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. 22. Richardsoniana, or occafional Reflections on the moral Nature of Man, suggested by various Authors, ancient and mo. dern, and exemplified from those Authors; with several Aneć. dotes interspersed. By the late Jonathan Richardson, jun. Efq. 8v0.3 s. fewed. Dodley. Fabellas garrit Aniles. This Mr. Richardson was a good sociable kind of male gossip, whose chief business it was to pick up and ré. tail or file anecdotes and stories. His book differs from the common jest books only on account of fome moral reflections which are casually interspersed. And many of his little stories, for which he quotes, ridiculoufly, enough, Dr. Sandilands and others, we have heard retailed a hundred times on the coffee-houses. He was the fon of Mr. Richardson the painter. Art. 23. Original Letters, Dramatic Pieces and Poems. By Benjamin Victor. 8vo. 3 Vols.

8vo. 3 Vols. 11. 1 s. Boards. Becket. Poor, honeft, old. Ben Victor! one of the best natured creatures in the world! We proteft that we have seen ten times worse poetry, and twenty times worse prose! Art. 24. An actual Survey of the great Pop Roads between Londin

and Edinburgh. Drawn on a Scale of Half an Inch to a Statute Mile. By Mostyn John Armstrong, Geographer and County Sur. veyor. 8vo.

Sold at No. 3, New-Round. Court, Strand, and by the Booksellers, &c. * This volume comprehends the roads from London, by York and Wetherby, to Newcattle; and from Newcattle, by Berwick, Coldfream, and Kello, to Edinburgh; with the post towns, villages, and churches, nobility and gentry's feats, castles, and ruins; inns, woods, hills, &c., the course of the rivers, coast, and cross roads, fituared on, or within three miles of either side the post-road.

• The mile-stones, as numbered from each sage, turnpike bars, and bridges; the boundary, or division of each county ; Roman roads and stations; with the places where the rolt memorable battles were fought, are accurately pointed out, and properly distinguished.

• The whole of this map (which includes 4000 square miles) is correctly engraved, and carefully printed on 44 ottavo pages of fine paper; with a general map, exhibiting, at one view, the roads beiween London and Edinburgh.

• With each engraving is given a page of letter press, containing the nobility and gentry's names whole seats are inserted in the pian; the distance of each stage from London and Edinburgh; and of all the principal cross-roads leading from the great pofi-roads, inns, &c.

To the whole is prefixed, the ftages, distance, and fare of the northern post-coaches, &c.' with tables of the post-itages, chaise and horse hire; measured distances; an explanation, and alphabetical index; and, in order to render the book of real fervice to every gentleman or lady who travel these much-frequented roads, blank pages regu'arly intervene, for the purpose of keeping a journal of travelling expences or private occurrences.

• This Travelling Companion is humbly presented to the Public, as the orly book of roads extant in England from ACTUAL SURVEY, fince Ogilby and Morgan's perambulation, which is of so long a Rev. Sept. 1776.

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date, as the reign of Charles II. fince which period, the courses of the roads are totally altered. Upon the whole, it is hoped, that this will be found to be executed on the most useful and intelligent plan that has hitherto been attempted.'

AUTHOR. The foregoing account is copied from a fugitive advertisement of the Author's, in which the merit of the work seems to be very honestly and properly set forth. We must take the accuracy and correctness for granted ; and, on that suppofition, we should be glad to see the other principal post-roads of this kingdom delineated in the same manner. Art. 25. The Reformation of School maslers, Academy. keepers,

Surgeons, Apothecaries, Physicians, Lawyers, Divines, Farmers, Irish White Boys, and other Ricters. Founded upon evident Principles, and a long Series of Observations: Addressed to the King, and both Houses of Parliament, that British Subjects may be no longer imposed upon by scheming Pretenders. 8vo. Is. Printed for the Author, and sold by Bew. 1775.

Gross ignorance, proceeding from a bad education, is the fruitful fource from whence this Writer derives the numerous evils which disturb the peace of society, and destroy the happiness of individuals.

• This defect, he says, is not owing to the poverty, neglect, or want of affection in parents, but to a set of impostures not unlike swinglers, who pretend to teach Latin, Greek, Mathematics, and all other sciences, although they never learned the principles of eitber.' And as this species of fraud, when viewed in its consequences, is, in the estimation of the Author, of a far more criminal nature than that of forgery, he thinks it ought, at least, to be punished with equal severity.

From the education of youth, our Reformer proceeds to the prac. tice of physic, a review of which affords him an ample field for animadversion. To surgeons and apothecaries he gives no quarter ; hs represents them, in general, as crafty, vain, and avaricious, without honesty or humanity, literary knowledge, or medical kill. He contends, that as they • never were at proper schools to learn the principles of medicine, there is a manifest impropriety in committing to them the preservation of the life and health of our failors and soldiers :' that having nothing to guide them in their fatal practice they must destroy more British subjects, both by sea and land, than fickness, with all the enemies of our king and country

The plan recommended for correcting the medical abuses pointed out by the Author, is the following:

•10 Our Legislature is to compel all surgeons and apothecaries to defift from acting as physicians. 2o. To reunite the surgeons and barbers. 3°. To appoint a physician to every regiment, except in garrisons, where he can attend two or three regiments, and the pomber of surgeons is to be diminished in proportion. 4°. To command the physicians to attend the fick soldiers in time of peace and war with the same affiduity. 5°. Every man of war going upon a long voyage is to have one physician, with a sufficient number of surgeons according to its rate. For as those men are the bulwarks of the nation, it is proper they thould have the same requisites, as other sub

jeats, for the preservation of their health. -6°. To complete the remedial part of this law, our Royal College of Physicians should be raised to an univerQty for medicine, for as the practical part of this science cannot be acquired fo perfely in any part of the kingdom as in London, it seems to be the belt place for its cultivation.'

The administration of justice next engages the Writer's attention. The principal evil which he specifies under this head, is the practice of establishing precedents as rules of decision. He compares our • present baristers to empirics in medicine,' and alleges, that the • profeffion of law is not less polluted by quacks than that of phyfic.'

The remedy proposed for the evils of this class is a new and concise code of laws, to be compiled ' from our itatutes, our general cuftoms, Justinian, the Prussian code, the Coutumier of Bernes in Switzerland, and that of the King of Sardinia.'

To divines the Author recommends a perusal of this pamphlet, and expresses a with that the Legislature would take special care not to allow any of them to become tutors 10 noblemen or gentlemen, in our universities, before they give public proofs of knowing the elements of the education neceffary for members of the House of Lords or House of Commons.'

In the last chap'er, intitled, “ The Reformation of Farmers, Irish White Boys, &c. the members of the Legislature are advised to adopt the following custom of long usage in the King of Sardinia's dominions,' viz. any one of his (the King of Sardinia's) fubjects, that wants land to till, may go to the neareft nobleman or gentleman, who has wale land, and pitch upon as much as he thinks he can manage, and demand seed, with all the implements necessary for agriculture. There are commillaries in every dittrict to let a proper value upon this land, &c. and it is to be paid out of the fruits of the tenant's labour ; he cannot be turned out of his litrie farm unle's he commits fome misdemeanour, and if it be proved, that the commiflary wronged him, they are severely punished, without any expence to the poor man for prosecution.'

The Writer of this picce is, we believe, a well meaning man, and some of his observations are onquefionably just, but it is certainly 'with a very ill grace that he appears in the character of a literary reformer, inveighing against the ignorance of schoolmatters, academy-keepers, &c, when almost every page in his book presents us with proofs that he has yet to learn the art of writing his own language grammatically. Art. 26. A Description of the Island of Nevis; with an Account of its frincipal D fenjes. By James Rymer.

. &vo. Evans. It is imposible for a man of the leart caile or knowledge to read this pamphlet, without being extremely disgusted by the vanity, affeciation, and stupidity of the Writer. Ari. 27. An Ejay on medical Education ; with Advice to young

Gentlemen of the Faculty, who go into the Navy as Surgeon's Mates, By James Rymer. 8vo.

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Evans. It ivs. Rymer imagines that he possesses the qualifications which are requifise either for the inftruction or entertainment of the Public,

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we beg leave to tell him this plain truth, that he is egregioufly mistaken. Art. 28. Miscellanies. By the Rev. Richard Shepherd, B.D.

late Fellow of C.C.C., Oxford. 8vo. 2 Vols. 9 s. Flexney, &c. 1776.

We have here collection of the various productions of Mr. Shepherd's pen, which have appeared separately, in verse and prose, at different times, within the last twenty years; from his excellent Ode to Love* (recommended in our 15th vol. 1756) to his late Sermon in defence of Ecclefiaftical Subscriptions. The most confiderable pieces contained in these two volumes are, I. ' The Nuptials, a didacic Poem ;' of which an account was given in our 26th vol. p. 65. II. • Letters to Soame Jenyns, Efq; on his Enquiry into the Nature and Origin of Evil:' of these Letters (if we mistake not) two former editions have been already mentioned in our Review. III. · Hellor, a dramatic Poem :' an account of this performance hath also been given. IV. 'Four Discourses from the Pulpit :' these we likewife remember to have noticed. There is an entertaining variety of other poems---elegies, odes, characters, &c. some of which we suppose to be

Also a very sensible Letreron Education,' addressed to Wil. liam Jones, Erg; of the Inner Temple;' the design of which is to thew, that the mode of education prevailing in our great schools, • is awretchedly bad;' and we are of opinion that there is but too much weight in every one of this ingenious Author's objections. Art. 29. Lord Chesterfield's Advice to his Son, on Men and Mana

ners : or, a new System of Education, &c. 8vo. 2 s. Richard fon and Urquhart. 1775. We have had Teveral of these collections from LordChesterfield's Letters. This was one of the first of them ; but, in the crowd of publications, it escaped our notice, till very lately. It is a pretty compendium of rules and maxims of politeness, &c. and may serve to initiate young readers into that knowledge of the world, and those principles of what is called good breeding, which are rarely to be found in preceptive books. The observations are properly arranged under distinct heads.

DR A MAT I C.
Art. 30. The Metamorphoses; a Comic Opera. In Two Acts.

As it is performed at the Theatre Royal in the Hay.Market. The
Music by Mr. Dibdin. Svo. I S. Lowndes. 1776.
To this dramatic trifle' is prefixed the following advertisement :

I have repeatedly assured the Public, that they shall be faith. fully acquainted from whence I borrow any materials to work up my Dramatic Trifes. In the METAMORPHOSEs will be found some incidents taken from Moliere's Sicilien, particularly the circumstances of Don Pedro's giving away his ward in a mistake, which is here ex. actly as it is in the French,

We observe some material alterations in the present edition of this poem (which hath also a new title, The PHILOGAMIST) occa. fioned, poffibly, by some contest between GENIUS and JUDGMENT; in which the former hath been obliged to submit.- In such contefts, if the God of Love be concerned in the issue, he will ever be a loser.

• The

· The Servant who, from fimplicity, betrays his Master's secrets, will be directly known for a character in George Dandin. In short, what is taken from these two Comedies, together with hints from other publications, make near a third of the piece.

• Thus have I faithfully performed my promise to the Public, whose kind protection I should very little merit could I deceive them.

C. DIBDin.' We heartily with the Author a continuance of the kind protection of the Public,' which, on some future occasion, we hope he will not so very little merit,' by producing a piece more worthy to en.. tertain them than his present theatrical olio.

POETICA L. Art. 31. A Congratulatory Poem on the late Successes of the British

Arms, particularly the triumphant Evacuation of Boston. 4to. is. Baldwin. 1776.

The title-page sufficiently indicates the irony of this Congratulatory Address to the Public; and the Author's peroration, if we may borsow the term, will shew that the poetry is above mediocrity:

Oh! ne'er, though fhame and ruin should attend,
Ne'er shall the matter to the vassal bend,
While British veins can pour a drop of blood,
While yet a vessel rides the crimfon'd flood;
Though faction rave, though party fcribblers rage,
And headstrong patriots ceaseless combat wage ;
With noble pride we scorn the volgar throng,
And boast at least a firmness in the wrong.
Thus the flow ass, with fortitude untam'd,
For length of ears and obftinacy fam'd,
Treads down the fence, and spoils the cultur'd ground,
Though mastiffs bay, though peasants hoot around,
Though half the village at his heels arise,

And ceaseless cudgels vibrate in his eyes.'
Art. 32. The Frolics of Fancy, an Epistle to a Friend. By Row-

ley Thomas. 4to.is. Richardson and Urquhart. Mr. Rowley Thomas's Fancy may be allowed, when in a flow of spirits,' to frolic in private, in any careless, wayward manner the pleases, but he should not let her play any unseemly gambols in the pablic view:-Sir! it is indecent to send your undressed Muse into company with such flatternly verses at her tail as these : • The bounty, as if 'twas given.'

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• And when they meet the wretch abroad

Say every cutting, cruel word.'-One would scarce imagine that the above lines could have been written by the same pen that issued the following summons ;

• Hither, Fancy, come along,
Fill the goblet, join the song;
The cube with Indian weed embrace,

And pledge each Mufe and Sifter Grace,' &c. p. 2 and 3. For the sake of his livelier frolics, and provided Mr. T. will, for the future, be a little more civil in his attention to the • Sister

Graces,'

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