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or rather, with the beginning of the fourth Christian millenary.

We have seen that at the sounding of the fifth trumpet, a star, or mighty one, fallen from heaven, had "given to him the key of the bottomless pit." Herein is the origin of all the ideas reigning in Christendom concerning the devil and hell.

The 20th chapter opens by presenting "an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit, and a great chain in his hand. And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years, and cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season."

This angel is one who announces that hell is that condition of mankind which is opposed to God, and is limited to earth; and the Devil, man's subtle nature, arising out of the union in man of a spirit with flesh— the two antagonistic principles, spiritual and animal, producing the serpent, more subtle than any beast of the field.* The great chain in the angel's hand is the chain of consecutive teachings to be found in the Word of God. In "Truths Maintained" this chain is exhibited, and by its aid the Devil is bound for a thousand years.

Christendom has

The consequences will be an entire change of things in Christendom. The saints, who have been persecuted as a body, will now reign. been buried in death. Now will "This is the first resurrection." It is coincident or identical with the first harvest and the first supper.

be a resurrection.

See "Truths Maintained."

After the thousand years, "the croaking frogs out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet," will again for a short time loose Satan. He will now go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to battle. "The four quarters of the earth," is only another figure for universality, as "the air" is in the seventh vial.

A great white throne is now set in heaven, and the earth and the heaven of heathenism flee away. At this tribunal the dead are judged out of the several books peculiar to each religious system, and "they are judged every man according to his works," not according to his opinions. The Book of Life, the Word of God, is now opened to all mankind. "Death and hell," or Paganism, "the second death," is now destroyed. "The rest of the dead," not having life at the first resurrection, now receive life through the Word of God, or the Book of Life. Heathenism is now wholly destroyed. Paganism is henceforward no more, there is "no more sea."

This portion of the Revelation synchronises with-The second harvest of the vine of the earth, xiv. 17-20;

The seventh vial, xvi. 13-21;

The supper of the great God, xix. 17-21;

The conflict described by Ezekiel, chapters xxxviii. and xxxix.



We have commenced this little book by showing that the Scriptures have their force and meaning in the fact that the holy city describes, in a figure, the faithful, God's church on earth. The vast importance of this fact will be seen when it is comprehended that the knowledge of it overturns the whole preceding religious earthly systems. Not only will it affect man religiously, but it will also affect him socially and politically.

The chapter which begins the description of the holy city opens, "John saw a new heaven and a new earth for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea."

At Christ's coming the new heaven and new earth had their beginning. When Paganism is destroyed they will have wholly supplanted the old heaven and earth. By placing this verse as the last of the preceding chapter, its terms will be more readily understood. It is, however, properly placed where it is, because the holy city, which Christ began to build, is the primary cause of the new heaven and new earth. By it "all things are made new," and "the former things are passed away." The cause which engenders evil is herein removed. God wipes away all tears from men's eyes. By true spiritual union with God, man is restored to purity of spirit and consequent happiness.

Herein is "God's temple" not man's temple. Herein is the fountain of the water of life." All who are athirst may drink "freely." No exclusion

by reason of this or that supposed means of access. True, God has built this city by the aid of means, and especial means have been employed" in the gates and the walls thereof." But all who love the Supreme Being in sincerity have access hereto.

Her gates, or entrances, are formed of the Hebrew economy. By the aid of this, God has taught, and is teaching, man a right knowledge of his relation to God. The gates are equal on every side, so that all who will may gain access; and they are open continually to the enlightened. To whom God is the temple, to them is eternal day; "there shall be no night there." All enlightened by God by any means have access to the holy city. Though the gates are formed of the Hebrew economy, yet is there free admission to all, intimated by the names of the twelve tribes, the twelve typifying all mankind.

The wall of the city is raised in the Christian economy. The foundations of the wall have "in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb." God works by means, and the two dispensations have been the means employed to teach a right knowledge. God, however, has worked by other means, and all brought into communion with God by any means are denizens of the holy city. The redeemed from the earth are harping with their harps, "as the voice of many waters." All who worship God in spirit and in truth are redeemed from the earth. The foundations of the wall have the names of the twelve apostles, because the Christian economy is an especial means to teach a knowledge of man's relation to God.

"She lieth four square, and her length is as large as the breadth and he measured the city with the reed, twelve thousand furlongs. The length and the breadth and the height of it are equal." As the

1,600 furlongs, mentioned in the 14th chapter, give a prophetic measurement, so, I believe, these 12,000 furlongs give a prophetic measurement. She is obtaining her breadth in 3,000 years, and, as she lieth four square, so the four 3,000 years give her 12,000 years' duration.

Her wall is "an hundred and forty and four cubits, according to the measure of a man, that is, of the angel." Her wall is "redeemed from the harps" on Mount Zion. city that defileth. Her high wall is composed of them who " are without fault before the throne of God." These are the men 66 "not defiled with women (churches). They are raised above the pollutions which a love for this or that system betrays. When a heart is given to a system, it has but little room for God.

composed of the 144,000 earth, harping with their Nothing entereth into the

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"The building of the wall is of jasper, and the city of pure gold like unto clear glass." Jasper is the precious stone which God has been pleased to employ to symbolise Himself. Pure gold is unmixed worship. The wall is built of love to God, and the city of pure worship to Him.

"The foundations of the walls of the city are garnished with all manner of precious stones." The foundations, we have seen, have the names of the twelve apostles. Besides these are all manner of precious stones to garnish the foundations.

Precious stones were ordered to be placed in the breastplate of the ephod worn by the high priest of the Hebrew polity. (Ex. xxviii.) These are in four rows. If these stones are examined, they will be found to stand in opposite relations to the garnishing stones of the foundations of the wall of the holy city.

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