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Cross, the Queen went, on the 24th of November, in great splendour, to the church, seated in a kind of triumphal chariot, with four pillars supporting a canopy, and an imperial crown. Two others supported a lion and dragon on the front of the carriage, with the arms of England. This vehicle was drawn by two white horses. She was received at the church door by the Bishop of London, the dean, and fifty other clergymen, habited in superb copes. At her entrance she kneeled, and pronounced a prayer; then proceeded to her seat, under a canopy in the choir, when the Litany was chanted."-Malcolm's Londinium Redivivum, vol. I. p. 166.*

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Copes worn in the Abbey of Westminster on the first day of Parliament.

1597.] "Imprimis. The Queen's majesty to be received at the north door of the said church. But before her entry into the porch of the said door, a form with carpets and cushions to be laid, where her Majesty is to kneel and to receive a sceptre of gold, having the image of a dove in the top, and to pronounce a prayer. The dean of the said church is to deliver the said sceptre, and to shew the said prayer.

"At her Majesty's entry into the church, the dean of her Majesty's chapel, with all the company of the chapel, and the dean of Westminster, with his brethren and company, in copes, to meet her Majesty at the north door of the church.

"The whole quire then to sing a solemn psalm, going before her Majesty.

"The Queen's majesty to come to the body of the church, and so to enter in at the west door of the quire, and so up to her travise by the Communion-table.

"Upon her entrance into her travise Te Deum to be sung, after that the Litany.

"Then the sermon.

"After the sermon, a solemn song with a collect for the Queen. That being ended, the whole quire to go before her Majesty, singing, to the south-east door, where the dean kneeling, with two of his brethren, is to receive of her Majesty the golden staff with the dove in the top."-The Order of Receiving Queen Elizabeth in

* See also Nichols' Progresses of Queen Elizabeth, vol. 11. p. 539.

the College Church of Westminster, the first day of the Parliament, October 13, 1597. From the British Museum Donation, MSS. 4712. Nichols' Progresses of Queen Elizabeth, vol. III. p. 115.

[307]

Copes worn at Queen Elizabeth's Funeral.

April 20th, 1603.] "Gentlemen of the chapel in copes; having the children of the chapel in the middle of their company, in surplices, all of them singing."-The True Order and Formal Proceeding of the Funeral of Queen Elizabeth. lbid. vol. ш. p. 622.

[308]

Copes worn at the Coronation of James E.

"The king's chaplains in copes.”—The Proceeding to the Coronation, &c. Nichols' Progresses of James I. vol. 1. p. 229, 4to. 1828.

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Copes enjoined in Cathedral and Collegiate churches by the

Canons of 1603.

1603, James I.] "In all cathedral and collegiate churches the Holy Communion shall be administered upon principal feast-days, sometimes by the bishop, if he be present, and sometimes by the dean, and sometimes by a canon or prebendary, the principal minister wearing a decent cope, and being assisted with the Gospeller and Epistler agreeably, according to the Advertisements published ann. 7 Elizabethæ."-Canon XXIV.

[310]

Copes, Chasubles, &c. condemned by the Puritans.

1604.] "If any apparel do deform God's true worship, it is that apparel that doth most beautify and grace the false and idolatrous worship of GOD, as that apparel must needs most deform a wise man that doth most adorn a fool, and that apparel must needs be most unbeseeming a king, that is seemly and decent for a beggar. If therefore men would set their wits upon the highest strain to invent an apparel to disgrace the ministers of the Gospel, they could not invent a more odious attire than the consecrated attire of a filthy masspriest, the most abominable idolater in the earth. Those that abhor idolatry as much as they do beggary and folly, cannot but hate and

abhor the badges of idolatry as much as the badges of folly and beggary, and therefore cannot but account that priestly attire that is enjoined unto us by our prelates an apparel more unbeseeming the minister of the Gospel than a cloak with a thousand patches, or a coat with four elbows; for beggary and folly being judgements and not sins, the notes of beggary and folly cannot be so odious to the spiritual eye as the notes of idolatry."-A Treatise of Divine Worship, tending to prove that the Ceremonies imposed upon the Ministers of the Gospel in England, in present controversy, are in their use Unlawful, pp. 37, 38, 12mo. 1604.

[311]

Copes worn at the Christening of the Princess Mary.

1605.] "At the chapel stood the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, assisted with the deans of Canterbury and of the chapel, in rich copes, received the child; and bringing the child into the traverse, the quire sung certain anthems, and the lords took one side of the stalls, and the ladies the other."-Nichols' Progresses of James I. vol. 1. p. 512.

[312]

Rich Copes worn in Westminster Abbey, at the Visit of the French Ambassadors.

Temp. James I.] "The lords embassadors and their great train took up all the stalls, where they continued about half-an-hour, while the quire-men, vested in their rich copes, with their choristers, sang three several anthems with most exquisite voices before them." -Hacket's Life of Williams, Part I. p. 210.

[313]

Cope worn at the Creation of Knights of the Bath.

1610.] "Early the next morning [after the bath]......they came to the chapel, where they took their seats with their accustomed reverences; and after service ended, their oath was ministered unto them by the Earl of Worcester and the Earl of Suffolk, in a solemn and ceremonious manner, all of them standing forth before the stalls, and at their coming out making low reverence before the altar.

About four of the clock in the afternoon they rode again to the court, to hear divine service in the king's chapel......at their

entrance into the chapel, the heralds conducting them, they make a solemn reverence, the youngest knight beginning, the rest orderly ensuing; and so, one after another, take their standing before their stalls, where all being placed, the eldest knight maketh a reverence, which is followed to the youngest; and then all ascend into their stalls, and take their accustomed places. Service then beginneth, and is very solemnly celebrated, with singing of divers anthems and playing on the organs: and when the time of their offertory is come, the youngest knights are summoned forth of the stalls by the heralds, doing reverence first within the stalls, and again after they are descended, which is likewise imitated by the rest. And being all thus come forth, standing before their stalls, as at first, the two eldest knights, with their swords in their hands, are brought up by the heralds to the altar, where they offer their swords, and the dean receives them, of whom they presently redeem them with an angel in gold, offered into a bason held by a minister in a cope thereby. ...... And then come down to their former places, whilst two others are led up in like manner, so doing successively till the whole ceremony be performed; which done, and the service ended, they depart in such order as they came, with accustomed reverence."Nichols' Progresses of James I. vol. II. 337-340.

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Copes worn at the Funeral of Henry; Prince of Wales. 1612.] "Gentlemen of the chapel in rich copes."-1bid. vol. II. p. 495.

[315]

Copes worn at Marriage of the Count Palatine and Princess Elizabeth.

1612-13.] "The chapel [at Whitehall] was in royal sort adorned: the upper end of it was hung with very rich hangings, containing part of the history of the Acts of the Apostles, and the Communion-table was furnished with rich plate...... The royal assembly being......settled in the chapel, the organ ceased, and the gentlemen of the chapel sung a full anthem; and then the Bishop of Bath and Wells, dean of his Majesty's chapel [Dr. Montague], went into the pulpit, which stood at the foot of the step before the Communion-table, and preached upon the second of S. John, the marriage of Cana in Galilee: and the sermon being ended, (which

continued not much above an half-hour,) the choir began another anthem......While the choir was singing the anthem, the Archbishop of Canterbury and dean of the chapel went into the vestry, and put on their rich copes, and came to the Communion-table, where they stood till the anthem was ended. They then ascended the hautpas, where these two great princes were married by the Archbishop of Canterbury, in all points according to the Book of Common Prayer.”—Ibid. vol. II. pp. 546, 547.

[316]

Copes worn at Durham Cathedral at the Administration of Poly Eucharist to James E.

1617.] "When he [king James I.] received the Communion in this cathedral church upon Easter-day, 1617......two copes indeed were worn, but decent, as the canons prescribe."*-Canterbury's Cruelty, &c. by Peter Smart, p. 19.

[317]

Copes worn by the Dean and Canons of S. Paul's and
other Clergy.

1620.] "Upon Midlent Sunday, anno 1620, accompanied by the prince [afterwards K. Charles the Martyr], attended by the Marquis of Buckingham, the bishops, lords, and most of the principal gentlemen about the court, he [James I.] intended to visit S. Paul's. From Temple-bar he was conducted in most solemn manner by the Lord Mayor and Aldermen of London; and at his entrance into the church, received under a canopy by the dean and canons attired in rich copes and other ecclesiastical habits. Being by them brought into the quire, he heard with very great reverence and devotion the divine service of the day, most solemnly performed with organs, cornets, and sagbuts, accompanied and intermingled with such excellent voices that seemed rather to enchant than chant.”— Heylyn's Cyprianus Anglicanus, pp. 82, 83.

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"The king entered at the great west door of Paul's, where he kneeled, and having ended his orisons, he was received by the dean and chapter of that church, being all in rich copes. The canopy was supported by the archdeacons of the diocese, and other doctors of

*Bishop Andrewes preached on S. Matt. xii. 39, 40.-EDD.

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