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Journal of Education.
HENRY BARNARD, LL.D.
HARTFORD, F. C. BROWNELL.
LONDON: TRÜBNER & co., 12 PATERNOSTER ROW
ENTERED, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1857, by HENRY BARNARD,
In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of Connecticut.
he year 1857, by
American Journal of Education.
No. X.-SEPTEMBER, 1857.
II. COLLEGE PRAYERS. By Prof. F. D. Huntington, D. D., Harvard College..
5. Life and Writings between 1781 and 1798.
Asylums and Workshops.....
Table. Summary of American Institutions for the Blind in 1857.
Annotations. Sir William Cecil; advice to his son..
The New England Country School..
I. MEMOIR OF EDMUND DWIGHT:
BY FRANCIS BOWEN,
Professor of Moral Philosophy in Harvard College, Mass.
The services of the late Edmund Dwight to the cause of common school education were numerous and important enough to earn for him the title of a great public benefactor. During his lifetime, they were but little known beyond the small circle of his intimate friends, and of those who were closely associated with him in his labors. It was his pleasure that it should be so. His taste was nice even to fastidiousness; and any public mention of what he had done, seemed to grate upon his feelings and to lessen in his opinion the efficiency of his work. The agency which is bruited abroad, appeared to him, partly by bringing the motives of the agent into suspicion, and partly by mingling personal considerations with the cause, to lose in force what it gained in notoriety. In reference to the workings of society and government, he was deeply convinced of the truth, that far the most important and beneficial results are produced by that part of the social machinery which is most quiet in its operations, and consequently attracts the least notice and remark. He made it a condition of his numerous benefactions to the cause of common schools, that his name should not be mentioned in connection with them; and
1 whatever of personal effort, of time and attention, he contributed to the same end, was in like manner studiously kept back from public observation and acknowledgment. During his lifetime, his friends respected his wishes in this particular; but death has removed the seal of secrecy, and the story of what he accomplished ought now to be told, in order to discharge a debt of gratitude from the public, and to set forth a useful example to others.
Other considerations impart interest to a notice of Mr. Dwight's life and character. He was an eminent member of a remarkable class of men,—the merchant princes of Boston during the last half century,-a class remarkable alike from the nature of the enterprises by which they acquired their wealth, from the high qualities of intellect and character which were manifested in their undertakings, and from the munificence of their public and private charities. He was the compeer and associate of the Eliots, the Appletons, the Lawrences, th: Perkinses, and other distinguished merchants, whose liberality, foresight, and public spirit have contributed so largely, not only to the