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divinity, being likewise all in rich copes. The gentlemen of the king's chapel and the quire of Paul's were likewise all in rich copes, and so with solemn singing brought the king into the quire, through which he went unto his traverse, which was set up on the south side of the high altar: and it being then three of the clock, they began to celebrate divine service, which was solemnly performed with organs, cornets, and sagbuts.”—Howes' Chronicle cited in Nichols' Progresses of James I. vol. iv. p. 601.


Copes worn at the Funeral of James E.

1625.] "The whole chapel and vestry in their copes.”—Order of Procession of the King's Funeral. Ibid. vol. IV. p. 1043.


Glorious Copes worn at Windsor, Whitehall, and Hampton Court, in the grand Procession on the Festivals of S. George.

Temp. Eliz., James I., and Charles I.] “In habits yet more glorious do the gentlemen of the sovereign's chapel at Whitehall, the petty canons and vicars of Windsor, appear, who at this time are also joined in one body, to augment the solemnity, for they are all (or the most part of them) vested in rich copes of cloth of gold, cloth of bodkin, or most costly embroideries...... These kind of vestments have been at all times worn in the grand procession, whether the grand feast was kept at Windsor, or at Whitehall, or Hampton Court, or Greenwich, even to the beginning of the late wars, in which the covetous barbarism of the then reformers sent most of them to the fire: besides, they are sometimes taken notice of in the registers of the Order, to be used in the grand procession; as, in particular, an. 15. Jac. Reg. it is noted, that the whole choir, being adorned in copes, (for so we suppose the word orarium may signify, as well as Dalmatica vestis,) descended from the altar, and sung the Litany; and to like purpose is that recorded, an. 21 of the same king." Ashmole's Order of the Garter, p. 574.

The opposite lithograph is copied from a print by Hollar, in Ashmole's Work, and represents part of a procession which took place on S. George's Day, in the reign of Charles II. Her present Majesty, it is hoped, will ere long revive the celebration of S. George's Festival, in all its ancient glory.--EDD.


Copes worn in Durham House Chapel, at the Consecration of Dr. Francis White, Bishop of Carlisle.

1626.] "The service executed by John Cosin, Archdeacon of the East Riding in York, the sermon by him preached.

"The hymns and psalms sung solemnly by the choice of the king's quire, with those of S. Paul and Westminster.

"The Communion-service, and the consecration, executed by the Bishop of Durham.

(by John Cosin,

"The Epistle read in the king's copes by H. Wickham,

"The Gospel read

Archdeacons of York.

"The offertory solemnly made by more than twenty persons, bishops, doctors, and other divines of note."-Cosin's Works, vol. 1. p. 85, 8vo. 1843.


Copes worn at Durham Cathedral.

1628.] "But what a trick is this which our new-fangled ceremony-mongers have taken up of late, to go in a cope to the altar, to say two or three prayers after the sermon? Why use they this ceremony, not mentioned in the Communion Book or Canons? Why suffer they not the preacher to dismiss the congregation with the blessing of GOD's peace, as was wont to be done, and our last bishop esteemed to be best? How dare they put off and put on a cope so often in one service, not only to pray, but to read the Epistle and Gospel and Ten Commandments at the altar only?...... Is it because they are enamoured of copes? do they dote upon copes? or are the psalms and chapters, read in the body of the church, not such good gospel, nor so worthy to be coped? or is there so near affinity between copes and altars, are they so married together, that they cannot be parted?......Again, why sing they the Nicene Creed in a cope at the altar, the book appointing it to be said as the Apostles' Creed is said, not sung......A decent cope is commanded by our canons to be used sometimes, only at the Communion. Whether a stately cope, a sumptuous cope, a cope embroidered with idols of silver, gold, and pearl; a mock cope, a scornful cope, used a long time at mass and May games, as some of ours were; whether, I say, such a cope be a decent cope, fit for the LORD'S Table, judge ye, beloved.”—Sermon by Peter Smart, pp. 18-25.


1635] "The Minster [Durham] is as neatly kept as any in England, built like unto Paul's; wherein are in the body of the church, on either side, eight great and stately pillars as great as Paul's; herein the daintiest font that I have seen in England, the body or font stone and foot of pure marble, over which is placed a cover or canopy folding of wood, curiously carved, wherein described the history of CHRIST's baptism. Herein a stately pair of double organs which look both into the church and chancel; a stately altar-stone, all of fine marble, standing upon a frame of marble pillars of the same marble as the font. When the Communion is here administered, which is by the Bishop himself, there is laid upon this altar, or rather Communion-table, a stately cloth of gold: the Bishop useth the new red embroidered cope, which is wrought full of stars like one I have seen worn in S. Denis, in France: there are here two other rich copes, all which are shaped like unto long cloaks reaching down to the ground, and which have round capes.”—Brereton's Travels, published by the Chetham Society, p. 83.


Consecrated Copes in the Chapel Royal of Holyrood. 1633.] "That the copes which are consecrated for the use of our chapel be delivered to the dean to be kept upon inventory by him, and in a standard provided for that purpose, and to be used at the celebration of the Sacrament [of the Altar] in our chapel-royal."Instructions of Charles I. to be observed in the Chapel Royal of Holyrood. Cyprianus Anglicus, p. 262.


Restoration of Copes in all Cathedrals by Archbishop Laud. 1635.] "At Winton......he [Archbishop Laud] required them, by Brent his vicar-general, to provide four copes, to rail in the Communion-table, and place it altarwise, to bow towards it, and daily to read the Epistles and Gospels at it...... The like injunctions [were] given by Brent to the church of Chichester, to provide copes by one a-year for GOD's publick service, till they were sufficiently furnished with them; with the like adorations towards the Communion-table, as before at Winchester. The statutes of Hereford being imperfect,


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