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is slavery, it emanates from Northern tuition; and vile and degrading as the sentiments are which have been addressed by the Southern clergy and churches to the Christians of this country, viler, blacker, and more atrocious sentiments still, if possible, may be culled from the writings, sermons, and speeches of Drs. Nehemiah Adams, Lord, Stuart, and Hoge, and the Rev. Vandyke, of New York, and the Right Rev. Bishop Hopkins, of Vermont, &c., &c.
Mr. Beecher said " No offence had been committed, none threatened by the North against the South, but the arrogation was that the election of a man (Lincoln) known to be pledged against the extension of slavery was not compatible with the safety of slavery in the South.” Mr. Beecher must be strangely ignorant of the speech made by President Lincoln at Springfield, June 12, 1858, when he said—“I believe this country cannot endure perinanently half slave and half free,” &c., &c.; also of the interpretation which the Southerns put upon it as "a war of sections ;" and also of Lincoln's recantation of the above speech at Ottawa, Illinois, Aug. 21, 1858 ; and also of the declaration made by Lincoln at Freeport, Illinois, Aug. 27, 1858, " that if any territory adopted
“ a slave constitution uninfluenced by the actual presence of the institution amongst its members, that he saw no other alternative, if we held the union, but to admit them.”
Mr. Beecher's statement in regard to the spread of abolitionism on the basis of no compromise is not in
accordance with the history of the case. In Fred. Douglas's Monthly, for August, 1860, reference is made by him to Wendel Phillips, declaring that “the efforts of abolitionists for twenty years in the cause of freedom had been bootless ;” and Douglas himself said at the same period—“Little progress had been made in twenty-five years of anti-slavery effort. There have been many mistakes to be corrected, and there has been much force used up by needless faction between contending factions.” The testimony of the above men is complete, and as Mr. Beecher claims it a privilege to “unloose their shoes," he will hardly dispute their authority.
But if the above should be deemed insufficient out of many facts which we could give of the “pro-slavery proclivities” of our Northern people, take the following. It is the case of the Rev. Dr. Plummer, who, instead of losing caste for the expression we have quoted and the unchristian spirit which he manifested was promoted to honour after the above “diabolical utterances” referred to; chosen professor of didactic and pastoral theology in the Western Theological Seminary at Alleghany City, Pennsylvania :-“And,” according to the testiinony of Wm. Loyd Garrison, “ so far from the American board rebuking him in this wickedness, he has virtually rebuked the board by resigning his membership at the last annual meeting (October, 1859), probably because the board had sneaked out of the support of slavery in the Choctaw mission, instead of continuing to uphold it, as they
still do in the Cherokee mission. But, since the American Tract Society has never made even so smail a concession as this to the demands of anti-slavery, Dr. Plummer remains one of its 'directors' (as he has been ever since 1836), and made a speech at its last annual meeting, May 9, 1860, in support of the following resolution, presented by another pro-slavery divine, Rev. Dr. Richard Fuller of Baltimore, as follows: Resolved : That the national and catholic spirit of the American Tract Society, and its influence upon the literature of the land, ought to make it dear to every Christian and patriot.””
At the Tabernacle meeting in London the other day, Mr. Beecher said—“ Language failed him to express his admiration of this country."
” In the Independent, of which he is editor and proprietor, January 30, 1862, Mr. Beecher said—“Except in the madness of our Southern rebels it would be difficult to find a parallel for the malice which the whole English nation, government, newspapers, priests, and people (a few individuals excepted) have exhibited towards the American Union and its loyal citizens in the crisis of their greatest trial and danger. How can he reconcile the above statements ?
In the Independent, Dec. 6, 1861, there is also the following record from the pen of Mr. Beecher :“Should the President yield to the present necessity (in the Trent affair) as the less of two evils, and bide our time with England, there will be a sense of wrong, of national humiliation so profound, and a horror of the
unfeeling selfishness of the English Government in this great emergency of our affairs, such as will inevitably break out by and by in flames that will be extinguished only by a deluge of blood. We are not living the whole of our life to-day. There is a future to the United States in which the nation will right any injustice of the present hour.”
“ Allusion having been made to the above by the Revs. Messrs Graham & Kennedy at the Tabernacle meeting held in London, Mr. Beecher ignored the threat which he connected with the words wronged, humbled, unfeeling selfishness that must be punished, the volcano of indignation that will leap up in resentment—the deluge of blood that will follow—the nearness of those sanguinary scenes as the above deluge of blood is to be poured out in our life. All this is ignored by Mr. Beecher, and in their place he said, at the London meeting referred to, · Then we will show England how we can forgive an injury, and heap coals of fire on the heads of those from whom it comes.' In the future sense of the above language used by Mr. Beecher, is there any sense or forgiveness made manifest, or 'squelching' of the flames that will break out by and by with any overflow of charity? How can such an explanation harmonise with his original statement, published in his own favourite newspaper the Independent? And so far from there being any forgiving spirit-or truly proper Christian spirit-shown by Mr. Beecher, if your numerous readers could only get access to the
columns of his newspaper, they would find that the only fire which Mr. Beecher and his coadjutors advocated is Greek fire. This is their ten commandments—sermon on the Mount-gospel. In proof of which see an editorial article in the London Patriot a week or two ago, in which the editor lodges a grave complaint about the use of their · Greek fire.'»
Surely the present is an age of wonders, when Mr. Beecher can receive“ deafening plaudits” in the presence of such “revelations," and have addresses and memorials superbly printed and embellished for “consistent advocacy” as an abolitionist. The lion's skin cannot cover up his long ears.-Yours, for truth as well as liberty.
JOSHUA R. BALME, an American Clergyman.
56, Islington, Liverpool, Oct. 13, 1803.