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COUNSELS, CIVIL AND MORAL:
THE WISDOM OF THE ANCIENTS.
BY FRANCIS BACON,
BARON OF VERULAM, VISCOUNT ST. ALBAN, AND LORD HIGH CHANCELLOR OF ENGLAND.
WITH A BIOGRAPHICAL NOTICE BY A. SPIERS, PH. D.,
LITTLE, BROWN AND COMPANY.
HARVARD COLLEGE LIBRARY
MISS SALLY FAIRCHILD
Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1856, by LITTLE, BROWN AND COMPANY, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the District of Massachusetts.
ALLEN & FARNHAM. PRINTERS
STEREOTYPED BY STONE AND SMART
IN preparing the present volume for the press, use has been freely made of several publications which have recently appeared in England. The Biographical Notice of the author is taken from an edition of the Essays, by A. Spiers, Ph. D. To this has been added the Preface to Pickering's edition of the Essays and Wisdom Ancients, by Basil Montagu, Esq. Parker's edition, by Thomas Markby, M. A., has furnished the arrangement of the Table prefixed to the Essays, and also "the references to the most important quotations." The Notes, including the translations of the Latin, are chiefly copied from Bohn's edition, prepared by Joseph Devey, M. A. We have given the modern translation of the Wisdom of the Ancients contained in Bohn's edition, in preference to that "done by Sir Arthur Gorges," although the last mentioned has a claim upon regard, as having been made by a contemporary of Lord Bacon, and published in his lifetime. Its language is in the style of English current in the author's age, and for this reason may resemble more nearly what the philosopher himself would have used, had he composed the work in his own tongue instead of Latin.
Introductory Notice of the Life and Writings of Bacon,
ESSAYS; OR, COUNSELS CIVIL AND MORAL.
3. Of Unity in Religion ...... Of Religion 1612; rewrit-
.....1612; enlarged 1625
...1612; slightly enlarged 1625..... 72
1612; rewritten 1625.....