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362, supposing he might be the elder Appollinarius, who flourished about the middle of the fourth century; but the opinion of Daillé, or what is not very different, has generally prevailed. Samuel Basnaged agrees exactly with him, and confutes Pearson's arguments; nor does Tillemonte scruple to show the weakness of Pearson's reasonings: Pagi freely owns, that they were not quoted before the year 532, and were not written till after the council of Chalcedon: Nourri supposeth thats they were written between the years 431 and 451, but not made public till some time after. James Basnage, whom I transcribe below, says, they were written in the latter part of the fifth, or the beginning of the sixth century. So general a concurrence of opinions is there for that time. I refer in the margin to some other writers. David Blondel speaks of this author as writing about the year 490: and I place him at that time likewise, to oblige those who may suppose these works to have been written forty or fifty years before they were taken notice of.
3. All this is said for the sake of a Catalogue' of the
e S. Dionys. l'Areopagite,
d Ann. 51. a. 60, &c. note 4. Mem. Ec. T. ii. cum nec Eusebius, nec Hieronymus, nec Gennadius, nec ullus eorum, qui quinque primis ecclesiæ seculis vixere, mentionem illorum fecerint-et anno tantum 532 in Collatione Constantinopoli Catholicos inter et Severianos habitâ hæretici aliquid ex Dionysio Areopagità Catholicis objecerint, hique illorum auctoritatem flocci fecerint. Quare libri illi post pacem ecclesiæ a Constantino Magno redditam, et post Concilium Chalcedonense, elucubrati ab aliquo Dionysio juniore. Ann. 834. n. 18. Conf. ib. Ann. 875. n. 18. et Ann. 107. n. 8.
Nourri App. ad. Bib. PP. Diss. 10. n. 9. p. 386. Paris. 1694.
En effet ce fut à la fin du cinquième, ou au commencement du sixième siècle, que parurent les œuvres de Denys l'Areopagite, qui furent citées la première fois l'an 533, dans la dispute des Acephales. L'auteur, qui a emprunté ce nom, a fait assez obscurement, et à sa maniere mystique, le catalogue des livres sacrés. Mais il en dit assez pour faire comprendre qu'il excluoit du Canon tous les livres que les Juifs en ont chasses. Hist. de l'Eglise, 1. viii. ch. 10. p. 443. i Vid Usser. Diss. de Scriptis Dionysio Areop. suppositis. Ad calcem libri de Scriptur. Sacr. et Vernac. p. 281, &c. Launoi de duobus Dionysiis. Fabr. Bib. Gr. T. v. p. 3—5. Du Pin, Bib. des Aut. Ec. T. i. p. 34-38. Asseman. Bib. Or. T. i. p. 451.
* Des Sibylles, 1. ii. ch. 20. p. 219. à Charenton. 1649.
1 Πασα μεν γαρ ἱερα και ἁγιογραφος δελτος ή την εκ θες των οντων γενητὴν ύπαρξιν τε και διακόσμησιν, η την νομικήν ἱεραρχιαν και πολιτειαν, η των τε Σεις λογω κληροδοσιων διανεμήσεις και κατασχέσεις, η κριτων ίερων, η βασιλέων, σοφων, η ἱερεων ενθεων συνεσιν, η παλαιων ανδρων εν ποικιλια και πλήθει των ανιοντων ακατασειςον εν καρτερια φιλοσοφιαν, η των πρακτέων σοφας ὑποθηκας, η θειων ερωτων ασματα και ενθεως εικόνας, η των εσομενων τας ὑποφητικας προαναῤῥήσεις, η τας ανδρικας Ιησε θεωργίας, η τας αυτ8 μαθητων θέοπαμαδοτες και θεομιμητες πολιτειας και ίερας διδασκαλίας, η την κρυφίαν και μυζικην εποψίαν τε των μαθητων αγαπητε και θεσπεσιε η την ὑπερκόσμιον Ιησε θεολογίαν τοις προς θέωσιν επιτηδείοις ὑφηγησατο, και ταις ἱεραις των
books of the Old and New Testament, found in the third chapter of this author's Ecclesiastical Hierarchy; but expressed in an obscure and mysterious manner, suited to his usual way of writing.
4. I have put the whole in the margin, for the use of those who read Greek: it is not easy to be translated; but we may make a few remarks. James Basnage, in the place above cited, is clearly of opinion, that this writer mentions no books of the Old Testament, but those of the Jewish It is also plain, that one of those books is the Song of Songs. And Daillém says, he omits no sacred book, either of the Old or the New Testament: however, the be'loved disciple' alone is expressly mentioned. It is manifest, that the author received the Revelation: and it is probable, he thought St. John's gospel to be the last written book of the New Testament; it being mentioned last, and next after the book of the Revelation.
1. GENNADIUS, of Marseilles, is placed, bya Cave, at the year 495, about which time his book of Illustrious Men must have been written. In the last chapter of that book he mentions his own works: the conclusion of which chapter is, That he had written a treatise or treatises concerning the Millennium; and concerning the Revelation of the
τελετων και θεοειδεσιν αναγωγαις συνεῤῥίζωσεν. Dionys. Αreop. de Eccles. Hierarch. cap. 3. sect 4. p. 287, 288. Antverp. 1634.
quo loco scripturæ, tum veteris tum novæ, absolutissimum canonem exhibet, singulaque utriusque volumina recenset, non quidem usitatis ac solennibus in ecclesià nominibus illa nuncupans, (a quo ille ubique, velut a quodam piaculo, diligentissime sibi cavet,) sed tamen ita perspicue designans ac describens, ut facile sit intelligere, nullum ab eo prætermissum esse divinum librum. Dall. ubi supra, 1. i. c. 16. p. 101.
a Vid. Cav. H. L. T. i. et Conf. Fabr. ad Gennad. cap. ult. G. J. Voss. de Hist. Lat. ii. c. 18. H. Noris. Hist. Pelag. 1. ii. c. 16. Du Pin, Biblioth. T. iii. P. ii. p. 277. b Ego Gennadius, Massilia presbyter, scripsi adversus omnes hæreses libros octo, et adversus Nestorium libros tres, et tractatus de mille annis, et de Apocalypsi beati Johannis, et hoc opus, et epistolam de fide meâ misi ad beatum Gelasium, urbis Romæ episcopum. Gennad. de V. I. cap. C.
blessed John, that work, and an epistle concerning his faith, sent to Gelasius, bishop of Rome.'
2. The book of Illustrious Men is still extant: and I have often referred to it. The epistle to Gelasius, Concerning his Faith, is also generally supposed to be extant, though it now goes by a different title, it is in the Appendix of the eighth tome of the Benedictine edition of Augustine's works.
3. But the chief reason of my placing Gennadius here is a regard to his treatises concerning the Millennium, and St. John's Revelation; which I suppose to afford a good argument that he received the Revelation as a work of St. John the apostle and evangelist.
GELASIUS, BISHOP OF ROME.
1. GELASIUS, an African, succeeded Felix III. in the see of Rome, in the year 492. A decree in a council of seventy bishops, concerning canonical, ecclesiastical, and apocryphal scriptures, is ascribed to him. The genuineness of which decree is denied, or disputed, by a Pearson, Cave, Samuel and James Basnage; but vindicated by e Pagi, and Jeremiah Jones. But, whereas it has been generally placed at the year 494, Pagi says, it was not published before 496. It is not necessary that I should enter into an argument about a thing of so late a date: I shall only allege that part of the decree, which relates to the books of the New Testament.
2. After a particular enumeration of the books of the Old Testament, follows: The order of the scriptures of the
De Ecclesiasticis Dogmatibus liber, Gennadio tributus.
Vindic. Ep. Ign. P. i. cap. 4.
p. 189, 190.
b Hist. L. T. i. p. 462, 463. d Hist. de l'Egl. 1. viii. c. 8. n. 7. p. 439, * Ann. 494. n. 2-6. f New and Full Method, &c. vol. I. Item ordo scripturarum Novi et æterni Testamenti. Evangeliorum libri quatuor.
Secundum Matthæum liber unus. Secundum Marcum liber unus. cundum Lucam liber unus. Secundum Joannem liber unus. tolorum liber unus.
Epistolæ Pauli apostoli numero xiv.
Ad Romanos epistola una. Ad Corinthios epistolæ duæ. epistola una. Ad Thessalonicenses epistolæ duæ. Ad Ephesios epistola una.
New and everlasting Testament; four books of the_gos'pels; according to Matthew one book, according to Mark one book, according to Luke one book, according to John one book; one book of the Acts of the Apostles; the epistles of the apostle Paul fourteen; to the Romans one epistle; to the Corinthians two epistles: to the Galatians one epistle; to the Thessalonians two epistles; to the Ephesians one epistle; to the Philippians one epistle; to the Colossians one epistle; to Timothy two epistles; to Titus one epistle; to Philemon one epistle; to the Hebrews one epistle: likewise, the Revelation of John one book: likewise, the seven canonical epistles; one epistle of the apostle James, two epistles of the apostle Peter, 'three epistles of the apostle John, one epistle of the apostle Judas Zelotes.' And it is added, "That upon the prophetical, evangelical, and apostolical scriptures, the catholic church is built, by the grace of God.'
3. The reader will observe the order in which the books are placed. It deserves also to be observed, I think, that whoever were the authors of this catalogue of books of scripture, they received none for authentic and canonical, or the rule of faith, but such as were written by apostles, or supposed to be written by apostles; except the gospels according to Mark and Luke, and the Acts of the Apostles. 4. Beside these, many ecclesiastical writings are mentioned, which are allowed to be made use of. After which follows a long catalogue of apocryphal books, which are mentioned, and rejected. Many of which have been properly taken notice of in several parts of this work; though without particular references to this decree, which, being so late in time, was not necessary; and would have rendered this work tedious and prolix beyond my intention.
Ad Philippenses epistola una. Ad Colossenses epistola una. Ad Timotheum epistolæ duæ. Ad Titum epistola una. Ad Philemonem epistola una. Hebræos epistola una.
Item Apocalypsis Joannis liber unus.
Jacobi apostoli epistola una. Petri apostoli epistolæ duæ. Johannis apostoli epistolæ tres. Judæ zelotis apostoli epistola una.-Post propheticas, evangelicas, atque apostolicas scripturas, quibus ecclesia catholica per gratiam Dei fundata est, illud etiam intimandum putamus, &c. "Concilium Romam, quo a lxx. episcopis libri sacri et authentici ab apocryphis sunt discreti, sub "Gelasio.' Ap. Labb. Conc. T. iv. p. 1260, 1261.
h Et quamvis aliud fundamentum nullus possit ponere, præter id quod positum est, qui est Christus Jesus, tamen ad ædificationem nostram eadem sancta Romana ecclesia post illas Veteris vel Novi Testamenti, quas regulariter suscepimus, etiam has suscipi non prohibet. Ib. p. 1262.
Notitia librorum apocryphorum, qui non recipiuntur. Ib. p. 1264.
ANDREW, BISHOP OF CÆSAREA, IN CAPPADOCIA.
1. ANDREW, bishop of Cæsarea, in Cappadocia, is placed by Cave, at the year 500; though his exact time is not certainly known. He wrote a Commentary upon the book of the Revelation; of which some notice must be taken by us.
2. In the preface to his work, he says, He needs not to enlarge, in proving the inspiration of this book, since many ancients have borne testimony to its authority; as Gregory. the Divine, Cyril, [of Alexandria,] Papias, Irenæus, Methodius, and Hippolytus.
3. Andrew divided the book of the Revelation into 24 larger, and 72 smaller sections. This he takes notice of in his preface: and Arethas, who also afterwards wrote a Commentary upon this book, mentions it particularly in his preface. Mill says, that Andrew herein imitated Euthalius, who had done the like for some other parts of the New Testament. I place Mill's account of this matter below, at length.
4. Upon Rev. i. 9, he observes, thats John had been condemned to live in the island Patmos; but he does not say when, nor by whom.
5. He seems to suppose, that St. John's gospel was written before the Revelation.
vixisse videtur circa exitum seculi istius, ac claruisse anno 500. In-
veteres mentio. Hist. Lit.
d Διελοντες την παρεσαν πραγματειαν εις λόγες κδ' και οβ κεφαλαια, δια την τριμερή των κδ' πρεσβυτέρων υποςασιν, σώματος και ψυχης και πνεύματος. p. e Vid. Areth. ad Calc. T. iii. Comment. Ecum. p. 640. Andreas, Cæsarea Cappadocum episcopus, sub finem seculi hujus quinti, Apocalypseos librum a se Commentario illustratum partitus est, ad exemplum Euthalii, in sectiones majores et minores, seu in λογες et κεφαλαια. Λογοι majores quædam portiones erant, Euthalianis Lectionibus' haud multo absimiles. Hujusmodi autem notavit Andreas xxiv. pro numero viginti quatuor Seniorum, circa thronum sedentium- -Kepaλaia vero, sive segmenta minora, constituit (ad numerum, uti dicit, partium, sc. corporis, animæ, et spiritûs,' ex quibus constabant Seniores) ter viginti quatuor, seu lxxii. apposito etiam cuique Capitulo lemmate quodam, materiam, quæ in eo tractatur, paucis indicante. Mill. Proleg. n. 998. 8 P. 8. B.
Επειπερ εν τῳ κατ' αυτον ευαγγελι τοις υψηλοις και θεοπρεπεσιν υπερ παντας ενδιέτρεψε ̇ κανταύθα δε, κ. λ. p. 4. Β.