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CONSIDERATIONS

ON THE

NEGRO E CAUSE

COMMONLY SO CALLED,

ADDRESSED TO

THE RIGHT HONOURABLE

LORD MANSFIELD,

LORD CHIEF JUSTICE of the Court of

4

KING's Bench, &c.

By SAMUEL ESTWICK, A. M.
Afiftant Agent for the Island of BARBADOS.

THE SECOND EDITION,

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LONDON,
Printed for J. DODSLEY, in Pall-Mall,

MDCCLXXIII.

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ADVERTISEMENT

TO THE

R E A D E R.

THE

HE first Edition of the following

Confiderations on the Negroe Cause was written with hafte, and published in a hurry. The hope of seeing some much abler pen than mine engaged in the dif- , cussion of so important a question, and yet seemingly so little understood, withheld me from the undertaking; till disappointment made it the resolution of an hour, and want of time the effect of a few days attention only. It was evident that whatever was to be suggested on the subject, should be known antecedentlyto the legal decision of the Case: but led on by the

expec.

expectation of the more useful endeavours of others, already was the Term, in which judgment was to be given, treading closely on my heels, without my having taken one single step in advance of the design. Thus circumstanced, such dispatch became necessary as could not fail to produce errors, imputable both to me and the printer. Whilst one part of the pamphlet was print-ing, the other was preparing for the press : but even this expedition had not its desired effect. The Judgment was beforehand with the Publication: whereby the Confiderations themselves were deprived of their object, and I, in some measure, foiled in my purpose. Upon finding however that the very grounds of my argument (to wit, the opinions of the Lord Chancellors Hardwicke and Talbot) were the subjects of due attention to the Court, and that the determination rested on this particular Case only, from circumstances of insufficiency arising out of the return made to the Writ of Habeas Corpus, I was induced to suf

fer

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fer this performance to make its appearance
to the public eye, though, like Hamlet's
Ghost, with all its imperfections on its head.
Being now called

upon

for a second Edition, I have carefully corrected the errors of the first, fo far as they were perceiveable to me. I have considerably enlarged the work itself. I have inserted several notes, in some of which the principles of the late published argument of Mr. Hargrave, and the argument itself, as applied to the merits of this question, are shortly examined, though (with what is offered in the text) it is to be presumed, fully refuted.

Suppofing also that the judgment of the Court of King's Bench in this case might be no improper addition, I have, from the most authentic copy I was able to procure, prefixed it herewith : taking the liberty at the same time of making a few occasional remarks thereupon.

The following is said to be the substance of Lord Mansfield's fpeech in the case of Somerset and Knowles ; “ We pay due at

tention 3

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