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the Missourians are making to go over into Kansas to vote on the 30th. We heard the same while on the river; crowds are coming from Lexington, also from one hundred miles below that point. Mr. P., who was to carry us to the Baptist Mission, said he should be ready to start for the mission by ten o'clock. We sat with bonnets and shawls on over an hour; then he concluded we had better stay to dinner. About four o'clock, he said, again, we would leave Kansas city; but, as he was continually interrupted with company, we were not fairly in the wagon until another full hour had passed.

We then had a good view of all there is to Kansas city. It is a most singular location for a town, being a gathering together of hills, high and steep. Houses of very limited dimensions are perched upon all the highest points. They have usually a small porch over the door, or light piazza. There is another peculiarity prevailing here, as elsewhere in Missouri; the chimneys are all built upon the outside of the houses. We passed several of our party with ox-teams. In one of the great lumber-wagons was a young lady from Massachusetts, who in this way was attempting to make the journey of more than a hundred miles into the territory. It was near evening when we reached Westport. It has a look of recent growth-some good brick buildings and a large hotel. A good deal of the Indian, also Sante Fe, trade comes in here. We were late at Dr. Barker's, having made a call at a house off of the road for some time; and I was completely chilled through on arriving there, so much so as to be unable to walk without assistance. The mission is situated about a quarter of a mile from the great California road, four miles from Westport, and about two from Rev. Thomas Johnson's Methodist Mission. After the road turns from the California road, it descends slightly, and, for an eighth of a mile, is skirted with timber upon either side. The night was not dark, being starlight; and there was novelty in the whole scene presented before us, as we reached the terminus of the road. A large yard was enclosed by a high fence, with stairs by way of entrance. Some four or five steps were on the outside of the fence, a platform, perhaps two feet in width, above it, and as many steps on the inside. The occasion of such an uncouth

arrangement I cannot divine, although it prevails all through the country. The houses of log, making five or six rooms, stretch along parallel with the fence, and at some distance from it. The ground is still descending. The first effect upon one used to high. lands is most singular. There is a feeling of oppression at the thought of dog-day heats, and insecurity in spring floods. Several dogs gave us greeting as we alighted from the carriage and stumbled over the stairway. We were glad to be at the end of our evening's ride to feel safe after its insecurity. We had been off on a wild, untravelled road, to see a person who had sent for Mr. P. to come and see him, without telling him the reason of such message. He had urgently, however, pressed his coming. It was dark ere we reached his house, and, to show us a nearer way back, he took us down through fields and by-paths. He walked behind us, and I could not resist the inclination to turn my head occasionally to see what our guide might be doing. A foe in the front would have been more agreeable than in the rear, though the event proved there was no occasion for fear.

We found Dr. Barker's family most hospitable and pleasant, and appreciated thankfully the prospect of a quiet resting-place for a few weeks after this long, wearisome journey. How cheerfully the fire beamed a welcome, and how genial its heat after such a chilly ride! The great logs were rolled into the huge fireplace, and burned and crackled until every corner of the room was light as day. Supper being over, we were soon in dream-land; friends we had left were around us; the "loved and lost" were near.

27th. - The sun shining in at our windows disturbed our slumbers early, just before the little Indian girl came in to start a fire. One glance at the room was sufficient to show that our host and hostess were not born in this western land. Books, pamphlets, pictures, vases, &c., were on all the tables, walls, and everywhere. Sixteen years ago they came to the West; and Dr. Barker has worked indefatigably for the best good of the Shawnees. As minister, teacher, and physician, he has labored for their physical as well as spiritual good, through summer's heat and winter's cold, by day and night, with unceasing effort. Through the evil reports and influence against him of Rev. Mr. Johnson, his school

has been discontinued. A colored woman, whom he assisted to gain her freedom, and two little Indian girls, are still in his family. Since this emigration to the territory commenced, their house has been a pleasant home for many on their way thither; some remaining with them six or eight weeks. Their kindness will be gratefully remembered by many.

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29th. The Missourians, for some days, have been passing into the territory. They talk loudly of "fighting, and driving out the free-state men.' They go armed and provisioned. There is nothing truer, however, than that "stillest waters run deepest; " and the most courageous men usually have no occasion to boast of their courage.

30th. It is the election day in the territory. We shall hope to hear something by to-morrow from Kansas. There are several families stopping here, mostly from Indiana, with some pleasant ladies among them. Their peculiarities of speech cause us to smile occasionally, while I dare say our Yankeeisms are as strange to them. This "feeling powerful bad" and "mighty weak" sounds oddly to us; so also when they say, "a right smart chance of calicoes." There is a little English woman boarding here. She is young and girlish. She was born in India, of English parents, and, upon their death, she came to this country. She is very artless and childlike in her manner, and, I fear, will see some hardships in frontier life.

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31st. It is a warm, sunny day. The spring flowers bloom in every sheltered nook. A lemon-colored flower, like adder's tongue in New England, bends its graceful stalk before the gentlest breeze. We have been out over to the high grounds overlooking the main road into the territory for miles; and it is full of people of most desperate look. They come on horseback, in wagons, in carts; in fact, every sort of vehicle seems to have been put in requisition to convey these men into the territory. Now and then a carriage of more pretensions appeared, and was probably occupied by some of the leaders of the gang. The horses, as well as the men, looked wearied out with their journey.

Will these frauds be allowed? or are they a part of the system connived at by a corrupt administration to force slavery into

Kansas against the desire of the actual settlers? Mr. P. arrived from Lawrence this afternoon with a lady, who is going to visit some acquaintances in Independence, Mo. They have passed many of the desperadoes, on their way, armed with all kinds of death-dealing instruments. They carried with them provisions and whiskey, and baked bread by the roadside.

April 2d. Mrs. C. left to-day for Independence. Mr. S. and family, from New Hampshire, arrived. Their youngest little one sickened on the way, and they are now carrying it with them to Lawrence for burial. There is a good deal of sickness upon the

river, especially among children.

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3d. People are continually coming and going. Gentlemen leave their families here, while they look up a situation in the territory. They go into the nearest towns to buy grain and feed for their horses, which are now very scarce and high.

Towards evening, four gentlemen came in from Lawrence. The doctor, with others, soon came; and the number continually increased, until there were fourteen in from Lawrence. A very pleasant family, who were our fellow-travellers a part of the way, have just arrived; Mrs. Nichols also, the Brattleboro' editress and earnest worker for the rights of women, with a young lady, soon to be her daughter-in-law. The son, and chief attraction to this young lady, was already in the territory. Had we just arrived in the West, we should have wondered where all could find resting-places for the night; but we had been here long enough to know the expansiveness of western homes.

4th. — The morning was bright and pleasant. More than fifty slept under the roof last night. I gave up my room to some of the new comers, and slept on comfortables and buffalo-robes on the floor in the attic; and, with the exception of an occasional tug at my pillow, or nibble at my finger, from some stray mouse, I never slept better.

There is a rumor that it is the intention of those Missourians elected to the Legislature, by the votes of the overwhelming forces who went into the territory on the last week and voted on the 13th, to assassinate Gov. Reeder unless he grants certificates of election. They have so declared; and these high-minded gentle

men say also that "he can have fifteen minutes to decide whether he will give them the certificates, or be shot." Gov. Reeder has only allowed four days' time in which the protests against these frauds can be sent in. We fear in many districts the time will be too short to allow them to be canvassed. Besides, the persons who desire to do it are in danger of losing their lives in the attempt, a large number of the Missourians declaring openly their intention to "remain in the territory until the four days are past, and that they will kill any one who endeavors to get signers to a protest." This threat will intimidate many.

Word came from the Shawnee Mission that armed bands, upon horseback and in carriages, were assembling there. The gentlemen who came from Lawrence had mostly gone over. As my husband sat quietly writing, an express came, desiring his attendance also. There have been so many threats upon the part of the Missourians, that, had we any faith in their courage, we should have believed our friends in imminent peril to-day. As it was, we bade them God-speed with light hearts, expecting to see them again at sundown. At noon a messenger returned, and reported all quiet at the mission. Although the Missourians number considerably more than the actual settlers gathered there, they seemed to think their forces insufficient to justify an attack either upon Gov. Reeder or them. Gov. Reeder, having been loudly threatened with assassination unless he granted the certificates of election, examined the papers with pistols cocked near him.

The members elect were holding caucuses during the day. One of the gentlemen from the territory was invited by an acquaintance to attend one of them; and he assured me, as he looked in upon them at his first entrance, their stolid faces, their disordered, rough dress, and their various attitudes, impressed him with anything rather than their wisdom. Some were lying on the benches, others sitting on the backs of the same; and he could hardly believe such a body of men desired to be considered grave legislators. From the appearance of one, at least, to whom a paper was given, who, after scanning it closely, gave it to him with a request that he should read it aloud, he judged he could not read his own mother tongue.

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