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§ 46. Discord's House. JARD by the gates of hell her dwelling is, There whereas all plagues and harmes abound, Which punish wicked men, that walk amiss, is a darksome deve farre under ground, ith thornes and barren brakes enviroud round, That none the same way may out-win; Inany wayes to enter may be found, But none to issue forth when one is in; discord harder is to end than to begin. And all within the riven walles were hung ith ragged monuments of times fore-past, Of which, the sad effects of discord sung: ere were rent robes, and broken scepters plac't, Fars defil'd, and holy things defac't, ishevered spears, and shields ytorne in twaine, atcittys ransackt, and strong castles ras't, Nations captived, and huge armies slaine: all which ruines there some reliques did!


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And those same cursed seedes do also serve To her for bread, and yield a living food: For life it is to her, when others sterve Thro' mischievous debate, and deadly feood, That she may suck their life, and drink their blood, With which she from her childhood had been For she at first was born of hellish brood, [fed, And by infernal furics nourished, [read. That by her monstrous shape might easily be Her face most foule and filthy was to see, With squinted eyes contrary ways entended,

And loathly mouth, unmeet a mouth to be; That nought but gall and venim comprehended, And wicked words that God and man offended:

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Her lying tongue was in two parts divided, And both the parts did speak, and both contended,

And as her tongue, so was her heart decided, That never thought one thing, but doubly still was guided.

ch was the house within; but all without barren ground was full of wicked weeds, hich she herself had sowen all about, "growen great, at first of little scedes, seedes of evil words, and factions duedes ; hich when to ripeness due they growen are, g forth an infinite increase, that breedes umultuous trouble; and contentious jarre, which most often end in blood-shed and in


Als as she double spake, so heard she double, With matchless eares deformed and distort,

Fild with false rumors, and seditious trouble, Bred in assemblies of the vulgar sort, That still are led with every light report.

And as her eares, so cke her feet were odde, And much unlike; th' one long, the other short, And both misplac't; that when th' one forward gode,

The other back retired, and contrary trode.

So much her mallice did her might surpass,
That even th' Almighty self she did maligne
Because to man so merciful he was,
And unto all his creatures so benigne,
all;an she her self was of his grace indigne :

For all this world's faire workmanship she Unto his last confusion to bring, tride And that great golden chain quite to divide, With which it blessed concoid hath together tide.

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§ 47. Dolphin.

s when a dolphin and a sele are met,

In the wide champion of the ocean plaine, With cruel chaufe their courages they whet, The masterdome-of each by force to gaine, And dreadful battaile 'twixt them to darraine:

They snuff, they snort, they bounce, they rage, they rore,

That all the sea (disturbed with their traine)

Doth frie with some above the surges hore, Such was betwixt these two the troublesome uprore. Z 2


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That was to weet, the porter of the place, Unto whose trust the charge thereof was lent: His name was Doubt, he had a double face, Th' one forward looking, and the other backward bent;

Therein resembling Janus auncient,

Which hath in charge the ingate of the yeare: And evermore his eyes about him went, As if some proved perill he did feare,

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§ 52. Envy.

AND next to him malicious Envie rode,
Upon a ravenous wolfe, and still did chaw
Between his cankred teeth a venemous tour,
That all the poyson ran about his jaw;
But inwardly he chawed his own maw
Atneighbours wealth, that made him everød,
For death it was, when any good he saw, [had
And wept, that cause of weeping none he
But when he heard of harme, he wexed wea
drous glad.

All in a kirtle of discolour'd say
He clothed was, ypainted full of eyes;
And in his bosom secretly there lay

Or did misdoubt some ill, whoes cause did An hateful snake, the which his tail up ties

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In many folds, and mortal sting implies.

Still as he rode, he gnasht his teeth, to see Those heaps of gold with griple coveLise, And grudged at the great felicity Of proud Lucifera, and his own company. He hated all good works and virtuous deeds, And him no less, that any like did use;

And who with gracious bread the hungry f His almes for want of faith he doth accuse: So every good to bad he doth abuse;

And eke the verse of famous poet's wit He doth back-bite, and spightful poyson spee From leprous mouth, on all that ever wri Such on vile Envy was, that first in rowe did sit Another.

The one of them, that elder did appear, With her dull eyes, did seem to look askew,

That her mis-shape much helpt; and herica


Hung loose and loathsomely: thereto her he Was wan and leane, that all her teeth arew, [ret

Her lips were like raw leather, pale and blue And all her bones might thro' her chees And as she spake, therewith she slaver'd; Yet spake she seldome, but thought more t

less she said.

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and vexeth so, that makes her eat her gall. For when she wanteth other things to eat, he feeds on her own maw unnatural, [meat; And of her own foul entrailes makes her eat fit for such a monster's monstrous diat. And if she hapt of any good to hear, [teare That had to any body happily betid, Then would she inly fret, and grieve, and er flesh for felness, which she inward hid : at if she heard of ill that any did, Or harm that any had, then would she make reat cheare, like one unto a banquet bid; And in another's loss great pleasure take, s she had got thereby, and gained a great stake.

§ 58. Error.


HIS is a wandring wood, this Error's den A monster vile, whom God and man does hate.

$ 55. Faith. which the eldest, that Fidelia hight, Like sunny beames threw from her crys (sight, tal face, That could have daz'd the rash beholder's And round her head did shine like heaven's light.

By which he saw the ugly monster plaine,
If like a serpent horribly displaide,
But th'other half did woman's shape retaine,
Ost lothsome, filty, foul, and full of vile


As she lay upon the dirtie grownd,

r huge long taile her den all over-spread, Yet was in knots and many boughs upwound, inted with mortal sting. Of her there bred housand young ones, and she daily fed, Sucking upon her poisonous dugs, each one sundry shape, yet all ill-favoured: oon as that uncouth light upon them shone, o her mouth they crept, and suddain all were gone.

She was arraid all in lily white,
And in her right hand bore a cup of gold,
With wine and water fill'd up to the height,
In which a serpent did himself enfold,
That horror inade to all that did behold;

But she no whit did change her constant
And in her other hand she fast did hold [mood:
A book that was both sign'd and seal'd with

Wherein dark things were writ, hard to be understood.

§ 54. Excess.

IT young Perissa was of other mind, Full of disport, still laughing, loosely light, and quite contrary to her sister's kind; measure in her mood, no rule of right, poured out in pleasure and delight; n wine and meats she flow'd above the bank, din excess exceeded her own might; n sumptuous tire she joy'd herself to prank; of her love to lavish, little have she thank.

§ 56.


As a falcon faire
That once has failed of her souse full neare,
Remounts again into the open aire,
And unto better fortune does herself prepare.

As when a falcon hath with nimble flight
Flown at a flush of ducks, foreby he broke,
The trembling brood dismaid with dreadful


Under that porch a comely dame did rest, din faire weedes, but foule disordered, garments loose, that seem'd unmeet for womanhood.

of death, the which them almost overtook,
Doe hide themselves from her astonying look,
Amongst the flags and covert round about.

As when a cast of falcons make their flight At an herneshaw, that lyes aloft on wing,

The whiles they strike at him with heedless might,

The warie fowl his bill doth backward wring; On which she first, whoes force her first doth bring,

Her self quite through the body doth engore, And falleth down to grownd like senseless thing; But th' other not so swift as she before, Fails of her souse, and passing by doth hurt

no more.

n her left hand a cup of gold she held, with her right the riper fruit did reach, Vhoes sappy liquor with that fulness swell'd,

her cup she scruz'd, with dainty breach her fine fingers, without foule empeach, Chat so faire wine-press made the wine more sweet;

reof she us'd to give to drink to each, Vhome passing by she happened to meet : as her guise, all strangers goodly so to greet.)

$57. Fancy.


MONGST them all sate he which wonned there,

That hight Phantastes by his nature trew;

A man in yeares, yet fresh as mote appeare, Of swarth complexion, and of crabbed hue, That him full of melancholy did shew;

Bent hollow beetle browes, sharp stairing eyes That mad or foolish seem'd: one by his view Mote deem hin borne with ill-disposed


When oblique Saturne sate in the house of agonies.

Another. The first was Fancy, like a lovely boy, Of rare aspect, and beauty withont peare; Matchable eyther to that impe of Troy, Whom Jové did love, and chose his cup to Of

beare, Zz2

Or the same dainty lad that was so deare

To great Alcides, that when as he did hide, He wailed woman-like with many a teare, And every wood and every valley wide He fill'd with Hylas' name, the nymphes eke Hylas cride.

His garment neither was of silk nor say, But painted plumes in goodly order dight,

Like as the sun-burnt Indians do array Their tawny bodies in their proudest plight : As those same plumes, so seem'd he vain and That by his gate might easily appeare: [light, For still he far'd as dancing in delight,

And in his hand a windy fan did beare, That in the idle aire he mov'd still here and


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$62. First Age. THE antique world, in his first flowing youth, Found no defect in his Creator's grace; But with glad thanks, and unreproved truth, The gifts of soveraigne bounty did embrace: Like angels life was then man's happy case;

But later ages pride (like corn-fed steed) Abus'd her plenty, and fat-swoln encrease,

The measure of her meane, and natural tr To all licentious lust, and gan exceed [need.

Then gan a cursed hand the quiet wombe Of his great grandmother with steele to wourd,

And the hid treasures in her sacred tombe With sacrilege to dig. Therein he found Fountaines of gold and silver to abound,

Of which the matter of his huge desire And pompous pride eftsoones he did compoun Then avarice gan through his veines to spire

His greedy flames, and kendle life-devouri

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§ 63. Flood.

s he that strives to stop a suddein flood, And in strong bankes his violence enclose Forceth his swell above his wonted mood.

And largely overtiowe the fruitful plaine, That all the country seems to be a maine,

And the rich furrowes flote, all quite for

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For from her back her garments she did tear.
And from her head oft rent her snarled haire

In her right hand a fire-brand she did tosse
About her head, still roaming here and the
As a dismayed deere iu chace embost,
Forgetful of his safety hath his right way los

$65. Giant. His monstrous enemy, [fight. With sturdy steps came stalking in his sight, An hideous giant horrible and hie,

Against that same fift bålwark they continued


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eyene :

§ 66. Gluttony.
AND by his side rode loathsome Gluttony,
Deformed creature, on a filthy swine,
His belly was up-blown with luxury,
And eke with fatness swollen were his
And like a crane his neck was long and fine,
With which he swallowed up excessive feast,
For want whereof poor people oft did pine;
And all the way, most like a brutish beast,
He spewed up his gorge, that all did him de-


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THAT is the Gulfe of Greediness, they say,
That deep engorgeth all this world's prey:
Which having swallowed up excessively,
He soon in vomit up again doth lay,
And belcheth forth his superfluitie,

That would his rightful ravine rend away; With hedious horrour, both together smight And souce so sore, that they the heavens affray.

The wise southsayer seeing so sad a sight, The amazed vulgar tells of warres and mortal fight.

$ 70. Grove.

NTO that forest farre they thence him led,
Where was their dwelling in a pleasant

And mighty woods, which did the valley shade,
With mountains round about environed,
And like a stately theatre it made,

And in the midst a little river plaid
Spreading itself into a spatious plaine,
Emongst the pumy stones which seem'd to
With gentle murmur that his course they did

Enforc't to seck some covert nigh at hand,
A shady grove not farre away they spide,

That promis'tayde the tempest to withstand: Whoes lofty trees yclad with summer's pride, Did spread so broad that heaven's light did hide, Not perceable with power of any starre: And all within were paths and alleles wide, With footing worne, and leading inward farre : [entred are. Faire harboure, that them seemes; so in they $71. Harmony. EFTSOONES they heard a most melodious


Of all that mote delight a dainty eare,

Such as at once might not on living ground, Save in this paradise, be heard elewhere: Right hard it was for wight that did it heare,

To read what manner musick that mote be: For all that pleasing is to living eare,

Was there consorted in one harmonie, Birds, voices, instruments, windes, waters,— all agree.

The joyous birds shrouded in chearful shade,

That all the seas for fear doe seem away to fly. Their notes unto the voyce attempted sweet;

§ 68. Grief.

NEXT him went Grief and Fury matcht yfere;

The angel call soft treambling voyces made To the instruments divine respondence meet: The silver sounding instruments did meet

With the base murmare of the waters fall:

The waters fail, with difference discreet,

Now soft, now loud, unto the wind did call; The gentle warbling wind lowe answering to all.

Griefe, all in sable sorrow fully clad, Down-hanging his dull head with heavy et inly being more than seemly sad: [cheere, pair of pincers in his hand he had, With which he pinced people to the heart, hat from thenceforth a wretched life they had, In wilful languor and consuming smart, ing each day with inward wounds of do-THE

lours dart.

$69. Griffon.

when a griffon seized on his prey,

A dragon fierce encountreth in his flight: Thro' wildest ayre making his idle way,

§ 72. Hearing.

second bulwarke was the hearing sense, 'Gainst which the second troupe assignment makes;

Deformed creatures, in strange difference,
Some having heads like harts; some like to


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