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Art. 50. Reflections on the Growth of Heathenifm among modern
Chriftians. In a Letter to a Friend at Oxford. Humbly recommended to the ferious Confideration of all thofe who are entrusted with the Education of. Youth. By a Prefbyter of the Church of England. 8vo. .Is. Rivington.
There is a clafs of men amongst us, not numerous indeed, nor, we truft, ill meaning, who following the infupportable principles of Hutchinson, and others of his caft, would at once cut us off from the monuments of ancient genius, and from the reliques of ancient art: for, to abolish the idea of the Heathen deities, fo intimately connected with thofe remains, muft, in effect, be to do this. The leader of these men, apprehenfive of the confequences, most abfurdly endeavoured to prove that the principles of all arts and fciences were contained in the Bible. But this was the delirium of a man intoxicated with fyftem.
Though this Writer, who addreffes himself more particularly to thofe who are entrusted with the education of youth, does not abfolutely prohibit all claffical productions, yet he feems well inclined fo to do; and we are not ftrangers to fome, of his principles, who will fuffer no books to come into the hands of their scholars, except Se leca e Profanis, &c. Officium Hominis, &c. a Latin tranflation of the Whole Duty of Man, and two or three more of that kind: now the acquifition of claffical languages undirected to claffical ftudies, is at leaft an idle purfuit.
But our Author is most angry with modern poets, that they should be fo paganized as to imperfonate paffions, and addrefs themselves to imaginary deities; and Milton, faith he, has made it appear that what is great in poetry may be attained without borrowing any thing from the ancient ornaments of the Pagan machinery' fo much the worse: fince he has been obliged to take fuch liberties with our own machinery, as our Author will hardly venture to think advanta geous to the verifimilitude of our religion. The truth is, that fiction is the proper ground and region of poetry, and the farther the mufa mendax is kept from the national religion, the lefs it will fuffer from her. It was for this reafon, no doubt, that the ancient philofopher propofed to exclude poets from his commonwealth.
Art. 51, A Tour in Ireland in 1775. With a Map and a View of the Salmon Leap at Ballyshannon. 8vo. 5s. Boards. Robfon, &c.
Mr. Twifs, the Author of Travels through Portugal and Spain, has here given his obfervations made in a tour through the greateft part of Ireland. We have already given our opinion of the genius and manner of this young Tourist, in the Article referred to in the note; to which we shall now only add, from the first paragraph of his Appendix, his own remark on the whole extent of his various excurfions: I have visited, fays he, the greatest part of England, Scotland, Ireland, Holland, Flanders, France, Switzerland, Germany, Bohemia, Italy, Portugal, and Spain, and, in cluding 16 fea voyages, have journeyed about 27,000 miles; which is 2000 more than the circumference of the earth.'-As lovers of our
• See Review, Sept. 1775. Art. I. REV. Aug. 1776.
natale folum, we are happy to find that after all that this Gentleman has feen of fome of the finest parts of the globe, he prefers Old England, for climate, foil, and government, to all other countries; Art. 52. The Life of Pope Clement XIV. (Ganganelli.) Tranflated from the French of Monf. Caraccioli. 8vo. 4 s. fewed. Johnson, &c.
The work alluded to, in our account of Ganganelli's Letters, in our laft Appendix, p. 532. It is written altogether in the encomiaftic strain of the foreign academical eloges; but it does not beftow more praise on the late excellent Pope than he merited.An Appendix is fubjoined, containing fome letters, written by this truly great man, when he was a Cardinal; together with his brief for the fuppreffion of the Jefuits. Of this piece, we are affured, the Pope himfelf was the fole author; and it does him honour. It is not, fays our Biographer, one of thofe publications calculated only for a day,→ but it is a monument which will fubfift through generations to come.' Art. 53. A Geographical Dictionary; or, general View of the World, &c. Collected from the latest Books of Geography and Travels. 8vo. 2 s. Hay. 1775.
We have given as much of the title as the nature of a piece required, which is a mere abftract of abftracts:-geographical grammars, gazetteers, court kalendars, &c. It may, however, as the Editor modeftly expreffes himself, ferve to convey information at a cheap rate, and gradually lead the reader to better books.' Art. 54. The Works of Dr. Jonathan Swift, Dean of St. Patrick's, Dublin. Vol. XVII. Large 8vo. 7 s. Boards. Bowyer, &c. 1775:
Swift's works being now grown very voluminous, and few Readers being poffeffed of complete fets, it may be of ufe, to many, to know the ftate of the feveral diftinct publications which, collectively, form the entire feries.
There are now 24 volumes published, in the fize above-mentioned,
The first twelve, of which Dr. Hawkefworth was the Editor, 1775. The thirteenth and fourteenth, improved from Faulkner's Dublin edition, 1765.
The fifteenth and fixteenth, published by Deane Swift, Esq.
The prefent volume.
To make up the above number, there are fix volumes of literary correfpondence, viz. three volumes of letters published by Dr. Hawkefworth in 1765; and three ditto by Deane Swift, Efq; in 1767. Of all thefe fafficient accounts have been given in our Reviews.
To which we are to add, a fupplemental volume, juft published; and of which more will be faid in the next Article.
This ferventeenth volume of mifcellanies, contains the hiftory of the four last years of the Queen; of which we gave an ample account at the time of its first publication, in 1758 : fee Review, vol. xviii. To this capital piece, which, alone, makes a confiderable volume, are fome mifcellaneous papers, in profe; together with nine numbers of the Tatler, one Spectator, and one Examiner, not in former collections alio 18 letters, written by the Dean and his friends, and fome pieces of poetry,-the latter of no great account. There is
likewife a moft valuable general index to the whole works and letters, and a curious set of notes to the former volumes.
Art. 55. A Supplement to Dr. Swift's Works: Being a Collection of Mifcellanies in Profe and Verfe, by the DEAN, Dr. Delany, Dr. Sheridan, and others, his intimate Friends: With explanatory Notes, and an Index, by the Editor. Large 8vo. 7 s. Boards. Bowyer, &c. 1776.
The induftrious and very intelligent Editor of this and the préceding volume, flatters himself that, in the present state of Dr. Swift's writings, he fhall not be cenfured for what is now added.' He does not pretend to fay that the whole contents of what he has collected ought to be adopted in a regular edition, whenever fuch a work fhall be undertaken; yet he doubts not but the prefent volume will be confidered as an interesting part of it, and at the fame time be a proper appendage to all former editions, being strictly what it profeffes to be a collection of Miscellanies, by Dr. Swift, and his most intimate friends.'
A great part of this volume confifts of the Dean's political papers, with fome of an humorous caft, and other mifcellanies in profe; of poetical effays, there are a confiderable number by the Dean; befide thofe of Dr. Delany, Dr. Sheridan, &c.
The notes are numerous, and fome of them may be thought too minute, by readers who do not confider the neceffity for them, in works which fo peculiarly fprung from the circumstances of the times, as those of Dean Swift, and most of his friends. • Facts and circumftances of a temporary nature,' as the Editor obferves, 'are foon forgotten;' fo that every book should include an explanation of the obfcure and lefs known paffages in it, without obliging the reader to refer to other sources of information.'-Our Editor's apology, on this head, will alfo apply to the notes in the preceding volume, and to thofe of the new edition of Dr. King's works: And when it is confidered, fays he, that thefe helps are defigned for the ufe of fuch as are not general readers, it is prefumed those who are more informed will pardon the infertion of fome circumstances which, to them, may appear fuperfluous.'
Art. 56. A New Collection of Epitaphs, panegyrical and moral, humorous, whimfical, fatirical, and infcriptive; including the moft remarkable Infcriptions in the Collections of Hacket, Jones, and Toldevoy; together with One Thoufand Epitaphs, never before published. By T. Webb. 2 Vols. 12mo. 7 s.
Literary compofitions on wood and ftone, the merit of which is of no concern to the Public, are happily beyond our department, which is fufficiently laborious already; and when they are copied and printed, it is a fair plea that they are not new publications. As a number of them however comes in our way in an aggregate view, it may be fufficient to say that they are claffed according to their style as mentioned in the title, and that the collection is furnished with indexes for the ready finding of particular epitaphs. It includes not only epitaphs actually infcribed on tombs, but also others wrote by volunteer hands for celebrated perfons, though not adopted: and
even of the former, if our memories do not mislead us, feveral are not what they are faid to be. An old well-known conceit of Tom Brown's, for instance, which begins thus,
I dreamt that buried in my fellow clay,' &c.
is given as from a (nameless) nobleman's tombstone at Woodford Wells; which is greatly to be doubted. The thought it contains is more characteristic of Tom, than of a nobleman; and it is not likely that any nobleman would borrow it from him.
Art. 57. An Enquiry into the prefent State of Boarding Schools for young Ladies. In which the modern Plan of Education is confidered, and a different one recommended. Addreffed to Parents, Governeffes, and Tutors. By a Parent. 12mo. is. Whitaker, &c. 1776.
It is not difficult to obferve errors in the mode of education, or to perceive that boarding schools for the female fex do not generally anfwer the defired end. This Writer mentions feveral objectionable things: however we must think him mistaken when he fays that little attention is paid to fpelling. He appears to have been chagrin'd by the school education of his daughter, which he probably found very expenfive, and in a great measure futile and infignificant. Art. 58. Intereft Tables on an improved Plan. Shewing, by Infpection, the legal Intereft on every Sum from 11. to 1000l. and from 10col to 10,000 l. for 1 Day to 30, 40, and 50 Days, and for 3, 6, 9, and 12 Months, Tables for 3, 3, 4, 41, 5, 51, 6, 61⁄21⁄2, 7, 71⁄2, and 8 per Cent. per Ann. from 11. to 10,000l. for 3, 6, 9, and 12 Months. A Table for 100l. at 3 per Cent. per Ann. from 1 Day to 365 Days, particularly useful to the Dealers in East India Company's Bonds. A Table of Discount at 61 per Cent. the Allowance made by the East India Company to the Purchasers of Goods at their Sales for prompt Payment: Calcu lated to the One Hundredth Part of a Penny, from One Penny to One Thousand Pounds. A Table for the Payment of Salaries or Wages. A Table fhewing the Number of Days from any Day in One Month to the fame Day in any other Month. By Robert Griffin. 8vo. 6s. Carnan. 1775.
The title is fufficiently explicit, the tables are well printed in legible figures; but the review of them, as to correctness, must be referred to the brokers about the Royal Exchange, who will foon fix the character of them.
RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIA L.
Art. 59. A Check to Enthufiafm; or an Anfwer to John Philadelphus containing a full Refutation of his Defence of the Religious Confufion, practifed in fome worshipping Affemblies in Wales. By Mr. Sophronikos. 8vo. 4 d. Printed by Oliver in London, and fold by all the principal Bookfellers in Wales,
The Jumpers are a new fect of methodistical enthusiasts in Wales, whofe phrenties, we should have thought, though we had long fince heard of them, no one in his fober fenfes would attempt to vindicate: but indeed there is no notion or practice fo abfurd, which will not find fome advocate. At the time of divine worship, they have a custom to make loud groans, and to bawl out, Glory to God!
-God! &c. leaping withal up and down, in all manner of poftures. This practice has crept into fome churches, many chapels, meeting-houses, fields, &c.' And to this account we may add, from our own knowledge, that many of their teachers and leaders encourage thefe wild fallies of religious madnefs. They labour, by vociferation and violent action, to work up their auditors into a fit difpofition for these extravagant clamours and gestures; and when they have gained their end, they retire from the fcene of confufion, fatisfied with their fuccefs, and, without doubt, triumphing in their extraordinary command over the paflions of their deluded followers. One of them, who was more fenfible, and perhaps lefs vain than the reft, publicly forbad this kind of riot; upon which the women jumped the more, crying out, in spite of that devil! at the fame time pointing towards the pulpit, where the imaginary devil stood.
Some time fince a writer, under the fignature of Philadelphus, undertook to defend these wildeft extravagancies of enthusiasm by * fcripture injunctions, prophetic promifes and examples; wrefting the figurative language of the Old and New Teftament into literal authorities and commands, in order to justify their practice. The Author of the pamphlet before us is worthy of a much abler opponent, and is capable of diftinguishing himself in a more important controversy. He discovers a fpirit correfponding to the title which he affumes; nor does he need that fecond, the diawl,' to whom thefe frantic vifionaries are ever ready to afcribe that kind of rea foning which they cannot answer.
The remonftrances of a Reviewer, though our corps might furnish one able to address them in their own language, would, we fear, never be likely to promote the defign of this publication, and to filence their clamours.
Art. 60. Naked Thoughts on fome of the Peculiarities of the Fieldpreaching Clergy. In a Letter to a Friend. By a Member of the Church of England. 8vo. 6d. Pridden.
Ridicules the practices which the "Check to Enthusiasm" more feriously exposes; and more particularly levelled against the ranting teachers among the Methodifts in different parts of the kingdom. The Author concludes with informing the Reader, that he proposes to point out the important obligation of fubfcription, and thew how the field-preaching clergy (as fuch) inevitably violate their fubfcrip tions both of the Articles and the Canons, as well as all the oaths and folemn promises of regularity and conformity, they have made at their ordinations; and then refute their pleas for their prefent mode of non conformity and defiance of church government.' Should this promised publication fall under our notice, we fhall be able to judge whether the Author can reason as well as he rallies. He is, we doubt not, properly apprized of the importance and difficulty of his undertaking.
Art. 61. God's Controversy with the Nations: Addreffed to the Rulers and People of Chriftendom. By Thomas Hartley, M. A. Rector of Winwick in Northamptonshire. 8vo. 1s. Lewis, &c.'
An age like the prefent, whofe prevailing characteristic seems to be diffipation, luxury, want of piety, and principle, will, we fear,