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him not from labour. He still kept toiling on. In life, in death, he kept the faith, fervent in spirit, serving the Lord.

There is one omission in this volume, essential to the thorough knowledge and appreciation of the character and labours of Henry Ware. No pleading for the Slave appears. The down-trodden and oppressed he would have lifted up and made free, and with pen and tongue he aimed to accomplish these Christian purposes. Some record of those labours should have been registered in this volume. Rich is it, however, in matter. There are forty-eight sermons on the most solemn and life-stirring themes which man can ponder. For no one can we offer a purer or better wish, than that by the perusal of this volume they may imbibe the spirit, embrace the principles, live the life of Henry Ware.



OCTOBER 1, 1849.

MEETING AT BARNARD CASTLE AND CATTERICK.-In the Fourth Report of the Committee of the Newcastle and North of England Unitarian Christian Tract and Missionary Society, read and approved at the Anniversary held at Newcastle, June 17, 1849, it was observed in noticing the Quarterly Meetings of the Society, "In connection with the Missionary plans which have been suggested, the transference of these Quarterly Meetings to other portions of the District contemplated in the sphere of the Society's operations, would seem desirable. By holding them in different places, points of union might be formed, from which useful influences might radiate to surrounding spots, and conjoint efforts be thereby matured and carried out more readily, than by their repetition, with the celebration of the Anniversary, at one town only. The coming year may probably witness arrangements of this nature, which may happily be conducive to more extensive good."

The Committee, in accordance with these views, at their first meeting, subsequently to the Anniversary, fixed the Fifteenth Quarterly Meeting to be held at Barnard Castle, Durham, on Sunday, August 26, and thence by adjournment at Catterick, near Richmond, Yorkshire, on Tuesday, August 28, in Commemoration of the sacrifices and labours of the Rev. Theophilus Lindsey, for Christian truth, freedom, righteousness, and benevolence. Circulars were addressed to the various correspondents of the Association, as well as to other friends in Yorkshire, and further publicity given to the plan by notice in our pages, and likewise in the Inquirer. Many sent replies expressive of warm concurrence in the objects contemplated, and regretting their inability to attend the Meeting through variety of causes.

On Sunday, August 26, religious worship was conducted, Morning and Evening, by Mr. Harris in the Meeting House of the Christian Brethren at Barnard Castle. The attendance was not so numerous as had been hoped. The sickness existing in the town, School sermons at other places of worship, with similar obstacles in others again, doubtless kept many away from the meetings, but both friends and strangers present were deeply attentive, and it is believed much good was the result. Collections were made in behalf of the Mis sionary Society. On Sunday afternoon the friends assembled in the Meeting House to a frugal Repast. Between twenty and thirty persons were present. Prayer was offered before dinner by Mr, Harris, and at its close thanksgiving. On the motion of Mr. Brown. of Barnard Castle, Mr. Revely, of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, was afterwards called to preside. Mr. Harris, as the Secretary of the Association, noticing, in some introductory remarks, the uncertainty of life as a motive to earnest and persevering labour, passing an eulogy on the untiring efforts for the instruction of the young, of the Rev. Samuel Wood, of London, of whose death he had been informed, since the morning worship, by letter from the Rev. B. Carpenter, of Nottingham, and urging that and other instances of mortality occurring around them, as strong incentives to self preparation, watchfulness, and Christian activity, proceeded to read the Minutes of the Fourteenth Quarterly Meeting, held in Newcastle, May 23, with the subsequent proceedings of the Association and Committee in reference to Missionary plans. Mr. Brown then addressed the meeting and moved "That the Minutes be confirmed and approved." Mr. Gunson seconded the resolution, and both, with the following individuals, Messrs. Joseph Lee, Archibald Elliott, William Elliott, Stephen Kirtley, and John Carr, spoke in warm approval of Missionary plans and the proceedings of the Committee and Association, expressing their desire to contribute, both by personal labour and pecuniary support to carry out the objects of the Society. Much interesting information was given in the course of the afternoon, of a highly useful and suggestive character, and the bonds of Christian fellowship were drawn more closely together.

On Monday, the friends from Newcastle, who had attended the meeting on Sunday, were joined by the Rev. J. H. Ryland, of Bradford, who had kindly preached in Hanover Square Chapel for Mr. Harris the preceding day. Together they visited scenes impressed by the Infinite Spirit of beauty, marked by the buildings of other days, castle and shrine, celebrated in prose and song, the fanes of Heathen deities, the dwellings of fabled elves, rich now as of yore in loveliness, and vocal with manifestations that the former days were not better than these. Towards evening they were in readiness at the Catterick Bridge Station to receive their venerable friend the Rev. William Turner and his Daughter, and then repaired to the Village, at which, on the following day, they purposed to commemorate the virtues and sacrifices of the Christian Confessor who long years ago had there his dwelling place. That evening will not speedily be forgotten by those who enjoyed its Christian converse, its moonlight peacefulness.

Tuesday, August 28, opened in unclouded brightness. The party at Catterick were early on foot to meet their friends at the somewhat distant Station, who were expected to arrive by train from Newcastle, Gateshead, Sunderland, Stockton, Darlington, Malton,

and thence proceed to Richmond to breakfast. Warm greetings and gratulations were interchanged on arrival thither, and about halfpast eight the numerous party, nearly seventy, male and female, occupied the tables set out for their accommodation in two rooms at the Richmond terminus. Nearly all the company afterwards ascended the hill to view the ruins of the Castle, and Keep, and the extensive and beautiful prospect of wood and vale, which is commanded thence; in the far distance, the venerable towers of the noble Minster of York, and the curiously shaped Roseberry Topping, and nearer, the river Swale, in its tortuous course, gliding softly, now by the Abbey ruin, the luxuriant corn field, the verdant meadow, the cottage allotment variegated ground. The residence of the Author of "The Confessional," Archdeacon Blackburne, was not forgotten in the survey, nor the fact that by the wooded banks of the Swale, onward to the ruins of Easeby Abbey, which the party afterwards traversed, other friends of Christian truth and righteousness had aforetime walked. More than probable that hither also Dr. Priestley, the Rev. W. Turner, of Wakefield, and Mr. Lindsey had bent their steps in the old time, discoursing on themes which led to the sacrifices those now passing on that pathway had assembled to commemorate. Midst such scenes, high and holy thoughts are ever congenial, ever welcome. It may be that such originally prompted the planting in these localities the Shrine of thanksgiving, the Altar of Prayer. More fitting spots could not have been selected wherefrom to offer up adoration to the Author of Nature, the Giver of every good and perfect gift.

From Easeby Abbey, the party went forward to Catterick; and at half-past twelve, gathered with many persons from the Village, and other friends from Richmond, Ingleton, Gilling, Skeeby, Leyburn, Wensleydale, Barnard Castle, &c., to the Hall recently erected by the members of a Benefit Society. It was filled. Hymns had been printed for the occasion, and the religious service commenced by Mr. Brown of Barnard Castle giving out that composed by the late William Roscoe, Esq., of Liverpool, beginning

"Let one loud song of praise arise

To God whose goodness ceaseless flows."

The Rev. William Turner, for nearly sixty years the Minister of Hanover Square Chapel, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, now usually resident at Manchester, offered up the devotions of the Congregation. Dr. Bowring's Hymn

"In the cross of Christ I glory

Towering o'er the wrecks of time."

was then sung by the assembly, after which Mr. Harris preached from Psalm cxii, 6, 7, and Revelation xiv. 12, 13, on adherence to Religious Principle the obligation and blessedness of Man, illustrating its truthfulness by the narration of the sacrifices, and labours, and life of the venerated Theophilus Lindsey. At the close of the discourse, Mr. Harris said he held in his hand a manuscript Prayer written by Mr. Lindsey in 1781, none could be more appropriate to the occasion of this meeting, and together they would offer it up to the throne of Grace, verifying thus in their own personal experience the truth of that Scripture "He being dead yet speaketh." The whole audience joined with manifest fervour in its petitions.

Dr. Bowring's beautiful lines, responsive to the discourse which had been delivered, and the object of the meeting, were then read by Mr. Harris.

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Earth's transitory things decay.l all noite as
Its pomps, its pleasures pass away;
But the sweet memory of the good
Survives in the vicissitude."

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Though clouds may darken, storms may rage,
They still shine on from age to age:→→

So through the ocean-tide of years,
The memory of the just appears;
So through the tempest and the gloom,
The good man's virtues light the tomb.
Happy the virtuous! come what may,
Though heaven dissolve, and earth decay;
Happy the righteous man! for he
Belongs to Immortality.

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Benediction closed the religious Service. Copies of "A Farewell Address to the Parishioners of Catterick, by the Rev. Theophilus Lindsey, M. A." first printed 1773, reprinted for this Commemoration Meeting, with a sketch of Mr. Lindsey's life subjoined, were distributed at the door, and afterwards left from house to house throughout the Village, or given to friends for wider circulation. 600 copies were thus spread abroad.

The friends from distant places dispersed through the Village, visiting the Church so long the scene of Mr. Lindsey's labours, and other objects of interest, whilst the Hall was preparing for the Social Repast. At half-past two o'clock, fully one hundred friends assembled again, Mr. Harris as Chairman invoking the Divine Blessing before dinner, and afterwards, the company joined in singing the Rev. J. R. Wreford's hymn

"While here we meet with glad accord,
And greetings warm and kind are given;
We pause amid our joy, O Lord!

And lift our grateful souls to Heaven."

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The Chairman in introducing the first sentiment" The Memory of Theophilus Lindsey; fragrant as Sharon's rose, the remembrance of his sacrifices for Christian truth is sweet even in death," expressed his pleasure at the number of friends whom he saw around him. Their assembling on this occasion gave proof that the principles for which painful sacrifices had been made in past times, were dear to the hearts of the living. Their meeting brought forcibly to his mind the contrast between the times in which Mr. Lindsey lived and their own. His difficulties were greater as the law then stood, than similar sacrifices would entail on conscientious dissidence now. When that

venerable Confessor seceded from the Established church, no Dissenting Minister, no Schoolmaster even could exercise his respective functions unless he subscribed to the Thirty-nine Articles This flagrant violation of religious liberty was not repealed till five years after Mr. Lindsey's resignation, 1788. It had been made one of the preliminaries to secure the benefits of the Toleration Act, passed in the reign of William the Third; toleration, a word which should be expunged from the dictionary of any truly civilized and Christian people. Nor was this the only mark of intolerance in that Act, for by its provisions adherents to the church of Rome, and impugners of the doctrine of the Trinity, were alike excluded from its privileges. Nor was that exclusion merely a dead letter. The impugnment specified, entailed on conviction confiscation of property, incapacity of receiving legacy, imprisonment; an Act of the Scottish Parliament going further in its bigotry, and denouncing death as the statutory penalty. Under its provisions Paul Akenhead, a student at the University of Edinburgh, was indicted and condemned. Strenuous exertions were put forth by the philosopher of Mind, John Locke, to save the jeopardized life; it was understood Royal clemency desired to spare, would the clergy of that city only petition in behalf of mercy; on the contrary, they preached and prayed for cutting him off, and the youth was hanged because in debate he had defended the Unity of God. These Acts were unrepealed till 1813. In 1774, therefore, Mr Lindsey could not legally conduct the worship of the One true God the Father. Difficulties were thrown in the way of licensing the Room in Essex House, and though overmastered by the energy of Mr Lee, the Solicitor-General, and other friends, and promise of license obtained, it was opened without it. Happily the times now passing were brighter far, and greater shame would be theirs if duty to God and man were not faithfully fulfilled. There was present among them that day one who like the prophet of old might be said to stand between the dead and the living, connecting the present with the past, and almost placing them in the immediate presence of him whose memory they were assembled to honour. He need not say he alluded to the venerable friend on his right, the Rev. William Turner. Mr. Turner, then resident in his father's house at Wakefield, assisted in receiving Mr. and Mrs. Lindsey on the day after their departure from Catterick, and now after a lapse of nearly seventy-six years, he had come with them to Catterick, to pay his tribute of homage to Mr. Lindsey's memory.

The Rev. William Turner said, Our esteemed friend, the President has thrown upon me a duty, which in itself is very gratifying, and I have only to regret that I shall not be able, not being in the habit of speaking extempore, to discharge it as I could wish. He has justly said that I was personally concerned with Mr. Lindsey's reception in my father's house on the day subsequent to his leaving his residence in this place. Mr. Lindsey and his good Lady, with Miss Harrison, afterwards Mrs. Cappe of York came to Wakefield by way of Bedale from Catterick. I remember my father being particularly struck with the circumstance of Mr. Lindsey's resignation, and also much gratified, because he was conscious that it was partly, considerably, owing to his and Dr. Priestley's energetic labours that Mr. Lindsey had been led to pay such attention to the course of inquiry which induced him to throw off the doctrines of

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