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necessary names, so as to enable its general effect to be seen at a glance. In deciding which battles should have plans allotted to them, I have acted on the principle that where the arrangements of a battle are fairly known, and cannot well be understood without a map of the ground, as in the case of Dunbar and Salamanca, there ought to be a map; in the case of a battle like Naseby, which though very important is perfectly easy to understand, there should In each plan I have endeavoured to picture some definite event in the course of the battle, and not tried to get in everything at once. In the case of Waterloo and Poitiers, in which latter battle I have followed the narrative of Galfrid le Baker, I have given two plans, showing the position of the forces at different times.


The names are spelt in the manner sanctioned by the only satisfactory rule-long usage-but in some of the earlier names, to avoid the possibility of mistake, the less familiar form has been added in a bracket.

As I hope the book may be largely used for reference, great pains has been taken with the index, and to aid those who are reading special periods numerous references have been inserted in the text, and even a certain amount of repetition has been introduced.

The figures at the top of the pages represent with a few obvious exceptions the furthest dates reached by the general narrative at the beginning of the left-hand page and the end of the right. The Handbook in Outline of the English Political History, by Acland end Ransome, now published by Longmans and Co., will be found a great assistance in following the chronology.

C. R.


The book has now been brought up to the death of King Edward VII. and the Accession of George v.

LONDON, 1910.

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