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has gratified himself in the publication, so far all is well ; the Pablic will not probably suffer by not being admisted more into the fecret. Art. 32. An Address to the Members of Parliament; on the Ne.

ceflity of an Act to confine the Propriecors of Stage Carriages, and the Porters to Inns, to certain Rates for the Carriage and Porterage of Goods, &c. 8vo. I s. Bew.

In the raising, manufacturing, and selling the necessaries of life, competition, in most instances, produces the only regulation to which they can be subjected; but the Carriage of Goods to and from particular towns, is often free from the reltraints of competition. Hence, though the creation of new offices ought to be regarded with a jealous eye, the mutual intercourse of the Public ought as certainly to be guarded against impofition. The Author proposes that carriers, their book-keepers, and porters, should be subject to a like regulation with hackney coaches; a general warehouse to be prepared for the care and disposal of unclaimed goods; and that the profits of the whole should be applied to the Foundling Hospital. Art. 33. The Ensign of Peace. Shewing how the Health, both

of Body and Mind, may be preserved, and even revived by the mild and attenuating Power of a most valuable and cheap Medi. cine. ' Its fingular and most excellent Property is to fubdue the. Flesh to the Will of the Spirit ; by which happy Means, Mankind may enjoy a State of Temperance initead of Intemperance, and a State of Virtue inhead of Vice. The continued Use of this Me. dicine irradicates most Diseases, and is seriously recommended to. the People of this Ifand. By a Friendly Traveller. 12mo. Wilkie.

Some unhappy mortal, with a very weak head, oppressed by a complicated load of medicine, hiftory, philosophy, divinity, and politics, may have found temporary relief by discharging a pamphlet full of strange incoherent crudities; but from the complexion of the matter, we may safely prediêt that he will never be cured unless his friends confine him from books, pens, ink, and paper : allowing him nevertheless quant. fuff of his favourite element-water. Art. 34. The British Chronologift; comprehending every mate

rial Occurrence, Ecclefiaftical, Civil, or Military, relative to England and Wales, from the Invasion of the Romans to the present Time: Interspersed with Processions at Coronations, Instalments of the Military Honours, Marriages, Funerals of Sovereigas, &c. Also the Valuation of suppressed religious Foundations at the Reformation ; the Introduction and Growth of Taxes, and Increase of the National Debt ; together with the Price of Grain and Provifion at different Periods. 8vo. 3 Vols. 18 s. Kearsly. 1776.

History is composed of temporary materials, worked up in regular, connected narratives; the history of England is here decomposed, analysed into its constituent parts, taken to pieces, and detailed, in the paragraph ftyle of a news-paper.

The Compiler offers it, however, as an useful ally to history; efpecially as it registers every interesting event,-in that concise yet clear manner, that while it satisfies the temper of curiofity, it is by ng means a business to the memory,'


2 S.

Art. 35. An Essay on Valeur : Occasioned by the Perusal of

some Reflections on Palour, in an excellent Performance lately pub lished under the l'itle of, “ A View of the internal Evidence of the Christian Religion, by Soame Jenyns, Esq." 12mo. 64. Becket.

An attempt to restore valour of courage, dire&ed to proper ends, and actuated by right principles, to the rank of Christian virtues, from which the Author of the Vierus, &c. has excluded it. Mr. Jedyos, as our Esayist juftly obs-rves, seems to have confounded valour, or, as he calls it, active courage, with the violence and ferocity of a savage ; and he accordingly describes it to be the offspring of pride and revenge, and the parent of cruelty and injustice; and yet, by a ftrange kind of inconfiitency, he does not object to the honours and sewards bestowed on the valiant. Passive courage, thus nicely does he distinguish, is according to his representation of it little more than the resolution of a stoic; the former, he says, the Christian can have nothing to do with ; but the latter is the only virtue of this class which Christianity allows. We thall only observe, as on a former occafion, that the genius of Christianity, and the character of its Author, are directly repugnant to such views of it.

RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIALI Art. 36. A Letter to Soame Jenyns, Esq; wherein the Futility and Absurdity of some part of his Reasoning in his View of ite internal Evidence of the Christian Religion, is set forth and exposed. By a Clergyman of the Church of England. 8vo. 1S. Baldwin.

Principally deGgned to vindicate Chriftianity from the charge of not having required or encouraged patriotism and friendfeip. The obligation of ibefe virtues is clearly evinced both from the authority and example of its Author. This Letter writer likewise ani. madverts on one or two other exceptionable passages; whilft he has omitted some much more obnoxious than any which he has copfi. dered. We can scarce admit bis apology, after the high compliments he pays the Author, for examining so haftily and superficially what he thought it of any importance to examine at all. To give it a laboured reply woald be, perbaps, paying the exceptionable parts too high a compliment; my observations are corsory, such only as offered themselves on the frit reading, but yet fuch, I hope, as will not be deemed nugatory." Art. 37. Obfervations on Soame Jenyns's View of the internal Evi.

dence of the Christian Religion ; addressed to its almoft Cbriftian Author.. By W. Kenrick, LL. D. 8vo.

The reply of an ortbodox Cbriftian to a young convert ; see the Epifties

. to.Lorenzo, which are the standard of Dr. K.'s orthodoxy, and to which he frequently refers, not to indulge the vanity of an Author in quoring from himself, but to shew tbat the Cricic is no new coxvert ; being much of the same opinion respecting these matters, after upwards of 20 years experience and reflection, as he was of fo long ago, and at a very early period of life.' As for the View and che: Reply, they seem co be alcogether frivolous and needless ; -fince,

38. Evans.

• See Monthly Review for June, 1776, p. 465.

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on the principles advanced by Dr. K. the well-disposed reader, submitting his reason to revelation, and his belief of its divine origin, as well as of its effential do&trines, to a superior mode of conviction, the influence of grace, would do well patiently to wait the effect of its operation in God's own place and time, and not to be importuDately anxious for the elacidation of obscurities, which nothing but divine illumination can illustrate.' In short, the perception and acknowledgment of the evidence of Christianity, and of the trath of irs doctrines, do not at all depend on rational investigation. The Author has made many fruitless attempts to reconcile prophecy and iniracles and scripture do&rines and precepts to reason; and yet he is a believer, though not on any rational convi&tion ;' a believer in • the greatest apparent absurdities in the known world. Such paradoxes as these frequently occur in the peformance before us : nor is it any wonder that our Author's faith ihould be the meer effect of an itreffible influence Art. 38. Subfiription : or, Historical Extracts, humbly inscribed

to the Right Rev. the Bishops, and to the Petitioners, &c. 8vo. 2 s. 6 d. Hay. 1775.

Among the numerous difquifitions concerning ccclefiaflical Sob. fcription, this tract is not the leaft considerable of those which have embraced the free side of che question. The Author appears to be a man of a liberal turn of mind, and master of that learning which is requisite to a thorough discussion of the subje&t. His historical deduc. tion of the rise and progress of human impofitior of human opinions in the Christian Church, and of the means unhappily used by our se. ligious directors and legislators (from the earlier ages, down to the Reformation) for contrading the terms of Christian communion,-is judicious, and satisfactory and the inferences he draws are suitable to the importance and utility of his defiga. We have not room, ac present, to enlarge; and, therefore, we shall only add, that he concludes with recommending some concelions, and alterations, which, in all probability, would greatly contribute toward composing our religious differences. On the whole, we cannot but confider this performance as equally pious and judicious; calculated to serve the interefts of Christianity in general, and of the Protettant Churches in particular; and we are of opinion that it is written in a drain which cannot fail of producing some good effect on every mind that is honeftly open to convi&tion. Art. 39. Sermons to the Condemned. Literally, intended for the

Benefit of those under Sentence of Death by the Laws of their Country : Spiritually, for all who feel themselves under Condemnation by the Law of God, and who may properly be filed Pri. soners of Hope. To which is added, an original Dialogue, beo tween the Minister and a Convict ordered for Execution. By David Edwards, Second Edition. 12mo. 2 5. Buckland, &c.

This Author appears to have engaged in the charitable act of attending some condemned malefactors, not offciously, bue by defore, at first, with some reluctance, but with the best intentions. The Attain of the Sermons may be judged of from the title. The bene. volence of the preacher entiules him to commendation.


Art. 40. A Looking-Glass for the Profesors of Religion. Cone

illing of Seven Traits on Practical Subjects. I A Rod for the Sluggard, or the great Evil of Idleness represented. II. The Changes of Ephraim, or the Backslider's Warning. III. A Cad. sion to Drunkards, or the Sin of Intemperance cenfured. IV. The Canker Worm, or the Gourd of Creature Comfort withered. V. Jothuah's pious Resolution, or the Duties of Family Religion, and Household Government enforced. VI. Pererurrah, or the Danger of Discord considered. VII. Some Thoughts on occafional Prayer. By John Macgowan. izmo. 35. Keith. 1772'.

The title sufficiently specifies the contents of this volume, and to what class of Readers ihey are peculiarly adapted. Each trá&t is published separately. Mr. M. is already known as the Shaver, the Liflener, the A uchor of familiar Epiftles to Dr. Priestley, &c. Art. 41. Thirty-fix Discourses on Practical Subjects. By the

late Rev. Ben. Ibbot, D. D. Chaplain to K. Geo. I. Prebend of Wellminiter, &c. &c. 8vo. 2 vols.

1 2 s. bound. Davies, &c. 1776.

Dr. Ibbot was a learned and judicious divine, who lived in the reigns of Q. Anne, and K. Ġeo. I. To add, that he was the esteemed friend of the great and good Dr. Sam. Clarke, (to whom he was asistant-preacher at Si. James's) is saying enough to recommend his writings to all lovers of rational religion, and genuine piety.–These Discourses, however, are already well known to the Public. His ibirty Sermons were published soon after his death, which happened in the year 1725; and the fix Discourses added to the present edition, were preached on feveral public occafions, and separately published. We also find, from the brief account given of the Author and his writings, that Dr. Ibbot was the author of a translation of Puffendorf's treatise, De Habitu Religionis Cbriftiana ed Vitam Civilem. He also preached a course of Sermons at Boyle's Lečtures, which gained him great reputation. Art. 42. Leplures on that part of the Church-catechism, commonly

called the Apoftle's Creed: Preached in St. John the Evangelist, Westminster, pursuant to the Will of Dr. Busby. By Thomas Bennet, M. A. of Trinity College, Cambridge. 8vo. ; s. sewed. Ginger, Bew, &c.

Though human creeds and systems have in themselves no real authority, that which is commonly called the Apostle's Creed is perbaps as generally accepted among Christians as any that have been proposed : yet if Christians will, with some little exception, agree to the articles of this symbol, it is not to be expected that they should unite in every explication which may be given of them: and such muft probably be the case with regard to these lectures. They are well written, and contain several proper and useful, though not uncommon, reflections. Bp. Pearson and others have considered this Creed more learnedly and accurately, particularly as to the time of its being formed; of which we do not observe that this Author takes notice.

• This Article was, by fome accident, overlooked, at the time of publication.

The P: 526.

The descent into hell seems to perplex him;" he explains it, that the soul of Christ was to go to the place destined for the reception of finful fonks, Whether or not the means-by-this-the- popri dom trine of Christ's going into the hell of damned spirits is not clear. Art. 43. Supplement 10 Critica Sacra; in which the Principles - of that Treatise are fully confirmed; and the Objectioas of Mr. - Rapbael Barah are clearly answered. By the Rev. Dr. Henry

Owen, Rector of Sc. Olave, Hart-ftreet, and Fellow of the Royal Society. 8vo. 1 s. Bowyer and Nichols. 1775. u

The critica Sacra was mentioned by us, in our Review for Au. gult 1774, (p. 107) in terms of suitable approbation... The prins ciples on which Ds. Owen proceeded, were so simple and obvious į and the conclusions drawn from them fo juft and natural, that he verily believed, they could never be called in queftion. But herein be was greatly mistaken ; for almoft every position he has laid down, bas been controverted by Mr.- Baruhi See Rev. December, 1775,

The chief defign of the Critica Sacra was to recommend to the practice of the Hebraical reader, an accurate collation of the paral. lel texts; and such a collation was more particularly tecommended, because it appeared to be one of the belt and likelief methods, as well to discover as to correct the mistakes, occafioned by the negligence or ignorance of transcribers. But Mr. Baruh frenuoully opposes this notion; and “ aims, on the contrary, to fhew, that no paffage, or even a fingle word, or letter of Scripture, thould be deemed corrupted on the sole authority of parallel texts.

As these opinions are so widely different, and cannot posibly land together; our learned Author bach made it his bufioess, in the preseat performance, to discover on which fide the truth lies, by apply. ing them both to a proper teft ; the test of fcripture and reajon. By the tests, therefore, of scripture and reason, he has tried Mr. Barah's Scheme, and proved it to be totally indefenfible. Indeed, the fyftem of Mr. Barob is so irrational, and even absurd, that we can scarcely conceire how it could be adopted by any other than a most bigored Jew; and, on this account, we should have thought it altogether unworthy of Dr. Owen's attention, if he had not taken occasion from it, to exhibit a more enlarged view of his own plan, and to favour the Public with some critical observations upon the Old Testament, which well deserve the notice of the friends to sacred litera. Ture. Art. 44. The Ruin of Methodism. By

It does not fignify who. 8vo. 1 s. Printed for the Author, and sold by Dodfey.

A meer rhapsody of we know not what; probably intended, by the extravagance of it, to ridicule methodismi Buc though we have praised the art of reviewing for many years, this farrago of "French and English, of prose and verse, of scripture newly crane lated, and commentaries on scripture, &c. &c. defies all our powers of criticism : and we muf intreat the Author, in meer mercy, to spare us the hard talk of attempting to decypher another such work, which, either in jeft or in earnest, he proposes to publish by subscription in two octavo volumes, intitled, she Grapes; or, the Books of job, the Song of Solomon, and the hamentations of Jeremiah. Pere


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