafty words, but managed eafily by foft and fair. In the country and villages not near the great towns, they feem plain and honeft, and content with their own, fo that if in bounty you give them a fhilling for what is worth but a groat, they will take the current price, and give you the reft; if you bid them take it, they know not what you mean, and fometimes afk, if you are a fool? They know no other good but what nature requires

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Account of the Hollanders, from Sir W. Temple.

requires, and the common increase of wealth. They feed most upon herbs, roots, and milk.

The mariners are a plain, but much rougher people, whether from the element they live in, or from their food, which is generally fish and corn, and heartier than the boors. They are furly and ill-mannered: their valour is rather paffive than active; and their language is little more than what is of neceffary ufe to their bufinefs.

The merchants and tradefmen, both the greater and mechanic, living in towns that are of great refort, are more mercurial, though they are not very inventive, which is the gift of warmer heads, yet they are great in imitation, and fo far, many times, as to go beyond the originals. Of mighty induftry and conftant application to the ends they propofe and purfue, they make use of their skill and wit, and take advantage of other men's ignorance and folly they deal with; are great exactors where the law is in their own hands. In other points, where they deal with men that underderftand like themfelves, and are under the reach of justice and laws, they are the plainest and best dealers in the world; which feems not to arife fo much from a principle of confcience and morality, as from a custom of habit, introduced by the neceffity of trade among them, which depends as much upon common honefty, as war does upon difcipline; and without which, all would break up, merchants would turn pedlars, and soldiers


Where these families are rich, their youths after the course of their ftudies at home, travel for fome years, as fons of our gentry ufe to do; but their journies are chiefly into England and France; not much into Italy, feldomer into Spain; nor often into the more northern countries, unless in company or train of their public minifters. The chief end of their breeding is to make them fit for the fervice of their country in the magiftracy of their towns, their provinces, and their state. And of thefe kind of men are the civil officers of this government generally compofed, being defcended of families who have many times been conftantly in the magiftracy of their native towns for many years, and fome for ages.

Such were most or all of the chief minifters, and the perfons that compofed their chief councils; and not men of mean mechanic trades, as it is commonly received among foreigners, and makes the fubject of comical jets upon their government. This does not exclude merchants and traders in grofs, from being often feen in the offices of their cities, and fometimes deputed to their states; nor feveral of their ftates from turning their stocks in the management of fome very beneficial trades by fervants and houses maintained for that purpofe. But the generality of the ftates and magitrates are of another fort; their eftates confifting in the penfions of their public charges, in the rents of lands, or intereft of money upon the cantores, or actions of the EaftIndia company, or in fhares upon the adventures of great trading merchants.

Thofe families which live upon their patrimonial estates in all great cities, are a people differently bred and mannered from the traders, though like them in the modefty of garb and habit, and the parfimony of living. Their youth are generally bred up at schools, and at the universities of Ley-of den and Utrecht, in the common ftudies of human learning, but chiefly of the civil law, which is that of their country, at least as far as it is fo in France and Spain.


Nor do thefe families, habituated as it were to the magistracy of their towns and provinces, ufually arrive to great or exceffive riches; the falaries

public employments and intereft being low, but the revenue of lands being yet much lower, and feldom exceeding the profit of two in a hundred. They content themselves with the honour of being useful to the reс public,

public, with the esteem of their cities
or their country, and with the eafe of
their fortunes; which feldom fails,
by the frugality of their living, grown
univerfal by being at first neceffary,their
but fince honourable among them.

The mighty growth and excefs of
riches are feen among the merchants
and traders, whofe application lies bet-
ter that way, and who are the better
content to have fo little fhare in the
government, defiring only fecurity in
what they poffefs; troubled with no
cares but those of their fortunes, and
the management of their trades, and
turning the rest of their time and
thought to the divertisement of their
lives. Yet thefe, when they attain
great wealth, chufe to breed up their
fons in the way, and marry their
daughters into the families of thofe
others moft generally credited in their
towns, and verfed in their magiftra
cies; and thereby introduce their fathey have learned abroad, and make
milics into the way of government and a figure which agrees better with their
honour which confifts not here in own humour, and the manner of
titie, but in pub ic employments.
courts, than with the customs and or-
ders that prevail in popular govern
To be continued.)

The officers of their armies live after the customs and fashions of the gentlemen; and fo do many fons of the rich merchants, who returning from travel, have more defigns upon their own pleasure, and the vanity of appearance, than upon the fervice of their country or if they pretend to enter into that, it is rather by the army than the ftate. And all these are generally defirous to fee a court in their country, that they may value themfelves at home, by the qualities

The next rank among them, is that of their gentlemen or nobles, who in the province of Holland are very few, moft of the families having been extinguished in the long wars with Spain But what remain are in a manuer, all employed in the military or civil charges of the province or ftate. Thefe are, in their cultoms, and manners, and way of living, a good deal different from the reft of the people, and having been bred much abroad, rather

than they need; making fometimes
but ill copies, whereas they might be
good originals, by refining or improv-
ing of customs and virtues proper to
own country and climate. They
are otherwife an honeft, well-natured,
friendly, and gentlemanly fort of men,
and acquit themselves generally with
honour and merit, where their coun-
try employs them.

Suite d'Hipoire d'EPAMINONDAS. (Continued from Vol. XI. Page 659.)

ASON, qui étoit retourné ca
Theffalie, profita habilement de la
tufpenfion d'armes des Lacédémo-

affect the garb of their neighbour-niens & de Thebains, pour étendre de
courts, than the popular air of their jour en jour fes conquêtes; fon êpée
own country. They value themfelves lui foumettoit tous ceux, que fes tré-
more upon their nobility than men fors, fes artifices, & fon éloquence ne
do in other countries, where it is pouvoit gagner.
more common, and would think them-
felves utterly difhonoured by the mar-
riage of one that were not of their
rank, though it were to make up the
broken fortune of a noble family by
the wealth of a plebeian. They ftrive
to imitate the French in their mien,
their clothes, their way of talk, of
eating, of gallantry, or debauchery;
and are fomething worfe than they
would be, by affecting to be better

Il étoit parvenû à un degrè de puiffance qui le rendoit formidable à toute la Gréce. Il paroiffoit même qu'il en affectoit l'empire, & il dévenoit infenfiblement, par fes fuccès, & par l'accroiffement de fes forces, plus propre à le conquerir. La mort interrompit le cour de fes profpérités, & fit. echoüir fes grands deffeins. Le fort de la plupart des républicains qui s'ar rogent le pouvoir abfolû devint le fien.

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