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meant by delivering him unto Satan?

Putting him out of the church, and back into the world,

which is Satan's empire.* For what purposes is

the church of Christ to remove any member from her communion? That it may be a means of reclaiming the offender,† and prove a warning to others.‡ 18. Why did our Lord give to his disciples these par


ticular instructions respecting their conduct one towards another? That they might serve as a rule to his church in all ages. How are acts of church discipline ratified? By Divine authority. did our Lord promise thus to ratify them? "Verily I say unto you, Whatsoever ye shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and whatsoever ye shall loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven." Το whom did our Lord address similar words on a former occasion? To Peter.§ To whom are they What may

here addressed? To all the disciples.

we conclude from our Lord's here giving to the rest of the disciples the same authority that he gave to Peter? That he did not mean to set Peter above the rest. Who pretends to occupy the place of Peter? The pope of Rome. Since Peter had no power above the other apostles, what do you think of the pope's authority? It is self-constituted and presumptuous. Do the binding and loosing, spoken of in this text, refer to doctrines or to acts? To acts.

* 2 Cor. iv. 4.
1 Tim. v. 20.

Titus iii. 10, 11.

Matt. xvi. 19.

19. What has our Lord appointed to be observed in connexion with the discipline of his church? Special How are his followers encouraged

united prayer.

to unite in prayer? By a most gracious promise. What is that promise? "I say unto you, that if two of you shall agree, on earth, as touching any thing that they shall ask, it shall be done for them of my Father which is in heaven." What is the nature of the connexion between this verse and the subject that goes before it? It is a connexion of privilege and duty. What is the duty referred


That of dealing faithfully with offending brethren. And what is the privilege connected with it? The Divine assistance and approbation. Is this promise of Divine assistance and approbation confined to cases of discipline in the church? No; it includes any direction, help, or blessing, that we may need. How does that appear? From the words "any thing that they shall ask." 20. What did our Lord further say, to encourage his disciples to meet for prayer; "For where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them." What is meant by ga

thered together in my name"? Meeting together to honour the Lord Jesus.

How is the word name

frequently used in the Scriptures? See i. 23. What, then, do you mean, when you speak of honouring the name of Christ? Worshipping him, and obeying his laws. How is the Son to be ho

noured? All men should honour the Son, even as

they honour the Father.* In what sense is the Lord Jesus in the midst of his people, when they meet to pay him Divine honours and to observe his laws? He is present with them universally, spiritually, and effectually. What do you mean by our Lord's being with his people universally? That he is with them in all places at the same time. What do you mean by his being with his people spiritually? That he has access to their mind. What do you mean by his being with his people effectually? That he is with them to accept and bless them. Is there a promise, similar to this, in the Old Testament? Yes; it is written, In all places where I record my name, I will come unto thee, and I will bless thee.t Who spake that promise? Jehovah. Who spake the promise in our text? The Lord Jesus Christ. What attribute of Deity

is alike involved in both? Omnipresence.


is omnipresence? The being every where present

Can any mere creature be
Then what doctrine may be

The divinity of our Lord

at the same time. omnipresent? No. proved from this verse? Jesus Christ. 21. When our Lord had done speaking to his disciples on any important subject, did they go away and think no more about it? No; they hid his word in their hearts, and often renewed the subject of discourse.‡ Who, among them, did so on the pre

* John v. 23.

+ Exod. xx, 24.

Like the Psalmist, Ps. cxix. 11, and 93.

sent occasion ?

"Peter." What had been the

particular subjects of our Lord's recent instructions? A care to avoid giving offence, and a readiness to forgive injuries. Has Matthew related what our Lord said about the forgiveness of injuries? No; it is recorded by Luke.* How often are we to forgive upon repentance? Seven times in a day.* How is the phrase seven times used in the Hebrew tongue? To signify very often.† What question did Peter now put, respecting the frequency of forgiveness? "Then came Peter to him, and said, How oft shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him-till seven times?” Had Peter distinctly heard what our Lord had said on the subject? Most likely he had. Why, then, did he put this question? Because he wanted to know whether any limits are to be set to our forgiveness of injuries.

22. What did the rabbies, or Jewish doctors, teach on this point? They held, that three offences were to be forgiven, but not the fourth. What did our

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Lord say, in reply to Peter? "I say not unto thee, Until seven times: but, Until seventy times seven." Why did our Lord specify so great a number as seventy times seven"? To show that we are never to be weary of forgiving. Are we very apt to count up the injuries we receive from a fellowcreature? Yes; an injury is seldom forgotten, though a benefit too often escapes the memory.

Luke xvii. 3, 4.

As in Ps. cxix. 164. See xii. 45, on the use of the number seven.

When a person says, I forgive, but I cannot forget, is that the language of Christian forgiveness? No; it is the language of secret, half-smothered resentment. How, then, does Christian forgiveness differ from such a sentiment? Christian forgiveness extends to perfect reconciliation.


23. How did our Lord illustrate and enforce the duty of forgiveness? By an affecting parable. is a parable? See xiii. 3. How does the parable begin? "Therefore is the kingdom of heaven likened unto a certain king, who would take account of his servants."

What is here meant by "the

kingdom of heaven"? The reign of Christ, or the gospel dispensation. Whom does the king, in the parable, represent ? The Lord our God. Who are his servants? All mankind; for all are bound to serve Him. Will the Almighty take account of you, and of me? Yes; every one of us shall give account of himself to God.* When will that be? In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ.† In the prospect

of that day, what should be our serious inquiry and concern? What then shall I do when God riseth up? and, when he visiteth, what shall I answer him?‡

24. Why did the king begin to reckon with his servants? In order to reward the faithful, and punish the unjust. What took place when the king had

begun to reckon?

"One was brought unto him

Rom. xiv. 12.

Rom. ii. 16.

Job xxxi. 14.

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