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a molt humorous parody on the King's speech; and a large and valuable tract, entitled, “ An Account of the Growth of Popery and arbitrary Power in England,” first printed at Amsterdam, in 1677.

In the second volume we have the celebrated « Rehearsal Transprosed; or, Animadversions on a late Book,' &c. This performance fills no fewer than 522 pages; and is full of wit, humour, and argument. There is also in this second volume, another prose tract, relative to the politics of the times, and entitled, “ A feasonable Question, &c." And the volume clofes with “ A seafonable Argument to persuade all the Grand Juries in England to petition for a new 'Parliament; or, a List of the principal Labourers in the great Design of Popery and arbitrary Power, &c.” It consists of an alphabetical CataJogue of placemen and pensioners, at the period in which it was published, --1677. The emoluments, circumstances, fe. cret services, &c. are set forth with that freedom and severity peculiar to this honest and manly satirist. A new lift, of the same kind, might be useful to the Public, at all times, --except the present, in which there can be no foundation for one.

The third volume contains, I. A smart controversial tract, entitled, Mr. Smirk; or, the Divine in Mode.' II. A short historical Effay touching general Councils, Creeds, and Impositions in Religion.' Those who know any thing of Andrew Marvell, need not enquire concerning the complexion of this piece. III. · Poems on several Occasions ;' comprehending the poetical productions of this ingenious Writer, which have appeared in the former editions : they employ about 240 pages ; after which we come, IVthly, to the Life of Marvell, written, at considerable length, by our Editor. V. Addenda,' containing some original poems, now first published, from the manuf:ript book, and not inserted in the preface. These conlist of several spirited, noble panegyrics on Cromwell : such as might be expected from Marvell's powerful, masculine, genius, exerting itself on a favourite subject, -In this supplemental part of the volume, we have also an excellent Latin composition, entitled, Parliamenti Anglia Declaratio, &c.

In the close of our Editor's account of Marvell's life, we are told that this great man, who was, in the natural course of things, extremely obnoxious to a profligate government, fell, by poison, at the age of 58; that the corporation, which he had lo long and so honourably represented in parliament, voted an handsome lum of money to defray his funeral expences, and to erect a suitable monument, to perpetuate his memory and his merit. The Epitaph was as follows: 2

Near

Near this place
Lyech the body of ANDREW MARVELL, Esq;

A man so endowed by nature
So improved by education, study, and travel,

So consummate by experience,
That joining the most peculiar graces of wit

And learning,
With a fingular penetration and strength of

Judgment,
And exercising all these, in the whole course of his life,
With an unalterable steadiness in the ways of Virtue,
He became the ornament and example of his age :
Beloved by good men, feared by bad,

Admired by all;
Though imitated, alas ! by few,

And scarce paralleled by any.
But a tombstone can neither contain his character,
Nor is marble necessary to transmit it to pofterity:
It is engraved in the minds of this generation,
And will be always legible in his

Inimitable writings.
Nevertheless, he having served near twenty years

Successively in Parliament,
And that with such wisdom, dexterity, integrity, and courage,

As became a true Patriot,

The town of KinGSTON UPON HULI.,
From whence he was constantly deputed to that Assembly,

Lamenting in his death the public loss,
Have erected this monument of their grief

and gratitude,

in 1688.
He died in the fifty-eighth year of his age,

On the fixteenth day of August, 1678.
Heu fragile humanum genus ! heu terrestria vana!

Heu quem spectatum continet urna virum! If any of our old Whiggith Readers still remain, they will learn, with indignation, thar the warm and respectful intentions of this grateful corporation were frustrated by the minister of St. Giles's church, in which Mr. Marvell was buried. « The bigotry, envy, or absurdity,' of this man, our Editor says, « made him forbid the monument, and this inscription, from being placed over his remains.'

The late Mr. Hollis, about 16 years ago, caused a fine bust of Marvell to be drawn and etched (by CIPRIANI) from an original portrait in his possession. Of this engraving, an accurate copy, by Bafire, is piefixed to the present edition of Marvell’s works, by way of frontispiece to the first volume.

To conclude: we think that this country is truly obliged to the public-spirited Editor of the present valuable publication ; and we hope the work will meet with an acceptance answerable to the great expence of the impression.

ART,

war.

Art. VIII. Continuation of the Account of the Third Volume of Mr.
Bryant's New System of Ancient Myrbology. See Rev. for May.
R. BRYANT, having delivered his sentiments con-

cerning the migration and dispersion of nations, proceeds, in confirmation of his hypothesis, to consider the Titanian

This war makes a great figure in the ancient mythology, and our Author has collected most of the learning relative to it; in doing which, he hain particularly insisted on a passage concerring it, that occurs in the Sibylline poetry, and which contains the fullest account we have of the Titans and their defeat. The passage, he says, is undoubtedly a translation of an ancient record, found by some Grecian in an Egyptian temple: and though the whole is not uniform, nor perhaps by the same hand, yet we may see in it some fragments of very curious hirtory. -We have in it an accurate account of the confusion of Speech, and demolition of the tower of Babel, and of the Titanian war, which ensued. And we are moreover told, that the war commenced in the tenth generation after the deluge; and that it lasted ten years; and that it was the first war, in which mankind were engaged.

* Though Mr. Bryant tells us, that the part of the historical poem which he hath produced, 'is undoubtedly a translation of an ancient record, found by some Grecian in an Egyptian temple,' we could have wished that he had been somewhat more particular in the proof of his assertion : for superficial readers may be apt to imagine, that the verses exhibit fome marks of those forgeries which are allowed to exist in the Sibylline poetry. Be this, however, as it may, our learned writer is clearly of opinion, that the war of Chedorlaomer and his allies, recorded in the fourteenth chapter of the book of Genesis, is the Titanian war. • From the sacred historian we may infer, that there were two periods of this war : the first, when the king of Elam and his affociates laid the Rephaim, Emim, Horites, and Ama. lekites under contribution: the other, when upon their rebellion they reduced them a second time to obedience. The first part is mentioned by several ancient writers; and is said to have lasted ten years, Hefiod takes notice of both; but makes the first rather of longer duration. In the second engagement the poet informs us, that the Titans were quite discomfited, and ruined ; and according to the mythology of the Greeks, they were condemned to reside in Tartarus, at the extremities of ihe known world. The kings who composed the confederacy against the Titans, were the king of Elam, the king of Elasur, the king of Shinar, and a fourth, stiled king of nations. It was a family association against a common enemy, whence we may form a judgment concerning the princes of whom it was

composed

composed. Of the king of Shinar we know little : only we may be assured that he was of the line of Shem; who had recovered the city over which he ruled, from the Titanians. And we may farther presume, that Tidal king of Nations was no other than the king of Aram--which was called the region of nations, because all Syria, and the country upon the Euphrates consisted of mixed people in like manner we may infer, that Arioch Melach Elafur, was the king of Nineve, cailed of old, and at this day, Aur and Affur. In the ancient records concerning this war, it is probable, that each nation made itself the principal, and took the chief part of the glory to itself. For the conquests of Ninus (by which word is li nifed merely the Ninevite) conlisted in great mealuie of these atchievements : the whole honour of which the Ninevitos and Aflyrians appro. priaied to themselves. The real principal of the war was the king of Elam; as we learn from the scriptures : and another material truth may be obtained from the account given 'by Moles; that notwithstanding the boasted conquests of the Allysians, and the famed empire of Ninus and Semirimas, the province of Aftur was a very limited diftri&t; and the kingdom of Elam was far superior both to that of Nineve, and Babylonia.

To part of the preceding representation it may be objekted, that the war of Chedorlaomer and his allies was by no means so extensive as our ingenious Author imagines; and that it was carried on chiefly, if not solcly, with the petty kings of the Asphaltite vale. Such is the notion of Jofephus, and of later writers; whose opinion is strengthened by Abraham's having been able to conquer the four victorious princes, by coming suddenly upon them in the night, with the aslistance only of three hundred and eighteen servants. But Mr. Bryant contends, that the Asphaltite kings bore an inconsiderable part in this grand affair ; and that they were taken in after a sweep of many, and far more powerful, nations. " The former war,' he fays, when the power of the Titans was first broken, seems to have been a memorable æra with the Cu:bites and their descendants, though overlooked by other pe ple. From the fervices imposed, and from the extent of the conquests, we may perceive that the king of Elam ani his aíTociates entertainců the same views which had been condenined in their adverfaries. They were laying the foundation of a large cmpire, of which the supremacy would most probably have centered in the kings of Elam.

But the while scheme wis providentially ruined by the patriarch Abraham. He gave them an utter defeat; and afterwards pursucu them quite up to Hobah and Damascus.

« These are the events, which the most early writers, Linus, Olen, Thamyris, and the Thymates, are said to have comRev. Nov. 1776. .

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memorated under the titles of the Flight of Bacchus; n which were included the wars of the giants, and the sufferings of the gods.'

The next subject of our Author's attention, is the original Chaldaic hiftory, as transmitted by Abydenus, Apollodorus, and Alexander Polybittor, from Berosus of Babylonia. The frag. ments of Berolus are an important object, with all who have attempted to reconcile the difficulties of ancient chronology. Mr. Bryant has examined them with peculiar fagacity, and has made several remarks upon them, extremely different from shole of former writers. In the history cf Berofus,' he observes, " however here and there embellished with extraneous matter, are contained wonderful traces of the truth : and we have in it recorded lome of the principal and most interesting circumftances of that great event, when mankind perished by the deluge. The purpose of the Author was to give an account of Babylonia; with which the history of the world in its early state was connected.–We may upon a close inspection perceive, that the original history was of a two-fold nature; and obtained by different means from two separate quarters. The latter part is plain and obvious: and was undoubtedly taken from the archives of the Chaldeans. The former is allegorical and obfcure; and was copied from hieroglyphical representations, which could not be precisely decyphered. In consequence of Berosus’s borrowing from records so very different, we find bim, without his being apprised of it, giving two histories of the fame person.— With this clue, his history will appear more intelligible : and a further infight may be gained into the purport of it, by considering it in this light. We may be able to detect, and confute, the absurdity of Abydenus and Apollodorus ; who pretend upon the authority of this writer to produce ten antediluvian kings, of whom no mention was made by him: for what are taken by those writers for antediluvians are expressly referred by him to another æra. Yet have these writers been followed in their no:ions by Eusebius, and some other of the ancients; and by almost every modern who has written upon the subject.'-Our Author (hews, however, at large, and with great appearance of truth and reason, that they are mistaken upon this head; and that it could not be the object of Berolus to give the antideluvian history. • The Grecians, not know. or not attending to the eastern mode of writing, have introduced those ten kings of Babylon in the first book, which Berosus expressly refers to the second.-Those who have entertained the notion that these kings were antediluvian, have been plunged into insuperable difficulties; and deservedly. For how could they be so weak, as to imagine, that there was a city Babylon, and a country named from it, ten generations before the flood;

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